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Helen Christine Kales

Title(s)Professor, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
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    Collapse Research 
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    Efficacy of the WeCareAdvisor: An Online Tool to Help Caregivers Manage Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms in Persons with Dementia
    NIH/NIA R01AG061116Aug 1, 2019 - Apr 30, 2024
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Multimorbidity Patterns in Middle-Aged and Older Couples: Implications for Psychological Well-Being and Health Behaviors
    NIH/NIA R03AG057838Aug 15, 2018 - Apr 30, 2020
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Unintended Consequences: The Impact of VA Antipsychotic Reduction Efforts in Dementia
    VA I01HX002050Jan 1, 2017 - Jun 30, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    An Innovative Caregiver Tool to Assess and Manage Behavioral Symptoms of Dementia
    NIH/NINR R01NR014200Sep 27, 2012 - Dec 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    2/2-Personalized Antidepressant Adherence Strategies for Depressed Elders
    NIH/NIMH R01MH087557Aug 10, 2010 - Jul 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Antipsychotics and Mortality in Older Patients
    NIH/NIMH R01MH081070Sep 7, 2007 - Apr 30, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Racial Differences in Geriatric Antidepressant Adherence
    NIH/NIMH R21MH073002Sep 1, 2006 - Aug 31, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Polenick CA, Birditt KS, Turkelson A, Kales HC. Individual-Level and Couple-Level Discordant Chronic Conditions: Longitudinal Links to Functional Disability. Ann Behav Med. 2019 Dec 19. PMID: 31858110.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Cooper C, Aguirre E, Barber JA, Bass N, Brodaty H, Burton A, Higgs P, Hunter R, Huntley J, Lang I, Kales HC, Marchant NL, Minihane AM, Ritchie K, Morgan-Trimmer S, Walker Z, Walters K, Wenborn J, Rapaport P. APPLE-Tree (Active Prevention in People at risk of dementia: Lifestyle, bEhaviour change and Technology to REducE cognitive and functional decline) programme: Protocol. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2019 Dec 13. PMID: 31833588.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Polenick CA, Birditt KS, Turkelson A, Bugajski BC, Kales HC. Discordant Chronic Conditions and Depressive Symptoms: Longitudinal Associations Among Middle-Aged and Older Couples. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2019 Dec 03. PMID: 31792532.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Polenick CA, Min L, Kales HC. Medical Comorbidities of Dementia: Links to Caregivers' Emotional Difficulties and Gains. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2019 Nov 20. PMID: 31746461.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Kales HC, Gitlin LN, Lyketsos CG. When Less is More, but Still Not Enough: Why Focusing on Limiting Antipsychotics in People With Dementia Is the Wrong Policy Imperative. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2019 Sep; 20(9):1074-1079. PMID: 31399358.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Maust DT, Kim HM, Chiang C, Langa KM, Kales HC. Predicting Risk of Potentially Preventable Hospitalization in Older Adults with Dementia. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2019 Oct; 67(10):2077-2084. PMID: 31211418.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Leggett A, Connell C, Dubin L, Dunkle R, Langa KM, Maust DT, Roberts JS, Spencer B, Kales HC. Dementia Care Across a Tertiary Care Health System: What Exists Now and What Needs to Change. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2019 Oct; 20(10):1307-1312.e1. PMID: 31147289.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Gerlach LB, Chiang C, Kales HC. The Start Predicts the Finish: Factors Associated With Antidepressant Nonadherence Among Older Veterans During the Acute and Maintenance Treatment Phases. J Clin Psychiatry. 2019 Mar 26; 80(3). PMID: 30920188.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Leggett AN, Kales HC. Applying Rigor: Intervention Studies for Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2019 Jun; 27(6):590-592. PMID: 30853190.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Leggett AN, Kales HC, Gitlin LN. Finding fault: Criticism as a care management strategy and its impact on outcomes for dementia caregivers. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2019 04; 34(4):571-577. PMID: 30556172.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Polenick CA, Stanz SD, Leggett AN, Maust DT, Hodgson NA, Kales HC. Stressors and Resources Related to Medication Management: Associations With Spousal Caregivers' Role Overload. Gerontologist. 