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Sharon Spier, PhD; DVM

Title(s)Professor Emeritus, School of Veterinary Medicine
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
Phone530-752-0292
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Smith FL, Watson JL, Spier SJ, Kilcoyne I, Mapes S, Sonder C, Pusterla N. Frequency of shedding of respiratory pathogens in horses recently imported to the United States. J Vet Intern Med. 2018 Jul; 32(4):1436-1441. PMID: 29761571.
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    2. Almeida S, Dorneles EMS, Diniz C, Abreu V, Sousa C, Alves J, Carneiro A, Bagano P, Spier S, Barh D, Lage AP, Figueiredo H, Azevedo V. Quadruplex PCR assay for identification of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis differentiating biovar Ovis and Equi. BMC Vet Res. 2017 Sep 25; 13(1):290. PMID: 28946887.
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    3. Kilcoyne I, Dechant JE, Spier SJ, Spriet M, Nieto JE. Clinical findings and management of 153 horses with large colon sand accumulations. Vet Surg. 2017 Aug; 46(6):860-867. PMID: 28626911.
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    4. Baraúna RA, Ramos RTJ, Veras AAO, de Sá PHCG, Guimarães LC, das Graças DA, Carneiro AR, Edman JM, Spier SJ, Azevedo V, Silva A. Genomic analysis of four strains of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis bv. Equi isolated from horses showing distinct signs of infection. Stand Genomic Sci. 2017; 12:16. PMID: 28163825.
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    5. Baraúna RA, Ramos RT, Veras AA, Pinheiro KC, Benevides LJ, Viana MV, Guimarães LC, Edman JM, Spier SJ, Azevedo V, Silva A. Assessing the Genotypic Differences between Strains of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis biovar equi through Comparative Genomics. PLoS One. 2017; 12(1):e0170676. PMID: 28125655.
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    6. Haas DJ, Dorneles EM, Spier SJ, Carroll SP, Edman J, Azevedo VA, Heinemann MB, Lage AP. Molecular epidemiology of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis isolated from horses in California. Infect Genet Evol. 2017 04; 49:186-194. PMID: 27979735.
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    7. Dias LM, Alves JT, Veras AA, Baraúna RA, Sá PH, Spier S, Edman JM, Guimarães LC, Rocha FS, Ramos RT, Azevedo V, Silva A, Carneiro AR. Whole-Genome Sequence of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Strain 226, Isolated from the Abscess of a Goat in California. Genome Announc. 2016 Feb 25; 4(1). PMID: 26950327.
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    8. Rhodes DM, Magdesian KG, Byrne BA, Kass PH, Edman J, Spier SJ. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of equine Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis isolates (1996-2012). J Vet Intern Med. 2015 Jan; 29(1):327-32. PMID: 25586790.
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    9. Baraúna RA, Guimarães LC, Veras AA, de Sá PH, Graças DA, Pinheiro KC, Silva AS, Folador EL, Benevides LJ, Viana MV, Carneiro AR, Schneider MP, Spier SJ, Edman JM, Ramos RT, Azevedo V, Silva A. Genome Sequence of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis MB20 bv. equi Isolated from a Pectoral Abscess of an Oldenburg Horse in California. Genome Announc. 2014 Nov 13; 2(6). PMID: 25395628.
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    10. Kilcoyne I, Spier SJ, Carter CN, Smith JL, Swinford AK, Cohen ND. Frequency of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses across the United States during a 10-year period. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2014 Aug 01; 245(3):309-14. PMID: 25029310.
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    11. Britz E, Spier SJ, Kass PH, Edman JM, Foley JE. The relationship between Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis biovar equi phenotype with location and extent of lesions in horses. Vet J. 2014 May; 200(2):282-6. PMID: 24703322.
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    12. Kilcoyne I, Watson JL, Spier SJ, Whitcomb MB, Vaughan B. Septic sialoadenitis in equids: a retrospective study of 18 cases (1998-2010). Equine Vet J. 2015 Jan; 47(1):54-9. PMID: 24417543.
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    13. Kilcoyne I, Watson JL, Kass PH, Spier SJ. Incidence, management, and outcome of complications of castration in equids: 324 cases (1998-2008). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2013 Mar 15; 242(6):820-5. PMID: 23445295.
