Carolynn Patten

Title(s)Professor, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
SchoolSchool of Medicine
AddressEllison Ambulatory Care
CA 95616
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-9948-0045 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of Washington, Seattle, WABA1980Kinesiology
    Boston University, Boston, MAMS, PT1992Physical Therapy
    University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MAPhD1998Motor Neuroscience
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Rehab R&D2020  - 2025Research Career Scientist
    American Physical Therapy Association2016Catherine Worthingham Fellow
    Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Rehab R&D2015  - 2020Research Career Scientist
    University of Florida2014Dean's Citation Award
    Florida Physical Therapy Assn2014Linda Crane Research Award
    University of Florida2013  - 2016University of Florida Research Foundation Professor
    Pannum Institute, University of Copenhagen2011  - 2012Visiting Scientist
    Springfield College, Springfield, MA2011Greene Memorial Lecturer
    Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Rehab R&D2010  - 2015Research Career Scientist
    California Physical Therapy Assn2007Clinician Publication Award
    Katholike University, Leuven, Belgium2006Visiting Scientist
    American Physical Therapy Assn2003Profiles in Excellence
    2nd Annual VA RR&D Conference2002Outstanding Presentation
    Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Rehab R&D2001  - 2004Advanced Research Career Development Award
    Int'l Soc for EMG & KInesiology (ISEK)1998John V. Basmajian Student Investigator Award
    Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Rehab R&D1998  - 2001Research Career Development Award

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Websites

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    OpenSim Enhancements to Enable Computational Design of Personalized Treatments for Movement Impairments
    NIH R01EB030520Sep 6, 2021 - May 31, 2025
    Role: MPI
    RR&D Research Career Scientist Award Application
    NIH IK6RX003543Oct 1, 2020 - Sep 30, 2025
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Paired Associative Stimulation to Facilitate Plantarflexor Power Following Stroke
    NIH I21RX003609Oct 1, 2020 - Sep 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Neural Mechanisms Mediating Interlimb Transfer Following Stroke
    NIH I21RX001759Oct 1, 2015 - Mar 30, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Assessment of Locomotor Potential Following Stroke
    NIH R21NS091686Sep 30, 2015 - Aug 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Corticospinal Efficacy as a Prognostic Indicator for Walking Recovery Post-stroke
    NIH I01RX001677Jun 1, 2015 - Dec 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Neurophysiological Correlates of Lower Extremity Motor Asymmetries Post-stroke
    NIH I21RX001435Oct 1, 2013 - Dec 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Featured Publications
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    Collapse Featured Content 
    Collapse Twitter

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Transforming modeling in neurorehabilitation: clinical insights for personalized rehabilitation. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2024 02 04; 21(1):18. Lin DJ, Backus D, Chakraborty S, Liew SL, Valero-Cuevas FJ, Patten C, Cotton RJ. PMID: 38311729; PMCID: PMC10840185.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    2. EMG-Driven Musculoskeletal Model Calibration With Wrapping Surface Personalization. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2023; 31:4235-4244. Ao D, Li G, Shourijeh MS, Patten C, Fregly BJ. PMID: 37831559; PMCID: PMC10644710.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Development of an assessment of bilateral locomotor efficacy for individuals post-stroke. Gait Posture. 2023 06; 103:172-177. Banks CL, Patten C. PMID: 37210850; PMCID: PMC10773990.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Variation of body weight supported treadmill training parameters during a single session can modulate muscle activity patterns in post-stroke gait. Exp Brain Res. 2023 Feb; 241(2):615-627. Srivastava S, Seamon BA, Patten C, Kautz SA. PMID: 36639543; PMCID: PMC9895011.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Computational evaluation of psoas muscle influence on walking function following internal hemipelvectomy with reconstruction. Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2022; 10:855870. Vega MM, Li G, Shourijeh MS, Ao D, Weinschenk RC, Patten C, Font-Llagunes JM, Lewis VO, Fregly BJ. PMID: 36246391; PMCID: PMC9559731.