Steven James McElroy

Title(s)Professor, Pediatrics
SchoolSchool of Medicine
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    Collapse Research 
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    Effect of fetal exposure to maternal inflammation on offspring Paneth cell development and homeostasis
    NIH R01DK125415Sep 15, 2021 - Jun 30, 2026
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Role of Paneth Cells in Development of Necrotizing Enterocolitis
    NIH R03DK097335Jul 1, 2013 - Jun 30, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Mechanisms of Gastrointestinal Epithelial Cell Injury & Repair During Development
    NIH K08DK083677Jul 1, 2009 - Jun 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Paneth cell ontogeny in term and preterm ovine models. Front Vet Sci. 2024; 11:1275293. Bautista GM, Cera AJ, Schoenauer RJ, Persiani M, Lakshminrusimha S, Chandrasekharan P, Gugino SF, Underwood MA, McElroy SJ. PMID: 38318150; PMCID: PMC10839032.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    2. Care from Birth to Discharge of Infants Born at 22 to 23 Weeks' Gestation. Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2024 Mar; 36(1):23-33. Dagle JM, Hunter SK, Colaizy TT, McElroy SJ, Harmon HM, McNamara PJ, Klein JM. PMID: 38296373.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. State of the art review on machine learning and artificial intelligence in the study of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. Front Pediatr. 2023; 11:1182597. McElroy SJ, Lueschow SR. PMID: 37303753; PMCID: PMC10250644.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    4. The fetal response to maternal inflammation is dependent upon maternal IL-6 in a murine model. Cytokine. 2023 07; 167:156210. Bermick J, Watson S, Lueschow S, McElroy SJ. PMID: 37130487; PMCID: PMC10225346.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    5. State-of-the-art review and update of in vivo models of necrotizing enterocolitis. Front Pediatr. 2023; 11:1161342. Bautista GM, Cera AJ, Chaaban H, McElroy SJ. PMID: 37082706; PMCID: PMC10112335.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    6. Biomarkers of necrotizing enterocolitis in the era of machine learning and omics. Semin Perinatol. 2023 02; 47(1):151693. Leiva T, Lueschow S, Burge K, Devette C, McElroy S, Chaaban H. PMID: 36604292; PMCID: PMC9975050.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Hyaluronic Acid 35 kDa Protects against a Hyperosmotic, Formula Feeding Model of Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Nutrients. 2022 Apr 24; 14(9). Burge K, Eckert J, Wilson A, Trammell M, Lueschow SR, McElroy SJ, Dyer D, Chaaban H. PMID: 35565748; PMCID: PMC9105773.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    8. Early Antibiotic Exposure Alters Intestinal Development and Increases Susceptibility to Necrotizing Enterocolitis: A Mechanistic Study. Microorganisms. 2022 Feb 27; 10(3). Chaaban H, Patel MM, Burge K, Eckert JV, Lupu C, Keshari RS, Silasi R, Regmi G, Trammell M, Dyer D, McElroy SJ, Lupu F. PMID: 35336095; PMCID: PMC8951210.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12  
    9. Correction: A critical evaluation of current definitions of necrotizing enterocolitis. Pediatr Res. 2022 Feb; 91(3):711. Lueschow SR, Boly TJ, Jasper E, Patel RM, McElroy SJ. PMID: 34737450.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    10. Bifidobacterium longum Subspecies infantis Strain EVC001 Decreases Neonatal Murine Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Nutrients. 2022 Jan 24; 14(3). Lueschow SR, Boly TJ, Frese SA, Casaburi G, Mitchell RD, Henrick BM, McElroy SJ. PMID: 35276854; PMCID: PMC8839161.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    11. Cardiorespiratory management of infants born at 22 weeks' gestation: The Iowa approach. Semin Perinatol. 2022 02; 46(1):151545. Dagle JM, Rysavy MA, Hunter SK, Colaizy TT, Elgin TG, Giesinger RE, McElroy SJ, Harmon HM, Klein JM, McNamara PJ, Segar JL, Iowa Neonatal Program. PMID: 34893337.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Routine Administration of a Multispecies Probiotic Containing Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus to Very Low Birth Weight Infants Had No Significant Impact on the Incidence of Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Front Pediatr. 2021; 9:757299. Juber BA, Boly TJ, Pitcher GJ, McElroy SJ. PMID: 34778147; PMCID: PMC8581262.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6  
