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Demosthenes Pappagianis, MD; PhD

Title(s)Professor, Medical Microbiology And Immunology
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
Phone530-752-3391
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. McHardy IH, Dinh BN, Waldman S, Stewart E, Bays D, Pappagianis D, Thompson GR. Coccidioidomycosis Complement Fixation Titer Trends in the Age of Antifungals. J Clin Microbiol. 2018 12; 56(12). PMID: 30257902.
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    2. Ampel NM, Robey I, Nguyen CT, Roller B, August J, Knox KS, Pappagianis D. Ex Vivo Cytokine Release, Determined by a Multiplex Cytokine Assay, in Response to Coccidioidal Antigen Stimulation of Whole Blood among Subjects with Recently Diagnosed Primary Pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis. mSphere. 2018 May-Jun; 3(3). PMID: 29769377.
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    3. Stevens DA, Zhang Y, Finkelman MA, Pappagianis D, Clemons KV, Martinez M. Cerebrospinal Fluid (1,3)-Beta-d-Glucan Testing Is Useful in Diagnosis of Coccidioidal Meningitis. J Clin Microbiol. 2016 11; 54(11):2707-2710. PMID: 27558179.
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    4. Arbeloa-Gutierrez L, Kuberski T, Johnson SM, Sagastibelza I, Alaez JI, Pappagianis D. Reactivation of coccidioidomycosis: a prosthetic joint infection in Spain. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2016 Feb; 35(2):183-6. PMID: 26638217.
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    5. Lee CY, Thompson GR, Hastey CJ, Hodge GC, Lunetta JM, Pappagianis D, Heinrich V. Coccidioides Endospores and Spherules Draw Strong Chemotactic, Adhesive, and Phagocytic Responses by Individual Human Neutrophils. PLoS One. 2015; 10(6):e0129522. PMID: 26070210.
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    6. Ampel NM, Nesbit LA, Nguyen CT, Chavez S, Knox KS, Johnson SM, Pappagianis D. Cytokine Profiles from Antigen-Stimulated Whole-Blood Samples among Patients with Pulmonary or Nonmeningeal Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2015 Aug; 22(8):917-22. PMID: 26041038.
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    7. Huckabone SE, Gulland FM, Johnson SM, Colegrove KM, Dodd EM, Pappagianis D, Dunkin RC, Casper D, Carlson EL, Sykes JE, Meyer W, Miller MA. Coccidioidomycosis and other systemic mycoses of marine mammals stranding along the central California, USA coast: 1998-2012. J Wildl Dis. 2015 Apr; 51(2):295-308. PMID: 25647598.
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    8. Johnson SM, Carlson EL, Pappagianis D. Coccidioides species determination: does sequence analysis agree with restriction fragment length polymorphism? Mycopathologia. 2015 Jun; 179(5-6):373-9. PMID: 25577285.
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    9. Johnson SM, Carlson EL, Pappagianis D. Determination of ribosomal DNA copy number and comparison among strains of Coccidioides. Mycopathologia. 2015 Feb; 179(1-2):45-51. PMID: 25322704.
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    10. Lunetta JM, Pappagianis D. Identification, molecular characterization, and expression analysis of a DOMON-like type 9 carbohydrate-binding module domain-containing protein of Coccidioides posadasii. Med Mycol. 2014 Aug; 52(6):591-609. PMID: 25023485.
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    11. Johnson SM, Carlson EL, Fisher FS, Pappagianis D. Demonstration of Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii DNA in soil samples collected from Dinosaur National Monument, Utah. Med Mycol. 2014 Aug; 52(6):610-7. PMID: 24847036.
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    12. Catalán-Dibene J, Johnson SM, Eaton R, Romero-Olivares AL, Baptista-Rosas RC, Pappagianis D, Riquelme M. Detection of coccidioidal antibodies in serum of a small rodent community in Baja California, Mexico. Fungal Biol. 2014 Mar; 118(3):330-9. PMID: 24607357.
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    13. Maureen T. Long, Demosthenes Pappagianis, Jill Higgins. Chapter 47 Coccidioidomycosis. 2014 Jan 1; 399-406.e2.
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    14. Diab S, Johnson SM, Garcia J, Carlson EL, Pappagianis D, Smith J, Uzal FA. Case report: Abortion and disseminated infection by Coccidioides posadasii in an alpaca (Vicugna pacos) fetus in Southern California. Med Mycol Case Rep. 2013 Oct 31; 2:159-62. PMID: 24432245.
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    15. Nesbit LA, Knox KS, Nguyen CT, Roesch J, Wheat LJ, Johnson SM, Pappagianis D, Chavez S, Ampel NM. Immunological characterization of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in patients with acute pulmonary coccidioidomycosis. J Infect Dis. 2013 Sep 01; 208(5):857-63. PMID: 23737603.
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    16. Thompson GR, Sharma S, Bays DJ, Pruitt R, Engelthaler DM, Bowers J, Driebe EM, Davis M, Libke R, Cohen SH, Pappagianis D. Coccidioidomycosis: adenosine deaminase levels, serologic parameters, culture results, and polymerase chain reaction testing in pleural fluid. Chest. 2013 Mar; 143(3):776-781. PMID: 23187746.
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    17. Mark W. Bultman, Frederick S. Fisher, Demosthenes Pappagianis. The Ecology of Soil-Borne Human Pathogens. 2013 Jan 1; 477-504.
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    18. Pappagianis D, Johnson SM. Revision and return of a coccidioidal skin test reagent. Mycopathologia. 2012 Dec; 174(5-6):351-2. PMID: 23065399.
