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Irwin Liu

Title(s)Professor Emeritus, SCHOOL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Esteller-Vico A, Liu IK, Vaughan B, Steffey EP, Brosnan RJ. Effects of estradiol on uterine perfusion in anesthetized cyclic mares affected with uterine vascular elastosis. Anim Reprod Sci. 2016 Jan; 164:57-63. PMID: 26642749.
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    2. Esteller-Vico A, Liu IK, Vaughan B, Steffey EP, Brosnan RJ. Effects of vascular elastosis on uterine blood flow and perfusion in anesthetized mares. Theriogenology. 2015 Apr 01; 83(6):988-94. PMID: 25543154.
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    3. Pereira GR, Lorenzo PL, Carneiro GF, Bilodeau-Goeseels S, Kastelic J, Liu IK. A specific adenylyl cyclase inhibitor (DDA) and a cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor (H-89) block the action of equine growth hormone on in vitro maturation of equine oocytes. Zygote. 2015 Dec; 23(6):795-801. PMID: 25257826.
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    4. Curcio Bda R, Pereira GR, Antunes LI, Boff AN, dos Santos FC, Lucas T, Nogueira CE, Corcini CD, Liu I, Deschamps JC. Vitrification of equine oocytes with a polyvinyl alcohol after in vitro maturation with equine growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-I. Cryo Letters. 2014 Mar-Apr; 35(2):90-4. PMID: 24869650.
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    5. Pereira GR, Lorenzo PL, Carneiro GF, Ball BA, Bilodeau-Goeseels S, Kastelic J, Pegoraro LM, Pimentel CA, Esteller-Vico A, Illera JC, Granado GS, Casey P, Liu IK. The involvement of growth hormone in equine oocyte maturation, receptor localization and steroid production by cumulus-oocyte complexes in vitro. Res Vet Sci. 2013 Oct; 95(2):667-74. PMID: 23891385.
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    6. Pereira GR, Lorenzo PL, Carneiro GF, Ball BA, Pegoraro LM, Pimentel CA, Liu IK. Influence of equine growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor-I and its interaction with gonadotropins on in vitro maturation and cytoskeleton morphology in equine oocytes. Animal. 2013 Sep; 7(9):1493-9. PMID: 23790355.
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    7. Pereira GR, Lorenzo PL, Carneiro GF, Bilodeau-Goeseels S, Kastelic JP, Esteller-Vico A, Lopez-Bejar M, Liu IK. Selection of developmentally competent immature equine oocytes with brilliant cresyl blue stain prior to in vitro maturation with equine growth hormone. Zygote. 2014 Nov; 22(4):500-4. PMID: 23369728.
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    8. Esteller-Vico A, Liu IK, Couto S. Uterine vascular degeneration is present throughout the uterine wall of multiparous mares. Colinearity between elastosis, endometrial grade, age and parity. Theriogenology. 2012 Sep 15; 78(5):1078-84. PMID: 22763073.
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    9. Pereira GR, Lorenzo PL, Carneiro GF, Ball BA, Gonçalves PB, Pegoraro LM, Bilodeau-Goeseels S, Kastelic JP, Casey PJ, Liu IK. The effect of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) on in vitro maturation of equine oocytes. Zygote. 2012 Nov; 20(4):353-60. PMID: 21794202.
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    10. Almeida J, Ball BA, Conley AJ, Place NJ, Liu IK, Scholtz EL, Mathewson L, Stanley SD, Moeller BC. Biological and clinical significance of anti-Müllerian hormone determination in blood serum of the mare. Theriogenology. 2011 Nov; 76(8):1393-403. PMID: 21798581.
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    11. Brosnan RJ, Steffey EP, LeCouteur RA, Esteller-Vico A, Vaughan B, Liu IK. Effects of isoflurane anesthesia on cerebrovascular autoregulation in horses. Am J Vet Res. 2011 Jan; 72(1):18-24. PMID: 21194331.