2018 Oct 24. PMID: 30358854.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Kolanowski A, Fortinsky RH, Calkins M, Devanand DP, Gould E, Heller T, Hodgson NA, Kales HC, Kaye J, Lyketsos C, Resnick B, Schicker M, Zimmerman S. Advancing Research on Care Needs and Supportive Approaches for Persons With Dementia: Recommendations and Rationale. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2018 12; 19(12):1047-1053. PMID: 30145171.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Kales HC, Lyketsos CG, Miller EM, Ballard C. Management of behavioral and psychological symptoms in people with Alzheimer's disease: an international Delphi consensus. Int Psychogeriatr. 2019 01; 31(1):83-90. PMID: 30068400.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Karstens AJ, Korzun I, Avery ET, Kassel MT, Keelan R, Kales H, Abercrombie H, Eisenlohr-Moul T, Langenecker SA, Weisenbach S. Examining HPA-axis functioning as a mediator of the relationship between depression and cognition across the adult lifespan. Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. 2019 Jul; 26(4):507-520. PMID: 29993318.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Gerlach LB, Kim HM, Yosef M, Kales HC, Henry J, Zivin K. Electrocardiogram Monitoring After the Food and Drug Administration Warnings for Citalopram: Unheeded Alerts? J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 08; 66(8):1562-1566. PMID: 29972590.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Polenick CA, Sherman CW, Birditt KS, Zarit SH, Kales HC. Purpose in Life Among Family Care Partners Managing Dementia: Links to Caregiving Gains. Gerontologist. 2018 Jun 04. PMID: 29873736.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Kales HC, Gitlin LN, Stanislawski B, Myra Kim H, Marx K, Turnwald M, Chiang C, Lyketsos CG. Effect of the WeCareAdvisor™ on family caregiver outcomes in dementia: a pilot randomized controlled trial. BMC Geriatr. 2018 05 10; 18(1):113. PMID: 29747583.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Xiang X, Leggett A, Himle JA, Kales HC. Major Depression and Subthreshold Depression among Older Adults Receiving Home Care. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2018 09; 26(9):939-949. PMID: 29884541.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Maust DT, Kim HM, Chiang C, Kales HC. Association of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' National Partnership to Improve Dementia Care With the Use of Antipsychotics and Other Psychotropics in Long-term Care in the United States From 2009 to 2014. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 05 01; 178(5):640-647. PMID: 29550856.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Massimo L, Kales HC, Kolanowski A. State of the Science: Apathy As a Model for Investigating Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms in Dementia. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 04; 66 Suppl 1:S4-S12. PMID: 29659001.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Leggett AN, Polenick CA, Maust DT, Kales HC. Falls and Hospitalizations Among Persons With Dementia and Associated Caregiver Emotional Difficulties. Gerontologist. 2018 03 19; 58(2):e78-e86. PMID: 29365102.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Sales AE, Ersek M, Intrator OK, Levy C, Carpenter JG, Hogikyan R, Kales HC, Landis-Lewis Z, Olsan T, Miller SC, Montagnini M, Periyakoil VS, Reder S. Correction to: Implementing goals of care conversations with veterans in VA long-term care setting: a mixed methods protocol. Implement Sci. 2018 02 09; 13(1):29. PMID: 29426346.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Polenick CA, Leggett AN, Maust DT, Kales HC. Medical Care Tasks among Spousal Dementia Caregivers: Links to Care-Related Sleep Disturbances. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2018 05; 26(5):589-597. PMID: 29525474.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Polenick CA, Kales HC, Birditt KS. Perceptions of Purpose in Life Within Spousal Care Dyads: Associations With Emotional and Physical Caregiving Difficulties. Ann Behav Med. 2018 01 05; 52(1):77-87. PMID: 29538622.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Polenick CA, Struble LM, Stanislawski B, Turnwald M, Broderick B, Gitlin LN, Kales HC. "I've learned to just go with the flow": Family caregivers' strategies for managing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Dementia (London). 2018 Jan 01; 1471301218780768. PMID: 29886777.
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    26. Polenick CA, Struble LM, Stanislawski B, Turnwald M, Broderick B, Gitlin LN, Kales HC. "The Filter is Kind of Broken": Family Caregivers' Attributions About Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2018 05; 26(5):548-556. PMID: 29373300.
