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Patricia Ann Conrad

TitleASSOC DEAN
InstitutionUniversity of California Davis
DepartmentVM: PATHOLOGY, MICRO, & IMMUN
Address5311 Vet Med 3A
CA 95616
Phone(530)219-4079
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Leica SP8 Confocal with Hyvolution2 Deconvolution
    NIH S10OD024996Apr 1, 2018 - Mar 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Hamamatsu Nanozoomer S60 Digital Whole Slide Scanner
    NIH S10OD024981Mar 6, 2018 - Mar 5, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Acquisition of a Leica TCS SP5 Confocal Microscope For A Multi-User Facility
    NIH S10OD016164Jul 15, 2013 - Jul 14, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Acquisition of a Leica SCN400 Slide Scanning System For Use In A Multi-User Facil
    NIH/NCRR S10RR031845Apr 1, 2011 - Mar 31, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Typhoon Trio Variable Mode Imager For Use In Multi-User Facility
    NIH/NCRR S10RR024536Feb 15, 2008 - Feb 14, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cyto Vision Workstation For Use In Multi-User Facility
    NIH/NCRR S10RR021228May 1, 2005 - Apr 30, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Leica AOBS confocal for Use in Multi-User Facility
    NIH/NCRR S10RR017980Apr 1, 2004 - Mar 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HUMAN BABESIA
    NIH/NIAID R29AI034427Jul 1, 1993 - Jun 30, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. O'Connor KE, Kjemtrup AM, Conrad P, Swei A. An Improved PCR Protocol for Detection of Babesia duncani in Wildlife and Vector Samples. J Parasitol. 2018 May 15. PMID: 29659338.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Berrian AM, Smith MH, van Rooyen J, Martínez-López B, Plank MN, Smith WA, Conrad P. A community-based One Health education program for disease risk mitigation at the human-animal interface. One Health. 2018 Jun; 5:9-20. PMID: 29270459.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Miller MA, Burgess TL, Dodd EM, Rhyan JC, Jang SS, Byrne BA, Gulland FM, Murray MJ, Toy-Choutka S, Conrad P, Field CL, Sidor IF, Smith WA. ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A NOVEL MARINE BRUCELLA FROM A SOUTHERN SEA OTTER (ENHYDRA LUTRIS NEREIS), CALIFORNIA, USA. J Wildl Dis. 2017 Apr; 53(2):215-227. PMID: 28151078.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Poulsen A, Fritz H, Clifford DL, Conrad P, Roy A, Glueckert E, Foley J. PREVALENCE AND POTENTIAL IMPACT OF TOXOPLASMA GONDII ON THE ENDANGERED AMARGOSA VOLE (MICROTUS CALIFORNICUS SCIRPENSIS), CALIFORNIA, USA. J Wildl Dis. 2017 Jan; 53(1):62-72. PMID: 27690194.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Schott KC, Krusor C, Tinker MT, Moore J, Conrad P, Shapiro K. Concentration and retention of Toxoplasma gondii surrogates from seawater by red abalone (Haliotis rufescens). Parasitology. 2016 11; 143(13):1703-1712. PMID: 27573192.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Shender L, Niemela M, Conrad P, Goldstein T, Mazet J. Habitat Management to Reduce Human Exposure to Trypanosoma cruzi and Western Conenose Bugs (Triatoma protracta). Ecohealth. 2016 09; 13(3):525-534. PMID: 27515118.
      View in: PubMed
    7. VanWormer E, Carpenter TE, Singh P, Shapiro K, Wallender WW, Conrad P, Largier JL, Maneta MP, Mazet JA. Coastal development and precipitation drive pathogen flow from land to sea: evidence from a Toxoplasma gondii and felid host system. Sci Rep. 2016 07 26; 6:29252. PMID: 27456911.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Berrian AM, van Rooyen J, Martínez-López B, Knobel D, Simpson GJ, Wilkes MS, Conrad P. One Health profile of a community at the wildlife-domestic animal interface, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Prev Vet Med. 2016 Aug 01; 130:119-28. PMID: 27435655.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Michaels L, Rejmanek D, Aguilar B, Conrad P, Shapiro K. California mussels (Mytilus californianus) as sentinels for marine contamination with Sarcocystis neurona. Parasitology. 2016 05; 143(6):762-9. PMID: 27003262.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Girard YA, Johnson CK, Fritz HM, Shapiro K, Packham AE, Melli AC, Carlson-Bremer D, Gulland FM, Rejmanek D, Conrad P. Detection and characterization of diverse coccidian protozoa shed by California sea lions. Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl. 2016 Apr; 5(1):5-16. PMID: 27141438; PMCID: PMC4840268.