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    6. EMG-driven musculoskeletal model calibration with estimation of unmeasured muscle excitations via synergy extrapolation. Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2022; 10:962959. Ao D, Vega MM, Shourijeh MS, Patten C, Fregly BJ. PMID: 36159690; PMCID: PMC9490010.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    7. Absolute Reliability of Gait Parameters Acquired With Markerless Motion Capture in Living Domains. Front Hum Neurosci. 2022; 16:867474. Riazati S, McGuirk TE, Perry ES, Sihanath WB, Patten C. PMID: 35782037; PMCID: PMC9245068.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3  
    8. Feasibility of Markerless Motion Capture for Three-Dimensional Gait Assessment in Community Settings. Front Hum Neurosci. 2022; 16:867485. McGuirk TE, Perry ES, Sihanath WB, Riazati S, Patten C. PMID: 35754772; PMCID: PMC9224754.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4  
    9. Evidence for shared neural information between muscle synergies and corticospinal efficacy. Sci Rep. 2022 05 27; 12(1):8953. Young DR, Banks CL, McGuirk TE, Patten C. PMID: 35624121; PMCID: PMC9142531.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. How Well Do Commonly Used Co-contraction Indices Approximate Lower Limb Joint Stiffness Trends During Gait for Individuals Post-stroke? Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2020; 8:588908. Li G, Shourijeh MS, Ao D, Patten C, Fregly BJ. PMID: 33490046; PMCID: PMC7817819.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11  
    11. Evaluation of Synergy Extrapolation for Predicting Unmeasured Muscle Excitations from Measured Muscle Synergies. Front Comput Neurosci. 2020; 14:588943. Ao D, Shourijeh MS, Patten C, Fregly BJ. PMID: 33343322; PMCID: PMC7746870.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6  
    12. Musculoskeletal Model Personalization Affects Metabolic Cost Estimates for Walking. Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2020; 8:588925. Arones MM, Shourijeh MS, Patten C, Fregly BJ. PMID: 33324623; PMCID: PMC7725798.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4  
    13. The effect of time since stroke, gender, age, and lesion size on thalamus volume in chronic stroke: a pilot study. Sci Rep. 2020 11 24; 10(1):20488. Krishnamurthy LC, Champion GN, McGregor KM, Krishnamurthy V, Turabi A, Roberts SR, Nocera JR, Borich MR, Rodriguez AD, Belagaje SR, Harrington RM, Harris-Love ML, Harnish SM, Drucker JH, Benjamin M, Meadows ML, Seeds L, Zlatar ZZ, Sudhyadhom A, Butler AJ, Garcia A, Patten C, Trinastic J, Kautz SA, Gregory C, Crosson BA. PMID: 33235210; PMCID: PMC7686360.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Gait asymmetry pattern following stroke determines acute response to locomotor task. Gait Posture. 2020 03; 77:300-307. Little VL, Perry LA, Mercado MWV, Kautz SA, Patten C. PMID: 32126493; PMCID: PMC7887894.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Slower than normal walking speeds involve a pattern shift in joint and temporal coordination contributions. Exp Brain Res. 2019 Nov; 237(11):2973-2982. Little VL, McGuirk TE, Patten C. PMID: 31511954.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Lower extremity long-latency reflexes differentiate walking function after stroke. Exp Brain Res. 2019 Oct; 237(10):2595-2605. Banks CL, Little VL, Walker ER, Patten C. PMID: 31372688.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Altered muscle activation patterns (AMAP): an analytical tool to compare muscle activity patterns of hemiparetic gait with a normative profile. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2019 01 31; 16(1):21. Srivastava S, Patten C, Kautz SA. PMID: 30704483; PMCID: PMC6357420.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Short Intracortical Inhibition During Voluntary Movement Reveals Persistent Impairment Post-stroke. Front Neurol. 2018; 9:1105. Ding Q, Triggs WJ, Kamath SM, Patten C. PMID: 30662425; PMCID: PMC6328452.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10  
    19. External biomechanical constraints impair maximal voluntary grip force stability post-stroke. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2018 08; 57:26-34. Ding Q, Patten C. PMID: 29894857.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Pelvic excursion during walking post-stroke: A novel classification system. Gait Posture. 2018 05; 62:395-404. Little VL, McGuirk TE, Perry LA, Patten C. PMID: 29627499.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Can Measured Synergy Excitations Accurately Construct Unmeasured Muscle Excitations? J Biomech Eng. 2018 Jan 01; 140(1). Bianco NA, Patten C, Fregly BJ. PMID: 29049521.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Electromyography Exposes Heterogeneity in Muscle Co-Contraction following Stroke. Front Neurol. 2017; 8:699. Banks CL, Huang HJ, Little VL, Patten C. PMID: 29312124; PMCID: PMC5743661.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16  