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    27. Gerlach LB, Kales HC. Managing Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2018 03; 41(1):127-139. PMID: 29412841.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Samus QM, Black BS, Bovenkamp D, Buckley M, Callahan C, Davis K, Gitlin LN, Hodgson N, Johnston D, Kales HC, Karel M, Kenney JJ, Ling SM, Panchal M, Reuland M, Willink A, Lyketsos CG. Home is where the future is: The BrightFocus Foundation consensus panel on dementia care. Alzheimers Dement. 2018 01; 14(1):104-114. PMID: 29161539.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Leggett AN, Conroy DA, Blow FC, Kales HC. Bright Light as a Preventive Intervention for Depression in Late-Life: A Pilot Study on Feasibility, Acceptability, and Symptom Improvement. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2018 05; 26(5):598-602. PMID: 29269208.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Sirey JA, Banerjee S, Marino P, Bruce ML, Halkett A, Turnwald M, Chiang C, Liles B, Artis A, Blow F, Kales HC. Adherence to Depression Treatment in Primary Care: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017 11 01; 74(11):1129-1135. PMID: 28973066.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Leggett A, Polenick CA, Maust DT, Kales HC. "What Hath Night to Do with Sleep?": The Caregiving Context and Dementia Caregivers' Nighttime Awakenings. Clin Gerontol. 2018 Mar-Apr; 41(2):158-166. PMID: 28967849.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Gerlach LB, Kim HM, Yosef M, Sales AE, Stano C, Kales HC, Zivin K. Assessing Responsiveness of Health Systems to Drug Safety Warnings. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2018 04; 26(4):476-483. PMID: 29066038.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Gitlin LN, Kales HC, Marx K, Stanislawski B, Lyketsos C. A randomized trial of a web-based platform to help families manage dementia-related behavioral symptoms: The WeCareAdvisor™. Contemp Clin Trials. 2017 11; 62:27-36. PMID: 28800895.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Kales HC, Maust DT. Good Intentions, But What About Unintended Consequences? Drug Saf. 2017 08; 40(8):647-649. PMID: 28660499.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Livingston G, Sommerlad A, Orgeta V, Costafreda SG, Huntley J, Ames D, Ballard C, Banerjee S, Burns A, Cohen-Mansfield J, Cooper C, Fox N, Gitlin LN, Howard R, Kales HC, Larson EB, Ritchie K, Rockwood K, Sampson EL, Samus Q, Schneider LS, Selbæk G, Teri L, Mukadam N. Dementia prevention, intervention, and care. Lancet. 2017 Dec 16; 390(10113):2673-2734. PMID: 28735855.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Kales HC, Gitlin LN, Stanislawski B, Marx K, Turnwald M, Watkins DC, Lyketsos CG. WeCareAdvisor™: The Development of a Caregiver-focused, Web-based Program to Assess and Manage Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2017 Jul-Sep; 31(3):263-270. PMID: 27849639.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Kolanowski A, Boltz M, Galik E, Gitlin LN, Kales HC, Resnick B, Van Haitsma KS, Knehans A, Sutterlin JE, Sefcik JS, Liu W, Petrovsky DV, Massimo L, Gilmore-Bykovskyi A, MacAndrew M, Brewster G, Nalls V, Jao YL, Duffort N, Scerpella D. Determinants of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia: A scoping review of the evidence. Nurs Outlook. 2017 Sep - Oct; 65(5):515-529. PMID: 28826872.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Akinyemi E, Watkins DC, Kavanagh J, Johnson-Lawrence V, Lynn S, Kales HC. A qualitative comparison of DSM depression criteria to language used by older church-going African-Americans. Aging Ment Health. 2018 09; 22(9):1149-1155. PMID: 28612654.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Maust DT, Kales HC, McCammon RJ, Blow FC, Leggett A, Langa KM. Distress Associated with Dementia-Related Psychosis and Agitation in Relation to Healthcare Utilization and Costs. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017 Oct; 25(10):1074-1082. PMID: 28754586.