    11. Shapiro K, Miller MA, Packham AE, Aguilar B, Conrad P, Vanwormer E, Murray MJ. Dual congenital transmission of Toxoplasma gondii and Sarcocystis neurona in a late-term aborted pup from a chronically infected southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis). Parasitology. 2016 Mar; 143(3):276-88. PMID: 26494610.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Aleman M, Shapiro K, Sisó S, Williams DC, Rejmanek D, Aguilar B, Conrad P. Sarcocystis fayeri in skeletal muscle of horses with neuromuscular disease. Neuromuscul Disord. 2016 Jan; 26(1):85-93. PMID: 26522989.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Pusterla N, Packham A, Mackie S, Kass PH, Hunyadi L, Conrad P. Daily feeding of diclazuril top dress pellets in foals reduces seroconversion to Sarcocystis neurona. Vet J. 2015 Nov; 206(2):236-8. PMID: 26346260.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Krusor C, Smith WA, Tinker MT, Silver M, Conrad P, Shapiro K. Concentration and retention of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts by marine snails demonstrate a novel mechanism for transmission of terrestrial zoonotic pathogens in coastal ecosystems. Environ Microbiol. 2015 Nov; 17(11):4527-37. PMID: 26033089.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Carlson-Bremer D, Colegrove KM, Gulland FM, Conrad P, Mazet JA, Johnson CK. Epidemiology and pathology of Toxoplasma gondii in free-ranging California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). J Wildl Dis. 2015 Apr; 51(2):362-73. PMID: 25588007.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Shapiro K, VanWormer E, Aguilar B, Conrad P. Surveillance for Toxoplasma gondii in California mussels (Mytilus californianus) reveals transmission of atypical genotypes from land to sea. Environ Microbiol. 2015 Nov; 17(11):4177-88. PMID: 25367256.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Shapiro K, Krusor C, Mazzillo FF, Conrad P, Largier JL, Mazet JA, Silver MW. Aquatic polymers can drive pathogen transmission in coastal ecosystems. Proc Biol Sci. 2014 11 22; 281(1795). PMID: 25297861; PMCID: PMC4213613.
    18. Greig DJ, Gulland FM, Smith WA, Conrad P, Field CL, Fleetwood M, Harvey JT, Ip HS, Jang S, Packham A, Wheeler E, Hall AJ. Surveillance for zoonotic and selected pathogens in harbor seals Phoca vitulina from central California. Dis Aquat Organ. 2014 Sep 30; 111(2):93-106. PMID: 25266897.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Pusterla N, Mackie S, Packham A, Conrad P. Serological investigation of transplacental infection with Neospora hughesi and Sarcocystis neurona in broodmares. Vet J. 2014 Dec; 202(3):649-50. PMID: 25438732.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Shender LA, De Los Santos M, Montgomery JM, Conrad P, Ghersi BM, Razuri H, Lescano AG, Mazet JA. Native rodent species are unlikely sources of infection for Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis along the Transoceanic Highway in Madre de Dios, Peru. PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e103358. PMID: 25062033; PMCID: PMC4111550.
    21. Winer JN, Nakagawa K, Conrad P, Brown L, Wilkes M. Evaluation of medical and veterinary students' attitudes toward a one health interprofessional curricular exercise. J Interprof Care. 2015 Jan; 29(1):49-54. PMID: 25051087.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Daniels ME, Hogan J, Smith WA, Oates SC, Miller MA, Hardin D, Shapiro K, Los Huertos M, Conrad P, Dominik C, Watson FG. Estimating environmental conditions affecting protozoal pathogen removal in surface water wetland systems using a multi-scale, model-based approach. Sci Total Environ. 2014 Sep 15; 493:1036-46. PMID: 25016109.