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    12. Brosnan RJ, Steffey EP, Esteller-Vico A, Vaughan B, Liu IK. The relationship between digital perfusion pressure and hoof lamellar blood flow in isoflurane-anesthetized horses. Res Vet Sci. 2011 Feb; 90(1):138-45. PMID: 20627330.
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    13. Ball BA, Conley AJ, MacLaughlin DT, Grundy SA, Sabeur K, Liu IK. Expression of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in equine granulosa-cell tumors and in normal equine ovaries. Theriogenology. 2008 Oct 01; 70(6):968-77. PMID: 18599114.
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    14. Brosnan RJ, Esteller-Vico A, Steffey EP, LeCouteur RA, Liu IK, Vaughan B. Effects of head-down positioning on regional central nervous system perfusion in isoflurane-anesthetized horses. Am J Vet Res. 2008 Jun; 69(6):737-43. PMID: 18518653.
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    15. Liu IK, Troedsson MH. The diagnosis and treatment of endometritis in the mare: yesterday and today. Theriogenology. 2008 Aug; 70(3):415-20. PMID: 18513792.
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    16. Ball BA, Conley AJ, Grundy SA, Sabeur K, Liu IK. Expression of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in the equine testis. Theriogenology. 2008 Mar 15; 69(5):624-31. PMID: 18242669.
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    17. Brown JA, Hodder AD, Benak J, Liu IK, Ball BA. Uterus unicornis in two mares. Aust Vet J. 2007 Sep; 85(9):371-4. PMID: 17760942.
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    18. Brown JA, Mapes S, Ball BA, Hodder AD, Liu IK, Pusterla N. Prevalence of equine herpesvirus-1 infection among Thoroughbreds residing on a farm on which the virus was endemic. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007 Aug 15; 231(4):577-80. PMID: 17696859.
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    19. Liu I. Bartlett Award, 2007. Confessions of a misfit. Theriogenology. 2007 Aug; 68(3):296-7. PMID: 17588653.
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    20. Lane VM, Liu IK, Casey K, vanLeeuwen EM, Flanagan DR, Murata K, Munro C. Inoculation of female American black bears (Ursus americanus) with partially purified porcine zona pellucidae limits cub production. Reprod Fertil Dev. 2007; 19(5):617-25. PMID: 17601409.
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    21. McCue PM, Roser JF, Munro CJ, Liu IK, Lasley BL. Granulosa cell tumors of the equine ovary. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 2006 Dec; 22(3):799-817. PMID: 17129804.
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    22. Zelli R, Sylla L, Monaci M, Stradaioli G, Sibley LE, Roser JF, Munro C, Liu IK. Gonadotropin secretion and pituitary responsiveness to GnRH in mares with granulosa-theca cell tumor. Theriogenology. 2006 Sep 15; 66(5):1210-8. PMID: 16647750.
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    23. Ball BA, Sabeur K, Nett T, Liu IK. Effects of a GnRH cytotoxin on reproductive function in peripubertal male dogs. Theriogenology. 2006 Sep 01; 66(4):766-74. PMID: 16504280.
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    24. Stoops MA, Liu IK, Shideler SE, Lasley BL, Fayrer-Hosken RA, Benirschke K, Murata K, van Leeuwen EM, Anderson GB. Effect of porcine zonae pellucidae immunisation on ovarian follicular development and endocrine function in domestic ewes (Ovis aries). Reprod Fertil Dev. 2006; 18(6):667-76. PMID: 16930513.
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    25. Hirsbrunner G, Reist M, Couto SS, Steiner A, Snyder J, Vanleeuwen E, Liu I. An in vitro study on spontaneous myometrial contractility in the mare during estrus and diestrus. Theriogenology. 2006 Feb; 65(3):517-27. PMID: 15993483.
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    26. Liu IK, Turner JW, Van Leeuwen EM, Flanagan DR, Hedrick JL, Murata K, Lane VM, Morales-Levy MP. Persistence of anti-zonae pellucidae antibodies following a single inoculation of porcine zonae pellucidae in the domestic equine. Reproduction. 2005 Feb; 129(2):181-90. PMID: 15695612.
