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Patricia A Conrad

Title(s)Associate Dean, SCHOOL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
Phone(530)219-4079
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Leica SP8 Confocal with Hyvolution2 Deconvolution
    NIH S10OD024996Apr 1, 2018 - Mar 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Hamamatsu Nanozoomer S60 Digital Whole Slide Scanner
    NIH S10OD024981Mar 6, 2018 - Mar 5, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Acquisition of a Leica TCS SP5 Confocal Microscope For A Multi-User Facility
    NIH S10OD016164Jul 15, 2013 - Jul 14, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Acquisition of a Leica SCN400 Slide Scanning System For Use In A Multi-User Facil
    NIH/NCRR S10RR031845Apr 1, 2011 - Mar 31, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Typhoon Trio Variable Mode Imager For Use In Multi-User Facility
    NIH/NCRR S10RR024536Feb 15, 2008 - Feb 14, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cyto Vision Workstation For Use In Multi-User Facility
    NIH/NCRR S10RR021228May 1, 2005 - Apr 30, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Leica AOBS confocal for Use in Multi-User Facility
    NIH/NCRR S10RR017980Apr 1, 2004 - Mar 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HUMAN BABESIA
    NIH/NIAID R29AI034427Jul 1, 1993 - Jun 30, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Shapiro K, VanWormer E, Packham A, Dodd E, Conrad PA, Miller M. Type X strains of Toxoplasma gondii are virulent for southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) and present in felids from nearby watersheds. Proc Biol Sci. 2019 Aug 28; 286(1909):20191334. PMID: 31431162.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Berrian AM, Martínez-López B, Quan V, Conrad PA, van Rooyen J, Simpson GJG, Frean J, Weyer J, Rossouw J, Knobel D, Blumberg L. Risk factors for bacterial zoonotic pathogens in acutely febrile patients in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. Zoonoses Public Health. 2019 08; 66(5):458-469. PMID: 30859717.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Wilkes MS, Conrad PA, Winer JN. One Health-One Education: Medical and Veterinary Inter-Professional Training. J Vet Med Educ. 2019 Spring; 46(1):14-20. PMID: 30418808.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Swei A, O'Connor KE, Couper LI, Thekkiniath J, Conrad PA, Padgett KA, Burns J, Yoshimizu MH, Gonzales B, Munk B, Shirkey N, Konde L, Ben Mamoun C, Lane RS, Kjemtrup A. Evidence for transmission of the zoonotic apicomplexan parasite Babesia duncani by the tick Dermacentor albipictus. Int J Parasitol. 2019 02; 49(2):95-103. PMID: 30367862.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Burgess TL, Tim Tinker M, Miller MA, Bodkin JL, Murray MJ, Saarinen JA, Nichol LM, Larson S, Conrad PA, Johnson CK. Defining the risk landscape in the context of pathogen pollution: Toxoplasma gondii in sea otters along the Pacific Rim. R Soc Open Sci. 2018 Jul; 5(7):171178. PMID: 30109036.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Berrian AM, Smith MH, van Rooyen J, Martínez-López B, Plank MN, Smith WA, Conrad PA. A community-based One Health education program for disease risk mitigation at the human-animal interface. One Health. 2018 Jun; 5:9-20. PMID: 29270459.
      View in: PubMed
    7. James KE, Smith WA, Conrad PA, Packham AE, Guerrero L, Ng M, Pusterla N. Seroprevalences of anti-Sarcocystis neurona and anti-Neospora hughesi antibodies among healthy equids in the United States. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2017 Jun 01; 250(11):1291-1301. PMID: 28509641.
      View in: PubMed
    8. James KE, Smith WA, Packham AE, Conrad PA, Pusterla N. Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence and association with equine protozoal myeloencephalitis: A case-control study of Californian horses. Vet J. 2017 Jun; 224:38-43. PMID: 28697873.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Miller MA, Burgess TL, Dodd EM, Rhyan JC, Jang SS, Byrne BA, Gulland FM, Murray MJ, Toy-Choutka S, Conrad PA, Field CL, Sidor IF, Smith WA. ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A NOVEL MARINE BRUCELLA FROM A SOUTHERN SEA OTTER (ENHYDRA LUTRIS NEREIS), CALIFORNIA, USA. J Wildl Dis. 2017 04; 53(2):215-227. PMID: 28151078.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Poulsen A, Fritz H, Clifford DL, Conrad P, Roy A, Glueckert E, Foley J. PREVALENCE AND POTENTIAL IMPACT OF TOXOPLASMA GONDII ON THE ENDANGERED AMARGOSA VOLE (MICROTUS CALIFORNICUS SCIRPENSIS), CALIFORNIA, USA. J Wildl Dis. 2017 01; 53(1):62-72. PMID: 27690194.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Schott KC, Krusor C, Tinker MT, Moore J, Conrad PA, Shapiro K. Concentration and retention of Toxoplasma gondii surrogates from seawater by red abalone (Haliotis rufescens). Parasitology. 2016 11; 143(13):1703-1712. PMID: 27573192.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Shender L, Niemela M, Conrad P, Goldstein T, Mazet J. Habitat Management to Reduce Human Exposure to Trypanosoma cruzi and Western Conenose Bugs (Triatoma protracta). Ecohealth. 2016 09; 13(3):525-534. PMID: 27515118.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Adell AD, McBride G, Wuertz S, Conrad PA, Smith WA. Comparison of human and southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) health risks for infection with protozoa in nearshore waters. Water Res. 2016 Nov 01; 104:220-230. PMID: 27525585.