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    40. Gerlach LB, Kavanagh J, Watkins D, Chiang C, Kim HM, Kales HC. With a little help from my friends?: racial and gender differences in the role of social support in later-life depression medication adherence. Int Psychogeriatr. 2017 09; 29(9):1485-1493. PMID: 28528594.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Polenick CA, Leggett AN, Kales HC. Medical Care Activities Among Spouses of Older Adults With Functional Disability: Implications for Caregiving Difficulties and Gains. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017 Oct; 25(10):1085-1093. PMID: 28652082.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Gerlach LB, Olfson M, Kales HC, Maust DT. Opioids and Other Central Nervous System-Active Polypharmacy in Older Adults in the United States. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Sep; 65(9):2052-2056. PMID: 28467623.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Maust DT, Blow FC, Wiechers IR, Kales HC, Marcus SC. National Trends in Antidepressant, Benzodiazepine, and Other Sedative-Hypnotic Treatment of Older Adults in Psychiatric and Primary Care. J Clin Psychiatry. 2017 Apr; 78(4):e363-e371. PMID: 28448697.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Maust DT, Gerlach LB, Gibson A, Kales HC, Blow FC, Olfson M. Trends in Central Nervous System-Active Polypharmacy Among Older Adults Seen in Outpatient Care in the United States. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 04 01; 177(4):583-585. PMID: 28192559.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Werner NE, Stanislawski B, Marx KA, Watkins DC, Kobayashi M, Kales H, Gitlin LN. Getting what they need when they need it. Identifying barriers to information needs of family caregivers to manage dementia-related behavioral symptoms. Appl Clin Inform. 2017 Feb 22; 8(1):191-205. PMID: 28224163.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Maust DT, Kales HC. Bringing Precision Medicine to the Management of BPSD. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017 May; 25(5):469-470. PMID: 28283426.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Weintraub D, Chiang C, Kim HM, Wilkinson J, Marras C, Stanislawski B, Mamikonyan E, Kales HC. Antipsychotic Use and Physical Morbidity in Parkinson Disease. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017 Jul; 25(7):697-705. PMID: 28259697.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Maust DT, Sirey JA, Kales HC. Antidepressant Prescribing in Primary Care to Older Adults Without Major Depression. Psychiatr Serv. 2017 May 01; 68(5):449-455. PMID: 28045352.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Maust DT, Kales HC. Medicating Distress. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 01 01; 177(1):42-43. PMID: 27918769.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Gerlach LB, Kales HC. Learning Their Language: The Importance of Detecting and Managing Pain in Dementia. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017 Feb; 25(2):155-157. PMID: 28011140.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Maust DT, Kales HC, Wiechers IR, Blow FC, Olfson M. No End in Sight: Benzodiazepine Use in Older Adults in the United States. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 12; 64(12):2546-2553. PMID: 27879984.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Struble LM, Blazek MC, Kales HC. Managing behavioral disturbances in a patient with dementia. Nurse Pract. 2016 Nov 19; 41(11):50-54. PMID: 27764068.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Gerlach LB, Kales HC, Maust DT, Chiang C, Stano C, Choe HM, Zivin K. Unintended Consequences of Adjusting Citalopram Prescriptions Following the 2011 FDA Warning. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017 Apr; 25(4):407-414. PMID: 28012712.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Wharton T, Watkins DC, Mitchell J, Kales H. Older, Church-Going African Americans' Attitudes and Expectations About Formal Depression Care. Res Aging. 2018 01; 40(1):3-26. PMID: 27784820.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Silwanowicz RM, Maust DT, Seyfried LS, Chiang C, Stano C, Kales HC. Management of older adults with dementia who present to emergency services with neuropsychiatric symptoms. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017 Dec; 32(12):1233-1240. PMID: 27699845.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Sales AE, Ersek M, Intrator OK, Levy C, Carpenter JG, Hogikyan R, Kales HC, Landis-Lewis Z, Olsan T, Miller SC, Montagnini M, Periyakoil VS, Reder S. Implementing goals of care conversations with veterans in VA long-term care setting: a mixed methods protocol. Implement Sci. 2016 09 29; 11(1):132. PMID: 27682236.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Weintraub D, Kales HC, Marras C. The Danger of Not Treating Parkinson Disease Psychosis-Reply. JAMA Neurol. 2016 09 01; 73(9):1156-7. PMID: 27400239.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Weintraub D, Chiang C, Kim HM, Wilkinson J, Marras C, Stanislawski B, Mamikonyan E, Kales HC. Association of Antipsychotic Use With Mortality Risk in Patients With Parkinson Disease. JAMA Neurol. 2016 05 01; 73(5):535-41. PMID: 26999262.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Maust DT, Bonar EE, Ilgen MA, Blow FC, Kales HC. Agitation in Alzheimer Disease as a Qualifying Condition for Medical Marijuana in the United States. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2016 11; 24(11):1000-1003. PMID: 27389672.
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    60. Kales HC, Kavanagh J, Chiang C, Kim HM, Bishop T, Valenstein M, Blow FC. Predictors of Antidepressant Nonadherence Among Older Veterans With Depression. Psychiatr Serv. 2016 07 01; 67(7):728-34. PMID: 27032656.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Maust DT, Langa KM, Blow FC, Kales HC. Psychotropic use and associated neuropsychiatric symptoms among patients with dementia in the USA. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017 02; 32(2):164-174. PMID: 26889640.
