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Kara Rudolph

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
Phone734-717-9830
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Mechanisms linking neighborhood poverty to problematic adolescent drug use
    NIH/NIDA R00DA042127Mar 15, 2018 - Dec 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Mechanisms Underlying Differential Effects of Neighborhood Poverty on Problematic Adolescent Drug Use
    NIH/NIDA K99DA042127Aug 1, 2016 - Jul 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Rudolph KE, Goin DE, Stuart EA. Reply to VanderWeele. Am J Epidemiol. 2020 May 16. PMID: 32415837.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Rudolph KE, Goin DE, Stuart EA. The peril of power: a tutorial on using simulation to better understand when and how we can estimate mediating effects. Am J Epidemiol. 2020 May 16. PMID: 32415839.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Laqueur H, Rivera-Aguirre A, Shev A, Castillo-Carniglia A, Rudolph KE, Ramirez J, Martins SS, Cerdá M. The impact of cannabis legalization in Uruguay on adolescent cannabis use. Int J Drug Policy. 2020 May 06; 80:102748. PMID: 32388170.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Rudolph KE, Kinnard EN, Aguirre AR, Goin DE, Feelemyer J, Fink D, Cerda M. The Relative Economy and Drug Overdose Deaths. Epidemiology. 2020 Apr 16. PMID: 32332222.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Rudolph KE, Levy J, van der Laan MJ. Transporting stochastic direct and indirect effects to new populations. Biometrics. 2020 Apr 11. PMID: 32277465.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Rudolph KE, Levy J, Schmidt NM, Stuart EA, Ahern J. Using Transportability to Understand Differences in Mediation Mechanisms Across Trial Sites of a Housing Voucher Experiment. Epidemiology. 2020 Apr 10. PMID: 32282407.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Goin DE, Rudolph KE, Gomez AM, Ahern J. Mediation of firearm violence and preterm birth by pregnancy complications and health behaviors: Addressing structural and post-exposure confounding. Am J Epidemiol. 2020 Mar 27. PMID: 32219366.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Kara E. Rudolph, Oleg Sofrygin, Mark J. van der Laan. Complier Stochastic Direct Effects: Identification and Robust Estimation. Journal of the American Statistical Association. 2020 Jan 23; 1-11.
      View in: Publisher Site
    9. Torres JM, Sofrygin O, Rudolph KE, Haan MN, Wong R, Glymour MM. Adult Child US Migration Status and Cognitive Decline Among Older Parents Who Remain in Mexico. Am J Epidemiol. 2020 Jan 13. PMID: 31942611.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Kagawa RMC, Pear VA, Rudolph KE, Keyes KM, Cerdá M, Wintemute GJ. Distress level and daily functioning problems attributed to firearm victimization: sociodemographic-specific responses. Ann Epidemiol. 2020 01; 41:35-42.e3. PMID: 31932142.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Benmarhnia T, Rudolph KE. A rose by any other name still needs to be identified (with plausible assumptions). Int J Epidemiol. 2019 12 01; 48(6):2061-2062. PMID: 30919891.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Matthay EC, Farkas K, Rudolph KE, Zimmerman S, Barragan M, Goin DE, Ahern J. Firearm and Nonfirearm Violence After Operation Peacemaker Fellowship in Richmond, California, 1996-2016. Am J Public Health. 2019 11; 109(11):1605-1611. PMID: 31536413.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Rudolph KE, Shev A, Paksarian D, Merikangas KR, Mennitt DJ, James P, Casey JA. Environmental noise and sleep and mental health outcomes in a nationally representative sample of urban US adolescents. Environ Epidemiol. 2019 Aug; 3(4):e056. PMID: 31538137.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Casey JA, Goin DE, Rudolph KE, Schwartz BS, Mercer D, Elser H, Eisen EA, Morello-Frosch R. Unconventional natural gas development and adverse birth outcomes in Pennsylvania: The potential mediating role of antenatal anxiety and depression. Environ Res. 2019 10; 177:108598. PMID: 31357155.