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    14. Jeske JM, Spier SJ, Whitcomb MB, Pusterla N, Gardner IA. Use of antibody titers measured via serum synergistic hemolysis inhibition testing to predict internal Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2013 Jan 01; 242(1):86-92. PMID: 23234286.
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    15. Ramos RT, Silva A, Carneiro AR, Pinto AC, Soares Sde C, Santos AR, Almeida SS, Guimarães LC, Aburjaile FF, Barbosa EG, Dorella FA, Rocha FS, Cerdeira LT, Barbosa MS, Tauch A, Edman J, Spier S, Miyoshi A, Schneider MP, Azevedo V. Genome sequence of the Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Cp316 strain, isolated from the abscess of a Californian horse. J Bacteriol. 2012 Dec; 194(23):6620-1. PMID: 23144380.
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    16. Nogradi N, Spier SJ, Toth B, Vaughan B. Musculoskeletal Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses: 35 cases (1999-2009). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2012 Sep 15; 241(6):771-7. PMID: 22947161.
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    17. Lopes T, Silva A, Thiago R, Carneiro A, Dorella FA, Rocha FS, dos Santos AR, Lima AR, Guimarães LC, Barbosa EG, Ribeiro D, Fiaux KK, Diniz CA, de Abreu VA, de Almeida SS, Hassan SS, Ali A, Bakhtiar SM, Aburjaile FF, Pinto AC, Soares Sde C, Pereira Ude P, Schneider MP, Miyoshi A, Edman J, Spier S, Azevedo V. Complete genome sequence of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis strain Cp267, isolated from a llama. J Bacteriol. 2012 Jul; 194(13):3567-8. PMID: 22689248.
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    18. Spier SJ, Toth B, Edman J, Quave A, Habasha F, Garrick M, Byrne BA. Survival of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis biovar equi in soil. Vet Rec. 2012 Feb; 170(7):180. PMID: 22266682.
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    19. Kilcoyne I, Dechant JE, Kass PH, Spier SJ. Penetrating injuries to the frog (cuneus ungulae) and collateral sulci of the foot in equids: 63 cases (1998-2008). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2011 Oct 15; 239(8):1104-9. PMID: 21985353.
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    20. Malamed R, Berger J, Bain MJ, Kass P, Spier SJ. Retrospective evaluation of crib-biting and windsucking behaviours and owner-perceived behavioural traits as risk factors for colic in horses. Equine Vet J. 2010 Nov; 42(8):686-92. PMID: 21039797.
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    21. Gorman JK, Gabriel M, MacLachlan NJ, Nieto N, Foley J, Spier S. Pilot immunization of mice infected with an equine strain of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. Vet Ther. 2010; 11(1):E1-8. PMID: 20949428.
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    22. Pusterla N, Mapes S, Madigan JE, Maclachlan NJ, Ferraro GL, Watson JL, Spier SJ, Wilson WD. Prevalence of EHV-1 in adult horses transported over long distances. Vet Rec. 2009 Oct 17; 165(16):473-5. PMID: 19850855.
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    23. Nieto NC, Foley JE, MacLachlan NJ, Yuan T, Spier SJ. Evaluation of hepatic disease in mice following intradermal inoculation with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. Am J Vet Res. 2009 Feb; 70(2):257-62. PMID: 19231959.
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    24. Hassel DM, Smith PA, Nieto JE, Beldomenico P, Spier SJ. Di-tri-octahedral smectite for the prevention of post-operative diarrhea in equids with surgical disease of the large intestine: results of a randomized clinical trial. Vet J. 2009 Nov; 182(2):210-4. PMID: 19097815.
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    25. Hassel DM, Spier SJ, Aldridge BM, Watnick M, Argenzio RA, Snyder JR. Influence of diet and water supply on mineral content and pH within the large intestine of horses with enterolithiasis. Vet J. 2009 Oct; 182(1):44-9. PMID: 18694650.
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    26. Finno CJ, Spier SJ. Prevention and treatment of equine atypical myopathy - an acute, highly fatal disease of unknown etiology. Vet J. 2008 Nov; 178(2):163-4. PMID: 18554966.
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    27. Finno CJ, Spier SJ, Valberg SJ. Equine diseases caused by known genetic mutations. Vet J. 2009 Mar; 179(3):336-47. PMID: 18472287.
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    28. Pratt SM, Spier SJ, Carroll SP, Vaughan B, Whitcomb MB, Wilson WD. Evaluation of clinical characteristics, diagnostic test results, and outcome in horses with internal infection caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis: 30 cases (1995-2003). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2005 Aug 01; 227(3):441-8. PMID: 16121612.
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    29. Foley JE, Spier SJ, Mihalyi J, Drazenovich N, Leutenegger CM. Molecular epidemiologic features of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis isolated from horses. Am J Vet Res. 2004 Dec; 65(12):1734-7. PMID: 15631043.
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    30. Spier SJ, Berger Pusterla J, Villarroel A, Pusterla N. Outcome of tactile conditioning of neonates, or "imprint training" on selected handling measures in foals. Vet J. 2004 Nov; 168(3):252-8. PMID: 15501142.
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    31. Stull CL, Spier SJ, Aldridge BM, Blanchard M, Stott JL. Immunological response to long-term transport stress in mature horses and effects of adaptogenic dietary supplementation as an immunomodulator. Equine Vet J. 2004 Nov; 36(7):583-9. PMID: 15581322.
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    32. White SD, Affolter VK, Bannasch DL, Schultheiss PC, Hamar DW, Chapman PL, Naydan D, Spier SJ, Rosychuk RA, Rees C, Veneklasen GO, Martin A, Bevier D, Jackson HA, Bettenay S, Matousek J, Campbell KL, Ihrke PJ. Hereditary equine regional dermal asthenia ("hyperelastosis cutis") in 50 horses: clinical, histological, immunohistological and ultrastructural findings. Vet Dermatol. 2004 Aug; 15(4):207-17. PMID: 15305927.
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    33. Spier SJ, Leutenegger CM, Carroll SP, Loye JE, Pusterla JB, Carpenter TE, Mihalyi JE, Madigan JE. Use of a real-time polymerase chain reaction-based fluorogenic 5' nuclease assay to evaluate insect vectors of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infections in horses. Am J Vet Res. 2004 Jun; 65(6):829-34. PMID: 15198224.
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    34. Hassel DM, Rakestraw PC, Gardner IA, Spier SJ, Snyder JR. Dietary risk factors and colonic pH and mineral concentrations in horses with enterolithiasis. J Vet Intern Med. 2004 May-Jun; 18(3):346-9. PMID: 15188822.
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    35. Perkins SL, Magdesian KG, Thomas WP, Spier SJ. Pericarditis and pleuritis caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in a horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004 Apr 01; 224(7):1133-8, 1112. PMID: 15074860.
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    36. Farstvedt EG, Hendrickson DA, Dickenson CE, Spier SJ. Treatment of suppurative facial cellulitis and panniculitis caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in two horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004 Apr 01; 224(7):1139-42, 1112. PMID: 15074861.
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    37. Van Hoogmoed LM, Nieto JE, Spier SJ, Snyder JR. In vivo investigation of the efficacy of a customized solution to attenuate injury following low-flow ischemia and reperfusion injury in the jejunum of horses. Am J Vet Res. 2004 Apr; 65(4):485-90. PMID: 15077692.
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    38. Valdez SC, Nieto JE, Spier SJ, Owens SD, Beldomenico P, Snyder JR. Effect of an external nasal dilator strip on cytologic characteristics of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in Thoroughbred racehorses. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004 Feb 15; 224(4):558-61. PMID: 14989550.
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    39. Nieto JE, Snyder JR, Beldomenico P, Aleman M, Kerr JW, Spier SJ. Prevalence of gastric ulcers in endurance horses--a preliminary report. Vet J. 2004 Jan; 167(1):33-7. PMID: 14623148.
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    40. Pusterla N, Watson JL, Wilson WD, Affolter VK, Spier SJ. Cutaneous and ocular habronemiasis in horses: 63 cases (1988-2002). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2003 Apr 01; 222(7):978-82. PMID: 12685790.
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    41. Nieto JE, Snyder JR, Vatistas NJ, Spier SJ, Van Hoogmoed L. Use of an active intra-abdominal drain in 67 horses. Vet Surg. 2003 Jan-Feb; 32(1):1-7. PMID: 12520484.
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    42. Nieto JE, Spier S, Pipers FS, Stanley S, Aleman MR, Smith DC, Snyder JR. Comparison of paste and suspension formulations of omeprazole in the healing of gastric ulcers in racehorses in active training. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2002 Oct 15; 221(8):1139-43. PMID: 12387383.
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    43. Pusterla N, Pusterla JB, Spier SJ, Puget B, Watson JL. Evaluation of the SNAP foal IgG test for the semiquantitative measurement of immunoglobulin G in foals. Vet Rec. 2002 Aug 31; 151(9):258-60. PMID: 12233826.
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    44. Nieto JE, Van Hoogmoed LM, Spier SJ, Vatistas NJ, Snyder JR, Timmerman BL. Use of an extracorporeal circuit to evaluate effects of intraluminal distention and decompression on the equine jejunum. Am J Vet Res. 2002 Feb; 63(2):267-75. PMID: 11843129.
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    45. White SD, Rosychuk RA, Outerbridge CA, Fieseler KV, Spier S, Ihrke PJ, Chapman PL. Thiopurine methyltransferase in red blood cells of dogs, cats, and horses. J Vet Intern Med. 2000 Sep-Oct; 14(5):499-502. PMID: 11012112.
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    46. Van Hoogmoed L, Rodger LD, Spier SJ, Gardner IA, Yarbrough TB, Snyder JR. Evaluation of peritoneal fluid pH, glucose concentration, and lactate dehydrogenase activity for detection of septic peritonitis in horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1999 Apr 01; 214(7):1032-6. PMID: 10200799.
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    47. Costa LR, Spier SJ, Hirsh DC. Comparative molecular characterization of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis of different origin. Vet Microbiol. 1998 May; 62(2):135-43. PMID: 9695286.
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    48. Parraga ME, Spier SJ, Thurmond M, Hirsh D. A clinical trial of probiotic administration for prevention of Salmonella shedding in the postoperative period in horses with colic. J Vet Intern Med. 1997 Jan-Feb; 11(1):36-41. PMID: 9132482.
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    49. Carr EA, Spier SJ, Kortz GD, Hoffman EP. Laryngeal and pharyngeal dysfunction in horses homozygous for hyperkalemic periodic paralysis. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1996 Aug 15; 209(4):798-803. PMID: 8756883.
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    50. Aleman M, Spier SJ, Wilson WD, Doherr M. Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in horses: 538 cases (1982-1993). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1996 Aug 15; 209(4):804-9. PMID: 8756884.
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    51. Bowling AT, Byrns G, Spier S. Evidence for a single pedigree source of the hyperkalemic periodic paralysis susceptibility gene in quarter horses. Anim Genet. 1996 Aug; 27(4):279-81. PMID: 8856926.
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    52. Zhou J, Spier SJ, Beech J, Hoffman EP. Pathophysiology of sodium channelopathies: correlation of normal/mutant mRNA ratios with clinical phenotype in dominantly inherited periodic paralysis. Hum Mol Genet. 1994 Sep; 3(9):1599-603. PMID: 7833917.
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    53. Spier SJ. Salmonellosis. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 1993 Aug; 9(2):385-97. PMID: 8358651.
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    54. Pickar JG, Spier SJ, Harrold D, Carlsen RC. [3H]ouabain binding in skeletal muscle from horses with hyperkalemic periodic paralysis. Am J Vet Res. 1993 May; 54(5):783-7. PMID: 8391230.
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    55. Spier SJ, Carlson GP, Harrold D, Bowling A, Byrns G, Bernoco D. Genetic study of hyperkalemic periodic paralysis in horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1993 Mar 15; 202(6):933-7. PMID: 8468218.
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    56. Kemper T, Spier S, Barratt-Boyes SM, Hoffman R. Treatment of smoke inhalation in five horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1993 Jan 01; 202(1):91-4. PMID: 8420913.
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    57. Dart AJ, Snyder JR, Spier SJ, Sullivan KE. Ionized calcium concentration in horses with surgically managed gastrointestinal disease: 147 cases (1988-1990). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1992 Oct 15; 201(8):1244-8. PMID: 1429169.
