Nicole Kravitz-Wirtz

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
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    University of WashingtonPhDSociology
    University of California, Los AngelesMPHEpidemiology
    University of California, BerkeleyBAPsychology

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    Nicole Kravitz-Wirtz, PhD, MPH, is a population health sociologist and an Associate Professor In Residence with the UC Davis Violence Prevention Research Program and the California Firearm Violence Research Center. Her research program focuses on the social and policy determinants of health and health equity, with an emphasis on the social ecology of neighborhood safety and the consequences of violence and trauma over the life course and across generations. Dr. Kravitz-Wirtz employs quantitative and qualitative methodologies to generate rigorous, relevant, and actionable research that can contribute to anti-inequity policies and community-based programs that mitigate the unjust burden of poor health and promote safety and optimal well-being for individuals, families, and communities.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Community exposure to gun homicide and adolescents' educational aspirations. J Adolesc. 2024 Apr 08. Bruns A, Aubel AJ, Zhang X, Buggs SA, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 38584575.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    2. Pediatric Firearm Injury Emergency Department Visits From 2017 to 2022: A Multicenter Study. Pediatrics. 2023 Dec 01; 152(6). Hoffmann JA, Carter CP, Olsen CS, Chaudhari PP, Chaudhary S, Duffy S, Glomb N, Goyal MK, Grupp-Phelan J, Haasz M, Ketabchi B, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Lerner EB, Shihabuddin B, Wendt W, Cook LJ, Alpern ER, PECARN Registry Study Group. PMID: 37927086; PMCID: PMC10842699.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Optimism Bias in Firearm-Related Risk Perceptions. JAMA Netw Open. 2023 Dec 01; 6(12):e2349656. Aubel AJ, Wintemute GJ, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 38153740; PMCID: PMC10755601.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. Effects of Prolonged Exposure to Air Pollution and Neighborhood Disadvantage on Self-Rated Health among Adults in the United States: Evidence from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. Environ Health Perspect. 2023 08; 131(8):87001. Lee H, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Rao S, Crowder K. PMID: 37531580; PMCID: PMC10396329.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    5. Social and Structural Determinants of Community Firearm Violence and Community Trauma. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 2023; 704(1). Buggs SAL, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Lund JL . View Publication.
    6. Neighborhood collective efficacy and environmental exposure to firearm homicide among a national sample of adolescents. Inj Epidemiol. 2023 Jun 09; 10(1):24. Aubel AJ, Bruns A, Zhang X, Buggs S, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 37296449; PMCID: PMC10251689.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    7. Voicing narratives of structural violence in interpersonal firearm violence research and prevention in the United States. Front Public Health. 2023; 11:1143278. Buggs SAL, Lund JJ, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 37333568; PMCID: PMC10272797.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Keeping kin close? Geographies of family networks by race and income, 1981-2017. J Marriage Fam. 2023 Aug; 85(4):962-986. Spring A, Ackert E, Roche S, Parris D, Crowder K, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 37920193; PMCID: PMC10621692.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    9. Keeping Kin Close? Geographies of Family Networks by Race and Income, 1981-2017. Journal of Marriage and Family. 2023. Spring A, Ackert E, Roche S, Parris D, Crowder K, Kravitz-Wirtz N. View Publication.