      View in: PubMed
    14. VanWormer E, Carpenter TE, Singh P, Shapiro K, Wallender WW, Conrad PA, Largier JL, Maneta MP, Mazet JA. Coastal development and precipitation drive pathogen flow from land to sea: evidence from a Toxoplasma gondii and felid host system. Sci Rep. 2016 07 26; 6:29252. PMID: 27456911.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Berrian AM, van Rooyen J, Martínez-López B, Knobel D, Simpson GJ, Wilkes MS, Conrad PA. One Health profile of a community at the wildlife-domestic animal interface, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Prev Vet Med. 2016 Aug 01; 130:119-28. PMID: 27435655.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Michaels L, Rejmanek D, Aguilar B, Conrad P, Shapiro K. California mussels (Mytilus californianus) as sentinels for marine contamination with Sarcocystis neurona. Parasitology. 2016 05; 143(6):762-9. PMID: 27003262.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Girard YA, Johnson CK, Fritz HM, Shapiro K, Packham AE, Melli AC, Carlson-Bremer D, Gulland FM, Rejmanek D, Conrad PA. Detection and characterization of diverse coccidian protozoa shed by California sea lions. Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl. 2016 Apr; 5(1):5-16. PMID: 27141438.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Shapiro K, Miller MA, Packham AE, Aguilar B, Conrad PA, Vanwormer E, Murray MJ. Dual congenital transmission of Toxoplasma gondii and Sarcocystis neurona in a late-term aborted pup from a chronically infected southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis). Parasitology. 2016 Mar; 143(3):276-88. PMID: 26494610.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Aleman M, Shapiro K, Sisó S, Williams DC, Rejmanek D, Aguilar B, Conrad PA. Sarcocystis fayeri in skeletal muscle of horses with neuromuscular disease. Neuromuscul Disord. 2016 Jan; 26(1):85-93. PMID: 26522989.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Pusterla N, Packham A, Mackie S, Kass PH, Hunyadi L, Conrad PA. Daily feeding of diclazuril top dress pellets in foals reduces seroconversion to Sarcocystis neurona. Vet J. 2015 Nov; 206(2):236-8. PMID: 26346260.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Krusor C, Smith WA, Tinker MT, Silver M, Conrad PA, Shapiro K. Concentration and retention of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts by marine snails demonstrate a novel mechanism for transmission of terrestrial zoonotic pathogens in coastal ecosystems. Environ Microbiol. 2015 Nov; 17(11):4527-37. PMID: 26033089.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Carlson-Bremer D, Colegrove KM, Gulland FM, Conrad PA, Mazet JA, Johnson CK. Epidemiology and pathology of Toxoplasma gondii in free-ranging California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). J Wildl Dis. 2015 Apr; 51(2):362-73. PMID: 25588007.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Shapiro K, VanWormer E, Aguilar B, Conrad PA. Surveillance for Toxoplasma gondii in California mussels (Mytilus californianus) reveals transmission of atypical genotypes from land to sea. Environ Microbiol. 2015 Nov; 17(11):4177-88. PMID: 25367256.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Shapiro K, Krusor C, Mazzillo FF, Conrad PA, Largier JL, Mazet JA, Silver MW. Aquatic polymers can drive pathogen transmission in coastal ecosystems. Proc Biol Sci. 2014 11 22; 281(1795). PMID: 25297861.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Adell AD, Smith WA, Shapiro K, Melli A, Conrad PA. Molecular epidemiology of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia spp. in mussels (Mytilus californianus) and California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) from Central California. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2014 Dec; 80(24):7732-40. PMID: 25281384.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Greig DJ, Gulland FM, Smith WA, Conrad PA, Field CL, Fleetwood M, Harvey JT, Ip HS, Jang S, Packham A, Wheeler E, Hall AJ. Surveillance for zoonotic and selected pathogens in harbor seals Phoca vitulina from central California. Dis Aquat Organ. 2014 Sep 30; 111(2):93-106. PMID: 25266897.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Pusterla N, Mackie S, Packham A, Conrad PA. Serological investigation of transplacental infection with Neospora hughesi and Sarcocystis neurona in broodmares. Vet J. 2014 Dec; 202(3):649-50. PMID: 25438732.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Shender LA, De Los Santos M, Montgomery JM, Conrad PA, Ghersi BM, Razuri H, Lescano AG, Mazet JA. Native rodent species are unlikely sources of infection for Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis along the Transoceanic Highway in Madre de Dios, Peru. PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e103358. PMID: 25062033.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Winer JN, Nakagawa K, Conrad PA, Brown L, Wilkes M. Evaluation of medical and veterinary students' attitudes toward a one health interprofessional curricular exercise. J Interprof Care. 2015 Jan; 29(1):49-54. PMID: 25051087.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Daniels ME, Hogan J, Smith WA, Oates SC, Miller MA, Hardin D, Shapiro K, Los Huertos M, Conrad PA, Dominik C, Watson FG. Estimating environmental conditions affecting protozoal pathogen removal in surface water wetland systems using a multi-scale, model-based approach. Sci Total Environ. 2014 Sep 15; 493:1036-46. PMID: 25016109.