    13. Multiomic analysis defines the first microRNA atlas across all small intestinal epithelial lineages and reveals novel markers of almost all major cell types. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2021 12 01; 321(6):G668-G681. Shanahan MT, Kanke M, Oyesola OO, Hung YH, Koch-Laskowski K, Singh AP, Peck BCE, Biraud M, Sheahan B, Cortes JE, Gong H, Sahoo DK, Cubitt R, Kurpios NA, Mochel JP, Allenspach K, McElroy SJ, Ding S, von Moltke J, Dekaney CM, Tait-Wojno ED, Sethupathy P. PMID: 34643097; PMCID: PMC8887887.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    14. Toll-like receptor 4 and myeloid differentiation factor 88 are required for gastric bypass-induced metabolic effects. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2021 12; 17(12):1996-2006. Abu El Haija M, Ye Y, Chu Y, Herz H, Linden B, Shahi SK, Zarei K, Mangalam AK, Mcelroy SJ, Mokadem M. PMID: 34462225; PMCID: PMC9083208.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    15. Acceleration of Small Intestine Development and Remodeling of the Microbiome Following Hyaluronan 35 kDa Treatment in Neonatal Mice. Nutrients. 2021 Jun 12; 13(6). Chaaban H, Burge K, Eckert J, Trammell M, Dyer D, Keshari RS, Silasi R, Regmi G, Lupu C, Good M, McElroy SJ, Lupu F. PMID: 34204790; PMCID: PMC8231646.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    16. A critical evaluation of current definitions of necrotizing enterocolitis. Pediatr Res. 2022 02; 91(3):590-597. Lueschow SR, Boly TJ, Jasper E, Patel RM, McElroy SJ. PMID: 34021272.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Potential Prenatal Origins of Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2021 06; 50(2):431-444. Watson SN, McElroy SJ. PMID: 34024450.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Hope on the horizon: promising novel therapies for necrotizing enterocolitis. Pediatr Res. 2020 08; 88(Suppl 1):30-34. Shelby RD, Raab R, Besner GE, McElroy SJ. PMID: 32855510.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    19. Defining necrotizing enterocolitis: current difficulties and future opportunities. Pediatr Res. 2020 08; 88(Suppl 1):10-15. Patel RM, Ferguson J, McElroy SJ, Khashu M, Caplan MS. PMID: 32855506; PMCID: PMC8096612.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. A Murine Model of Fetal Exposure to Maternal Inflammation to Study the Effects of Acute Chorioamnionitis on Newborn Intestinal Development. J Vis Exp. 2020 06 24; (160). Juber BA, Elgin TG, Fricke EM, Gong H, Reese J, McElroy SJ. PMID: 32658199.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    21. The Paneth Cell: The Curator and Defender of the Immature Small Intestine. Front Immunol. 2020; 11:587. Lueschow SR, McElroy SJ. PMID: 32308658; PMCID: PMC7145889.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 73     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    22. Feeding Formula Eliminates the Necessity of Bacterial Dysbiosis and Induces Inflammation and Injury in the Paneth Cell Disruption Murine NEC Model in an Osmolality-Dependent Manner. Nutrients. 2020 Mar 26; 12(4). Lueschow SR, Kern SL, Gong H, Grobe JL, Segar JL, Carlson SJ, McElroy SJ. PMID: 32224880; PMCID: PMC7230818.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    23. Another Brick in the Wall: Discovering the Role of Necroptosis in Neonatal Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020; 9(3):549-550. Mcelroy SJ. PMID: 31904352; PMCID: PMC7078441.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Fetal exposure to maternal inflammation interrupts murine intestinal development and increases susceptibility to neonatal intestinal injury. Dis Model Mech. 2019 10 21; 12(10). Elgin TG, Fricke EM, Gong H, Reese J, Mills DA, Kalantera KM, Underwood MA, McElroy SJ. PMID: 31537532; PMCID: PMC6826024.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    25. A direct comparison of mouse and human intestinal development using epithelial gene expression patterns. Pediatr Res. 2020 07; 88(1):66-76. Stanford AH, Gong H, Noonan M, Lewis AN, Gong Q, Lanik WE, Hsieh JJ, Lueschow SR, Frey MR, Good M, McElroy SJ. PMID: 31242501; PMCID: PMC6930976.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    26. Necrotizing Enterocolitis: Using Regulatory Science and Drug Development to Improve Outcomes. J Pediatr. 2019 09; 212:208-215.e1. Caplan MS, Underwood MA, Modi N, Patel R, Gordon PV, Sylvester KG, McElroy S, Manzoni P, Gephart S, Chwals WJ, Turner MA, Davis JM, Necrotizing Enterocolitis Workgroup of the International Neonatal Consortium. PMID: 31235383.