    10. Anticipatory concerns about violence within social networks: Prevalence and implications for prevention. Prev Med. 2023 02; 167:107421. Aubel AJ, Wintemute GJ, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 36641127.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Heterogeneous effects of spatially proximate firearm homicide exposure on anxiety and depression symptoms among U.S. youth. Prev Med. 2022 12; 165(Pt A):107224. Buggs SAL, Zhang X, Aubel A, Bruns A, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 36029922; PMCID: PMC10388845.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Extreme risk protection orders, race/ethnicity, and equity: Evidence from California. Prev Med. 2022 12; 165(Pt A):107181. Pear VA, Schleimer JP, Aubel AJ, Buggs S, Knoepke CE, Pallin R, Shev AB, Tomsich E, Wintemute GJ, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 35940474.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Emergency department visit patterns in the recently discharged, violently injured patient: Retrospective cohort review. Am J Surg. 2022 Jul 20. Kleber KT, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Buggs SL, Adams CM, Sardo AC, Hoch JS, Brown IE. PMID: 35871849.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    14. Inequities in Community Exposure to Deadly Gun Violence by Race/Ethnicity, Poverty, and Neighborhood Disadvantage among Youth in Large US Cities. J Urban Health. 2022 08; 99(4):610-625. Kravitz-Wirtz N, Bruns A, Aubel AJ, Zhang X, Buggs SA. PMID: 35672546; PMCID: PMC9172977.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Gun violence restraining orders in California, 2016-2018: case details and respondent mortality. Inj Prev. 2022 10; 28(5):465-471. Pear VA, Pallin R, Schleimer JP, Tomsich E, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Shev AB, Knoepke CE, Wintemute GJ. PMID: 35654574; PMCID: PMC9510437.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. A comparative content analysis of newspaper coverage about extreme risk protection order policies in passing and non-passing US states. BMC Public Health. 2022 05 16; 22(1):981. Aubel AJ, Pallin R, Knoepke CE, Wintemute GJ, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 35578227; PMCID: PMC9109361.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Experiences of violence in daily life among adults in California: a population-representative survey. Inj Epidemiol. 2022 Jan 03; 9(1):1. Wintemute GJ, Aubel AJ, Pallin R, Schleimer JP, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 34980276; PMCID: PMC8721630.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5  
    18. "What does it depend on?": Perceptions of safety related to firearms in homes and neighborhoods. PLoS One. 2021; 16(12):e0261038. Pallin R, Wintemute GJ, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 34965246; PMCID: PMC8716056.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. News media coverage of extreme risk protection order policies surrounding the Parkland shooting: a mixed-methods analysis. BMC Public Health. 2021 11 02; 21(1):1986. Pallin R, Aubel AJ, Knoepke CE, Pear VA, Wintemute GJ, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 34727916; PMCID: PMC8565081.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Firearm Practices, Perceptions of Safety, and Opinions on Injury Prevention Strategies Among California Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 08 02; 4(8):e2119146. Pallin R, Wintemute GJ, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 34342649; PMCID: PMC8335574.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Public Awareness of and Personal Willingness to Use California's Extreme Risk Protection Order Law to Prevent Firearm-Related Harm. JAMA Health Forum. 2021 06; 2(6):e210975. Kravitz-Wirtz N, Aubel AJ, Pallin R, Wintemute GJ. PMID: 35977171; PMCID: PMC8796972.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Good Samaritan laws and overdose mortality in the United States in the fentanyl era. Int J Drug Policy. 2021 11; 97:103294. Hamilton L, Davis CS, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Ponicki W, Cerdá M. PMID: 34091394; PMCID: PMC9529169.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Public Concern About Violence, Firearms, and the COVID-19 Pandemic in California. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 01 04; 4(1):e2033484. Kravitz-Wirtz N, Aubel A, Schleimer J, Pallin R, Wintemute G. PMID: 33394004; PMCID: PMC7783542.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    24. Firearm purchases without background checks in California. Prev Med. 2021 04; 145:106414. Kravitz-Wirtz N, Pallin R, Kagawa RMC, Miller M, Azrael D, Wintemute GJ. PMID: 33400939.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Exposure to Violence, Firearm Involvement, and Socioemotional Consequences Among California Adults. J Interpers Violence. 2021 12; 36(23-24):11822-11838. Aubel AJ, Pallin R, Wintemute GJ, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 33380237.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Firearm ownership and perceived risk of personal firearm injury. Inj Prev. 2020 Sep 03. Schleimer JP, Wintemute GJ, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 32883718.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    27. Risk factors for assaultive reinjury and death following a nonfatal firearm assault injury: A population-based retrospective cohort study. Prev Med. 2020 10; 139:106198. Pear VA, McCort CD, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Shev AB, Rowhani-Rahbar A, Wintemute GJ. PMID: 32652134.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Patterns of Firearm Ownership and Opinions on Firearm Policies Among Adults in California. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 07 01; 3(7):e2012096. Schleimer JP, Pallin R, Wintemute GJ, Charbonneau A, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 32735334; PMCID: PMC7395232.