      View in: PubMed
    31. VanWormer E, Miller MA, Conrad PA, Grigg ME, Rejmanek D, Carpenter TE, Mazet JA. Using molecular epidemiology to track Toxoplasma gondii from terrestrial carnivores to marine hosts: implications for public health and conservation. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014; 8(5):e2852. PMID: 24874796.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Courtenay M, Wilkes M, Conrad PA, Ragione RL, Reeves S. One Health: the importance of education and the impact of interprofessional interventions. Vet J. 2014 Sep; 201(3):241-2. PMID: 24881510.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Pusterla N, Tamez-Trevino E, White A, Vangeem J, Packham A, Conrad PA, Kass P. Comparison of prevalence factors in horses with and without seropositivity to Neospora hughesi and/or Sarcocystis neurona. Vet J. 2014 May; 200(2):332-4. PMID: 24703324.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Adell AD, Miller WA, Harvey DJ, Van Wormer E, Wuertz S, Conrad PA. Individual subject meta-analysis of parameters for Giardia duodenalis shedding in animal experimental models. Biomed Res Int. 2014; 2014:476142. PMID: 24800229.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Courtenay M, Conrad P, Wilkes M, La Ragione R, Fitzpatrick N. Interprofessional initiatives between the human health professions and veterinary medical students: a scoping review. J Interprof Care. 2014 Jul; 28(4):323-30. PMID: 24621114.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Hogan JN, Miller WA, Cranfield MR, Ramer J, Hassell J, Noheri JB, Conrad PA, Gilardi KV. Giardia in mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei), forest buffalo (Syncerus caffer), and domestic cattle in Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. J Wildl Dis. 2014 Jan; 50(1):21-30. PMID: 24171566.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Vanwormer E, Conrad PA, Miller MA, Melli AC, Carpenter TE, Mazet JA. Toxoplasma gondii, source to sea: higher contribution of domestic felids to terrestrial parasite loading despite lower infection prevalence. Ecohealth. 2013 Sep; 10(3):277-89. PMID: 24048652.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Awinda PO, Mealey RH, Williams LB, Conrad PA, Packham AE, Reif KE, Grause JF, Pelzel-McCluskey AM, Chung C, Bastos RG, Kappmeyer LS, Howe DK, Ness SL, Knowles DP, Ueti MW. Serum antibodies from a subset of horses positive for Babesia caballi by competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay demonstrate a protein recognition pattern that is not consistent with infection. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2013 Nov; 20(11):1752-7. PMID: 24049108.
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    39. Balow SA, Pierce LX, Zentner GE, Conrad PA, Davis S, Sabaawy HE, McDermott BM, Scacheri PC. Knockdown of fbxl10/kdm2bb rescues chd7 morphant phenotype in a zebrafish model of CHARGE syndrome. Dev Biol. 2013 Oct 01; 382(1):57-69. PMID: 23920116.