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    62. Watkins DC, Wharton T, Mitchell JA, Matusko N, Kales H. Perceptions and receptivity of non-spousal family support: A mixed methods study of psychological distress among older, church-going African American men. J Mix Methods Res. 2017 Oct 01; 11(4):487-509. PMID: 28943829.
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    63. Kales HC. Common Sense: Addressed to Geriatric Psychiatrists on the Subject of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2015 Dec; 23(12):1209-1213. PMID: 26705691.
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    64. Maust DT, Schneider LS, Kales HC. Estimating Mortality Associated With Antipsychotics and Other Psychotropics--Reply. JAMA Psychiatry. 2015 Oct; 72(10):1058. PMID: 26287522.
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    65. Valenstein M, Pfeiffer PN, Brandfon S, Walters H, Ganoczy D, Kim HM, Cohen JL, Benn-Burton W, Carroll E, Henry J, Garcia E, Risk B, Kales HC, Piette JD, Heisler M. Augmenting Ongoing Depression Care With a Mutual Peer Support Intervention Versus Self-Help Materials Alone: A Randomized Trial. Psychiatr Serv. 2016 Feb; 67(2):236-9. PMID: 26369884.
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    66. Leggett A, Kavanagh J, Zivin K, Chiang C, Kim HM, Kales HC. The Association Between Benzodiazepine Use and Depression Outcomes in Older Veterans. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 2015 Dec; 28(4):281-7. PMID: 26269493.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Arenz BJ, Diez HL, Bostwick JR, Kales HC, Zivin K, Dalack GW, Fluent TE, Standiford CJ, Stano C, Mi Choe H. Effectively implementing FDA medication alerts utilizing patient centered medical home clinical pharmacists. Healthc (Amst). 2016 Mar; 4(1):69-73. PMID: 27001101.
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    68. Maust DT, Kales HC, Blow FC. Mental Health Care Delivered to Younger and Older Adults by Office-Based Physicians Nationally. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015 Jul; 63(7):1364-72. PMID: 26140422.
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    69. Maust DT, Moniz MH, Zivin K, Kales HC, Davis MM. Attitudes About Required Coverage of Mental Health Care in a U.S. National Sample. Psychiatr Serv. 2015 Oct; 66(10):1101-4. PMID: 26129997.
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    70. Rao JA, Kassel MT, Weldon AL, Avery ET, Briceno EM, Mann M, Cornett B, Kales HC, Zubieta JK, Welsh RC, Langenecker SA, Weisenbach SL. The double burden of age and major depressive disorder on the cognitive control network. Psychol Aging. 2015 Jun; 30(2):475-85. PMID: 26030776.
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    71. Maust DT, Kim HM, Seyfried LS, Chiang C, Kavanagh J, Schneider LS, Kales HC. Antipsychotics, other psychotropics, and the risk of death in patients with dementia: number needed to harm. JAMA Psychiatry. 2015 May; 72(5):438-45. PMID: 25786075.
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    72. Kim HM, Chiang C, Weintraub D, Schneider LS, Kales H. Treatment changes among older patients with dementia treated with antipsychotics. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2015 Dec; 30(12):1238-49. PMID: 25759986.
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    73. Kales HC, Gitlin LN, Lyketsos CG. Assessment and management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. BMJ. 2015 Mar 02; 350:h369. PMID: 25731881.
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    74. Zivin K, Yosef M, Miller EM, Valenstein M, Duffy S, Kales HC, Vijan S, Kim HM. Associations between depression and all-cause and cause-specific risk of death: a retrospective cohort study in the Veterans Health Administration. J Psychosom Res. 2015 Apr; 78(4):324-31. PMID: 25697585.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Foulk MA, Ingersoll-Dayton B, Kavanagh J, Robinson E, Kales HC. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with older adults: an exploratory study. J Gerontol Soc Work. 2014; 57(5):498-520. PMID: 24329497.
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    76. Weisenbach SL, Kassel MT, Rao J, Weldon AL, Avery ET, Briceno EM, Ajilore O, Mann M, Kales HC, Welsh RC, Zubieta JK, Langenecker SA. Differential prefrontal and subcortical circuitry engagement during encoding of semantically related words in patients with late-life depression. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2014 Nov; 29(11):1104-15. PMID: 24948034.