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Armed and prohibited: characteristics of unlawful owners of legally purchased firearms. Inj Prev. 2021 04; 27(2):145-149. Pear VA, McCort CD, Li Y, Beckett L, Tancredi D, Studdert DM, Kass PH, Pierce GL, Braga AA, Wright MA, Laqueur HS, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Wintemute GJ. PMID: 32156740.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Association of Medicaid Expansion With Opioid Overdose Mortality in the United States. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 01 03; 3(1):e1919066. Kravitz-Wirtz N, Davis CS, Ponicki WR, Rivera-Aguirre A, Marshall BDL, Martins SS, Cerdá M. PMID: 31922561; PMCID: PMC6991255.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Public Opinion on Firearm Injury Prevention Proposals in California. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 01 03; 3(1):e1918786. Pallin R, Charbonneau A, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Wintemute GJ. PMID: 31913487; PMCID: PMC6991317.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Firearm ownership and acquisition in California: findings from the 2018 California Safety and Well-being Survey. Inj Prev. 2020 12; 26(6):516-523. Kravitz-Wirtz N, Pallin R, Miller M, Azrael D, Wintemute GJ. PMID: 31806674.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Firearm ownership in California: A latent class analysis. Inj Prev. 2020 10; 26(5):456-462. Schleimer JP, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Pallin R, Charbonneau AK, Buggs SA, Wintemute GJ. PMID: 31601624.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Family Systems and Parents' Financial Support for Education in Early Adulthood. Demography. 2019 10; 56(5):1875-1897. Fomby P, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 31420843; PMCID: PMC6892702.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. California Public Opinion On Health Professionals Talking With Patients About Firearms. Health Aff (Millwood). 2019 10; 38(10):1744-1751. Pallin R, Charbonneau A, Wintemute GJ, Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 31589535.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Extreme Risk Protection Orders Intended to Prevent Mass Shootings: A Case Series. Ann Intern Med. 2019 11 05; 171(9):655-658. Wintemute GJ, Pear VA, Schleimer JP, Pallin R, Sohl S, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Tomsich EA. PMID: 31426088.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Residential Segregation and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Ambient Air Pollution. Race Soc Probl. 2019 Mar; 11(1):60-67. Woo B, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Sass V, Crowder K, Teixeira S, Takeuchi DT. PMID: 31440306; PMCID: PMC6706065.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47  
    38. Early-Life Air Pollution Exposure, Neighborhood Poverty, and Childhood Asthma in the United States, 1990⁻2014. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 05 30; 15(6). Kravitz-Wirtz N, Teixeira S, Hajat A, Woo B, Crowder K, Takeuchi D. PMID: 29848979; PMCID: PMC6025399.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    39. Racial inequalities in health: Framing future research. Soc Sci Med. 2018 02; 199:11-18. Hicken MT, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Durkee M, Jackson JS. PMID: 29325781; PMCID: PMC5915332.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 75     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. The effects of air pollution on individual psychological distress. Health Place. 2017 11; 48:72-79. Sass V, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Karceski SM, Hajat A, Crowder K, Takeuchi D. PMID: 28987650; PMCID: PMC6023621.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    41. Cumulative Effects of Growing Up in Separate and Unequal Neighborhoods on Racial Disparities in Self-rated Health in Early Adulthood. J Health Soc Behav. 2016 12; 57(4):453-470. Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 27799591; PMCID: PMC5463536.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. THE LONG-TERM DYNAMICS OF RACIAL/ETHNIC INEQUALITY IN NEIGHBORHOOD AIR POLLUTION EXPOSURE, 1990-2009. Du Bois Rev. 2016; 13(2):237-259. Kravitz-Wirtz N, Crowder K, Hajat A, Sass V. PMID: 28989341; PMCID: PMC5628744.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40  
    43. Temporal Effects of Child and Adolescent Exposure to Neighborhood Disadvantage on Black/White Disparities in Young Adult Obesity. J Adolesc Health. 2016 05; 58(5):551-7. Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 26995292; PMCID: PMC4842347.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. A discrete-time analysis of the effects of more prolonged exposure to neighborhood poverty on the risk of smoking initiation by age 25. Soc Sci Med. 2016 Jan; 148:79-92. Kravitz-Wirtz N. PMID: 26685707; PMCID: PMC4720262.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    45. Role modeling, risk, and resilience in California adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 2011 Jan; 48(1):36-43. Yancey AK, Grant D, Kurosky S, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Mistry R. PMID: 21185522.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Mental health status and use of mental health services by California adults. Policy Brief UCLA Cent Health Policy Res. 2010 Jul; (PB2010-6):1-8. Grant D, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Aguilar-Gaxiola S, Sribney WM, Aydin M, Brown ER. PMID: 20695126.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. One in four California adolescent girls have had human papillomavirus vaccination. Policy Brief UCLA Cent Health Policy Res. 2009 Feb; (PB2009-3):1-6. Grant D, Kravitz-Wirtz N, Breen N, Tiro JA, Tsui J. PMID: 19288623.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
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