    23. Visual feedback alters force control and functional activity in the visuomotor network after stroke. Neuroimage Clin. 2018; 17:505-517. Archer DB, Kang N, Misra G, Marble S, Patten C, Coombes SA. PMID: 29201639; PMCID: PMC5700823.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    24. Methodological Choices in Muscle Synergy Analysis Impact Differentiation of Physiological Characteristics Following Stroke. Front Comput Neurosci. 2017; 11:78. Banks CL, Pai MM, McGuirk TE, Fregly BJ, Patten C. PMID: 28912707; PMCID: PMC5583217.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22  
    25. Lower extremity EMG-driven modeling of walking with automated adjustment of musculoskeletal geometry. PLoS One. 2017; 12(7):e0179698. Meyer AJ, Patten C, Fregly BJ. PMID: 28700708; PMCID: PMC5507406.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Free-water and free-water corrected fractional anisotropy in primary and premotor corticospinal tracts in chronic stroke. Hum Brain Mapp. 2017 09; 38(9):4546-4562. Archer DB, Patten C, Coombes SA. PMID: 28590584; PMCID: PMC6866851.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. A majority rule approach for region-of-interest-guided streamline fiber tractography. Brain Imaging Behav. 2016 12; 10(4):1137-1147. Colon-Perez LM, Triplett W, Bohsali A, Corti M, Nguyen PT, Patten C, Mareci TH, Price CC. PMID: 26572144; PMCID: PMC4868797.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Muscle Synergies Facilitate Computational Prediction of Subject-Specific Walking Motions. Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2016; 4:77. Meyer AJ, Eskinazi I, Jackson JN, Rao AV, Patten C, Fregly BJ. PMID: 27790612; PMCID: PMC5061852.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29  
    29. Speed and Rhythm Affect Temporal Structure of Variability in Reaching Poststroke: A Pilot Study. J Mot Behav. 2017 Jan-Feb; 49(1):35-45. Sethi A, Stergiou N, Patterson TS, Patten C, Richards LG. PMID: 27726692; PMCID: PMC5344753.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Microstructural properties of premotor pathways predict visuomotor performance in chronic stroke. Hum Brain Mapp. 2016 06; 37(6):2039-54. Archer DB, Misra G, Patten C, Coombes SA. PMID: 26920656; PMCID: PMC6867514.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) Therapy in Parkinson Disease: A Meta-Analysis. PM R. 2016 Apr; 8(4):356-366. Wagle Shukla A, Shuster JJ, Chung JW, Vaillancourt DE, Patten C, Ostrem J, Okun MS. PMID: 26314233; PMCID: PMC5540142.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Impaired limb shortening following stroke: what's in a name? PLoS One. 2014; 9(10):e110140. Little VL, McGuirk TE, Patten C. PMID: 25329317; PMCID: PMC4199676.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Comparative effects of light or heavy resistance power training for improving lower extremity power and physical performance in mobility-limited older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015 Mar; 70(3):374-80. Reid KF, Martin KI, Doros G, Clark DJ, Hau C, Patten C, Phillips EM, Frontera WR, Fielding RA. PMID: 25199912; PMCID: PMC4351393.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Upper-extremity spinal reflex inhibition is reproducible and strongly related to grip force poststroke. Int J Neurosci. 2015 Jun; 125(6):441-8. Phadke CP, Robertson CT, Patten C. PMID: 25135282.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Does inhibitory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation augment functional task practice to improve arm recovery in chronic stroke? Stroke Res Treat. 2014; 2014:305236. Rose DK, Patten C, McGuirk TE, Lu X, Triggs WJ. PMID: 25197611; PMCID: PMC4147256.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25  