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    19. Thompson GR, Bays DJ, Johnson SM, Cohen SH, Pappagianis D, Finkelman MA. Serum (1->3)-ß-D-glucan measurement in coccidioidomycosis. J Clin Microbiol. 2012 Sep; 50(9):3060-2. PMID: 22692738.
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    20. Thompson GR, Bays D, Taylor SL, Cohen SH, Pappagianis D. Association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and type of coccidioidal infection. Med Mycol. 2013 Apr; 51(3):319-23. PMID: 22680977.
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    21. Thompson GR, Bays D, Cohen SH, Pappagianis D. Fluoride excess in coccidioidomycosis patients receiving long-term antifungal therapy: an assessment of currently available triazoles. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012 Jan; 56(1):563-4. PMID: 22005993.
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    22. Thompson GR, Lunetta JM, Johnson SM, Taylor S, Bays D, Cohen SH, Pappagianis D. Early treatment with fluconazole may abrogate the development of IgG antibodies in coccidioidomycosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Sep; 53(6):e20-4. PMID: 21865185.
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    23. Bercovitch RS, Catanzaro A, Schwartz BS, Pappagianis D, Watts DH, Ampel NM. Coccidioidomycosis during pregnancy: a review and recommendations for management. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Aug; 53(4):363-8. PMID: 21810749.
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    24. Lunetta JM, Johnson SM, Pappagianis D. Molecular cloning, characterization and expression analysis of two beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase homologs of Coccidioides posadasii. Med Mycol. 2010 Aug; 48(5):744-56. PMID: 20109094.
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    25. Kuberski T, Herrig J, Pappagianis D. False-positive IgM serology in coccidioidomycosis. J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Jun; 48(6):2047-9. PMID: 20357210.
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    26. Nesbit L, Johnson SM, Pappagianis D, Ampel NM. Polyfunctional T lymphocytes are in the peripheral blood of donors naturally immune to coccidioidomycosis and are not induced by dendritic cells. Infect Immun. 2010 Jan; 78(1):309-15. PMID: 19901066.
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    27. Stevens DA, Clemons KV, Levine HB, Pappagianis D, Baron EJ, Hamilton JR, Deresinski SC, Johnson N. Expert opinion: what to do when there is Coccidioides exposure in a laboratory. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 15; 49(6):919-23. PMID: 19663562.
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    28. Berry CD, Stevens DA, Hassid EI, Pappagianis D, Happs EL, Sahrakar K. A new method for the treatment of chronic fungal meningitis: continuous infusion into the cerebrospinal fluid for coccidioidal meningitis. Am J Med Sci. 2009 Jul; 338(1):79-82. PMID: 19506457.
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    29. Johnson SM, Kerekes KM, Lunetta JM, Pappagianis D. Characteristics of the protective subcellular coccidioidal T27K vaccine. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Sep; 1111:275-89. PMID: 17363436.
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    30. Lunetta JM, Simmons KA, Johnson SM, Pappagianis D. Molecular cloning and expression of a cDNA encoding a Coccidioides posadasii 1,2-alpha-mannosidase identified in the coccidioidal T27K vaccine by immunoproteomic methods. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Sep; 1111:164-80. PMID: 17363438.
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    31. Johnson SM, Lerche NW, Pappagianis D, Yee JL, Galgiani JN, Hector RF. Safety, antigenicity, and efficacy of a recombinant coccidioidomycosis vaccine in cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis). Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Sep; 1111:290-300. PMID: 17347333.
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    32. Lunetta JM, Simmons KA, Johnson SM, Pappagianis D. Molecular cloning and expression of a cDNA encoding a Coccidioides posadasii Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase identified by proteomic analysis of the coccidioidal T27K vaccine. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Sep; 1111:181-97. PMID: 17344523.
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    33. Fisher FS, Bultman MW, Johnson SM, Pappagianis D, Zaborsky E. Coccidioides niches and habitat parameters in the southwestern United States: a matter of scale. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Sep; 1111:47-72. PMID: 17344527.
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    34. Pappagianis D. Coccidioidomycosis in California state correctional institutions. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Sep; 1111:103-11. PMID: 17332089.
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    35. Demosthenes Pappagianis, Jill Higgins. CHAPTER 51 Coccidioidomycosis. 2007 Jan 1; 396-404.
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    36. Higgins JC, Leith GS, Pappagianis D, Pusterla N. Treatment of Coccidioides immitis pneumonia in two horses with fluconazole. Vet Rec. 2006 Sep 09; 159(11):349-51. PMID: 16963715.
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    37. Higgins JC, Pusterla N, Pappagianis D. Comparison of Coccidioides immitis serological antibody titres between forms of clinical coccidioidomycosis in horses. Vet J. 2007 Jan; 173(1):118-23. PMID: 16249106.
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    38. Higgins JC, Leith GS, Voss ED, Pappagianis D. Seroprevalence of antibodies against Coccidioides immitis in healthy horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2005 Jun 01; 226(11):1888-92. PMID: 15934257.
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    39. Ampel NM, Nelson DK, Chavez S, Naus KA, Herman AB, Li L, Simmons KA, Pappagianis D. Preliminary evaluation of whole-blood gamma interferon release for clinical assessment of cellular immunity in patients with active coccidioidomycosis. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2005 Jun; 12(6):700-4. PMID: 15939743.
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    40. Ampel NM, Nelson DK, Li L, Dionne SO, Lake DF, Simmons KA, Pappagianis D. The mannose receptor mediates the cellular immune response in human coccidioidomycosis. Infect Immun. 2005 Apr; 73(4):2554-5. PMID: 15784604.
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    41. Bialek R. Amplification of coccidioidal DNA in clinical specimens by PCR. J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Mar; 43(3):1492; author reply 1492-3. PMID: 15750145.