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    27. Harrenstien LA, Munson L, Chassy LM, Liu IK, Kirkpatrick JF. Effects of porcine zona pellucida immunocontraceptives in zoo felids. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2004 Sep; 35(3):271-9. PMID: 15526881.
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    28. Sabeur K, Ball BA, Nett TM, Ball HH, Liu IK. Effect of GnRH conjugated to pokeweed antiviral protein on reproductive function in adult male dogs. Reproduction. 2003 Jun; 125(6):801-6. PMID: 12773102.
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    29. Illera JC, Silván G, Munro CJ, Lorenzo PL, Illera MJ, Liu IK, Illera M. Amplified androstenedione enzymeimmunoassay for the diagnosis of cryptorchidism in the male horse: comparison with testosterone and estrone sulphate methods. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2003 Feb; 84(2-3):377-82. PMID: 12711026.
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    30. Carneiro GF, Liu IK, Hyde D, Anderson GB, Lorenzo PL, Ball BA. Quantification and distribution of equine oocyte cortical granules during meiotic maturation and after activation. Mol Reprod Dev. 2002 Dec; 63(4):451-8. PMID: 12412047.
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    31. Lorenzo PL, Liu IK, Carneiro GF, Conley AJ, Enders AC. Equine oocyte maturation with epidermal growth factor. Equine Vet J. 2002 Jul; 34(4):378-82. PMID: 12117110.
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    32. Hirsbrunner G, Knutti B, Liu I, Küpfer U, Scholtysik G, Steiner A. An in vitro study on spontaneous myometrial contractility in the cow during estrus and diestrus. Anim Reprod Sci. 2002 Apr 15; 70(3-4):171-80. PMID: 11943487.
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    33. Balasuriya UB, Heidner HW, Davis NL, Wagner HM, Hullinger PJ, Hedges JF, Williams JC, Johnston RE, David Wilson W, Liu IK, James MacLachlan N. Alphavirus replicon particles expressing the two major envelope proteins of equine arteritis virus induce high level protection against challenge with virulent virus in vaccinated horses. Vaccine. 2002 Feb 22; 20(11-12):1609-17. PMID: 11858869.
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    34. Naugle RE, Rutberg AT, Underwood HB, Turner JW, Liu IK. Field testing of immunocontraception on white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) on Fire Island National Seashore, New York, USA. Reprod Suppl. 2002; 60:143-53. PMID: 12220154.
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    35. Turner JW, Liu IK, Flanagan DR, Bynum KS, Rutberg AT. Porcine zona pellucida (PZP) immunocontraception of wild horses (Equus caballus) in Nevada: a 10 year study. Reprod Suppl. 2002; 60:177-86. PMID: 12220157.
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    36. Lorenzo PL, Liu IK, Illera JC, Picazo RA, Carneiro GF, Illera MJ, Conley AJ, Enders AC, Illera M. Influence of epidermal growth factor on mammalian oocyte maturation via tyrosine-kinase pathway. J Physiol Biochem. 2001 Mar; 57(1):15-22. PMID: 11519882.
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    37. Ball BA, Gravance CG, Medina V, Baumber J, Liu IK. Catalase activity in equine semen. Am J Vet Res. 2000 Sep; 61(9):1026-30. PMID: 10976731.
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    38. Enders AC, Liu IK. A unique exocelom-like space during early pregnancy in the horse. Placenta. 2000 Jul-Aug; 21(5-6):575-83. PMID: 10940208.
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    39. Scott MA, Liu IK, Overstreet JW, Enders AC. The structural morphology and epithelial association of spermatozoa at the uterotubal junction: a descriptive study of equine spermatozoa in situ using scanning electron microscopy. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 2000; (56):415-21. PMID: 20681154.
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    40. Enders AC, Jones CJ, Lantz KC, Schlafke S, Liu IK. Simultaneous exocrine and endocrine secretion: trophoblast and glands of the endometrial cups. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 2000; (56):615-25. PMID: 20681177.
