Elaine Waetjen

Title(s)Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address4860 Y Street, Suite, 2500
CA 95817
Phone916-734-6900
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    Methods to Test the Role of Age-related Lifestyle and Vaginal Microenvironment Changes and the Prevention, Treatment, and Progression of Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause
    NIH R01AG069915Sep 1, 2021 - May 31, 2026
    Role: Co-Investigator
    The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN): The Impact of Midlife and the Menopause Transition on Health and Functioning in Early Old Age
    NIH U19AG063720Sep 30, 2020 - Aug 31, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Methods to Test Lifestyle, Vaginal Microenvironment, and Genitourinary Symptoms across Menopause Transition
    NIH R56AG068673Sep 30, 2020 - Aug 31, 2021
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Exploring disparities: Urinary incontinence treatment seeking in mid-life women
    NIH R21DK092864Sep 17, 2012 - Aug 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Mid-life Aging and Urinary Incontinence in a Multi-Ethn*
    NIH R01AG027056Feb 15, 2006 - Jul 31, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health at UC Davis
    NIH K12HD051958Sep 1, 2005 - Apr 30, 2025
    Role: Co-Investigator
    STUDY OF WOMEN'S HEALTH ACROSS THE NATION (SWAN) V: UC DAVIS/KAISER
    NIH/NIA U01AG012554Sep 30, 1994 - Jun 30, 2019
    Role: Co-Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. The association of urinary incontinence and disability among a diverse sample of midlife Study of Women's Health Across the Nation women. Menopause. 2024 Jan 01; 31(1):18-25. Dugan SA, Crawford SL, Wente K, Waetjen LE, Karvonen-Gutierrez C, Harlow SD. PMID: 38016162; PMCID: PMC10766380.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Relationships between the vaginal microbiota and genitourinary syndrome of menopause symptoms in postmenopausal women: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Menopause. 2023 11 01; 30(11):1073-1084. Waetjen LE, Crawford SL, Gajer P, Brooks MM, Gold EB, Reed BD, Hess R, Ravel J. PMID: 37788422; PMCID: PMC10615695.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among Women with Symptomatic Uterine Fibroids. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2023 05; 32(5):546-552. Rubio EM, Hilton JF, Bent S, Parvataneni R, Oberman E, Saberi NS, Varon S, Schembri M, Waetjen LE, Jacoby VL. PMID: 37023398.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Fibroids and vitamin D: another piece of the puzzle. Fertil Steril. 2022 12; 118(6):1137-1138. Mitro SD, Waetjen LE, Hedderson MM. PMID: 36344288.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. The longitudinal relation of inflammation to incidence of vasomotor symptoms. Menopause. 2022 08 01; 29(8):894-904. Gold EB, Xing G, Avis NE, Harlow S, Joffe H, Matthews K, Pavlovic JM, Thurston RC, Waetjen E. PMID: 35905469; PMCID: PMC9346702.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Patterns of Sexual Activity and the Development of Sexual Pain Across the Menopausal Transition. Obstet Gynecol. 2022 06 01; 139(6):1130-1140. Waetjen LE, Johnson WO, Xing G, Hess R, Avis NE, Reed BD, Dugan SA, Neal-Perry G, Gold EB, Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). PMID: 35675610; PMCID: PMC9199592.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Circulating integrin α4 β7+ CD4 T cells are enriched for proliferative transcriptional programs in HIV infection. FEBS Lett. 2021 09; 595(17):2257-2270. Lakshmanappa YS, Roh JW, Rane NN, Dinasarapu AR, Tran DD, Velu V, Sheth AN, Ofotokun I, Amara RR, Kelley CF, Waetjen E, Iyer SS. PMID: 34278574.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    8. Dual trajectories of physical activity and blood lipids in midlife women: The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Maturitas. 2021 Apr; 146:49-56. Badon SE, Gabriel KP, Karvonen-Gutierrez C, Sternfeld B, Gold EB, Waetjen LE, Lee C, Avalos LA, El Khoudary SR, Hedderson MM. PMID: 33722364; PMCID: PMC7966732.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. VALENCIA: a nearest centroid classification method for vaginal microbial communities based on composition. Microbiome. 2020 11 23; 8(1):166. France MT, Ma B, Gajer P, Brown S, Humphrys MS, Holm JB, Waetjen LE, Brotman RM, Ravel J. PMID: 33228810; PMCID: PMC7684964.