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Dithizone-induced Paneth cell disruption significantly decreases intestinal perfusion in the murine small intestine. J Pediatr Surg. 2019 Nov; 54(11):2402-2407. Berger JN, Gong H, Good M, McElroy SJ. PMID: 30857731; PMCID: PMC6707906.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    28. Loss of murine Paneth cell function alters the immature intestinal microbiome and mimics changes seen in neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. PLoS One. 2018; 13(10):e0204967. Lueschow SR, Stumphy J, Gong H, Kern SL, Elgin TG, Underwood MA, Kalanetra KM, Mills DA, Wong MH, Meyerholz DK, Good M, McElroy SJ. PMID: 30273395; PMCID: PMC6166990.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    29. Limited achievement of NIH research independence by pediatric K award recipients. Pediatr Res. 2018 10; 84(4):479-480. Good M, McElroy SJ, Berger JN, Moore DJ, Wynn JL. PMID: 29904137; PMCID: PMC6289685.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Name and Characteristics of National Institutes of Health R01-Funded Pediatric Physician-Scientists: Hope and Challenges for the Vanishing Pediatric Physician-Scientists. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 03 01; 172(3):297-299. Good M, McElroy SJ, Berger JN, Wynn JL. PMID: 29340570; PMCID: PMC5885833.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Lipopolysaccharide-induced maternal inflammation induces direct placental injury without alteration in placental blood flow and induces a secondary fetal intestinal injury that persists into adulthood. Am J Reprod Immunol. 2018 05; 79(5):e12816. Fricke EM, Elgin TG, Gong H, Reese J, Gibson-Corley KN, Weiss RM, Zimmerman K, Bowdler NC, Kalantera KM, Mills DA, Underwood MA, McElroy SJ. PMID: 29369434; PMCID: PMC5908742.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    32. Jack Widness: the importance of connections. Pediatr Res. 2018 04; 83(4):757-759. McElroy SJ. PMID: 29244795.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    33. The science and necessity of using animal models in the study of necrotizing enterocolitis. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2018 Feb; 27(1):29-33. Ares GJ, McElroy SJ, Hunter CJ. PMID: 29275813; PMCID: PMC5745061.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    34. Single-Immunoglobulin Interleukin-1-Related Receptor regulates vulnerability to TLR4-mediated necrotizing enterocolitis in a mouse model. Pediatr Res. 2018 01; 83(1-1):164-174. Fawley J, Cuna A, Menden HL, McElroy S, Umar S, Welak SR, Gourlay DM, Li X, Sampath V. PMID: 28846670.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    35. Intraoperative High-Frequency Jet Ventilation Is Equivalent to Conventional Ventilation During Patent Ductus Arteriosus Ligation. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2017 09; 8(5):570-574. Noonan M, Turek JW, Dagle JM, McElroy SJ. PMID: 28901229.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Paneth-cell-disruption-induced necrotizing enterocolitis in mice requires live bacteria and occurs independently of TLR4 signaling. Dis Model Mech. 2017 06 01; 10(6):727-736. White JR, Gong H, Pope B, Schlievert P, McElroy SJ. PMID: 28450472; PMCID: PMC5483007.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    37. Targeting IL-17A attenuates neonatal sepsis mortality induced by IL-18. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 May 10; 113(19):E2627-35. Wynn JL, Wilson CS, Hawiger J, Scumpia PO, Marshall AF, Liu JH, Zharkikh I, Wong HR, Lahni P, Benjamin JT, Plosa EJ, Weitkamp JH, Sherwood ER, Moldawer LL, Ungaro R, Baker HV, Lopez MC, McElroy SJ, Colliou N, Mohamadzadeh M, Moore DJ. PMID: 27114524; PMCID: PMC4868456.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 53     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    38. Development of the Neonatal Intestinal Microbiome and Its Association With Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Clin Ther. 2016 04; 38(4):706-15. Elgin TG, Kern SL, McElroy SJ. PMID: 26852144.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 48     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Intrauterine Growth Restriction Alters Mouse Intestinal Architecture during Development. PLoS One. 2016; 11(1):e0146542. Fung CM, White JR, Brown AS, Gong H, Weitkamp JH, Frey MR, McElroy SJ. PMID: 26745886; PMCID: PMC4706418.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    40. Evaluation of hematologic variables in newborn C57/BL6 mice up to day 35. Vet Clin Pathol. 