    36. Does quadriceps neuromuscular activation capability explain walking speed in older men and women? Exp Gerontol. 2014 Jul; 55:49-53. Clark DJ, Reid KF, Patten C, Phillips EM, Ring SA, Wu SS, Fielding RA. PMID: 24703887; PMCID: PMC4039086.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    37. Longitudinal decline of lower extremity muscle power in healthy and mobility-limited older adults: influence of muscle mass, strength, composition, neuromuscular activation and single fiber contractile properties. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2014 Jan; 114(1):29-39. Reid KF, Pasha E, Doros G, Clark DJ, Patten C, Phillips EM, Frontera WR, Fielding RA. PMID: 24122149; PMCID: PMC3945182.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 86     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    38. Effects of aerobic fitness on aging-related changes of interhemispheric inhibition and motor performance. Front Aging Neurosci. 2013; 5:66. McGregor KM, Nocera JR, Sudhyadhom A, Patten C, Manini TM, Kleim JA, Crosson B, Butler AJ. PMID: 24198784; PMCID: PMC3812779.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28  
    39. Longitudinal decline of neuromuscular activation and power in healthy older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2013 Nov; 68(11):1419-25. Clark DJ, Pojednic RM, Reid KF, Patten C, Pasha EP, Phillips EM, Fielding RA. PMID: 23676250; PMCID: PMC3805299.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    40. Neuromuscular determinants of maximum walking speed in well-functioning older adults. Exp Gerontol. 2013 Mar; 48(3):358-63. Clark DJ, Manini TM, Fielding RA, Patten C. PMID: 23376102; PMCID: PMC3594593.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    41. Concurrent neuromechanical and functional gains following upper-extremity power training post-stroke. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2013 Jan 21; 10:1. Patten C, Condliffe EG, Dairaghi CA, Lum PS. PMID: 23336711; PMCID: PMC3562202.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Temporal structure of variability decreases in upper extremity movements post stroke. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2013 Feb; 28(2):134-9. Sethi A, Patterson T, McGuirk T, Patten C, Richards LG, Stergiou N. PMID: 23337766; PMCID: PMC3615058.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Eccentric versus concentric resistance training to enhance neuromuscular activation and walking speed following stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2013 May; 27(4):335-44. Clark DJ, Patten C. PMID: 23292848.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Effects of ‘Intention-Based’ Robotic Exoskeleton on Muscle Activation Patterns during Overground Walking. . 2013 Jan 1; 1:109-113. Patten PC, McGuirk MT, Patil PS. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    45. So-Called ‘Foot-Drop’ Post-stroke: Not a Dorsiflexor Impairment. . 2013 Jan 1; 1:691-695. Little LV, McGuirk MT, Patten PC. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    46. Effect of Wearable Robotic Leg Orthosis on the Weight Bearing Symmetry during Sit-to-Stand in Individuals Post-stroke. . 2013 Jan 1; 1:103-107. Patil PS, McGuirk MT, Patten PC. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    47. Aging, aerobic activity and interhemispheric communication. Brain Sci. 2012 Nov 16; 2(4):634-48. McGregor KM, Heilman KM, Nocera JR, Patten C, Manini TM, Crosson B, Butler AJ. PMID: 24961264; PMCID: PMC4061818.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8  
    48. Bimanual force control strategies in chronic stroke: finger extension versus power grip. Neuropsychologia. 2012 Sep; 50(11):2536-45. Lodha N, Patten C, Coombes SA, Cauraugh JH. PMID: 22781814.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Evaluation of a Novel Statistical Method for EMG-to-Moment Estimation During Gait. . 2012 Jun 20; 511-512. Meyer MA, Patten PC, Fregly FB. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    50. The specific contributions of force and velocity to muscle power in older adults. Exp Gerontol. 2012 Aug; 47(8):608-13. Pojednic RM, Clark DJ, Patten C, Reid K, Phillips EM, Fielding RA. PMID: 22626972; PMCID: PMC3778449.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Unexpected recovery after robotic locomotor training at physiologic stepping speed: a single-case design. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2012 Aug; 93(8):1476-84. Spiess MR, Jaramillo JP, Behrman AL, Teraoka JK, Patten C. PMID: 22446153.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of motor cortex after stroke: a focused review. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2012 Mar; 91(3):254-70. Corti M, Patten C, Triggs W. PMID: 22042336.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Differential effects of power training versus functional task practice on compensation and restoration of arm function after stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2012 Sep; 26(7):842-54. Corti M, McGuirk TE, Wu SS, Patten C. PMID: 22357633.