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    40. Pusterla N, Packham A, Wilson WD, White A, Bellamy P, Renier AC, Conrad PA. Short communication: evaluation of the kinetics of antibodies against Sarcocystis neurona in serum from seropositive healthy horses without neurological deficits treated with ponazuril paste. Vet Rec. 2013 Sep 14; 173(10):249. PMID: 23893215.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Conrad P, Sketris I, Langille-Ingram E. Participants' perceptions of a multidisciplinary training program for graduate and postgraduate students in drug use management and policy. Am J Pharm Educ. 2013 Jun 12; 77(5):102. PMID: 23788813.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Conrad PA, Meek LA, Dumit J. Operationalizing a One Health approach to global health challenges. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013 May; 36(3):211-6. PMID: 23711930.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Hogan JN, Daniels ME, Watson FG, Oates SC, Miller MA, Conrad PA, Shapiro K, Hardin D, Dominik C, Melli A, Jessup DA, Miller WA. Hydrologic and vegetative removal of Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia, and Toxoplasma gondii Surrogate microspheres in coastal wetlands. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013 Mar; 79(6):1859-65. PMID: 23315738.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Marcotty T, Thys E, Conrad P, Godfroid J, Craig P, Zinsstag J, Meheus F, Boukary AR, Badé MA, Sahibi H, Filali H, Hendrickx S, Pissang C, Van Herp M, van der Roost D, Thys S, Hendrickx D, Claes M, Demeulenaere T, van Mierlo J, Dehoux JP, Boelaert M. Intersectoral collaboration between the medical and veterinary professions in low-resource societies: The role of research and training institutions. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013 May; 36(3):233-9. PMID: 23260374.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Roug A, Byrne BA, Conrad PA, Miller WA. Zoonotic fecal pathogens and antimicrobial resistance in county fair animals. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013 May; 36(3):303-8. PMID: 23260373.
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    46. Shapiro K, Miller WA, Silver MW, Odagiri M, Largier JL, Conrad PA, Mazet JA. Research commentary: Association of zoonotic pathogens with fresh, estuarine, and marine macroaggregates. Microb Ecol. 2013 May; 65(4):928-33. PMID: 23250114.
      View in: PubMed
    47. VanWormer E, Fritz H, Shapiro K, Mazet JA, Conrad PA. Molecules to modeling: Toxoplasma gondii oocysts at the human-animal-environment interface. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013 May; 36(3):217-31. PMID: 23218130.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Adell AD, Miller WA, Harvey DJ, Vanwormer E, Wuertz S, Conrad PA. Individual subject meta-analysis of parameters for Cryptosporidium parvum shedding and diarrhoea in animal experimental models. Epidemiol Infect. 2013 Aug; 141(8):1662-78. PMID: 23068915.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Oates SC, Miller MA, Hardin D, Conrad PA, Melli A, Jessup DA, Dominik C, Roug A, Tinker MT, Miller WA. Prevalence, environmental loading, and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium and Giardia isolates from domestic and wild animals along the Central California Coast. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012 Dec; 78(24):8762-72. PMID: 23042185.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Hogan JN, Daniels ME, Watson FG, Conrad PA, Oates SC, Miller MA, Hardin D, Byrne BA, Dominik C, Melli A, Jessup DA, Miller WA. Longitudinal Poisson regression to evaluate the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and fecal indicator bacteria in coastal California wetlands. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012 May; 78(10):3606-13. PMID: 22427504.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Fritz HM, Buchholz KR, Chen X, Durbin-Johnson B, Rocke DM, Conrad PA, Boothroyd JC. Transcriptomic analysis of toxoplasma development reveals many novel functions and structures specific to sporozoites and oocysts. PLoS One. 2012; 7(2):e29998. PMID: 22347997.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Anderson M, Barr B, Rowe J, Conrad P. Neosporosis in dairy cattle. Jpn J Vet Res. 2012 Feb; 60 Suppl:S51-4. PMID: 22458200.
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    53. Fritz HM, Bowyer PW, Bogyo M, Conrad PA, Boothroyd JC. Proteomic analysis of fractionated Toxoplasma oocysts reveals clues to their environmental resistance. PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e29955. PMID: 22279555.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Woodroffe R, Prager KC, Munson L, Conrad PA, Dubovi EJ, Mazet JA. Contact with domestic dogs increases pathogen exposure in endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e30099. PMID: 22238695.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Carlson-Bremer D, Johnson CK, Miller RH, Gulland FM, Conrad PA, Wasmuth JD, Colegrove KM, Grigg ME. Identification of two novel coccidian species shed by California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). J Parasitol. 2012 Apr; 98(2):347-54. PMID: 22091999.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Buchholz KR, Fritz HM, Chen X, Durbin-Johnson B, Rocke DM, Ferguson DJ, Conrad PA, Boothroyd JC. Identification of tissue cyst wall components by transcriptome analysis of in vivo and in vitro Toxoplasma gondii bradyzoites. Eukaryot Cell. 2011 Dec; 10(12):1637-47. PMID: 22021236.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Fritz H, Barr B, Packham A, Melli A, Conrad PA. Methods to produce and safely work with large numbers of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts and bradyzoite cysts. J Microbiol Methods. 2012 Jan; 88(1):47-52. PMID: 22037023.
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    58. Goldstein T, Gill VA, Tuomi P, Monson D, Burdin A, Conrad PA, Dunn JL, Field C, Johnson C, Jessup DA, Bodkin J, Doroff AM. Assessment of clinical pathology and pathogen exposure in sea otters (Enhydra lutris) bordering the threatened population in Alaska. J Wildl Dis. 2011 Jul; 47(3):579-92. PMID: 21719822.