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 108     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Postoperative Opioid Prescribing and Consumption after Hysterectomy: A Prospective Cohort Study. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2021 05; 28(5):1013-1021. McEntee KM, Crawford KD, Wilson MD, Ponzini MD, Wu BT, Nejad BM, Waetjen LE. PMID: 33152533.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. The menopause transition and women's health at midlife: a progress report from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). Menopause. 2019 10; 26(10):1213-1227. El Khoudary SR, Greendale G, Crawford SL, Avis NE, Brooks MM, Thurston RC, Karvonen-Gutierrez C, Waetjen LE, Matthews K. PMID: 31568098; PMCID: PMC6784846.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 77     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Laparoscopic Radiofrequency Ablation of Uterine Leiomyomas: Clinical Outcomes during Early Adoption into Surgical Practice. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2020 May - Jun; 27(4):915-925. Jacoby VL, Parvataneni R, Oberman E, Saberi NS, Varon S, Schembri M, Waetjen LE. PMID: 31376584.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    13. Menopausal hormone therapy trends before versus after 2002: impact of the Women's Health Initiative Study Results. Menopause. 2018 12 21; 26(6):588-597. Crawford SL, Crandall CJ, Derby CA, El Khoudary SR, Waetjen LE, Fischer M, Joffe H. PMID: 30586004; PMCID: PMC6538484.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Myoma Imaging by Gynecologic Surgeons Training in Intraoperative Ultrasound Technique. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2019 Sep - Oct; 26(6):1139-1143. Bent RE, Wilson MD, Jacoby VL, Varon S, Parvataneni R, Saberi N, Waetjen LE. PMID: 30502500.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    15. Genitourinary Changes with Aging. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2018 Dec; 45(4):737-750. Mitchell CM, Waetjen LE. PMID: 30401554.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Factors associated with developing vaginal dryness symptoms in women transitioning through menopause: a longitudinal study. Menopause. 2018 10; 25(10):1094-1104. Waetjen LE, Crawford SL, Chang PY, Reed BD, Hess R, Avis NE, Harlow SD, Greendale GA, Dugan SA, Gold EB, Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). PMID: 29916947; PMCID: PMC6136974.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Misdiagnosis of Leiomyosarcoma after Radiofrequency Ablation of Uterine Myomas. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2019 Mar - Apr; 26(3):564-566. Varon S, Parvataneni R, Waetjen E, Dunn K, Jacoby VL. PMID: 30121386.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    18. Factors associated with reasons incontinent midlife women report for not seeking urinary incontinence treatment over 9 years across the menopausal transition. Menopause. 2018 Jan; 25(1):29-37. Waetjen LE, Xing G, Johnson WO, Melnikow J, Gold EB, Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). PMID: 28763399; PMCID: PMC5735005.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Change in sexual functioning over the menopausal transition: results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Menopause. 2017 04; 24(4):379-390. Avis NE, Colvin A, Karlamangla AS, Crawford S, Hess R, Waetjen LE, Brooks M, Tepper PG, Greendale GA. PMID: 27801705; PMCID: PMC5365345.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Bayesian Nonparametric Longitudinal Data Analysis. J Am Stat Assoc. 2016; 111(515):1168-1181. Quintana FA, Johnson WO, Waetjen E, Gold E. PMID: 28366967; PMCID: PMC5373670.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5  
    21. The FDA and the Vaginal Mesh Controversy--Further Impetus to Change the 510(k) Pathway for Medical Device Approval. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Feb; 176(2):277-8. Jacoby VL, Subak L, Waetjen LE. PMID: 26720520.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Obstacles to Studying Emerging Technologies. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Aug; 126(2):391-395. Waetjen LE, Parvataneni R, Varon S, Saberi NS, Jacoby VL, University of California Fibroid Network (UCFN). PMID: 26241430.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    23. Factors associated with seeking treatment for urinary incontinence during the menopausal transition. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 May; 125(5):1071-1079. Waetjen LE, Xing G, Johnson WO, Melnikow J, Gold EB, Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). PMID: 25932834; PMCID: PMC4346306.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Dietary isoflavones and bone mineral density during midlife and the menopausal transition: cross-sectional and longitudinal results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation Phytoestrogen Study. Menopause. 2015 Mar; 22(3):279-88. Greendale GA, Tseng CH, Han W, Huang MH, Leung K, Crawford S, Gold EB, Waetjen LE, Karlamangla AS. PMID: 25116050; PMCID: PMC4324399.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. The North American Menopause Society recommendations for clinical care of midlife women. Menopause. 2014 Oct; 21(10):1038-62. Shifren JL, Gass ML, NAMS Recommendations for Clinical Care of Midlife Women Working Group. PMID: 25225714.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 95     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Population-based biomarker screening and the development of severe preeclampsia in California. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Oct; 211(4):377.e1-8. Taché V, Baer RJ, Currier RJ, Li CS, Towner D, Waetjen LE, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL. PMID: 24631701; PMCID: PMC4393821.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Factors related to age at natural menopause: longitudinal analyses from SWAN. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Jul 01; 178(1):70-83. Gold EB, Crawford SL, Avis NE, Crandall CJ, Matthews KA, Waetjen LE, Lee JS, Thurston R, Vuga M, Harlow SD. PMID: 23788671; PMCID: PMC3698989.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 125     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Relationship between dietary phytoestrogens and development of urinary incontinence in midlife women. Menopause. 2013 Apr; 20(4):428-36. Waetjen LE, Leung K, Crawford SL, Huang MH, Gold EB, Greendale GA, Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation. PMID: 23096248; PMCID: PMC3568456.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Phytoestrogen and fiber intakes in relation to incident vasomotor symptoms: results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Menopause. 2013 Mar; 20(3):305-14. Gold EB, Leung K, Crawford SL, Huang MH, Waetjen LE, Greendale GA. PMID: 23435028; PMCID: PMC3566363.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Relationship between hysterectomy and admixture in African American women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Apr; 208(4):279.e1-7. Qi L, Nassir R, Kosoy R, Garcia L, Waetjen LE, Ochs-Balcom HM, Gass M, Robbins J, Seldin MF. PMID: 23333549; PMCID: PMC3613241.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Dietary phytoestrogen intakes and cognitive function during the menopausal transition: results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation Phytoestrogen Study. Menopause. 2012 Aug; 19(8):894-903. Greendale GA, Huang MH, Leung K, Crawford SL, Gold EB, Wight R, Waetjen E, Karlamangla AS. PMID: 22415567; PMCID: PMC3376653.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Serum estradiol levels are not associated with urinary incontinence in midlife women transitioning through menopause. Menopause. 2011 Dec; 18(12):1283-90. Waetjen LE, Johnson WO, Xing G, Feng WY, Greendale GA, Gold EB, Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation. PMID: 21785372; PMCID: PMC3308014.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Association between menopausal transition stages and developing urinary incontinence. Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Nov; 114(5):989-998. Waetjen LE, Ye J, Feng WY, Johnson WO, Greendale GA, Sampselle CM, Sternfield B, Harlow SD, Gold EB, Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation (SWAN). PMID: 20168098; PMCID: PMC3120214.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Gains in body fat and vasomotor symptom reporting over the menopausal transition: the study of women's health across the nation. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Sep 15; 170(6):766-74. Thurston RC, Sowers MR, Sternfeld B, Gold EB, Bromberger J, Chang Y, Joffe H, Crandall CJ, Waetjen LE, Matthews KA. PMID: 19675142; PMCID: PMC2768523.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 58     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Trends in the Safety of Inpatient Hysterectomy for Benign Conditions in California, 1991–2004. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey. 2008 Dec 1; 63(12):767-768. Smith SL, Waetjen WL, Paik PC, Xing XG. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    36. Trends in the safety of inpatient hysterectomy for benign conditions in California, 1991-2004. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Sep; 112(3):553-61. Smith LH, Waetjen LE, Paik CK, Xing G. PMID: 18757652.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Factors associated with worsening and improving urinary incontinence across the menopausal transition. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Mar; 111(3):667-77. Waetjen LE, Feng WY, Ye J, Johnson WO, Greendale GA, Sampselle CM, Sternfield B, Harlow SD, Gold EB, Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). PMID: 18310370; PMCID: PMC3598598.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Factors associated with prevalent and incident urinary incontinence in a cohort of midlife women: a longitudinal analysis of data: study of women's health across the nation. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Feb 01; 165(3):309-18. Waetjen LE, Liao S, Johnson WO, Sampselle CM, Sternfield B, Harlow SD, Gold EB. PMID: 17132698.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 81     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Estrogen therapy and urinary incontinence: what is the evidence and what do we tell our patients? Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2006 Sep; 17(5):541-5. Waetjen LE, Dwyer PL. PMID: 16538421.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Hospitalizations for pelvic inflammatory disease and tuboovarian abscess. Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Mar; 107(3):611-6. Paik CK, Waetjen LE, Xing G, Dai J, Sweet RL. PMID: 16507932.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Postmenopausal hormone therapy: does it cause incontinence? Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Nov; 106(5 Pt 1):940-5. Steinauer JE, Waetjen LE, Vittinghoff E, Subak LL, Hulley SB, Grady D, Lin F, Brown JS. PMID: 16260510; PMCID: PMC1557396.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. The effect of ultralow-dose transdermal estradiol on urinary incontinence in postmenopausal women. Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Nov; 106(5 Pt 1):946-52. Waetjen LE, Brown JS, Vittinghoff E, Ensrud KE, Pinkerton J, Wallace R, Macer JL, Grady D. PMID: 16260511; PMCID: PMC1557395.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Effect of raloxifene on urinary incontinence: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Jul; 104(1):197-8; author reply 198. Lowder JL, Weber AM. PMID: 15229033.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    44. Effect of raloxifene on urinary incontinence: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Feb; 103(2):261-6. Waetjen LE, Brown JS, Modelska K, Blackwell T, Vittinghoff E, Cummings SR, MORE Study Group. PMID: 14754693.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    45. Stress urinary incontinence surgery in the United States. Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Apr; 101(4):671-6. Waetjen LE, Subak LL, Shen H, Lin F, Wang TH, Vittinghoff E, Brown JS. PMID: 12681869.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Pelvic organ prolapse surgery in the United States, 1997. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Apr; 186(4):712-6. Brown JS, Waetjen LE, Subak LL, Thom DH, Van den Eeden S, Vittinghoff E. PMID: 11967496.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 71     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Cost of pelvic organ prolapse surgery in the United States. Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Oct; 98(4):646-51. Subak LL, Waetjen LE, van den Eeden S, Thom DH, Vittinghoff E, Brown JS. PMID: 11576582.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 170     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Periurethral collagen injection for stress incontinence with and without urethral hypermobility. Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Jul; 96(1):153. Waetjen LE, Jackson R. PMID: 10928905.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Oral contraceptives and primary liver cancer: temporal trends in three countries. Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Dec; 88(6):945-9. Waetjen LE, Grimes DA. PMID: 8942832.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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