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    42. Morrill JF, Heinig MJ, Pappagianis D, Dewey KG. Risk factors for mammary candidosis among lactating women. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2005 Jan-Feb; 34(1):37-45. PMID: 15673644.
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    43. Crum NF, Potter M, Pappagianis D. Seroincidence of Coccidioidomycosis during military desert training exercises. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Oct; 42(10):4552-5. PMID: 15472308.
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    44. Francis-Morrill J, Heinig MJ, Pappagianis D, Dewey KG. Diagnostic value of signs and symptoms of mammary candidosis among lactating women. J Hum Lact. 2004 Aug; 20(3):288-95; quiz 296-9. PMID: 15296582.
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    45. Johnson SM, Simmons KA, Pappagianis D. Amplification of coccidioidal DNA in clinical specimens by PCR. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 May; 42(5):1982-5. PMID: 15131158.
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    46. Wright PW, Pappagianis D, Wilson M, Louro A, Moser SA, Komatsu K, Pappas PG. Donor-related coccidioidomycosis in organ transplant recipients. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Nov 01; 37(9):1265-9. PMID: 14557974.
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    47. Johnson LR, Herrgesell EJ, Davidson AP, Pappagianis D. Clinical, clinicopathologic, and radiographic findings in dogs with coccidioidomycosis: 24 cases (1995-2000). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2003 Feb 15; 222(4):461-6. PMID: 12597419.
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    48. Kamberi P, Sobel RA, Clemons KV, Stevens DA, Pappagianis D, Williams PL. A murine model of coccidioidal meningitis. J Infect Dis. 2003 Feb 01; 187(3):453-60. PMID: 12552429.
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    49. Morrill JF, Pappagianis D, Heinig MJ, Lönnerdal B, Dewey KG. Detecting Candida albicans in human milk. J Clin Microbiol. 2003 Jan; 41(1):475-8. PMID: 12517899.
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    50. Maleski K, Magdesian KG, LaFranco-Scheuch L, Pappagianis D, Carlson GP. Pulmonary coccidioidomycosis in a neonatal foal. Vet Rec. 2002 Oct 26; 151(17):505-8. PMID: 12430999.
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    51. Ampel NM, Kramer LA, Li L, Carroll DS, Kerekes KM, Johnson SM, Pappagianis D. In vitro whole-blood analysis of cellular immunity in patients with active coccidioidomycosis by using the antigen preparation T27K. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2002 Sep; 9(5):1039-43. PMID: 12204956.
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    52. Clemons KV, Sobel RA, Williams PL, Pappagianis D, Stevens DA. Efficacy of intravenous liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) against coccidioidal meningitis in rabbits. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2002 Aug; 46(8):2420-6. PMID: 12121913.
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    53. Pappagianis D. Serologic studies in coccidioidomycosis. Semin Respir Infect. 2001 Dec; 16(4):242-50. PMID: 11740825.
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    54. Ampel NM, Kramer LA, Kerekes KM, Johnson SM, Pappagianis D. Assessment of the human cellular immune response to T27K, a coccidioidal antigen preparation, by flow cytometry of whole blood. Med Mycol. 2001 Aug; 39(4):315-20. PMID: 11556760.
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    55. Demosthenes Pappagianis. Seeking a Vaccine against Coccidioides immitis and Serologic Studies: Expectations and Realities Volume 32, Number 1 (2001), pages 1–9. Fungal Genetics and Biology. 2001 Jun 1; 33(1):67.
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    56. Pappagianis D. Seeking a vaccine against Coccidioides immitis and serologic studies: expectations and realities. Fungal Genet Biol. 2001 Feb; 32(1):1-9. PMID: 11277621.
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    57. Sorensen KN, Sobel RA, Clemons KV, Calderon L, Howell KJ, Irani PR, Pappagianis D, Williams PL, Stevens DA. Comparative efficacies of terbinafine and fluconazole in treatment of experimental coccidioidal meningitis in a rabbit model. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2000 Nov; 44(11):3087-91. PMID: 11036027.
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    58. Sorensen KN, Sobel RA, Clemons KV, Pappagianis D, Stevens DA, Williams PL. Comparison of fluconazole and itraconazole in a rabbit model of coccidioidal meningitis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2000 Jun; 44(6):1512-7. PMID: 10817701.
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    59. Johnson SM, Kerekes KM, Zimmermann CR, Williams RH, Pappagianis D. Identification and cloning of an aspartyl proteinase from Coccidioides immitis. Gene. 2000 Jan 11; 241(2):213-22. PMID: 10675032.
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    60. Poncio Mendes R, Negroni R, Bonifaz A, Pappagianis D. New aspects of some endemic mycoses. Med Mycol. 2000; 38 Suppl 1:237-41. PMID: 11204151.
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    61. Cairns L, Blythe D, Kao A, Pappagianis D, Kaufman L, Kobayashi J, Hajjeh R. Outbreak of coccidioidomycosis in Washington state residents returning from Mexico. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Jan; 30(1):61-4. PMID: 10619734.
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    62. Heinig MJ, Francis J, Pappagianis D. Mammary candidosis in lactating women. J Hum Lact. 1999 Dec; 15(4):281-8. PMID: 10776178.
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    63. Johnson SM, Zimmermann CR, Kerekes KM, Davidson A, Pappagianis D. Evaluation of the susceptibility of Coccidioides immitis to lufenuron, a chitin synthase inhibitor. Med Mycol. 1999 Dec; 37(6):441-4. PMID: 10647126.
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    64. Pappagianis D. Coccidioides immitis antigen. J Infect Dis. 1999 Jul; 180(1):243-4. PMID: 10353891.
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    65. Dosanjh A, Theodore J, Pappagianis D. Probable false positive coccidioidal serologic results in patients with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Transplant. 1998 Nov; 2(4):313-7. PMID: 10084736.
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    66. Williams PL, Sobel RA, Sorensen KN, Clemons KV, Shuer LM, Royaltey SS, Yao Y, Pappagianis D, Lutz JE, Reed C, River ME, Lee BC, Bhatti SU, Stevens DA. A model of coccidioidal meningoencephalitis and cerebrospinal vasculitis in the rabbit. J Infect Dis. 1998 Oct; 178(4):1217-21. PMID: 9806065.
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    67. Mathews KG, Davidson AP, Koblik PD, Richardson EF, Komtebedde J, Pappagianis D, Hector RF, Kass PH. Comparison of topical administration of clotrimazole through surgically placed versus nonsurgically placed catheters for treatment of nasal aspergillosis in dogs: 60 cases (1990-1996). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1998 Aug 15; 213(4):501-6. PMID: 9713532.
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    68. Reidarson TH, Griner LA, Pappagianis D, McBain J. Coccidioidomycosis in a bottlenose dolphin. J Wildl Dis. 1998 Jul; 34(3):629-31. PMID: 9706575.
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    69. Zimmermann CR, Johnson SM, Martens GW, White AG, Zimmer BL, Pappagianis D. Protection against lethal murine coccidioidomycosis by a soluble vaccine from spherules. Infect Immun. 1998 May; 66(5):2342-5. PMID: 9573127.
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    70. Durry E, Pappagianis D, Werner SB, Hutwagner L, Sun RK, Maurer M, McNeil MM, Pinner RW. Coccidioidomycosis in Tulare County, California, 1991: reemergence of an endemic disease. J Med Vet Mycol. 1997 Sep-Oct; 35(5):321-6. PMID: 9402524.
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    71. Schneider E, Hajjeh RA, Spiegel RA, Jibson RW, Harp EL, Marshall GA, Gunn RA, McNeil MM, Pinner RW, Baron RC, Burger RC, Hutwagner LC, Crump C, Kaufman L, Reef SE, Feldman GM, Pappagianis D, Werner SB. A coccidioidomycosis outbreak following the Northridge, Calif, earthquake. JAMA. 1997 Mar 19; 277(11):904-8. PMID: 9062329.
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    72. Johnson SM, Zimmermann CR, Pappagianis D. Use of a recombinant Coccidioides immitis complement fixation antigen-chitinase in conventional serological assays. J Clin Microbiol. 1996 Dec; 34(12):3160-4. PMID: 8940464.
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    73. Zimmermann CR, Johnson SM, Martens GW, White AG, Pappagianis D. Cloning and expression of the complement fixation antigen-chitinase of Coccidioides immitis. Infect Immun. 1996 Dec; 64(12):4967-75. PMID: 8945534.
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    74. Mathews KG, Koblik PD, Richardson EF, Davidson AP, Pappagianis D. Computed tomographic assessment of noninvasive intranasal infusions in dogs with fungal rhinitis. Vet Surg. 1996 Jul-Aug; 25(4):309-19. PMID: 8810021.
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    75. Galgiani JN, Peng T, Lewis ML, Cloud GA, Pappagianis D. Cerebrospinal fluid antibodies detected by ELISA against a 33-kDa antigen from spherules of Coccidioides immitis in patients with coccidioidal meningitis. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group. J Infect Dis. 1996 Feb; 173(2):499-502. PMID: 8568322.
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    76. Kaufman L, Sekhon AS, Moledina N, Jalbert M, Pappagianis D. Comparative evaluation of commercial Premier EIA and microimmunodiffusion and complement fixation tests for Coccidioides immitis antibodies. J Clin Microbiol. 1995 Mar; 33(3):618-9. PMID: 7751365.
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    77. Zimmermann CR, Snedker CJ, Pappagianis D. Characterization of Coccidioides immitis isolates by restriction fragment length polymorphisms. J Clin Microbiol. 1994 Dec; 32(12):3040-2. PMID: 7883896.
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    78. Pappagianis D. Marked increase in cases of coccidioidomycosis in California: 1991, 1992, and 1993. Clin Infect Dis. 1994 Aug; 19 Suppl 1:S14-8. PMID: 7948566.
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    79. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Coccidioidomycosis following the Northridge earthquake--California, 1994. JAMA. 1994 Jun 08; 271(22):1735. PMID: 8196107.
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    80. Stoltz JH, Johnson BJ, Walker RL, Pappagianis D. Coccidioides immitis abortion in an Arabian mare. Vet Pathol. 1994 Mar; 31(2):258-9. PMID: 8203093.
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    81. Pappagianis D, Ajello L. Dematiaceous--a mycologic misnomer? J Med Vet Mycol. 1994; 32(4):319-21. PMID: 7983577.
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    82. Pappagianis D. Coccidioidomycosis. Semin Dermatol. 1993 Dec; 12(4):301-9. PMID: 8312146.
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    83. Pappagianis D. Evaluation of the protective efficacy of the killed Coccidioides immitis spherule vaccine in humans. The Valley Fever Vaccine Study Group. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993 Sep; 148(3):656-60. PMID: 8368636.
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    84. Johnson SM, Zimmermann CR, Pappagianis D. Amino-terminal sequence analysis of the Coccidioides immitis chitinase/immunodiffusion-complement fixation protein. Infect Immun. 1993 Jul; 61(7):3090-2. PMID: 8514419.