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    59. Colegrove KM, Grigg ME, Carlson-Bremer D, Miller RH, Gulland FM, Ferguson DJ, Rejmanek D, Barr BC, Nordhausen R, Melli AC, Conrad PA. Discovery of three novel coccidian parasites infecting California sea lions (Zalophus californianus), with evidence of sexual replication and interspecies pathogenicity. J Parasitol. 2011 Oct; 97(5):868-77. PMID: 21495828.
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    60. Tsai YL, Chomel BB, Chang CC, Kass PH, Conrad PA, Chuang ST. Bartonella and Babesia infections in cattle and their ticks in Taiwan. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011 Mar; 34(2):179-87. PMID: 21194750.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Pusterla N, Conrad PA, Packham AE, Mapes SM, Finno CJ, Gardner IA, Barr BC, Ferraro GL, Wilson WD. Endogenous transplacental transmission of Neospora hughesi in naturally infected horses. J Parasitol. 2011 Apr; 97(2):281-5. PMID: 21506870.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Lewis DJ, Atwill ER, Lennox MS, Pereira MD, Miller WA, Conrad PA, Tate KW. Management of microbial contamination in storm runoff from California coastal dairy pastures. J Environ Qual. 2010 Sep-Oct; 39(5):1782-9. PMID: 21043283.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Shapiro K, Conrad PA, Mazet JA, Wallender WW, Miller WA, Largier JL. Effect of estuarine wetland degradation on transport of Toxoplasma gondii surrogates from land to sea. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010 Oct; 76(20):6821-8. PMID: 20802072.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Schriewer A, Miller WA, Byrne BA, Miller MA, Oates S, Conrad PA, Hardin D, Yang HH, Chouicha N, Melli A, Jessup D, Dominik C, Wuertz S. Presence of Bacteroidales as a predictor of pathogens in surface waters of the central California coast. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010 Sep; 76(17):5802-14. PMID: 20639358.
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    65. Rejmanek D, Vanwormer E, Mazet JA, Packham AE, Aguilar B, Conrad PA. Congenital transmission of Toxoplasma gondii in deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) after oral oocyst infection. J Parasitol. 2010 Jun; 96(3):516-20. PMID: 20557196.
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    66. Miller MA, Conrad PA, Harris M, Hatfield B, Langlois G, Jessup DA, Magargal SL, Packham AE, Toy-Choutka S, Melli AC, Murray MA, Gulland FM, Grigg ME. A protozoal-associated epizootic impacting marine wildlife: mass-mortality of southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) due to Sarcocystis neurona infection. Vet Parasitol. 2010 Sep 20; 172(3-4):183-94. PMID: 20615616.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Elmore SA, Jones JL, Conrad PA, Patton S, Lindsay DS, Dubey JP. Toxoplasma gondii: epidemiology, feline clinical aspects, and prevention. Trends Parasitol. 2010 Apr; 26(4):190-6. PMID: 20202907.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Wünschmann A, Rejmanek D, Conrad PA, Hall N, Cruz-Martinez L, Vaughn SB, Barr BC. Natural fatal Sarcocystis falcatula infections in free-ranging eagles in North America. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2010 Mar; 22(2):282-9. PMID: 20224094.
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    69. Rejmanek D, Miller MA, Grigg ME, Crosbie PR, Conrad PA. Molecular characterization of Sarcocystis neurona strains from opossums (Didelphis virginiana) and intermediate hosts from Central California. Vet Parasitol. 2010 May 28; 170(1-2):20-9. PMID: 20226596.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Wendte JM, Miller MA, Nandra AK, Peat SM, Crosbie PR, Conrad PA, Grigg ME. Limited genetic diversity among Sarcocystis neurona strains infecting southern sea otters precludes distinction between marine and terrestrial isolates. Vet Parasitol. 2010 Apr 19; 169(1-2):37-44. PMID: 20071081.
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    71. Conrad PA, Mazet JA, Clifford D, Scott C, Wilkes M. Evolution of a transdisciplinary "One Medicine-One Health" approach to global health education at the University of California, Davis. Prev Vet Med. 2009 Dec 01; 92(4):268-74. PMID: 19819575.
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    72. Shapiro K, Mazet JA, Schriewer A, Wuertz S, Fritz H, Miller WA, Largier J, Conrad PA. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts and surrogate microspheres in water using ultrafiltration and capsule filtration. Water Res. 2010 Feb; 44(3):893-903. PMID: 19836820.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Wainwright KE, Lagunas-Solar M, Miller MA, Barr BC, Melli AC, Packham AE, Zeng N, Truong T, Conrad PA. Radiofrequency-induced thermal inactivation of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in water. Zoonoses Public Health. 2010 Feb; 57(1):74-81. PMID: 19744299.
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    74. Dabritz HA, Conrad PA. Cats and Toxoplasma: implications for public health. Zoonoses Public Health. 2010 Feb; 57(1):34-52. PMID: 19744306.