2016 Mar; 45(1):87-95. White JR, Gong H, Colaizy TT, Moreland JG, Flaherty H, McElroy SJ. PMID: 26717267; PMCID: PMC4805471.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    41. The Role of Bacteria in Necrotizing Enterocolitis: Understanding the Forest for the Trees. Neonatology. 2015; 108(3):196-7. McElroy SJ. PMID: 26278707.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    42. Unraveling the enigma that is neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. J Perinatol. 2014 Oct; 34(10):729-30. McElroy SJ. PMID: 25263723.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. The ErbB4 ligand neuregulin-4 protects against experimental necrotizing enterocolitis. Am J Pathol. 2014 Oct; 184(10):2768-78. McElroy SJ, Castle SL, Bernard JK, Almohazey D, Hunter CJ, Bell BA, Al Alam D, Wang L, Ford HR, Frey MR. PMID: 25216938; PMCID: PMC4715213.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    44. Tumor necrosis factor induces developmental stage-dependent structural changes in the immature small intestine. Mediators Inflamm. 2014; 2014:852378. Brown KS, Gong H, Frey MR, Pope B, Golden M, Martin K, Obey M, McElroy SJ. PMID: 25242872; PMCID: PMC4163315.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    45. Correlation of abdominal rSO2 with superior mesenteric artery velocities in preterm infants. J Perinatol. 2013 Aug; 33(8):609-12. Gillam-Krakauer M, Cochran CM, Slaughter JC, Polavarapu S, McElroy SJ, Hernanz-Schulman M, Engelhardt B. PMID: 23392317; PMCID: PMC3655136.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Paneth cells and necrotizing enterocolitis: a novel hypothesis for disease pathogenesis. Neonatology. 2013; 103(1):10-20. McElroy SJ, Underwood MA, Sherman MP. PMID: 23006982; PMCID: PMC3609425.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 51     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    47. Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibits colitis-associated cancer in mice. J Clin Invest. 2012 Aug; 122(8):2780-92. Dubé PE, Yan F, Punit S, Girish N, McElroy SJ, Washington MK, Polk DB. PMID: 22772467; PMCID: PMC3408743.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    48. Transactivation of EGFR by LPS induces COX-2 expression in enterocytes. PLoS One. 2012; 7(5):e38373. McElroy SJ, Hobbs S, Kallen M, Tejera N, Rosen MJ, Grishin A, Matta P, Schneider C, Upperman J, Ford H, Polk DB, Weitkamp JH. PMID: 22675459; PMCID: PMC3364993.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    49. Paneth cell ablation in the presence of Klebsiella pneumoniae induces necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC)-like injury in the small intestine of immature mice. Dis Model Mech. 2012 Jul; 5(4):522-32. Zhang C, Sherman MP, Prince LS, Bader D, Weitkamp JH, Slaughter JC, McElroy SJ. PMID: 22328592; PMCID: PMC3380715.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 75     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    50. Innate Immunity in the Small Intestine of the Preterm Infant. Neoreviews. 2011 Sep 01; 12(9):e517-e526. McElroy SJ, Weitkamp JH. PMID: 22639551; PMCID: PMC3359837.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 43     Fields:    
    51. Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1-dependent depletion of mucus in immature small intestine: a potential role in neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2011 Oct; 301(4):G656-66. McElroy SJ, Prince LS, Weitkamp JH, Reese J, Slaughter JC, Polk DB. PMID: 21737776; PMCID: PMC3191555.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 66     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    52. TNFR1 promotes tumor necrosis factor-mediated mouse colon epithelial cell survival through RAF activation of NF-kappaB. J Biol Chem. 2008 Oct 24; 283(43):29485-94. Edelblum KL, Goettel JA, Koyama T, McElroy SJ, Yan F, Polk DB. PMID: 18713739; PMCID: PMC2570867.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    53. Tumor necrosis factor inhibits ligand-stimulated EGF receptor activation through a TNF receptor 1-dependent mechanism. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2008 Aug; 295(2):G285-93. McElroy SJ, Frey MR, Yan F, Edelblum KL, Goettel JA, John S, Polk DB. PMID: 18467504; PMCID: PMC2519857.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    54. Foley catheter tamponade of intercostal hemorrhage in preterm infants. J Pediatr. 2004 Aug; 145(2):241. McElroy SJ, Pietsch JB, Reese J. PMID: 15289776.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans