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Saul Schaefer

Title(s)Professor, Cardiovascular Medicine
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
Phone530-752-0718
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Thai PN, Seidlmayer LK, Miller C, Ferrero M, Dorn GW, Schaefer S, Bers DM, Dedkova EN. Mitochondrial Quality Control in Aging and Heart Failure: Influence of Ketone Bodies and Mitofusin-Stabilizing Peptides. Front Physiol. 2019; 10:382. PMID: 31024341.
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    2. Thai PN, Daugherty DJ, Frederich BJ, Lu X, Deng W, Bers DM, Dedkova EN, Schaefer S. Cardiac-specific Conditional Knockout of the 18-kDa Mitochondrial Translocator Protein Protects from Pressure Overload Induced Heart Failure. Sci Rep. 2018 11 01; 8(1):16213. PMID: 30385779.
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    3. Ortiz J, Saeed R, Little C, Schaefer S. Age-Adjusted D-Dimer in the Prediction of Pulmonary Embolism: Does a Normal Age-Adjusted D-Dimer Rule Out PE? Biomed Res Int. 2017; 2017:4867060. PMID: 29201906.
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    4. Ma L, Lee BH, Clifton H, Schaefer S, Zheng J. Nicotinic acid is a common regulator of heat-sensing TRPV1-4 ion channels. Sci Rep. 2015 Mar 10; 5:8906. PMID: 25752528.
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    5. Clifton HL, Inceoglu B, Ma L, Zheng J, Schaefer S. TRPV1 channels are involved in niacin-induced cutaneous vasodilation in mice. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2015 Feb; 65(2):184-91. PMID: 25387247.
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    6. Tate S, Griem A, Durbin-Johnson B, Watt C, Schaefer S. Marked elevation of B-type natriuretic peptide in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction. J Biomed Res. 2014 Jul; 28(4):255-61. PMID: 25050108.
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    7. Schaefer S. ACP Journal Club. Review: in older patients without CVD, statins reduce MI and stroke but not all-cause mortality. Ann Intern Med. 2014 May 20; 160(10):JC8. PMID: 24842442.
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    8. Ma L, Lee BH, Mao R, Cai A, Jia Y, Clifton H, Schaefer S, Xu L, Zheng J. Nicotinic acid activates the capsaicin receptor TRPV1: Potential mechanism for cutaneous flushing. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2014 Jun; 34(6):1272-80. PMID: 24675661.
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    9. Stripe B, Rechenmacher S, Jurewitz D, Lee C, Schaefer S. The diagnostic yield of cardiac catheterization in low-risk troponinemia. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Dec 9-23; 173(22):2088-90. PMID: 24100658.
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    10. Browning AC, Schaefer S. What lies beneath: Posterior ST elevation myocardial infarction with underlying right ventricular-paced rhythm. Exp Clin Cardiol. 2013; 18(1):e55-6. PMID: 24294052.
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    11. Inceoglu AB, Clifton HL, Yang J, Hegedus C, Hammock BD, Schaefer S. Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase limits niacin-induced vasodilation in mice. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2012 Jul; 60(1):70-5. PMID: 22526297.
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    12. Hutchins IM, Schaefer S. Progressive left ventricular noncompaction and systolic dysfunction. Exp Clin Cardiol. 2012; 17(2):81-3. PMID: 22826654.
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    13. Broisat A, Ruiz M, Goodman NC, Hanrahan SM, Reutter BW, Brennan KM, Janabi M, Schaefer S, Watson DD, Beller GA, VanBrocklin HF, Glover DK. Myocardial uptake of 7'-(Z)-[(123)I]iodorotenone during vasodilator stress in dogs with critical coronary stenoses. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2011 Nov; 4(6):685-92. PMID: 21917783.
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    14. Lu X, Moore PG, Liu H, Schaefer S. Phosphorylation of ARC is a critical element in the antiapoptotic effect of anesthetic preconditioning. Anesth Analg. 2011 Mar; 112(3):525-31. PMID: 21233493.