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    41. Lantz KC, Enders AC, Liu IK. Possible significance of cells within intraluminal collagen masses in equine oviducts. Anat Rec. 1998 12; 252(4):568-79. PMID: 9845207.
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    42. Troedsson MH, Liu IK, Crabo BG. Sperm transport and survival in the mare: a review. Theriogenology. 1998 Oct 01; 50(5):807-18. PMID: 10734454.
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    43. Troedsson MH, Liu IK, Crabo BG. Sperm transport and survival in the mare. Theriogenology. 1998 Apr 01; 49(5):905-15. PMID: 10732099.
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    44. Gravance CG, Champion Z, Liu IK, Casey PJ. Sperm head morphometry analysis of ejaculate and dismount stallion semen samples. Anim Reprod Sci. 1997 May; 47(1-2):149-55. PMID: 9233514.
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    45. Casey PJ, Gravance CG, Davis RO, Chabot DD, Liu IK. Morphometric differences in sperm head dimensions of fertile and subfertile stallions. Theriogenology. 1997 Jan 15; 47(2):575-82. PMID: 16728009.
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    46. Kirkpatrick JF, Turner JW, Liu IK, Fayrer-Hosken R, Rutberg AT. Case studies in wildlife immunocontraception: wild and feral equids and white-tailed deer. Reprod Fertil Dev. 1997; 9(1):105-10. PMID: 9109199.
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    47. Meyers SA, Liu IK, Overstreet JW, Vadas S, Drobnis EZ. Zona pellucida binding and zona-induced acrosome reactions in horse spermatozoa: comparisons between fertile and subfertile stallions. Theriogenology. 1996 Nov 01; 46(7):1277-88. PMID: 16727991.
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    48. Gravance CG, Liu IK, Davis RO, Hughes JP, Casey PJ. Quantification of normal head morphometry of stallion spermatozoa. J Reprod Fertil. 1996 Sep; 108(1):41-6. PMID: 8958826.
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    49. Turner JW, Liu IK, Kirkpatrick JF. Remotely delivered immunocontraception in free-roaming feral burros (Equus asinus). J Reprod Fertil. 1996 May; 107(1):31-5. PMID: 8699431.
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    50. Kirkpatrick JF, Turner JW, Liu IK, Fayrer-Hosken R. Applications of pig zona pellucida immunocontraception to wildlife fertility control. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 1996; 50:183-9. PMID: 8984182.
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    51. Troedsson MH, Scott MA, Liu IK. Comparative treatment of mares susceptible to chronic uterine infection. Am J Vet Res. 1995 Apr; 56(4):468-72. PMID: 7785824.
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    52. Meyers SA, Overstreet JW, Liu IK, Drobnis EZ. Capacitation in vitro of stallion spermatozoa: comparison of progesterone-induced acrosome reactions in fertile and subfertile males. J Androl. 1995 Jan-Feb; 16(1):47-54. PMID: 7768752.
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    53. Bernoco MM, Liu IK, Willits NH. Hemolytic complement activity and concentrations of its third component during maturation of the immune response in colostrum-deprived foals. Am J Vet Res. 1994 Jul; 55(7):928-33. PMID: 7978631.
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    54. Troedsson MH, Wiström AO, Liu IK, Ing M, Pascoe J, Thurmond M. Registration of myometrial activity using multiple site electromyography in cyclic mares. J Reprod Fertil. 1993 Nov; 99(2):299-306. PMID: 8107010.
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    55. Troedsson MH, Liu IK, Ing M, Pascoe J, Thurmond M. Multiple site electromyography recordings of uterine activity following an intrauterine bacterial challenge in mares susceptible and resistant to chronic uterine infection. J Reprod Fertil. 1993 Nov; 99(2):307-13. PMID: 8107011.