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    77. Kales HC, Gitlin LN, Lyketsos CG. Management of neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia in clinical settings: recommendations from a multidisciplinary expert panel. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Apr; 62(4):762-9. PMID: 24635665.
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    78. Zivin K, Pfeiffer PN, Bohnert AS, Ganoczy D, Blow FC, Nallamothu BK, Kales HC. Safety of high-dosage citalopram. Am J Psychiatry. 2014 Jan; 171(1):20-2. PMID: 24399424.
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    79. Fraker J, Kales HC, Blazek M, Kavanagh J, Gitlin LN. The role of the occupational therapist in the management of neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia in clinical settings. Occup Ther Health Care. 2014 Jan; 28(1):4-20. PMID: 24354328.
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    80. Kim HM, Banaszak-Holl J, Kales H, Mach J, Blow F, McCarthy JF. Trends and predictors of quality of care in VA nursing homes related to serious mental illness. Med Care. 2013 Aug; 51(8):659-65. PMID: 23632596.
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    81. Burnett-Zeigler I, Kim HM, Chiang C, Kavanagh J, Zivin K, Rockefeller K, Sirey JA, Kales HC. The association between race and gender, treatment attitudes, and antidepressant treatment adherence. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2014 Feb; 29(2):169-77. PMID: 23801324.
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    82. Zivin K, Pfeiffer PN, Bohnert AS, Ganoczy D, Blow FC, Nallamothu BK, Kales HC. Evaluation of the FDA warning against prescribing citalopram at doses exceeding 40 mg. Am J Psychiatry. 2013 Jun; 170(6):642-50. PMID: 23640689.
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    83. Kales HC, Nease DE, Sirey JA, Zivin K, Kim HM, Kavanagh J, Lynn S, Chiang C, Neighbors HW, Valenstein M, Blow FC. Racial differences in adherence to antidepressant treatment in later life. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2013 Oct; 21(10):999-1009. PMID: 23602306.
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    84. Gitlin LN, Kales HC, Lyketsos CG. Nonpharmacologic management of behavioral symptoms in dementia. JAMA. 2012 Nov 21; 308(19):2020-9. PMID: 23168825.
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    85. Zivin K, Ilgen MA, Pfeiffer PN, Welsh DE, McCarthy J, Valenstein M, Miller EM, Islam K, Kales HC. Early mortality and years of potential life lost among Veterans Affairs patients with depression. Psychiatr Serv. 2012 Aug; 63(8):823-6. PMID: 22854727.
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    86. Weisenbach SL, Boore LA, Kales HC. Depression and cognitive impairment in older adults. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2012 Aug; 14(4):280-8. PMID: 22622478.
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    87. Bhalerao S, Seyfried LS, Kim HM, Chiang C, Kavanagh J, Kales HC. Mortality risk with the use of atypical antipsychotics in later-life bipolar disorder. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 2012 Mar; 25(1):29-36. PMID: 22467844.
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    88. Burnett-Zeigler I, Zivin K, Ilgen M, Szymanski B, Blow FC, Kales HC. Depression treatment in older adult veterans. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2012 Mar; 20(3):228-38. PMID: 22354114.
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    89. Seyfried LS, Kales HC, Ignacio RV, Conwell Y, Valenstein M. Predictors of suicide in patients with dementia. Alzheimers Dement. 2011 Nov; 7(6):567-73. PMID: 22055973.
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    90. Kales HC, Kim HM, Zivin K, Valenstein M, Seyfried LS, Chiang C, Cunningham F, Schneider LS, Blow FC. Risk of mortality among individual antipsychotics in patients with dementia. Am J Psychiatry. 2012 Jan; 169(1):71-9. PMID: 22193526.
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    91. Kim HM, Chiang C, Kales HC. After the black box warning: predictors of psychotropic treatment choices for older patients with dementia. Psychiatr Serv. 2011 Oct; 62(10):1207-14. PMID: 21969648.
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    92. Weintraub D, Chen P, Ignacio RV, Mamikonyan E, Kales HC. Patterns and trends in antipsychotic prescribing for Parkinson disease psychosis. Arch Neurol. 2011 Jul; 68(7):899-904. PMID: 21747029.
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    93. Kales HC, Zivin K, Kim HM, Valenstein M, Chiang C, Ignacio RV, Ignacio R, Ganoczy D, Cunningham F, Schneider LS, Blow FC. Trends in antipsychotic use in dementia 1999-2007. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2011 Feb; 68(2):190-7. PMID: 21300946.