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    75. Rejmanek D, Vanwormer E, Miller MA, Mazet JA, Nichelason AE, Melli AC, Packham AE, Jessup DA, Conrad PA. Prevalence and risk factors associated with Sarcocystis neurona infections in opossums (Didelphis virginiana) from central California. Vet Parasitol. 2009 Dec 03; 166(1-2):8-14. PMID: 19735983.
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    76. Miller MA, Barr BC, Nordhausen R, James ER, Magargal SL, Murray M, Conrad PA, Toy-Choutka S, Jessup DA, Grigg ME. Ultrastructural and molecular confirmation of the development of Sarcocystis neurona tissue cysts in the central nervous system of southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis). Int J Parasitol. 2009 Oct; 39(12):1363-72. PMID: 19527725.
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    77. Johnson CK, Tinker MT, Estes JA, Conrad PA, Staedler M, Miller MA, Jessup DA, Mazet JA. Prey choice and habitat use drive sea otter pathogen exposure in a resource-limited coastal system. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Feb 17; 106(7):2242-7. PMID: 19164513.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Lewis DJ, Atwill ER, Lennox MS, Pereira MD, Miller WA, Conrad PA, Tate KW. Reducing microbial contamination in storm runoff from high use areas on California coastal dairies. Water Sci Technol. 2009; 60(7):1731-43. PMID: 19809136.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Shapiro K, Largier J, Mazet JA, Bernt W, Ell JR, Melli AC, Conrad PA. Surface properties of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts and surrogate microspheres. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009 Feb; 75(4):1185-91. PMID: 19060174.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Gaydos JK, Miller WA, Johnson C, Zornetzer H, Melli A, Packham A, Jeffries SJ, Lance MM, Conrad PA. Novel and canine genotypes of Giardia duodenalis in harbor seals ( Phoca vitulina richardsi). J Parasitol. 2008 Dec; 94(6):1264-8. PMID: 18576720.
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    81. Imai D, Jang S, Miller M, Conrad PA. Characterization of beta-hemolytic streptococci isolated from southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) stranded along the California coast. Vet Microbiol. 2009 May 12; 136(3-4):378-81. PMID: 19117701.
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    82. Nichelason AE, Rejmanek D, Dabritz HA, Melli AC, Miller M, Conrad PA. Evaluation of Cruzia americana, Turgida turgida, and Didelphostrongylus hayesi infection in the Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) and risk factors along the California coast. J Parasitol. 2008 Oct; 94(5):1166-8. PMID: 18973414.
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    99. Gaydos JK, Miller WA, Gilardi KV, Melli A, Schwantje H, Engelstoft C, Fritz H, Conrad PA. Cryptosporidium and Giardia in marine-foraging river otters (Lontra canadensis) from the Puget Sound Georgia Basin ecosystem. J Parasitol. 2007 Feb; 93(1):198-202. PMID: 17436965.
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    104. Pusterla N, Wilson WD, Conrad PA, Barr BC, Ferraro GL, Daft BM, Leutenegger CM. Cytokine gene signatures in neural tissue of horses with equine protozoal myeloencephalitis or equine herpes type 1 myeloencephalopathy. Vet Rec. 2006 Sep 09; 159(11):341-6. PMID: 16963713.
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    175. Yamane I, Kokuho T, Shimura K, Eto M, Haritani M, Ouchi Y, Sverlow KW, Conrad PA. In vitro isolation of a bovine Neospora in Japan. Vet Rec. 1996 Jun 29; 138(26):652. PMID: 8817866.
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    180. Wongtavatchai J, Conrad PA, Hedrick RP. Effect of the microsporidian Enterocytozoon salmonis on the immune response of chinook salmon. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1995 Oct; 48(3-4):367-74. PMID: 8578694.
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    183. Persing DH, Herwaldt BL, Glaser C, Lane RS, Thomford JW, Mathiesen D, Krause PJ, Phillip DF, Conrad PA. Infection with a babesia-like organism in northern California. N Engl J Med. 1995 Feb 02; 332(5):298-303. PMID: 7816065.
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    184. Anderson ML, Barr BC, Conrad PA. Protozoal causes of reproductive failure in domestic ruminants. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 1994 Nov; 10(3):439-61. PMID: 7728629.
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    185. Barr BC, Conrad PA, Sverlow KW, Tarantal AF, Hendrickx AG. Experimental fetal and transplacental Neospora infection in the nonhuman primate. Lab Invest. 1994 Aug; 71(2):236-42. PMID: 8078303.
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    186. Thomford JW, Conrad PA, Telford SR, Mathiesen D, Bowman BH, Spielman A, Eberhard ML, Herwaldt BL, Quick RE, Persing DH. Cultivation and phylogenetic characterization of a newly recognized human pathogenic protozoan. J Infect Dis. 1994 May; 169(5):1050-6. PMID: 8169390.