      View in: PubMed
    23. VanWormer E, Miller MA, Conrad P, Grigg ME, Rejmanek D, Carpenter TE, Mazet JA. Using molecular epidemiology to track Toxoplasma gondii from terrestrial carnivores to marine hosts: implications for public health and conservation. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014; 8(5):e2852. PMID: 24874796; PMCID: PMC4038486.
    24. Courtenay M, Wilkes M, Conrad P, Ragione RL, Reeves S. One Health: the importance of education and the impact of interprofessional interventions. Vet J. 2014 Sep; 201(3):241-2. PMID: 24881510.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Pusterla N, Tamez-Trevino E, White A, Vangeem J, Packham A, Conrad P, Kass P. Comparison of prevalence factors in horses with and without seropositivity to Neospora hughesi and/or Sarcocystis neurona. Vet J. 2014 May; 200(2):332-4. PMID: 24703324.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Courtenay M, Conrad P, Wilkes M, La Ragione R, Fitzpatrick N. Interprofessional initiatives between the human health professions and veterinary medical students: a scoping review. J Interprof Care. 2014 Jul; 28(4):323-30. PMID: 24621114.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Hogan JN, Miller WA, Cranfield MR, Ramer J, Hassell J, Noheri JB, Conrad P, Gilardi KV. Giardia in mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei), forest buffalo (Syncerus caffer), and domestic cattle in Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. J Wildl Dis. 2014 Jan; 50(1):21-30. PMID: 24171566.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Vanwormer E, Conrad P, Miller MA, Melli AC, Carpenter TE, Mazet JA. Toxoplasma gondii, source to sea: higher contribution of domestic felids to terrestrial parasite loading despite lower infection prevalence. Ecohealth. 2013 Sep; 10(3):277-89. PMID: 24048652.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Awinda PO, Mealey RH, Williams LB, Conrad P, Packham AE, Reif KE, Grause JF, Pelzel-McCluskey AM, Chung C, Bastos RG, Kappmeyer LS, Howe DK, Ness SL, Knowles DP, Ueti MW. Serum antibodies from a subset of horses positive for Babesia caballi by competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay demonstrate a protein recognition pattern that is not consistent with infection. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2013 Nov; 20(11):1752-7. PMID: 24049108; PMCID: PMC3837787.
    30. Conrad P, Meek LA, Dumit J. Operationalizing a One Health approach to global health challenges. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013 May; 36(3):211-6. PMID: 23711930.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Hogan JN, Daniels ME, Watson FG, Oates SC, Miller MA, Conrad P, Shapiro K, Hardin D, Dominik C, Melli A, Jessup DA, Miller WA. Hydrologic and vegetative removal of Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia, and Toxoplasma gondii Surrogate microspheres in coastal wetlands. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013 Mar; 79(6):1859-65. PMID: 23315738; PMCID: PMC3592235.
    32. Marcotty T, Thys E, Conrad P, Godfroid J, Craig P, Zinsstag J, Meheus F, Boukary AR, Badé MA, Sahibi H, Filali H, Hendrickx S, Pissang C, Van Herp M, van der Roost D, Thys S, Hendrickx D, Claes M, Demeulenaere T, van Mierlo J, Dehoux JP, Boelaert M. Intersectoral collaboration between the medical and veterinary professions in low-resource societies: The role of research and training institutions. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013 May; 36(3):233-9. PMID: 23260374.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Shapiro K, Miller WA, Silver MW, Odagiri M, Largier JL, Conrad P, Mazet JA. Research commentary: Association of zoonotic pathogens with fresh, estuarine, and marine macroaggregates. Microb Ecol. 2013 May; 65(4):928-33. PMID: 23250114.