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    56. Troedsson MH, Liu IK, Thurmond M. Immunoglobulin (IgG and IgA) and complement (C3) concentrations in uterine secretion following an intrauterine challenge of Streptococcus zooepidemicus in mares susceptible to versus resistant to chronic uterine infection. Biol Reprod. 1993 Sep; 49(3):502-6. PMID: 8399842.
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    57. Troedsson MH, Liu IK, Thurmond M. Function of uterine and blood-derived polymorphonuclear neutrophils in mares susceptible and resistant to chronic uterine infection: phagocytosis and chemotaxis. Biol Reprod. 1993 Sep; 49(3):507-14. PMID: 8399843.
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    58. Casey PJ, Hillman RB, Robertson KR, Yudin AI, Liu IK, Drobnis EZ. Validation of an acrosomal stain for equine sperm that differentiates between living and dead sperm. J Androl. 1993 Jul-Aug; 14(4):289-97. PMID: 7693637.
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    59. Troedsson MH, deMoraes MJ, Liu IK. Correlations between histologic endometrial lesions in mares and clinical response to intrauterine exposure with Streptococcus zooepidemicus. Am J Vet Res. 1993 Apr; 54(4):570-2. PMID: 8484576.
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    60. Casey PJ, Robertson KR, Liu IK, Espinoza SB, Drobnis EZ. Column separation of motile sperm from stallion semen. J Androl. 1993 Mar-Apr; 14(2):142-8. PMID: 8514620.
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    61. Troedsson MH, Liu IK. Measurement of total volume and protein concentration of intrauterine secretion after intrauterine inoculation of bacteria in mares that were either resistant or susceptible to chronic uterine infection. Am J Vet Res. 1992 Sep; 53(9):1641-4. PMID: 1416370.
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    62. Enders AC, Liu IK. Trophoblast-uterine interactions during equine chorionic girdle cell maturation, migration, and transformation. Am J Anat. 1991 Dec; 192(4):366-81. PMID: 1781447.
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    63. Liu IK, Brown C, Myers RC, Hao YL. Evaluation of intravenous administration of concentrated immunoglobulin G to colostrum-deprived foals. Am J Vet Res. 1991 May; 52(5):709-12. PMID: 1854093.
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    64. Daels PF, Ammon DC, Stabenfeldt GH, Liu IK, Hughes JP, Lasley BL. Urinary and plasma estrogen conjugates, estradiol and estrone concentrations in nonpregnant and early pregnant mares. Theriogenology. 1991 May; 35(5):1001-17. PMID: 16726967.
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    65. Seamans MC, Roser JF, Linford RL, Liu IK, Hughes JP. Gonadotrophin and steroid concentrations in jugular and testicular venous plasma in stallions before and after GnRH injection. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 1991; 44:57-67. PMID: 1795300.
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    66. McCue PM, Troedsson MH, Liu IK, Stabenfeldt GH, Hughes JP, Lasley BL. Follicular and endocrine responses of anoestrous mares to administration of native GnRH or a GnRH agonist. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 1991; 44:227-33. PMID: 1795264.
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    67. Troedsson MH, Liu IK. Uterine clearance of non-antigenic markers (51Cr) in response to a bacterial challenge in mares potentially susceptible and resistant to chronic uterine infections. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 1991; 44:283-8. PMID: 1795272.
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    68. Enders AC, Liu IK. Lodgement of the equine blastocyst in the uterus from fixation through endometrial cup formation. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 1991; 44:427-38. PMID: 1795287.
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    69. Liu IK, Bernoco M, Feldman M. Contraception in mares heteroimmunized with pig zonae pellucidae. J Reprod Fertil. 1989 Jan; 85(1):19-29. PMID: 2915353.
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    70. Liu IK. Uterine defense mechanisms in the mare. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 1988 Aug; 4(2):221-8. PMID: 3044537.
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    71. Enders AC, Lantz KC, Liu IK, Schlafke S. Loss of polar trophoblast during differentiation of the blastocyst of the horse. J Reprod Fertil. 1988 May; 83(1):447-60. PMID: 3397953.