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    85. Walker RL, Johnson BJ, Jones KL, Pappagianis D, Carlson GP. Coccidioides immitis mastitis in a mare. J Vet Diagn Invest. 1993 Jul; 5(3):446-8. PMID: 8373862.
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    86. Peterson CM, Schuppert K, Kelly PC, Pappagianis D. Coccidioidomycosis and pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1993 Mar; 48(3):149-56. PMID: 8441516.
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    87. Fowler ME, Pappagianis D, Ingram I. Coccidioidomycosis in llamas in the United States: 19 cases (1981-1989). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1992 Nov 15; 201(10):1609-14. PMID: 1289346.
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    88. Medoff G, Dismukes WE, Pappagianis D, Diamond R, Gallis HA, Drutz D. Evaluation of new antifungal drugs for the treatment of systemic fungal infections. Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Food and Drug Administration. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Nov; 15 Suppl 1:S274-81. PMID: 1477243.
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    89. Ziemer EL, Pappagianis D, Madigan JE, Mansmann RA, Hoffman KD. Coccidioidomycosis in horses: 15 cases (1975-1984). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1992 Sep 15; 201(6):910-6. PMID: 1399805.
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    90. Johnson SM, Pappagianis D. The coccidioidal complement fixation and immunodiffusion-complement fixation antigen is a chitinase. Infect Immun. 1992 Jul; 60(7):2588-92. PMID: 1612728.
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    91. Williams PL, Johnson R, Pappagianis D, Einstein H, Slager U, Koster FT, Eron JJ, Morrison J, Aguet J, River ME. Vasculitic and encephalitic complications associated with Coccidioides immitis infection of the central nervous system in humans: report of 10 cases and review. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Mar; 14(3):673-82. PMID: 1562659.
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    92. Tucker RM, Denning DW, Hanson LH, Rinaldi MG, Graybill JR, Sharkey PK, Pappagianis D, Stevens DA. Interaction of azoles with rifampin, phenytoin, and carbamazepine: in vitro and clinical observations. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Jan; 14(1):165-74. PMID: 1315160.
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    93. Fish DG, Ampel NM, Galgiani JN, Dols CL, Kelly PC, Johnson CH, Pappagianis D, Edwards JE, Wasserman RB, Clark RJ. Coccidioidomycosis during human immunodeficiency virus infection. A review of 77 patients. Medicine (Baltimore). 1990 Nov; 69(6):384-91. PMID: 2146461.
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    94. Pappagianis D, Zimmer BL. Serology of coccidioidomycosis. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1990 Jul; 3(3):247-68. PMID: 2200605.
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    95. Pappagianis D, Zimmer BL, Theodoropoulos G, Plempel M, Hector RF. Therapeutic effect of the triazole Bay R 3783 in mouse models of coccidioidomycosis, blastomycosis, and histoplasmosis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1990 Jun; 34(6):1132-8. PMID: 2393272.
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    96. Hector RF, Zimmer BL, Pappagianis D. Evaluation of nikkomycins X and Z in murine models of coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, and blastomycosis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1990 Apr; 34(4):587-93. PMID: 2344165.
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    97. Resnick S, Zimmer B, Pappagianis D, Eakin A, McKerrow J. Purification and amino-terminal sequence analysis of the complement-fixing and precipitin antigens from Coccidioides immitis. J Clin Microbiol. 1990 Feb; 28(2):385-8. PMID: 2312685.
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    98. Zimmer BL, Pappagianis D. Immunoaffinity isolation and partial characterization of the Coccidioides immitis antigen detected by the tube precipitin and immunodiffusion-tube precipitin tests. J Clin Microbiol. 1989 Aug; 27(8):1759-66. PMID: 2504775.
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    99. Hector RF, Zimmer BL, Pappagianis D. Microtiter method for MIC testing with spherule-endospore-phase Coccidioides immitis. J Clin Microbiol. 1988 Dec; 26(12):2667-8. PMID: 3230142.
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    100. Castaneda E, Brummer E, Pappagianis D, Stevens DA. Regulation of immune responses by T suppressor cells and by serum in chronic paracoccidioidomycosis. Cell Immunol. 1988 Nov; 117(1):1-11. PMID: 2972392.
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    101. Zimmer BL, Pappagianis D. Characterization of a soluble protein of Coccidiodes immitis with activity as an immunodiffusion-complement fixation antigen. J Clin Microbiol. 1988 Nov; 26(11):2250-6. PMID: 3148631.
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    102. Castaneda E, Brummer E, Pappagianis D, Stevens DA. Impairment of cellular but not humoral immune responses in chronic pulmonary and disseminated paracoccidioidomycosis in mice. Infect Immun. 1988 Jul; 56(7):1771-7. PMID: 3133318.
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    103. Pappagianis D. Epidemiology of coccidioidomycosis. Curr Top Med Mycol. 1988; 2:199-238. PMID: 3288356.
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    104. Castaneda E, Brummer E, Pappagianis D, Stevens DA. Chronic pulmonary and disseminated paracoccidioidomycosis in mice: quantitation of progression and chronicity. J Med Vet Mycol. 1987 Dec; 25(6):377-87. PMID: 3437374.
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    105. Resnick S, Pappagianis D, McKerrow JH. Proteinase production by the parasitic cycle of the pathogenic fungus Coccidioides immitis. Infect Immun. 1987 Nov; 55(11):2807-15. PMID: 3312014.
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    106. Wolf JE, Little JR, Pappagianis D, Kobayashi GS. Disseminated coccidioidomycosis in a patient with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1986 Nov; 5(4):331-6. PMID: 3490949.
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    107. Zimmer BL, Pappagianis D. Comparison of immunoblot analyses of spherule-endospore-phase extracellular protein and mycelial-phase antigen of Coccidioides immitis. Infect Immun. 1986 Jul; 53(1):64-70. PMID: 3522432.