      View in: PubMed
    34. VanWormer E, Fritz H, Shapiro K, Mazet JA, Conrad P. Molecules to modeling: Toxoplasma gondii oocysts at the human-animal-environment interface. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013 May; 36(3):217-31. PMID: 23218130; PMCID: PMC3779781.
    35. Oates SC, Miller MA, Hardin D, Conrad P, Melli A, Jessup DA, Dominik C, Roug A, Tinker MT, Miller WA. Prevalence, environmental loading, and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium and Giardia isolates from domestic and wild animals along the Central California Coast. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012 Dec; 78(24):8762-72. PMID: 23042185; PMCID: PMC3502930.
    36. Hogan JN, Daniels ME, Watson FG, Conrad P, Oates SC, Miller MA, Hardin D, Byrne BA, Dominik C, Melli A, Jessup DA, Miller WA. Longitudinal Poisson regression to evaluate the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and fecal indicator bacteria in coastal California wetlands. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012 May; 78(10):3606-13. PMID: 22427504; PMCID: PMC3346375.
    37. Fritz HM, Buchholz KR, Chen X, Durbin-Johnson B, Rocke DM, Conrad P, Boothroyd JC. Transcriptomic analysis of toxoplasma development reveals many novel functions and structures specific to sporozoites and oocysts. PLoS One. 2012; 7(2):e29998. PMID: 22347997; PMCID: PMC3278417.
    38. Anderson M, Barr B, Rowe J, Conrad P. Neosporosis in dairy cattle. Jpn J Vet Res. 2012 Feb; 60 Suppl:S51-4. PMID: 22458200.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Fritz HM, Bowyer PW, Bogyo M, Conrad P, Boothroyd JC. Proteomic analysis of fractionated Toxoplasma oocysts reveals clues to their environmental resistance. PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e29955. PMID: 22279555; PMCID: PMC3261165.
    40. Woodroffe R, Prager KC, Munson L, Conrad P, Dubovi EJ, Mazet JA. Contact with domestic dogs increases pathogen exposure in endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e30099. PMID: 22238695; PMCID: PMC3253127.
    41. Carlson-Bremer D, Johnson CK, Miller RH, Gulland FM, Conrad P, Wasmuth JD, Colegrove KM, Grigg ME. Identification of two novel coccidian species shed by California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). J Parasitol. 2012 Apr; 98(2):347-54. PMID: 22091999.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Buchholz KR, Fritz HM, Chen X, Durbin-Johnson B, Rocke DM, Ferguson DJ, Conrad P, Boothroyd JC. Identification of tissue cyst wall components by transcriptome analysis of in vivo and in vitro Toxoplasma gondii bradyzoites. Eukaryot Cell. 2011 Dec; 10(12):1637-47. PMID: 22021236; PMCID: PMC3232729.
    43. Goldstein T, Gill VA, Tuomi P, Monson D, Burdin A, Conrad P, Dunn JL, Field C, Johnson C, Jessup DA, Bodkin J, Doroff AM. Assessment of clinical pathology and pathogen exposure in sea otters (Enhydra lutris) bordering the threatened population in Alaska. J Wildl Dis. 2011 Jul; 47(3):579-92. PMID: 21719822.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Colegrove KM, Grigg ME, Carlson-Bremer D, Miller RH, Gulland FM, Ferguson DJ, Rejmanek D, Barr BC, Nordhausen R, Melli AC, Conrad P. Discovery of three novel coccidian parasites infecting California sea lions (Zalophus californianus), with evidence of sexual replication and interspecies pathogenicity. J Parasitol. 2011 Oct; 97(5):868-77. PMID: 21495828.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Tsai YL, Chomel BB, Chang CC, Kass PH, Conrad P, Chuang ST. Bartonella and Babesia infections in cattle and their ticks in Taiwan. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011 Mar; 34(2):179-87. PMID: 21194750.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Shapiro K, Conrad P, Mazet JA, Wallender WW, Miller WA, Largier JL. Effect of estuarine wetland degradation on transport of Toxoplasma gondii surrogates from land to sea. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010 Oct; 76(20):6821-8. PMID: 20802072; PMCID: PMC2953021.