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    94. Maixner SM, Struble L, Blazek M, Kales HC. Later-life depression and heart failure. Heart Fail Clin. 2011 Jan; 7(1):47-58. PMID: 21109207.
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    95. Sirey JA, Bruce ML, Kales HC. Improving antidepressant adherence and depression outcomes in primary care: the treatment initiation and participation (TIP) program. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2010 Jun; 18(6):554-62. PMID: 20220604.
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    96. Kales HC, Kim HM, Austin KL, Valenstein M. Who receives outpatient monitoring during high-risk depression treatment periods? J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 May; 58(5):908-13. PMID: 20406321.
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    97. Kales HC. Comorbidity of cognitive and mood disorders: furthering the understanding of heterogeneity. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2010 Apr; 18(4):277-80. PMID: 20220595.
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    98. Seyfried L, Hanauer DA, Nease D, Albeiruti R, Kavanagh J, Kales HC. Enhanced identification of eligibility for depression research using an electronic medical record search engine. Int J Med Inform. 2009 Dec; 78(12):e13-8. PMID: 19560962.
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    99. Zivin K, Kabeto MU, Kales HC, Langa KM. The effect of depression and cognitive impairment on enrollment in Medicare Part D. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Aug; 57(8):1433-40. PMID: 19515100.
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    100. McCarthy JF, Zivin K, Austin KL, Kales HC, Valenstein M. Does consideration of Medicare use affect VA evaluations of treatment for new episodes of depression? Adm Policy Ment Health. 2008 Nov; 35(6):468-76. PMID: 18712470.
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    101. Zivin K, McCammon RJ, Davis MM, Halasyamani LK, Kales HC. Increases in Medicare prescription drug plan costs attributable to psychotropic medications. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2008 Aug; 16(8):674-85. PMID: 18669946.
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    102. Kales HC. New use of antipsychotic drugs in elderly people with dementia may increase the mortality risk. Evid Based Ment Health. 2008 May; 11(2):54. PMID: 18441143.
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    103. Zivin K, Nosowsky R, DiFranco D, Valenstein M, Kales HC, Greden JF. Criminal background checks for psychiatry? Michigan's mental health exceptionalism. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2008; 36(1):6-9. PMID: 18354116.
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    104. Zivin K, Kales HC. Adherence to depression treatment in older adults: a narrative review. Drugs Aging. 2008; 25(7):559-71. PMID: 18582145.
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    105. Sajatovic M, Blow FC, Kales HC, Valenstein M, Ganoczy D, Ignacio RV. Age comparison of treatment adherence with antipsychotic medications among individuals with bipolar disorder. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2007 Oct; 22(10):992-8. PMID: 17323327.
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    106. Kales HC, Valenstein M, Kim HM, McCarthy JF, Ganoczy D, Cunningham F, Blow FC. Mortality risk in patients with dementia treated with antipsychotics versus other psychiatric medications. Am J Psychiatry. 2007 Oct; 164(10):1568-76; quiz 1623. PMID: 17898349.
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    107. Chen P, Kales HC, Weintraub D, Blow FC, Jiang L, Mellow AM. Antidepressant treatment of veterans with Parkinson's disease and depression: analysis of a national sample. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 2007 Sep; 20(3):161-5. PMID: 17712099.
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    108. Chen P, Kales HC, Weintraub D, Blow FC, Jiang L, Ignacio RV, Mellow AM. Depression in veterans with Parkinson's disease: frequency, co-morbidity, and healthcare utilization. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2007 Jun; 22(6):543-8. PMID: 17133656.
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    109. Kales HC, Mellow AM. Race and depression: does race affect the diagnosis and treatment of late-life depression? Geriatrics. 2006 May; 61(5):18-21. PMID: 16649814.
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    110. Kales HC, DiNardo AR, Blow FC, McCarthy JF, Ignacio RV, Riba MB. International medical graduates and the diagnosis and treatment of late-life depression. Acad Med. 2006 Feb; 81(2):171-5. PMID: 16436580.
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    111. Sajatovic M, Kales HC. Diagnosis and management of bipolar disorder with comorbid anxiety in the elderly. J Clin Psychiatry. 2006; 67 Suppl 1:21-7. PMID: 16426113.