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    58. Rudolph JA, Spier SJ, Byrns G, Rojas CV, Bernoco D, Hoffman EP. Periodic paralysis in quarter horses: a sodium channel mutation disseminated by selective breeding. Nat Genet. 1992 Oct; 2(2):144-7. PMID: 1338908.
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    59. Da Roden L, Smith BP, Spier SJ, Dilling GW. Effect of calf age and Salmonella bacterin type on ability to produce immunoglobulins directed against Salmonella whole cells or lipopolysaccharide. Am J Vet Res. 1992 Oct; 53(10):1895-9. PMID: 1456538.
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    60. Rudolph JA, Spier SJ, Byrns G, Hoffman EP. Linkage of hyperkalaemic periodic paralysis in quarter horses to the horse adult skeletal muscle sodium channel gene. Anim Genet. 1992; 23(3):241-50. PMID: 1323940.
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    61. Spier SJ, Smith BP, Cullor JS, Olander HJ, Roden LD, Dilling GW. Persistent experimental Salmonella dublin intramammary infection in dairy cows. J Vet Intern Med. 1991 Nov-Dec; 5(6):341-50. PMID: 1779428.
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    62. Pickar JG, Spier SJ, Snyder JR, Carlsen RC. Altered ionic permeability in skeletal muscle from horses with hyperkalemic periodic paralysis. Am J Physiol. 1991 May; 260(5 Pt 1):C926-33. PMID: 2035619.
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    63. Spier SJ, Smith BP, Tyler JW, Cullor JS, Dilling GW, Da Pfaff L. Use of ELISA for detection of immunoglobulins G and M that recognize Salmonella dublin lipopolysaccharide for prediction of carrier status in cattle. Am J Vet Res. 1990 Dec; 51(12):1900-4. PMID: 2085214.
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    64. Spier SJ, Carlson GP, Holliday TA, Cardinet GH, Pickar JG. Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis in horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1990 Oct 15; 197(8):1009-17. PMID: 2243032.
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    65. Tyler JW, Cullor JS, Spier SJ, Smith BP. Immunity targeting common core antigens of gram-negative bacteria. J Vet Intern Med. 1990 Jan-Feb; 4(1):17-25. PMID: 2407840.
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    66. Snyder JR, Pascoe JR, Olander HJ, Spier SJ, Meagher DM, Bleifer DR. Strangulating volvulus of the ascending colon in horses. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1989 Sep 15; 195(6):757-64. PMID: 2793543.
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    67. Ostrowski SR, Smith BP, Spier SJ, Norman BB, Oliver MN. Compensatory weight gain in steers recovered from oak bud toxicosis. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1989 Aug 15; 195(4):481-4. PMID: 2777689.
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    68. Spier SJ, Meagher DM. Perioperative medical care for equine abdominal surgery. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 1989 Aug; 5(2):429-43. PMID: 2670117.
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    69. Spier SJ, Lavoie JP, Cullor JS, Smith BP, Snyder JR, Sischo WM. Protection against clinical endotoxemia in horses by using plasma containing antibody to an Rc mutant E. coli (J5). Circ Shock. 1989 Jul; 28(3):235-48. PMID: 2670308.
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    70. Spier SJ, Smith BP, Seawright AA, Norman BB, Ostrowski SR, Oliver MN. Oak toxicosis in cattle in northern California: clinical and pathologic findings. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1987 Oct 15; 191(8):958-64. PMID: 3679990.
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    71. Spier S, Carlson GP, Nyland TG, Snyder JR, Fischer PE. Splenic hematoma and abscess as a cause of chronic weight loss in a horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1986 Sep 01; 189(5):557-9. PMID: 3531125.
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    72. Spier SJ, Madewell BR, Zinkl JG, Ryan AM. Acute myelomonocytic leukemia in a horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1986 Apr 15; 188(8):861-3. PMID: 3458690.
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    73. Spier S. Arterial thrombosis as the cause of lameness in a foal. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1985 Jul 15; 187(2):164-5. PMID: 4030453.
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    74. Fischer AT, Spier S, Carlson GP, Hackett RP. Neoplasia of the equine urinary bladder as a cause of hematuria. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1985 Jun 15; 186(12):1294-6. PMID: 4019287.
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