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    108. Pappagianis D, Ornelas A, Hector R. Guanine plus cytosine content of the DNA of Coccidioides immitis. Sabouraudia. 1985 Dec; 23(6):451-4. PMID: 4095651.
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    109. Kaufman L, Standard PG, Huppert M, Pappagianis D. Comparison and diagnostic value of the coccidioidin heat-stable (HS and tube precipitin) antigens in immunodiffusion. J Clin Microbiol. 1985 Oct; 22(4):515-8. PMID: 3935661.
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    110. Williams PL, Sable DL, Sorgen SP, Pappagianis D, Levine HB, Brodine SK, Brown BW, Grumet FC, Stevens DA. Immunologic responsiveness and safety associated with the Coccidioides immitis spherule vaccine in volunteers of white, black, and Filipino ancestry. Am J Epidemiol. 1984 Apr; 119(4):591-602. PMID: 6424435.
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    111. Wieden MA, Galgiani JN, Pappagianis D. Comparison of immunodiffusion techniques with standard complement fixation assay for quantitation of coccidioidal antibodies. J Clin Microbiol. 1983 Sep; 18(3):529-34. PMID: 6415091.
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    112. Hector RF, Pappagianis D. Inhibition of chitin synthesis in the cell wall of Coccidioides immitis by polyoxin D. J Bacteriol. 1983 Apr; 154(1):488-98. PMID: 6833184.
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    113. Beaman L, Benjamini E, Pappagianis D. Activation of macrophages by lymphokines: enhancement of phagosome-lysosome fusion and killing of Coccidioides immitis. Infect Immun. 1983 Mar; 39(3):1201-7. PMID: 6601622.
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    114. Pappagianis D. Dangerous dust. Nat Hist. 1983; 92(3):36-40. PMID: 11611443.
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    115. Muir S, Pappagianis D. Coccidioidomycosis in the llama: case report and epidemiologic survey. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1982 Dec 01; 181(11):1334-7. PMID: 7174454.
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    116. Richard F. Hector, Demosthenes Pappagianis. Enzymatic degradation of the walls of spherules ofCoccidioides immitis. Experimental Mycology. 1982 Jun 1; 6(2):136-152.
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    117. Beaman L, Benjamini E, Pappagianis D. Role of lymphocytes in macrophage-induced killing of Coccidioides immitis in vitro. Infect Immun. 1981 Nov; 34(2):347-53. PMID: 7309228.
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    118. Pappagianis D, Lindsay S, Beall S, Williams P. Ethnic background and the clinical course of coccidioidomycosis. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1979 Oct; 120(4):959-61. PMID: 507518.
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    119. Deresinski SC, Pappagianis D, Stevens DA. Association of ABO blood group and outcome of coccidioidal infection. Sabouraudia. 1979 Sep; 17(3):261-4. PMID: 531716.
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    120. Pappagianis D, Collins MS, Hector R, Remington J. Development of resistance to amphotericin B in Candida lusitaniae infecting a human. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1979 Aug; 16(2):123-6. PMID: 290351.
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    121. Pappagianis D, Hector R, Levine HB, Collins MS. Immunization of mice against coccidioidomycosis with a subcellular vaccine. Infect Immun. 1979 Jul; 25(1):440-5. PMID: 478645.
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    122. Beaman LV, Pappagianis D, Benjamini E. Mechanisms of resistance to infection with Coccidioides immitis in mice. Infect Immun. 1979 Mar; 23(3):681-5. PMID: 313369.
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    123. Pappagianis D, Einstein H. Tempest from Tehachapi takes toll or Coccidioides conveyed aloft and afar. West J Med. 1978 Dec; 129(6):527-30. PMID: 735056.
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    124. Harvey RP, Pappagianis D, Cochran J, Stevens DA. Otomycosis due to coccidioidomycosis. Arch Intern Med. 1978 Sep; 138(9):1434-5. PMID: 686941.
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    125. Aguilar-Torres FG, Rytel MW, Pappagianis D, Jackson L. Counterimmunoelectrophoresis as a rapid screening test in coccidioidomycosis. Rev Invest Clin. 1978 Jul-Sep; 30(3):247-51. PMID: 99784.
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    126. Beaman L, Pappagianis D, Benjamini E. Significance of T cells in resistance to experimental murine coccidioidomycosis. Infect Immun. 1977 Sep; 17(3):580-5. PMID: 332628.
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    127. Collins MS, Pappagianis D. Uniform susceptibility of various strains of Coccidioides immitis to amphotericin B. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1977 Jun; 11(6):1049-55. PMID: 879751.
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    128. Pappagianis D. Tuberculins and other mycobacterins. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1977 Mar; 115(3):547. PMID: 842961.
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    129. Aguilar-Torres FG, Jackson LJ, Ferstenfeld JE, Pappagianis D, Rytel MW. Counterimmunoelectrophoresis in the detection of antibodies against Coccidioides immitis. Ann Intern Med. 1976 Dec; 85(6):740-4. PMID: 826201.
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    130. Pappagianis D, Krasnow RI, Beall S. False-positive reactions of cerebrospinal fluid and diluted sera with the coccidioidal latex-agglutination test. Am J Clin Pathol. 1976 Nov; 66(5):916-21. PMID: 824949.
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    131. Collins MS, Pappagianis D. Treatment of murine coccidioidomycosis with polymyxin B. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1976 Aug; 10(2):318-21. PMID: 185950.