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Torres JM, Rudolph KE, Sofrygin O, Wong R, Walter LC, Glymour MM. Having an Adult Child in the United States, Physical Functioning, and Unmet Needs for Care Among Older Mexican Adults. Epidemiology. 2019 07; 30(4):553-560. PMID: 30985533.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Schleimer JP, Rivera-Aguirre AE, Castillo-Carniglia A, Laqueur HS, Rudolph KE, Suárez H, Ramírez J, Cadenas N, Somoza M, Brasesco MV, Martins SS, Cerdá M. Investigating how perceived risk and availability of marijuana relate to marijuana use among adolescents in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay over time. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2019 08 01; 201:115-126. PMID: 31207452.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Kagawa RMC, Gary DS, Wintemute GJ, Rudolph KE, Pear VA, Keyes K, Cerdá M. Psychiatric Disorders and Gun Carrying among Adolescents in the United States. J Pediatr. 2019 06; 209:198-203. PMID: 30850086.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Berkowitz SA, Rudolph KE, Basu S. Detecting Anomalies Among Practice Sites Within Multicenter Trials. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2019 03; 12(3):e004907. PMID: 30857413.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Rudolph KE, Goin DE, Paksarian D, Crowder R, Merikangas KR, Stuart EA. Causal Mediation Analysis With Observational Data: Considerations and Illustration Examining Mechanisms Linking Neighborhood Poverty to Adolescent Substance Use. Am J Epidemiol. 2019 03 01; 188(3):598-608. PMID: 30561500.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Matthay EC, Rudolph KE, Goin DE, Farkas K, Skeem J, Ahern J. Within-community Variation in Violence and Risk of Self-harm in California: A Population-based Case-crossover Study. Epidemiology. 2019 03; 30(2):e5-e7. PMID: 30720589.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Farkas K, Matthay EC, Rudolph KE, Goin DE, Ahern J. Mental and substance use disorders among legal intervention injury cases in California, 2005-2014. Prev Med. 2019 04; 121:136-140. PMID: 30759367.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Ackerman B, Schmid I, Rudolph KE, Seamans MJ, Susukida R, Mojtabai R, Stuart EA. Implementing statistical methods for generalizing randomized trial findings to a target population. Addict Behav. 2019 07; 94:124-132. PMID: 30415786.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Torres JM, Rudolph KE, Sofrygin O, Glymour MM, Wong R. Longitudinal associations between having an adult child migrant and depressive symptoms among older adults in the Mexican Health and Aging Study. Int J Epidemiol. 2018 10 01; 47(5):1432-1442. PMID: 29982496.
      View in: PubMed
    24. O'Brien RL, Neman T, Rudolph K, Casey J, Venkataramani A. Prenatal exposure to air pollution and intergenerational economic mobility: Evidence from U.S. county birth cohorts. Soc Sci Med. 2018 11; 217:92-96. PMID: 30296695.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Ahern J, Matthay EC, Goin DE, Farkas K, Rudolph KE. Acute Changes in Community Violence and Increases in Hospital Visits and Deaths From Stress-responsive Diseases. Epidemiology. 2018 09; 29(5):684-691. PMID: 29889688.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Vable AM, Kiang MV, Basu S, Rudolph KE, Kawachi I, Subramanian SV, Glymour MM. Military Service, Childhood Socio-Economic Status, and Late-Life Lung Function: Korean War Era Military Service Associated with Smaller Disparities. Mil Med. 2018 09 01; 183(9-10):e576-e582. PMID: 29509934.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Ahern J, Matthay EC, Goin DE, Farkas K, Rudolph KE. The Authors Respond. Epidemiology. 2018 09; 29(5):695-696. PMID: 29889686.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Matthay EC, Galin J, Farkas K, Rudolph K, Wintemute G, Ahern J. Associations Between Gun Shows and Firearm Deaths and Injuries. Ann Intern Med. 2018 07 03; 169(1):66. PMID: 29971416.