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Upper-extremity H-reflex measurement post-stroke: reliability and inter-limb differences. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Aug; 123(8):1606-15. Phadke CP, Robertson CT, Condliffe EG, Patten C. PMID: 22277759.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Muscle power failure in mobility-limited older adults: preserved single fiber function despite lower whole muscle size, quality and rate of neuromuscular activation. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2012 Jun; 112(6):2289-301. Reid KF, Doros G, Clark DJ, Patten C, Carabello RJ, Cloutier GJ, Phillips EM, Krivickas LS, Frontera WR, Fielding RA. PMID: 22005960; PMCID: PMC3394542.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 45     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    56. Force control deficits in chronic stroke: grip formation and release phases. Exp Brain Res. 2011 May; 211(1):1-15. Naik SK, Patten C, Lodha N, Coombes SA, Cauraugh JH. PMID: 21448576.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Muscle performance and physical function are associated with voluntary rate of neuromuscular activation in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2011 Jan; 66(1):115-21. Clark DJ, Patten C, Reid KF, Carabello RJ, Phillips EM, Fielding RA. PMID: 20829294; PMCID: PMC3011959.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    58. Impaired voluntary neuromuscular activation limits muscle power in mobility-limited older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2010 May; 65(5):495-502. Clark DJ, Patten C, Reid KF, Carabello RJ, Phillips EM, Fielding RA. PMID: 20156882; PMCID: PMC2854883.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. A physiology based inverse dynamic analysis of human gait: potential and perspectives. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2009 Oct; 12(5):563-74. De Groote F, Pipeleers G, Jonkers I, Demeulenaere B, Patten C, Swevers J, De Schutter J. PMID: 19319704.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Invited Commentary. Phys Ther. 2009 Aug; 89(8):e7-8. Patten C, Gonzalez-Rothi EJ, Little VL, Kautz SA. PMID: 19648104.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Pilot study of Lokomat versus manual-assisted treadmill training for locomotor recovery post-stroke. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2009 Jun 12; 6:18. Westlake KP, Patten C. PMID: 19523207; PMCID: PMC2708184.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 72     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Capacity to increase walking speed is limited by impaired hip and ankle power generation in lower functioning persons post-stroke. Gait Posture. 2009 Jan; 29(1):129-37. Jonkers I, Delp S, Patten C. PMID: 18789692; PMCID: PMC2929166.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 77     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Strengthening to promote functional recovery poststroke: an evidence-based review. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2008 May-Jun; 15(3):177-99. Pak S, Patten C. PMID: 18647724.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Reproducibility and minimal detectable change of three-dimensional kinematic analysis of reaching tasks in people with hemiparesis after stroke. Phys Ther. 2008 May; 88(5):652-63. Wagner JM, Rhodes JA, Patten C. PMID: 18326055.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 91     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Joint moment work during the stance-to-swing transition in hemiparetic subjects. J Biomech. 2008; 41(4):877-83. Chen G, Patten C. PMID: 18067898.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    66. Combined functional task practice and dynamic high intensity resistance training promotes recovery of upper-extremity motor function in post-stroke hemiparesis: a case study. J Neurol Phys Ther. 2006 Sep; 30(3):99-115. Patten C, Dozono J, Schmidt S, Jue M, Lum P. PMID: 17029654.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    67. Its Not About the Muscle. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy. 2006 Sep 1; 30(3):118-119. Patten PC, Dozono DJ, Schmidt SS, Jue JM, Lum LP. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    68. Activation impairment alters muscle torque-velocity in the knee extensors of persons with post-stroke hemiparesis. Clin Neurophysiol. 2006 Oct; 117(10):2328-37. Clark DJ, Condliffe EG, Patten C. PMID: 16926111.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. Treadmill training with harness support: selection of parameters for individuals with poststroke hemiparesis. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2006 Jul-Aug; 43(4):485-98. Chen G, Patten C. PMID: 17123188.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    70. Does unilateral pedaling activate a rhythmic locomotor pattern in the nonpedaling leg in post-stroke hemiparesis? J Neurophysiol. 2006 May; 95(5):3154-63. Kautz SA, Patten C, Neptune RR. PMID: 16452259.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    71. Reliability of concentric and eccentric torque during isokinetic knee extension in post-stroke hemiparesis. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2006 May; 21(4):395-404. Clark DJ, Condliffe EG, Patten C. PMID: 16403594.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    72. Reliability of elbow stretch reflex assessment in chronic post-stroke hemiparesis. Clin Neurophysiol. 2005 Aug; 116(8):1870-8. Condliffe EG, Clark DJ, Patten C. PMID: 15979400.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    73. Gait differences between individuals with post-stroke hemiparesis and non-disabled controls at matched speeds. Gait Posture. 2005 Aug; 22(1):51-6. Chen G, Patten C, Kothari DH, Zajac FE. PMID: 15996592.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 219     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    74. Gait deviations associated with post-stroke hemiparesis: improvement during treadmill walking using weight support, speed, support stiffness, and handrail hold. Gait Posture. 2005 Aug; 22(1):57-62. Chen G, Patten C, Kothari DH, Zajac FE. PMID: 15996593.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 41     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    75. Reliability of gait performance tests in men and women with hemiparesis after stroke. J Rehabil Med. 2005 Mar; 37(2):75-82. Flansbjer UB, Holmbäck AM, Downham D, Patten C, Lexell J. PMID: 15788341.
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    78. Effects of velocity on maximal torque production in poststroke hemiparesis. Muscle Nerve. 2004 Dec; 30(6):732-42. Lum PS, Patten C, Kothari D, Yap R. PMID: 15468340.
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    79. Weakness and strength training in persons with poststroke hemiplegia: rationale, method, and efficacy. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2004 May; 41(3A):293-312. Patten C, Lexell J, Brown HE. PMID: 15543447.
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    80. T2 mapping of muscle. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2003 Dec; 7(4):297-305. Patten C, Meyer RA, Fleckenstein JL. PMID: 14735428.
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    81. Reliability and responsiveness of elbow trajectory tracking in chronic poststroke hemiparesis. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2003 Nov-Dec; 40(6):487-500. Patten C, Kothari D, Whitney J, Lexell J, Lum PS. PMID: 15077661.
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    82. Head and body center of gravity control strategies: adaptations following vestibular rehabilitation. Acta Otolaryngol. 2003 Jan; 123(1):32-40. Patten C, Horak FB, Krebs DE. PMID: 12625570.
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    83. Adaptations in maximal motor unit discharge rate to strength training in young and older adults. Muscle Nerve. 2001 Apr; 24(4):542-50. Patten C, Kamen G, Rowland DM. PMID: 11268027.
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    84. Adaptations in motor unit discharge activity with force control training in young and older human adults. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2000 Oct; 83(2-3):128-43. Patten C, Kamen G. PMID: 11104053.
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    86. Maximal motor unit discharge rates in the quadriceps muscles of older weight lifters. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1999 Nov; 31(11):1638-44. Leong B, Kamen G, Patten C, Burke JR. PMID: 10589869.
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    87. An accelerometry-based system for the assessment of balance and postural sway. Gerontology. 1998; 44(1):40-5. Kamen G, Patten C, Du CD, Sison S. PMID: 9436014.
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    89. The 11th nerve syndrome. Accessory nerve palsy or adhesive capsulitis? Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1993 Feb; 119(2):215-20. Patten C, Hillel AD. PMID: 8427686.
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    90. Neck dissection: morbidity and rehabilitation. Cancer Treat Res. 1990; 52:133-47. Hillel A, Patten C. PMID: 1976363.
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