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    132. Danley DL, Pappagianis D, Benjamini E. In vitro hemolysis of autologous erythrocytes caused by immune murine spleen cells and spherules of the fungus Coccidioides immitis. J Immunol. 1976 Apr; 116(4):970-5. PMID: 1254972.
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    133. Huppert M, Pappagianis D, Sun SH, Gleason-Jordan I, Collins MS, Vukovich KR. Effect of amphotericin B and rifampin against Coccidioides immitis in vitro and in vivo. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1976 Mar; 9(3):406-13. PMID: 1259400.
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    134. Winter WG, Larson RK, Honeggar MM, Jacobsen DT, Pappagianis D, Huntington RW. Coccidioidal arthritis and its treatment -- 1975. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1975 Dec; 57(8):1152-7. PMID: 1202008.
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    135. Pappagianis D, Levine HB. The present status of vaccination against coccidioidomycosis in man. Am J Epidemiol. 1975 Jul; 102(1):30-41. PMID: 1155435.
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    136. Shifrine M, Neves J, Pappagianis D. Double electroimmunodiffusion: a rapid diagnostic test for canine coccidioidomycosis. Am J Vet Res. 1975 Jun; 36(6):819-20. PMID: 807133.
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    137. Collins S, Pappagians D. Inhibition of Coccidioides immitis in vitro and enhancement of antiococcidiodial effects of amphotericin B by polymyxin B. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1975 Jun; 7(6):781-7. PMID: 168806.
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    138. Collins MS, Pappagianis D. Lysozyme-enhanced killing of Candida albicans and Coccidioides immitis by amphoteracin B. Sabouraudia. 1974 Nov; 12(3):329-40. PMID: 4610825.
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    139. Wyborney VJ, Pappagianis D, Steelquist J. Letter: Bronchogluteal fistula in coccidioidomycosis. Ann Intern Med. 1974 Sep; 81(3):401-2. PMID: 4852710.
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    140. Scalarone GM, Levine HB, Pappagianis D, Chaparas SD. Spherulin as a complement-fixing antigen in human coccidioidomycosis. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1974 Sep; 110(3):324-8. PMID: 4213393.
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    141. Collins MS, Pappagianis D. Inhibition by lysozyme of growth of the spherule phase of Coccidioides immitis in vitro. Infect Immun. 1974 Sep; 10(3):616-23. PMID: 4426701.
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    142. Stevens DA, Pappagianis D, Marinkovich VA, Waddell TF. Immunotherapy in recurrent coccidioidomycosis. Cell Immunol. 1974 Apr; 12(1):37-48. PMID: 4458962.
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    143. Chaparas SD, Levine HB, Papagianis D, Scalarone G, Baer H. Comparison of skin reactivity of spherule and mycelial coccidioidins produced by different strains of Coccidioides immitis. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1974 Mar; 145(3):806-10. PMID: 4818592.
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    144. Werner SB, Pappagianis D. Coccidioidomycosis in Northern California. An outbreak among archeology students near Red Bluff. Calif Med. 1973 Sep; 119(3):16-20. PMID: 4733266.
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    145. Pappagianis D. Coccidioides in the soil and the meninges. Calif Med. 1973 Sep; 119(3):51-3. PMID: 4741058.
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    146. Ibrahim AB, Pappagianis D. Experimental induction of anergy to coccidioidin by antigens of Coccidioides immitis. Infect Immun. 1973 May; 7(5):786-94. PMID: 4202961.
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    147. Collins M, Pappagianis D. Effects of lysozyme and chitinase on the spherules of Coccidioides immitis in vitro. Infect Immun. 1973 May; 7(5):817-22. PMID: 4764405.
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    148. Pappagianis D, Vanderlip J, May B. Coccidioidomycosis naturally acquired by a monkey, Cercocebus atys, in Davis, California. Sabouraudia. 1973 Mar; 11(1):52-5. PMID: 4634061.
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    149. Goldstein E, Winship MJ, Pappagianis D. Ventricular fluid and the management of coccidioidal meningitis. Ann Intern Med. 1972 Aug; 77(2):243-6. PMID: 4641658.
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    150. Werner SB, Pappagianis D. Facts on coccidioidomycosis unearthed. N Engl J Med. 1972 Jul 13; 287(2):103-4. PMID: 5031383.
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    151. Pappagianis D, Saito M, Van Hoosear KH. Antibody in cerebrospinal fluid in non-meningitic coccidioidomycosis. Sabouraudia. 1972 Jul; 10(2):173-9. PMID: 4625497.
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    152. Werner SB, Pappagianis D, Heindl I, Mickel A. An epidemic of coccidioidomycosis among archeology students in northern California. N Engl J Med. 1972 Mar 09; 286(10):507-12. PMID: 5059262.
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    153. Zweiman B, Pappagianis D, Maibach H, Hildreth EA. Effect of measles immunization on tuberculin hypersensitivity and in vitro lymphocyte reactivity. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol. 1971; 40(6):834-41. PMID: 5562588.
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    154. Kobayashi GS, Pappagianis D. Preparation and standardization of antigens of Histoplasma capsulatum and Coccidioides immitis. Mycopathol Mycol Appl. 1970; 41(1):139-53. PMID: 4999876.
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    155. Levine HB, Pappagianis D, Cobb JM. Development of vaccines for coccidioidomycosis. Mycopathol Mycol Appl. 1970; 41(1):177-85. PMID: 4999877.
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    156. Loofbourow JC, Pappagianis D, Cooper TY. Endemic coccidioidomycosis in Northern California. An outbreak in the Capay Valley of Yolo County. Calif Med. 1969 Jul; 111(1):5-9. PMID: 5798012.