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    15. Furman A, Meier JL, Malmstrom RA, Lopez JR, Schaefer S. Comparative efficacy of ezetimibe/simvastatin, rosuvastatin, and atorvastatin in uncontrolled hyperlipidemia patients. Am J Manag Care. 2011; 17(8):538-44. PMID: 21851141.
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    16. Phillips W, Schaefer S. LDL = 5: Virtues and dangers of multidrug therapy of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Prev Cardiol. 2010; 13(2):69-71. PMID: 20377808.
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    17. Lopez JE, Yeo K, Caputo G, Buonocore M, Schaefer S. Recovery of methamphetamine associated cardiomyopathy predicted by late gadolinium enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2009 Nov 11; 11:46. PMID: 19906310.
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    18. Konia MR, Schaefer S, Liu H. Nuclear factor-[kappa]B inhibition provides additional protection against ischaemia/reperfusion injury in delayed sevoflurane preconditioning. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2009 Jun; 26(6):496-503. PMID: 19445059.
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    19. Lu X, Liu H, Wang L, Schaefer S. Activation of NF-kappaB is a critical element in the antiapoptotic effect of anesthetic preconditioning. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2009 May; 296(5):H1296-304. PMID: 19304943.
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    20. Southard J, Baker L, Schaefer S. In search of the false-negative exercise treadmill testing evidence-based use of exercise echocardiography. Clin Cardiol. 2008 Jan; 31(1):35-40. PMID: 18203117.
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    21. Eaton MM, Gursahani H, Arieli Y, Pinkerton K, Schaefer S. Acute tobacco smoke exposure promotes mitochondrial permeability transition in rat heart. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2006 Aug; 69(15):1497-510. PMID: 16766481.
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    22. Liu H, Wang L, Eaton M, Schaefer S. Sevoflurane preconditioning limits intracellular/mitochondrial Ca2+ in ischemic newborn myocardium. Anesth Analg. 2005 Aug; 101(2):349-55, table of contents. PMID: 16037142.
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    23. Eaton M, Hernandez LA, Schaefer S. Ischemic preconditioning and diazoxide limit mitochondrial Ca overload during ischemia/reperfusion: Role of reactive oxygen species. Exp Clin Cardiol. 2005; 10(2):96-103. PMID: 19641667.
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    24. Gursahani HI, Schaefer S. Acidification reduces mitochondrial calcium uptake in rat cardiac mitochondria. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2004 Dec; 287(6):H2659-65. PMID: 15308476.
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    25. Arieli Y, Gursahani H, Eaton MM, Hernandez LA, Schaefer S. Gender modulation of Ca(2+) uptake in cardiac mitochondria. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2004 Aug; 37(2):507-13. PMID: 15276020.
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    26. Amsterdam EA, Schaefer S. Ischemic preconditioning in coronary heart disease: a therapeutic golden fleece? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 May 05; 43(9):1515-6. PMID: 15120804.
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    27. Schaefer S. For-profit health plans. N Engl J Med. 2004 Apr 01; 350(14):1469; author reply 1469. PMID: 15070803.
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    28. Cherednichenko G, Zima AV, Feng W, Schaefer S, Blatter LA, Pessah IN. NADH oxidase activity of rat cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum regulates calcium-induced calcium release. Circ Res. 2004 Mar 05; 94(4):478-86. PMID: 14699012.
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    29. Korotkov SM, Nesterov VP, Schaefer S. On the effect of diazoxide on isolated mitochondria from rat myocardium. Dokl Biochem Biophys. 2002 Nov-Dec; 387:306-9. PMID: 12577609.
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    30. Schaefer S. Will helical CT replace electron beam CT in the assessment of coronary calcium? Prev Cardiol. 2002; 5(2):84-6. PMID: 11986553.
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    31. Symons JD, Schaefer S. Na(+)/H(+) exchange subtype 1 inhibition reduces endothelial dysfunction in vessels from stunned myocardium. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2001 Oct; 281(4):H1575-82. PMID: 11557546.
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    32. Schaefer S, Correa SD, Valente RJ, Laslett LJ. Blockade of adenosine receptors with aminophylline limits ischemic preconditioning in human beings. Am Heart J. 2001 Sep; 142(3):E4. PMID: 11526374.