    47. Schriewer A, Miller WA, Byrne BA, Miller MA, Oates S, Conrad P, Hardin D, Yang HH, Chouicha N, Melli A, Jessup D, Dominik C, Wuertz S. Presence of Bacteroidales as a predictor of pathogens in surface waters of the central California coast. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010 Sep; 76(17):5802-14. PMID: 20639358; PMCID: PMC2935056.
    48. Rejmanek D, Vanwormer E, Mazet JA, Packham AE, Aguilar B, Conrad P. Congenital transmission of Toxoplasma gondii in deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) after oral oocyst infection. J Parasitol. 2010 Jun; 96(3):516-20. PMID: 20557196.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Miller MA, Conrad P, Harris M, Hatfield B, Langlois G, Jessup DA, Magargal SL, Packham AE, Toy-Choutka S, Melli AC, Murray MA, Gulland FM, Grigg ME. A protozoal-associated epizootic impacting marine wildlife: mass-mortality of southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) due to Sarcocystis neurona infection. Vet Parasitol. 2010 Sep 20; 172(3-4):183-94. PMID: 20615616.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Elmore SA, Jones JL, Conrad P, Patton S, Lindsay DS, Dubey JP. Toxoplasma gondii: epidemiology, feline clinical aspects, and prevention. Trends Parasitol. 2010 Apr; 26(4):190-6. PMID: 20202907.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Rejmanek D, Miller MA, Grigg ME, Crosbie PR, Conrad P. Molecular characterization of Sarcocystis neurona strains from opossums (Didelphis virginiana) and intermediate hosts from Central California. Vet Parasitol. 2010 May 28; 170(1-2):20-9. PMID: 20226596.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Conrad P, Mazet JA, Clifford D, Scott C, Wilkes M. Evolution of a transdisciplinary "One Medicine-One Health" approach to global health education at the University of California, Davis. Prev Vet Med. 2009 Dec 01; 92(4):268-74. PMID: 19819575.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Shapiro K, Mazet JA, Schriewer A, Wuertz S, Fritz H, Miller WA, Largier J, Conrad P. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts and surrogate microspheres in water using ultrafiltration and capsule filtration. Water Res. 2010 Feb; 44(3):893-903. PMID: 19836820.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Rejmanek D, Vanwormer E, Miller MA, Mazet JA, Nichelason AE, Melli AC, Packham AE, Jessup DA, Conrad P. Prevalence and risk factors associated with Sarcocystis neurona infections in opossums (Didelphis virginiana) from central California. Vet Parasitol. 2009 Dec 03; 166(1-2):8-14. PMID: 19735983.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Johnson CK, Tinker MT, Estes JA, Conrad P, Staedler M, Miller MA, Jessup DA, Mazet JA. Prey choice and habitat use drive sea otter pathogen exposure in a resource-limited coastal system. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Feb 17; 106(7):2242-7. PMID: 19164513; PMCID: PMC2650139.
    56. Shapiro K, Largier J, Mazet JA, Bernt W, Ell JR, Melli AC, Conrad P. Surface properties of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts and surrogate microspheres. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009 Feb; 75(4):1185-91. PMID: 19060174; PMCID: PMC2643564.
    57. Imai D, Jang S, Miller M, Conrad P. Characterization of beta-hemolytic streptococci isolated from southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) stranded along the California coast. Vet Microbiol. 2009 May 12; 136(3-4):378-81. PMID: 19117701.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Nichelason AE, Rejmanek D, Dabritz HA, Melli AC, Miller M, Conrad P. Evaluation of Cruzia americana, Turgida turgida, and Didelphostrongylus hayesi infection in the Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) and risk factors along the California coast. J Parasitol. 2008 Oct; 94(5):1166-8. PMID: 18973414.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Stoddard RA, Atwill ER, Conrad P, Byrne BA, Jang S, Lawrence J, McCowan B, Gulland FM. The effect of rehabilitation of northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) on antimicrobial resistance of commensal Escherichia coli. Vet Microbiol. 2009 Jan 13; 133(3):264-71. PMID: 18783898.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Dabritz HA, Miller MA, Gardner IA, Packham AE, Atwill ER, Conrad P. Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in wild rodents from central coastal California and a review of T. gondii prevalence in rodents. J Parasitol. 2008 Jun; 94(3):675-83. PMID: 18605783.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Stoddard RA, Atwill ER, Gulland FM, Miller MA, Dabritz HA, Paradies DM, Worcester KR, Jang S, Lawrence J, Byrne BA, Conrad P. Risk factors for infection with pathogenic and antimicrobial-resistant fecal bacteria in northern elephant seals in California. Public Health Rep. 2008 May-Jun; 123(3):360-70. PMID: 19006978; PMCID: PMC2289989.