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    72. Enders AC, Liu IK, Bowers J, Lantz KC, Schlafke S, Suarez S. The ovulated ovum of the horse: cytology of nonfertilized ova to pronuclear stage ova. Biol Reprod. 1987 Sep; 37(2):453-66. PMID: 3676399.
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    73. Bernoco M, Liu IK, Wuest-Ehlert CJ, Miller ME, Bowers J. Chemotactic and phagocytic function of peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leucocytes in newborn foals. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 1987; 35:599-605. PMID: 3479614.
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    74. Liu IK, Walsh EM, Bernoco M, Cheung AT. Bronchoalveolar lavage in the newborn foal. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 1987; 35:587-92. PMID: 3479611.
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    75. Liu IK, Cheung AT, Walsh EM, Ayin S. The functional competence of uterine-derived polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) from mares resistant and susceptible to chronic uterine infection: a sequential migration analysis. Biol Reprod. 1986 Dec; 35(5):1168-74. PMID: 3828432.
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    76. Liu IK, Cheung AT. Immunoglobulin and neutrophil defense against uterine infection in mares resistant and susceptible to chronic endometritis: a review. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1986 Sep 15; 189(6):700-2. PMID: 3759640.
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    77. Liu IK, Pascoe DR, Chang LW, Zee YC. Duration of maternally derived antibodies against equine influenza in newborn foals. Am J Vet Res. 1985 Oct; 46(10):2078-80. PMID: 4062009.
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    78. Cheung AT, Liu IK, Walsh EM, Miller ME. Phagocytic and killing capacities of uterine-derived polymorphonuclear leukocytes from mares resistant and susceptible to chronic endometritis. Am J Vet Res. 1985 Sep; 46(9):1938-40. PMID: 3901839.
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    79. Liu IK, Cheung AT, Walsh EM, Miller ME, Lindenberg PM. Comparison of peripheral blood and uterine-derived polymorphonuclear leukocytes from mares resistant and susceptible to chronic endometritis: chemotactic and cell elastimetry analysis. Am J Vet Res. 1985 Apr; 46(4):917-20. PMID: 4014841.
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    80. Liu IK, Brown SL, Kuo J, Neeley DP, Feeley JC. Duration of maternally derived immunity to tetanus and response in newborn foals given tetanus antitoxin. Am J Vet Res. 1982 Nov; 43(11):2019-22. PMID: 7181201.
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    81. Mitchell G, Liu IK, Perryman LE, Stabenfeldt GH, Hughes JP. Preferential production and secretion of immunoglobulins by the equine endometrium--a mucosal immune system. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 1982; 32:161-8. PMID: 6762437.
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    82. Liu IK, Shivers CA. Antibodies to the zona pellucida in mares. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 1982; 32:309-13. PMID: 6962865.
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    83. Shivers CA, Liu IK. Inhibition of sperm binding to porcine ova by antibodies to equine zonae pellucidae. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. 1982; 32:315-8. PMID: 6962866.
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    84. Liu IK. Systemic diseases of the newborn foal. Vet Clin North Am Large Anim Pract. 1980 Nov; 2(2):361-75. PMID: 6262990.
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    85. Gulick BA, Liu IK, Qualls CW, Gribble DH, Rogers QR. Effect of pyrrolizidine alkaloid-induced hepatic disease on plasma amino acid patterns in the horse. Am J Vet Res. 1980 Nov; 41(11):1894-8. PMID: 7212423.
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    86. Perryman LE, Liu IK. Graft versus host reactions in foals with combined immunodeficiency. Am J Vet Res. 1980 Feb; 41(2):187-92. PMID: 6989299.
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    87. Liu IK, Zee YC. The pathogenesis of vesicular stomatitis virus, serotype Indiana, in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. I. Intrathoracic injection. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1976 Jan; 25(1):177-85. PMID: 176893.
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    88. Liu IK, Zee YC. The pathogenesis of vesicular stomatitis virus, serotype Indiana, in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, after imbibition of a viremic blood meal. Arch Virol. 1976; 52(3):259-62. PMID: 187155.
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