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    33. Ramasamy R, Liu H, Cherednichenko G, Schaefer S. Fasting limits the increase in intracellular calcium during ischemia in isolated rat hearts. Basic Res Cardiol. 2001 Sep; 96(5):463-70. PMID: 11605993.
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    34. Ramasamy R, Payne JA, Whang J, Bergmann SR, Schaefer S. Protection of ischemic myocardium in diabetics by inhibition of electroneutral Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2001 Aug; 281(2):H515-22. PMID: 11454552.
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    35. Wang L, Cherednichenko G, Hernandez L, Halow J, Camacho SA, Figueredo V, Schaefer S. Preconditioning limits mitochondrial Ca(2+) during ischemia in rat hearts: role of K(ATP) channels. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2001 May; 280(5):H2321-8. PMID: 11299237.
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    36. Trueblood NA, Ramasamy R, Wang LF, Schaefer S. Niacin protects the isolated heart from ischemia-reperfusion injury. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2000 Aug; 279(2):H764-71. PMID: 10924076.
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    37. Schaefer S. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in human cardiomyopathies. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2000; 2(2):151-7. PMID: 11545132.
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    38. Schaefer S, Wang LF, van der Vliet A, Hristova M, Vulliet PR, Fan SD. Fasting limits norepinephrine release with myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 1999 Sep; 13(5):399-405. PMID: 10547219.
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    39. Lundmark JL, Ramasamy R, Vulliet PR, Schaefer S. Chelerythrine increases Na-K-ATPase activity and limits ischemic injury in isolated rat hearts. Am J Physiol. 1999 09; 277(3):H999-H1006. PMID: 10484422.
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    40. Wang LF, Ramasamy R, Schaefer S. Regulation of glycogen utilization in ischemic hearts after 24 hours of fasting. Cardiovasc Res. 1999 Jun; 42(3):644-50. PMID: 10533604.
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    41. Ramasamy R, Liu H, Oates PJ, Schaefer S. Attenuation of ischemia induced increases in sodium and calcium by the aldose reductase inhibitor zopolrestat. Cardiovasc Res. 1999 Apr; 42(1):130-9. PMID: 10435004.
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    42. Lundmark JA, Trueblood N, Wang LF, Ramasamy R, Schaefer S. Repetitive acidosis protects the ischemic heart: implications for mechanisms in preconditioned hearts. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1999 Apr; 31(4):907-17. PMID: 10329217.
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    43. Ramasamy R, Schaefer S. Inhibition of Na+-H+ exchanger protects diabetic and non-diabetic hearts from ischemic injury: insight into altered susceptibility of diabetic hearts to ischemic injury. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1999 Apr; 31(4):785-97. PMID: 10329206.
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    44. Symons JD, Correa SD, Schaefer S. Na-H exchange inhibition with cariporide limits functional impairment caused by repetitive ischemia. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1998 Dec; 32(6):853-62. PMID: 9869490.
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    45. Ramasamy R, Trueblood N, Schaefer S. Metabolic effects of aldose reductase inhibition during low-flow ischemia and reperfusion. Am J Physiol. 1998 07; 275(1):H195-203. PMID: 9688914.
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    46. Schaefer S, Hussein H, Gershony GR, Rutledge JC, Kappagoda CT. Regression of severe atherosclerotic plaque in patients with mild elevation of LDL cholesterol. J Investig Med. 1997 Dec; 45(9):536-41. PMID: 9444880.
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    47. Nguyen TT, Amsterdam EA, Schaefer S. Risk stratification prior to vascular surgery: does the location of a dipyridamole thallium scintigram defect provide prognostic information? Cardiology. 1997 Nov-Dec; 88(6):569-75. PMID: 9397314.
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    48. Schaefer S, Ramasamy R. Glycogen utilization and ischemic injury in the isolated rat heart. Cardiovasc Res. 1997 Jul; 35(1):90-8. PMID: 9302351.