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    187. Krause PJ, Telford SR, Ryan R, Conrad PA, Wilson M, Thomford JW, Spielman A. Diagnosis of babesiosis: evaluation of a serologic test for the detection of Babesia microti antibody. J Infect Dis. 1994 Apr; 169(4):923-6. PMID: 8133112.
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    189. Ho MS, Conrad PA, Conrad PJ, LeFebvre RB, Perez E, BonDurant RH. Detection of bovine trichomoniasis with a specific DNA probe and PCR amplification system. J Clin Microbiol. 1994 Jan; 32(1):98-104. PMID: 8126211.
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    192. Quick RE, Herwaldt BL, Thomford JW, Garnett ME, Eberhard ML, Wilson M, Spach DH, Dickerson JW, Telford SR, Steingart KR, Pollock R, Persing DH, Kobayashi JM, Juranek DD, Conrad PA. Babesiosis in Washington State: a new species of Babesia? Ann Intern Med. 1993 Aug 15; 119(4):284-90. PMID: 8328736.
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    193. Goff WL, Jessup DA, Waldrup KA, Thomford JW, Conrad PA, Boyce WM, Gorham JR, Wagner GG. The isolation and partial characterization of a Babesia sp. from desert bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni). J Eukaryot Microbiol. 1993 May-Jun; 40(3):237-43. PMID: 8508161.
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    194. Conrad PA, Barr BC, Sverlow KW, Anderson M, Daft B, Kinde H, Dubey JP, Munson L, Ardans A. In vitro isolation and characterization of a Neospora sp. from aborted bovine foetuses. Parasitology. 1993 Apr; 106 ( Pt 3):239-49. PMID: 8488061.
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    195. Thomford JW, Conrad PA, Boyce WM, Holman PJ, Jessup DA. Isolation and in vitro cultivation of Babesia parasites from free-ranging desert bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) in California. J Parasitol. 1993 Feb; 79(1):77-84. PMID: 8437062.
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    196. Barr BC, Conrad PA, Breitmeyer R, Sverlow K, Anderson ML, Reynolds J, Chauvet AE, Dubey JP, Ardans AA. Congenital Neospora infection in calves born from cows that had previously aborted Neospora-infected fetuses: four cases (1990-1992). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1993 Jan 01; 202(1):113-7. PMID: 8420896.
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    197. Persing DH, Mathiesen D, Marshall WF, Telford SR, Spielman A, Thomford JW, Conrad PA. Detection of Babesia microti by polymerase chain reaction. J Clin Microbiol. 1992 Aug; 30(8):2097-103. PMID: 1500517.
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    198. ole-MoiYoi OK, Sugimoto C, Conrad PA, Macklin MD. Cloning and characterization of the casein kinase II alpha subunit gene from the lymphocyte-transforming intracellular protozoan parasite Theileria parva. Biochemistry. 1992 Jul 14; 31(27):6193-202. PMID: 1378299.
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    199. Barr BC, Anderson ML, Woods LW, Dubey JP, Conrad PA. Neospora-like protozoal infections associated with abortion in goats. J Vet Diagn Invest. 1992 Jul; 4(3):365-7. PMID: 1515507.
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    200. Conrad PA, Thomford JW, Marsh A, Telford SR, Anderson JF, Spielman A, Sabin EA, Yamane I, Persing DH. Ribosomal DNA probe for differentiation of Babesia microti and B. gibsoni isolates. J Clin Microbiol. 1992 May; 30(5):1210-5. PMID: 1349901.
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    202. Sugimoto C, Mutharia LM, Brown WC, Pearson TW, Dolan TT, Conrad PA. Analysis of Theileria parva immunodominant schizont surface antigen by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting. Parasitol Res. 1992; 78(1):82-5. PMID: 1584754.
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    203. Conrad P, Thomford J, Yamane I, Whiting J, Bosma L, Uno T, Holshuh HJ, Shelly S. Hemolytic anemia caused by Babesia gibsoni infection in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1991 Sep 01; 199(5):601-5. PMID: 1787120.
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    205. Anderson ML, Blanchard PC, Barr BC, Dubey JP, Hoffman RL, Conrad PA. Neospora-like protozoan infection as a major cause of abortion in California dairy cattle. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1991 Jan 15; 198(2):241-4. PMID: 2004983.
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    206. Chen PP, Conrad PA, ole-MoiYoi OK, Brown WC, Dolan TT. DNA probes detect Theileria parva in the salivary glands of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus ticks. Parasitol Res. 1991; 77(7):590-4. PMID: 1792229.
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    208. Barr BC, Anderson ML, Blanchard PC, Daft BM, Kinde H, Conrad PA. Bovine fetal encephalitis and myocarditis associated with protozoal infections. Vet Pathol. 1990 Sep; 27(5):354-61. PMID: 2238388.