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Kagawa RMC, Castillo-Carniglia A, Vernick JS, Webster D, Crifasi C, Rudolph KE, Cerdá M, Shev A, Wintemute GJ. Repeal of Comprehensive Background Check Policies and Firearm Homicide and Suicide. Epidemiology. 2018 07; 29(4):494-502. PMID: 29613872.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Rudolph KE, Sofrygin O, Schmidt NM, Crowder R, Glymour MM, Ahern J, Osypuk TL. Mediation of Neighborhood Effects on Adolescent Substance Use by the School and Peer Environments. Epidemiology. 2018 07; 29(4):590-598. PMID: 29851894.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Kagawa RMC, Cerdá M, Rudolph KE, Pear VA, Keyes KM, Wintemute GJ. Firearm Involvement in Violent Victimization and Mental Health: An Observational Study. Ann Intern Med. 2018 10 16; 169(8):584-585. PMID: 29913485.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Diamond-Smith N, Rudolph K. The association between uneven sex ratios and violence: Evidence from 6 Asian countries. PLoS One. 2018; 13(6):e0197516. PMID: 29856763.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Goin DE, Rudolph KE, Ahern J. Predictors of firearm violence in urban communities: A machine-learning approach. Health Place. 2018 05; 51:61-67. PMID: 29549755.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Rudolph KE, Stuart EA. Using Sensitivity Analyses for Unobserved Confounding to Address Covariate Measurement Error in Propensity Score Methods. Am J Epidemiol. 2018 03 01; 187(3):604-613. PMID: 28992211.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Rudolph KE, Schmidt NM, Glymour MM, Crowder R, Galin J, Ahern J, Osypuk TL. Composition or Context: Using Transportability to Understand Drivers of Site Differences in a Large-scale Housing Experiment. Epidemiology. 2018 03; 29(2):199-206. PMID: 29076878.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Georgiades K, Paksarian D, Rudolph KE, Merikangas KR. Prevalence of Mental Disorder and Service Use by Immigrant Generation and Race/Ethnicity Among U.S. Adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2018 04; 57(4):280-287.e2. PMID: 29588054.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Kara E. Rudolph, Oleg Sofrygin, Wenjing Zheng, Mark J. van der Laan. Robust and Flexible Estimation of Stochastic Mediation Effects: A Proposed Method and Example in a Randomized Trial Setting. Epidemiologic Methods. 2017 Dec 13; 7(1):20170007.
      View in: Publisher Site
    38. Matthay EC, Galin J, Rudolph KE, Farkas K, Wintemute GJ, Ahern J. In-State and Interstate Associations Between Gun Shows and Firearm Deaths and Injuries: A Quasi-experimental Study. Ann Intern Med. 2017 Dec 19; 167(12):837-844. PMID: 29059689.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Goin DE, Rudolph KE, Ahern J. Impact of drought on crime in California: A synthetic control approach. PLoS One. 2017; 12(10):e0185629. PMID: 28977002.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Torres JM, Alcántara C, Rudolph KE, Viruell-Fuentes EA. Cross-border Ties as Sources of Risk and Resilience: Do Cross-border Ties Moderate the Relationship between Migration-related Stress and Psychological Distress for Latino Migrants in the United States? J Health Soc Behav. 2016 12; 57(4):436-452. PMID: 27803264.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Rudolph KE, van der Laan MJ. Robust estimation of encouragement-design intervention effects transported across sites. J R Stat Soc Series B Stat Methodol. 2017 Nov; 79(5):1509-1525. PMID: 29375249.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Hong H, Rudolph KE, Stuart EA. Bayesian Approach for Addressing Differential Covariate Measurement Error in Propensity Score Methods. Psychometrika. 2017 Dec; 82(4):1078-1096. PMID: 27738956.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Glymour MM, Rudolph KE. Causal inference challenges in social epidemiology: Bias, specificity, and imagination. Soc Sci Med. 2016 10; 166:258-265. PMID: 27575286.