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    112. Kales HC, Neighbors HW, Blow FC, Taylor KK, Gillon L, Welsh DE, Maixner SM, Mellow AM. Race, gender, and psychiatrists' diagnosis and treatment of major depression among elderly patients. Psychiatr Serv. 2005 Jun; 56(6):721-8. PMID: 15939950.
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    113. Kales HC, Chen P, Blow FC, Welsh DE, Mellow AM. Rates of clinical depression diagnosis, functional impairment, and nursing home placement in coexisting dementia and depression. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2005 Jun; 13(6):441-9. PMID: 15956263.
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    114. Kales HC, Neighbors HW, Valenstein M, Blow FC, McCarthy JF, Ignacio RV, Taylor KK, Gillon L, Mellow AM. Effect of race and sex on primary care physicians' diagnosis and treatment of late-life depression. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005 May; 53(5):777-84. PMID: 15877552.
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    115. Sajatovic M, Blow FC, Ignacio RV, Kales HC. New-onset bipolar disorder in later life. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2005 Apr; 13(4):282-9. PMID: 15845753.
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    116. Kales HC, Maixner DF, Mellow AM. Cerebrovascular disease and late-life depression. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2005 Feb; 13(2):88-98. PMID: 15703317.
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    117. McCarthy JF, Blow FC, Kales HC. Disruptive behaviors in Veterans Affairs nursing home residents: how different are residents with serious mental illness? J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Dec; 52(12):2031-8. PMID: 15571538.
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    118. Sajatovic M, Blow FC, Ignacio RV, Kales HC. Age-related modifiers of clinical presentation and health service use among veterans with bipolar disorder. Psychiatr Serv. 2004 Sep; 55(9):1014-21. PMID: 15345761.
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    119. Valenstein M, Taylor KK, Austin K, Kales HC, McCarthy JF, Blow FC. Benzodiazepine use among depressed patients treated in mental health settings. Am J Psychiatry. 2004 Apr; 161(4):654-61. PMID: 15056511.
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    120. Kales HC, Blow FC, Welsh DE, Mellow AM. Herbal products and other supplements: use by elderly veterans with depression and dementia and their caregivers. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 2004 Mar; 17(1):25-31. PMID: 15018694.
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    121. Kales HC, Kamholz BA, Visnic SG, Blow FC. Recorded delirium in a national sample of elderly inpatients: potential implications for recognition. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 2003 Mar; 16(1):32-8. PMID: 12641371.
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    122. Kales HC, Valenstein M. Complexity in late-life depression: impact of confounding factors on diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 2002; 15(3):147-55. PMID: 12230085.
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    123. Kales HC, Blow FC, Mellow AM. Antidepressant use by race. Am J Psychiatry. 2001 Jun; 158(6):974-5. PMID: 11384930.
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    124. Kales HC, Blow FC, Bingham CR, Copeland LA, Mellow AM. Race and inpatient psychiatric diagnoses among elderly veterans. Psychiatr Serv. 2000 Jun; 51(6):795-800. PMID: 10828113.
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    125. Kales HC, Blow FC, Bingham CR, Roberts JS, Copeland LA, Mellow AM. Race, psychiatric diagnosis, and mental health care utilization in older patients. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2000; 8(4):301-9. PMID: 11069270.
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    126. Kales HC, Mellow AM. Ileus as a possible result of bupropion in an elderly woman. J Clin Psychiatry. 1999 May; 60(5):337. PMID: 10362444.
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    127. Kales HC, Dequardo JR, Tandon R. Combined electroconvulsive therapy and clozapine in treatment-resistant schizophrenia. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1999 Apr; 23(3):547-56. PMID: 10378236.
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    128. Kales HC, Blow FC, Copeland LA, Bingham RC, Kammerer EE, Mellow AM. Health care utilization by older patients with coexisting dementia and depression. Am J Psychiatry. 1999 Apr; 156(4):550-6. PMID: 10200733.
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    129. Valenstein M, Kales H, Mellow A, Dalack G, Figueroa S, Lawton Barry K, Blow FC. Psychiatric diagnosis and intervention in older and younger patients in a primary care clinic: effect of a screening and diagnostic instrument. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1998 Dec; 46(12):1499-505. PMID: 9848809.
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    130. Kales H, Raz J, Tandon R, Maixner D, DeQuardo J, Miller A, Becks L. Relationship of seizure duration to antidepressant efficacy in electroconvulsive therapy. Psychol Med. 1997 Nov; 27(6):1373-80. PMID: 9403909.
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