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    49. Schaefer S, Ramasamy R. Short-term inhibition of the Na-H exchanger limits acidosis and reduces ischemic injury in the rat heart. Cardiovasc Res. 1997 May; 34(2):329-36. PMID: 9205547.
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    50. Ramasamy R, Oates PJ, Schaefer S. Aldose reductase inhibition protects diabetic and nondiabetic rat hearts from ischemic injury. Diabetes. 1997 Feb; 46(2):292-300. PMID: 9000707.
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    51. Correa SD, Schaefer S. Blockade of K(ATP) channels with glibenclamide does not abolish preconditioning during demand ischemia. Am J Cardiol. 1997 Jan 01; 79(1):75-8. PMID: 9024742.
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    52. Cishek MB, Yost B, Schaefer S. Cardiac aspergillosis presenting as myocardial infarction. Clin Cardiol. 1996 Oct; 19(10):824-7. PMID: 8896916.
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    53. Schaefer S, Valente RA, Laslett LJ, Longhurst JC. Cardiac reflex effects of intracoronary bradykinin in humans. J Investig Med. 1996 Apr; 44(4):160-7. PMID: 8689412.
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    54. Schaefer S, Prussel E, Carr LJ. Requirement of glycolytic substrate for metabolic recovery during moderate low flow ischemia. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1995 Oct; 27(10):2167-76. PMID: 8576933.
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    55. Ramasamy R, Liu H, Anderson S, Lundmark J, Schaefer S. Ischemic preconditioning stimulates sodium and proton transport in isolated rat hearts. J Clin Invest. 1995 Sep; 96(3):1464-72. PMID: 7657818.
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    56. Massie BM, Schaefer S, Garcia J, McKirnan MD, Schwartz GG, Wisneski JA, Weiner MW, White FC. Myocardial high-energy phosphate and substrate metabolism in swine with moderate left ventricular hypertrophy. Circulation. 1995 Mar 15; 91(6):1814-23. PMID: 7882492.
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    57. Schaefer S, Carr LJ, Prussel E, Ramasamy R. Effects of glycogen depletion on ischemic injury in isolated rat hearts: insights into preconditioning. Am J Physiol. 1995 Mar; 268(3 Pt 2):H935-44. PMID: 7900892.
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    58. Schaefer S, Schwartz GG, Steinman S, Garcia J, Trocha SD, Weiner MW, Massie BM. Effects of regional myocardial lidocaine infusion on high energy phosphates. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1994 Dec; 26(12):1601-11. PMID: 7731055.
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    59. Iguidbashian JP, Follette DM, Nguyen LS, Berkoff HA, Schaefer S. Balloon mitral valvulotomy as a bridge to valve replacement. J Heart Valve Dis. 1994 Mar; 3(2):155-7; discussion 158-60. PMID: 8012632.
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    60. Schaefer S, Carr LJ, Kreutzer U, Jue T. Myocardial adaptation during acute hibernation: mechanisms of phosphocreatine recovery. Cardiovasc Res. 1993 Nov; 27(11):2044-51. PMID: 8287416.
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    61. Schaefer S, van Tyen R, Saloner D. Evaluation of myocardial perfusion abnormalities with gadolinium-enhanced snapshot MR imaging in humans. Work in progress. Radiology. 1992 Dec; 185(3):795-801. PMID: 1438765.
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    62. Schwartz GG, Schaefer S, Trocha SD, Garcia J, Steinman S, Massie BM, Weiner MW. Effect of supranormal coronary blood flow on energy metabolism and systolic function of porcine left ventricle. Cardiovasc Res. 1992 Oct; 26(10):1001-6. PMID: 1486583.
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    63. Schaefer S, Schwartz GG, Steinman SK, Meyerhoff DJ, Massie BM, Weiner MW. Metabolic response of the human heart to inotropic stimulation: in vivo phosphorus-31 studies of normal and cardiomyopathic myocardium. Magn Reson Med. 1992 Jun; 25(2):260-72. PMID: 1614310.
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    64. Meyerhoff DJ, Maudsley AA, Schaefer S, Weiner MW. Phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance metabolite imaging in the human body. Magn Reson Imaging. 1992; 10(2):245-56. PMID: 1564993.