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Rudolph KE, Colson KE, Stuart EA, Ahern J. Optimally combining propensity score subclasses. Stat Med. 2016 11 30; 35(27):4937-4947. PMID: 27426623.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Rudolph KE, Sánchez BN, Stuart EA, Fujishiro K, Wand GS, Diez Roux AV, Golden SH. The Authors Reply. Am J Epidemiol. 2016 06 15; 183(12):1172-3. PMID: 27257116.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Colson KE, Rudolph KE, Zimmerman SC, Goin DE, Stuart EA, Laan Mv, Ahern J. Optimizing matching and analysis combinations for estimating causal effects. Sci Rep. 2016 Mar 16; 6:23222. PMID: 26980444.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Casey JA, James P, Rudolph KE, Wu CD, Schwartz BS. Greenness and Birth Outcomes in a Range of Pennsylvania Communities. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Mar 11; 13(3). PMID: 26978381.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Rudolph KE, Sánchez BN, Stuart EA, Greenberg B, Fujishiro K, Wand GS, Shrager S, Seeman T, Diez Roux AV, Golden SH. Job Strain and the Cortisol Diurnal Cycle in MESA: Accounting for Between- and Within-Day Variability. Am J Epidemiol. 2016 Mar 01; 183(5):497-506. PMID: 26905339.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Rudolph KE, Eaton WW. Previous anxiety and depression as risk factors for early labour force exit. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2016 Apr; 70(4):390-5. PMID: 26511888.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Rudolph KE, Stuart EA, Vernick JS, Webster DW. Association Between Connecticut's Permit-to-Purchase Handgun Law and Homicides. Am J Public Health. 2015 Aug; 105(8):e49-54. PMID: 26066959.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Webb-Vargas Y, Rudolph KE, Lenis D, Murakami P, Stuart EA. An imputation-based solution to using mismeasured covariates in propensity score analysis. Stat Methods Med Res. 2017 Aug; 26(4):1824-1837. PMID: 26037527.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Paksarian D, Rudolph KE, He JP, Merikangas KR. School Start Time and Adolescent Sleep Patterns: Results From the U.S. National Comorbidity Survey--Adolescent Supplement. Am J Public Health. 2015 Jul; 105(7):1351-7. PMID: 25973803.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Rudolph KE, Díaz I, Rosenblum M, Stuart EA. Estimating population treatment effects from a survey subsample. Am J Epidemiol. 2014 Oct 01; 180(7):737-48. PMID: 25190679.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Rudolph KE, Lessler J, Moloney RM, Kmush B, Cummings DA. Incubation periods of mosquito-borne viral infections: a systematic review. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014 May; 90(5):882-91. PMID: 24639305.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Rudolph KE, Wand GS, Stuart EA, Glass TA, Marques AH, Duncko R, Merikangas KR. The association between cortisol and neighborhood disadvantage in a U.S. population-based sample of adolescents. Health Place. 2014 Jan; 25:68-77. PMID: 24367996.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Rudolph KE, Glass TA, Crum RM, Schwartz BS. Neighborhood psychosocial hazards and binge drinking among late middle-aged adults. J Urban Health. 2013 Oct; 90(5):970-82. PMID: 23430376.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Lee RM, Lessler J, Lee RA, Rudolph KE, Reich NG, Perl TM, Cummings DA. Incubation periods of viral gastroenteritis: a systematic review. BMC Infect Dis. 2013 Sep 25; 13:446. PMID: 24066865.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Rudolph KE, Stuart EA, Glass TA, Merikangas KR. Neighborhood disadvantage in context: the influence of urbanicity on the association between neighborhood disadvantage and adolescent emotional disorders. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2014 Mar; 49(3):467-75. PMID: 23754682.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Azman AS, Rudolph KE, Cummings DA, Lessler J. The incubation period of cholera: a systematic review. J Infect. 2013 May; 66(5):432-8. PMID: 23201968.
      View in: PubMed