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    210. Sugimoto C, Mutharia LM, Conrad PA, Dolan TT, Brown WC, Goddeeris BM, Pearson TW. Protein changes in bovine lymphoblastoid cells induced by infection with the intracellular parasite Theileria parva. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1989 Dec; 37(2):159-69. PMID: 2514355.
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    211. Brown WC, Sugimoto C, Conrad PA, Grab DJ. Differential response of bovine T-cell lines to membrane and soluble antigens of Theileria parva schizont-infected cells. Parasite Immunol. 1989 Nov; 11(6):567-83. PMID: 2533341.
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    212. Conrad PA, Baldwin CL, Brown WC, Sohanpal B, Dolan TT, Goddeeris BM, Demartini JC, ole-MoiYoi OK. Infection of bovine T cell clones with genotypically distinct Theileria parva parasites and analysis of their cell surface phenotype. Parasitology. 1989 Oct; 99 Pt 2:205-13. PMID: 2574438.
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    213. Rossiter PB, Gumm ID, Stagg DA, Conrad PA, Mukolwe S, Davies FG, White H. Isolation of bovine herpesvirus-3 from African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer). Res Vet Sci. 1989 May; 46(3):337-43. PMID: 2662288.
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    215. Brown WC, Shaw MK, Conrad PA, Dolan TT. Theileria parva: reappearance of schizonts in infected lymphoblastoid cells treated with parvaquone is dependent on interleukin 2-like growth factors. Exp Parasitol. 1989 Apr; 68(3):308-25. PMID: 2495228.
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    217. Sugimoto C, Conrad PA, Ito S, Brown WC, Grab DJ. Isolation of Theileria parva schizonts from infected lymphoblastoid cells. Acta Trop. 1988 Sep; 45(3):203-16. PMID: 2903622.
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    218. Koch HT, Ocama JG, Munatswa FC, Byrom B, Norval RA, Spooner PR, Conrad PA, Irvin AD. Isolation and characterization of bovine Theileria parasites in Zimbabwe. Vet Parasitol. 1988 Apr; 28(1-2):19-32. PMID: 3133869.
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    219. Baldwin CL, Black SJ, Brown WC, Conrad PA, Goddeeris BM, Kinuthia SW, Lalor PA, MacHugh ND, Morrison WI, Morzaria SP. Bovine T cells, B cells, and null cells are transformed by the protozoan parasite Theileria parva. Infect Immun. 1988 Feb; 56(2):462-7. PMID: 3123392.
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    220. Conrad PA, Iams K, Brown WC, Sohanpal B, ole-MoiYoi OK. DNA probes detect genomic diversity in Theileria parva stocks. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1987 Oct; 25(3):213-26. PMID: 2892129.
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    221. Stagg DA, Conrad PA, Rossiter PB. Isolation of Theileria parva lawrencei-infected lymphoid cell lines from free-ranging African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer). Res Vet Sci. 1987 Jul; 43(1):124-6. PMID: 3114847.
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    223. Grootenhuis JG, Young AS, Stagg DA, Leitch BL, Dolan TT, Conrad PA. Infection of African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) and cattle with Theileria parva lawrencei after serial passage in cattle. Res Vet Sci. 1987 May; 42(3):326-30. PMID: 3112876.
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    224. Fawcett DW, Conrad PA, Grootenhuis JG, Morzaria SP. Ultrastructure of the intra-erythrocytic stage of Theileria species from cattle and waterbuck. Tissue Cell. 1987; 19(5):643-55. PMID: 3122362.
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    225. Baldwin CL, Malu MN, Kinuthia SW, Conrad PA, Grootenhuis JG. Comparative analysis of infection and transformation of lymphocytes from African buffalo and Boran cattle with Theileria parva subsp. parva and T. parva subsp. lawrencei. Infect Immun. 1986 Jul; 53(1):186-91. PMID: 3087880.
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    226. Conrad PA. Uptake of tritiated nucleic acid precursors by Babesia bovis in vitro. Int J Parasitol. 1986 Jun; 16(3):263-8. PMID: 3744669.
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    227. Conrad PA, Denham D, Brown CG. Intraerythrocytic multiplication of Theileria parva in vitro: an ultrastructural study. Int J Parasitol. 1986 Jun; 16(3):223-9. PMID: 3091518.
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    228. Conrad PA, Kelly BG, Brown CG. Intraerythrocytic schizogony of Theileria annulata. Parasitology. 1985 Aug; 91 ( Pt 1):67-82. PMID: 3929214.
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    229. Jones TW, Conrad PA. The use of Eriochrome Black A (diamond black) as a counterstain in fluorescent antibody staining techniques for the detection of antibodies to haemoprotozoa. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1983 Oct; 77(5):535-6. PMID: 6197942.
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