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    157. Zweiman B, Pappagianis D, Maibach H, Hildreth EA. Coccidioidin delayed hypersensitivity: skin test and in vitro lymphocyte reactivities. J Immunol. 1969 May; 102(5):1284-9. PMID: 5786453.
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    158. Pappagianis D. The Charles E. Smith--William A. Winn special issue on the mycoses. Dis Chest. 1968 Oct; 54:Suppl 1:257. PMID: 4877960.
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    159. Pappagianis D, Smith CE, Campbell CC. Serologic status after positive coccidioidin skin reactions. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1967 Sep; 96(3):520-3. PMID: 6039106.
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    160. Pappagianis D. Histopathologic response of mice to killed vaccines of Coccidioides immitis. J Invest Dermatol. 1967 Jul; 49(1):71-7. PMID: 6029459.
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    161. Pappagianis D. Epidemiological aspects of respiratory mycotic infections. Bacteriol Rev. 1967 Mar; 31(1):25-34. PMID: 5342711.
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    162. Pappagianis D, Maibach H, Smith CE. Microscopic characteristics of the cutaneous reaction to coccidioidin in humans. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1967 Feb; 95(2):317-9. PMID: 6017052.
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    163. Pappagianis D, Elberg SS, Crouch D. Immunization against Brucella infections. Effects of graded doses of viable attenuated Brucella melitensis in humans. Am J Epidemiol. 1966 Jul; 84(1):21-31. PMID: 5329427.
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    164. Pappagianis D, Marovitz R. Studies on ethanol production by Cryptococcus neoformans. Sabouraudia. 1966 Feb; 4(4):250-5. PMID: 5958822.
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    165. PAPPAGIANIS D, LINDSEY NJ, SMITH CE, SAITO MT. ANTIBODIES IN HUMAN COCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS: IMMUNOELECTROPHORETIC PROPERTIES. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1965 Jan; 118:118-22. PMID: 14260338.
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    166. PAPPAGIANIS D, PUTMAN EW, KOBAYASHI GS. Polysaccharide of Coccidioides immitis. J Bacteriol. 1961 Nov; 82:714-23. PMID: 14483753.
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    167. SMITH CE, PAPPAGIANIS D, LEVINE HB, SAITO M. Human coccidioidomycosis. Bacteriol Rev. 1961 Sep; 25:310-20. PMID: 13914166.
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    168. PAPPAGIANIS D. Active immunity in coccidiodomycosis: natural and laboratory features. Stanford Med Bull. 1961 Feb; 19:35-40. PMID: 13732670.
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    169. PAPPAGIANIS D, SMITH CE, KOBAYASHI GS, SAITO MT. Studies of antigens from young mycelia of Coccidioides immitis. J Infect Dis. 1961 Jan-Feb; 108:35-44. PMID: 13732669.
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    170. PAPPAGIANIS D, LEVINE HB, SMITH CE, BERMAN RJ, KOBAYASHI GS. Immunization of mice with viable Cocidioides immitis. J Immunol. 1961 Jan; 86:28-34. PMID: 13732668.
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    171. PAPPAGIANIS D, KOBAYASHI GS. Approaches to the physiology of Coccidioides immitis. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1960 Aug 27; 89:109-21. PMID: 13732667.
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    172. PAPPAGIANIS D, MILLER RL, SMITH CE, KOBAYASHI GS. Response of monkeys to respiratory challenge following subcutaneous inoculation with Coccidioides immitis. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1960 Aug; 82:244-50. PMID: 14430315.
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    173. RAPAPORT FT, LAWRENCE HS, MILLAR JW, PAPPAGIANIS D, SMITH CE. The immunologic properties of coccidioidin as a skin test reagent in man. J Immunol. 1960 Apr; 84:368-73. PMID: 14436242.
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    174. RAPAPORT FT, LAWRENCE HS, MILLAR JW, PAPPAGIANIS D, SMITH CE. Transfer of delayed hypersensitivity to coccidioidin in man. J Immunol. 1960 Apr; 84:358-67. PMID: 14436243.
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    175. PAPPAGIANIS D, SMITH CE, BERMAN RJ, KOBAYASHI GS. Experimental subcutaneous coccidioidal infection in the mouse. J Invest Dermatol. 1959 May; 32(5):589-98. PMID: 13654847.
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    176. BERMAN RJ, FRIEDMAN L, PAPPAGIANIS D, SMITH CE. Survival of Coccidioides immitis under controlled conditions of temperature and humidity. Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1956 Oct; 46(10):1317-24. PMID: 13362665.
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    177. FRIEDMAN L, PAPPAGIANIS D. The inhibitory effect of peptone on the sporulation of three strains of Coccidioides immitis. Am Rev Tuberc. 1956 Jul; 74(1):147-8. PMID: 13327230.
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    178. PAPPAGIANIS D, SMITH CE, KOBAYASHI GS. Relationship of the in vivo form of Coccidioides immitis to virulence. J Infect Dis. 1956 May-Jun; 98(3):312-9. PMID: 13346127.
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    179. PAPPAGIANIS D, PHAFF HJ. Delayed fermentation of sucrose by certain haploid species of Saccharomyces. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 1956; 22(4):353-70. PMID: 13395346.
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    180. FRIEDMAN L, PAPAGIANIS D, BERMAN RJ, SMITH CE. Studies on Coccidioides immitis: morphology and sporulation capacity of forty-seven strains. J Lab Clin Med. 1953 Sep; 42(3):438-44. PMID: 13085034.
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    181. VAUGHN RH, WON WD, SPENCER FB, PAPPAGIANIS D, FODA IO. Lactobacillus plantarum, the cause of yeast spots on olives. Appl Microbiol. 1953 Mar; 1(2):82-5. PMID: 13031512.
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