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    65. Schaefer S, Schwartz GG, Wisneski JA, Trocha SD, Christoph I, Steinman SK, Garcia J, Massie BM, Weiner MW. Response of high-energy phosphates and lactate release during prolonged regional ischemia in vivo. Circulation. 1992 Jan; 85(1):342-9. PMID: 1728466.
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    66. Schwartz GG, Schaefer S, Trocha SD, Steinman S, Gober J, Garcia J, Massie B, Weiner MW. Metabolic and functional consequences of blunted myocardial reactive hyperemia. Am J Physiol. 1991 Sep; 261(3 Pt 2):H892-900. PMID: 1887933.
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    67. Gober JR, Schwartz GG, Schaefer S, Massie BM, Matson GB, Weiner MW, Karczmar GS. 31P MRS of myocardial inorganic phosphate using radiofrequency gradient echoes. Magn Reson Med. 1991 Aug; 20(2):171-83. PMID: 1775045.
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    68. Schaefer S, Lange RA, Gutekunst DP, Parkey RW, Willerson JT, Peshock RM. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of hypoperfused myocardium. Invest Radiol. 1991 Jun; 26(6):551-6. PMID: 1860761.
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    69. Karam F, Schaefer S, Cherryholmes D, Dagher FJ. Carotid artery resection and replacement in patients with head and neck malignant tumors. J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 1990 Nov-Dec; 31(6):697-701. PMID: 1702093.
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    70. Schaefer S. Clinical nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy: insight into metabolism. Am J Cardiol. 1990 Oct 26; 66(14):45F-50F. PMID: 2239701.
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    71. Schwartz GG, Schaefer S, Gober J, Meyerhoff DJ, Smekal A, Massie B, Weiner MW. Myocardial high-energy phosphates in reactive hyperemia. Am J Physiol. 1990 Oct; 259(4 Pt 2):H1190-6. PMID: 2221125.
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    72. Schwartz GG, Schaefer S, Meyerhoff DJ, Gober J, Fochler P, Massie B, Weiner MW. Dynamic relation between myocardial contractility and energy metabolism during and following brief coronary occlusion in the pig. Circ Res. 1990 Aug; 67(2):490-500. PMID: 2376083.
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    73. Schaefer S, Gober JR, Schwartz GG, Twieg DB, Weiner MW, Massie B. In vivo phosphorus-31 spectroscopic imaging in patients with global myocardial disease. Am J Cardiol. 1990 May 01; 65(16):1154-61. PMID: 2139540.
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    74. Schaefer S, Schwartz GG, Gober JR, Wong AK, Camacho SA, Massie B, Weiner MW. Relationship between myocardial metabolites and contractile abnormalities during graded regional ischemia. Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance studies of porcine myocardium in vivo. J Clin Invest. 1990 Mar; 85(3):706-13. PMID: 2312722.
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    75. Gober JR, Schaefer S, Camacho SA, DeGroot M, Obregon R, Botvinick EH, Weiner M, Massie B. Epicardial and endocardial localized 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy: evidence for metabolic heterogeneity during regional ischemia. Magn Reson Med. 1990 Feb; 13(2):204-15. PMID: 2314211.
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    76. Weiner MW, Hetherington H, Hubesch B, Karczmar G, Massie B, Maudsley A, Meyerhoff DJ, Sappey-Marinier D, Schaefer S, Twieg DB. Clinical magnetic resonance spectroscopy of brain, heart, liver, kidney, and cancer. A quantitative approach. NMR Biomed. 1989 Dec; 2(5-6):290-7. PMID: 2701809.
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    77. Schaefer S, Schwartz GG, Gober JR, Massie B, Weiner MW. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Evaluation of ischemic heart disease. Invest Radiol. 1989 Dec; 24(12):969-72. PMID: 2691443.
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    78. Twieg DB, Meyerhoff DJ, Hubesch B, Roth K, Sappey-Marinier D, Boska MD, Gober JR, Schaefer S, Weiner MW. Phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy in humans by spectroscopic imaging: localized spectroscopy and metabolite imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1989 Dec; 12(3):291-305. PMID: 2628680.
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    79. Schaefer S. Cardiovascular applications of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Am J Cardiol. 1989 Sep 05; 64(9):38E-45E. PMID: 2672766.
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    80. Schaefer S, Massie B, Weiner MW. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the heart. Cardiol Clin. 1989 Aug; 7(3):697-712. PMID: 2670234.
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    81. Schaefer S, Lange RA, Kulkarni PV, Katz J, Parkey RW, Willerson JT, Peshock RM. In vivo nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of myocardial perfusion using the paramagnetic contrast agent manganese gluconate. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1989 Aug; 14(2):472-80. PMID: 2754132.
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    82. Schaefer S, Camacho SA, Gober J, Obregon RG, DeGroot MA, Botvinick EH, Massie B, Weiner MW. Response of myocardial metabolites to graded regional ischemia: 31P NMR spectroscopy of porcine myocardium in vivo. Circ Res. 1989 May; 64(5):968-76. PMID: 2706762.
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    83. Schaefer S, Gober J, Valenza M, Karczmar GS, Matson GB, Camacho SA, Botvinick EH, Massie B, Weiner MW. Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging-guided phosphorus-31 spectroscopy of the human heart. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1988 Dec; 12(6):1449-55. PMID: 3192842.
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    84. Schaefer S, Malloy CR, Katz J, Parkey RW, Buja LM, Willerson JT, Peshock RM. Gadolinium-DTPA-enhanced nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of reperfused myocardium: identification of the myocardial bed at risk. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1988 Oct; 12(4):1064-72. PMID: 3417979.
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    85. Schaefer S, Malloy CR, Schmitz JM, Dehmer GJ. Clinical and hemodynamic characteristics of patients with inducible pulsus alternans. Am Heart J. 1988 Jun; 115(6):1251-7. PMID: 3376843.
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    86. Schaefer S, Taylor AL, Lee HR, Niggemann EH, Levine BD, Popma JJ, Mitchell JH, Hillis LD. Effect of increasing heart rate on left ventricular performance in patients with normal cardiac function. Am J Cardiol. 1988 Mar 01; 61(8):617-20. PMID: 3344688.
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    87. May DC, Popma JJ, Black WH, Schaefer S, Lee HR, Levine BD, Hillis LD. In vivo induction and reversal of nitroglycerin tolerance in human coronary arteries. N Engl J Med. 1987 Sep 24; 317(13):805-9. PMID: 3114638.
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    88. Katz J, Peshock RM, Malloy CR, Schaefer S, Parkey RW. Even-echo rephasing and constant velocity flow. Magn Reson Med. 1987 May; 4(5):422-30. PMID: 3600249.
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    89. Katz J, Peshock RM, McNamee P, Schaefer S, Malloy CR, Parkey RW. Analysis of spin-echo rephasing with pulsatile flow in 2D FT magnetic resonance imaging. Magn Reson Med. 1987 Apr; 4(4):307-22. PMID: 3586978.
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    90. Schaefer S, Shohet RV, Nixon JV, Peshock RM. Right ventricular obstruction from cervical carcinoma: a rare, single metastatic site. Am Heart J. 1987 Feb; 113(2 Pt 1):397-9. PMID: 3812197.
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    91. Schaefer S, Peshock RM, Malloy CR, Katz J, Parkey RW, Willerson JT. Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging in Marfan's syndrome. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1987 Jan; 9(1):70-4. PMID: 3794112.
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    92. Schaefer S, Peshock RM, Parkey RW, Willerson JT. A new device for exercise MR imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1986 Dec; 147(6):1289-90. PMID: 3490765.
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    93. Wolfe CL, Winniford MD, Wheelan KR, Schaefer S, Firth BG, Hillis LD. Relation of coronary artery disease and left ventricular systolic dysfunction to left ventricular end-diastolic pressure after left ventriculography. Am J Cardiol. 1985 Jun 01; 55(13 Pt 1):1622-3. PMID: 4003306.
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