    62. Miller M, Conrad P, James ER, Packham A, Toy-Choutka S, Murray MJ, Jessup D, Grigg M. Transplacental toxoplasmosis in a wild southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis). Vet Parasitol. 2008 May 06; 153(1-2):12-8. PMID: 18304737.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Jessup DA, Miller MA, Kreuder-Johnson C, Conrad P, Tinker MT, Estes J, Mazet JA. Sea otters in a dirty ocean. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007 Dec 01; 231(11):1648-52. PMID: 18052796.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Dabritz HA, Miller MA, Atwill ER, Gardner IA, Leutenegger CM, Melli AC, Conrad P. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-like oocysts in cat feces and estimates of the environmental oocyst burden. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007 Dec 01; 231(11):1676-84. PMID: 18052801.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Miller WA, Lewis DJ, Lennox M, Pereira MG, Tate KW, Conrad P, Atwill ER. Climate and on-farm risk factors associated with Giardia duodenalis cysts in storm runoff from California coastal dairies. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007 Nov; 73(21):6972-9. PMID: 17873066; PMCID: PMC2074936.
    66. Dabritz HA, Gardner IA, Miller MA, Lappin MR, Atwill ER, Packham AE, Melli AC, Conrad P. Evaluation of two Toxoplasma gondii serologic tests used in a serosurvey of domestic cats in California. J Parasitol. 2007 Aug; 93(4):806-16. PMID: 17918359.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Wainwright KE, Miller MA, Barr BC, Gardner IA, Melli AC, Essert T, Packham AE, Truong T, Lagunas-Solar M, Conrad P. Chemical inactivation of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in water. J Parasitol. 2007 Aug; 93(4):925-31. PMID: 17918377.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Wainwright KE, Lagunas-Solar M, Miller MA, Barr BC, Gardner IA, Pina C, Melli AC, Packham AE, Zeng N, Truong T, Conrad P. Physical inactivation of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in water. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007 Sep; 73(17):5663-6. PMID: 17616618; PMCID: PMC2042101.
    69. Finno CJ, Packham AE, David Wilson W, Gardner IA, Conrad P, Pusterla N. Effects of blood contamination of cerebrospinal fluid on results of indirect fluorescent antibody tests for detection of antibodies against Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora hughesi. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2007 May; 19(3):286-9. PMID: 17459859.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Nieto NC, Dabritz H, Foley P, Drazenovich N, Calder L, Adjemian J, Conrad P, Foley JE. Ectoparasite diversity and exposure to vector-borne disease agents in wild rodents in central coastal California. J Med Entomol. 2007 Mar; 44(2):328-35. PMID: 17427705.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Stoddard RA, Miller WG, Foley JE, Lawrence J, Gulland FM, Conrad P, Byrne BA. Campylobacter insulaenigrae isolates from northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) in California. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007 Mar; 73(6):1729-35. PMID: 17259365; PMCID: PMC1828825.
    72. Gaydos JK, Conrad P, Gilardi KV, Blundell GM, Ben-David M. Does human proximity affect antibody prevalence in marine-foraging river otters (Lontra canadensis)? J Wildl Dis. 2007 Jan; 43(1):116-23. PMID: 17347401.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Conrad P, Hird D, Arzt J, Hayes RH, Magliano D, Kasper J, Morfin S, Pinney S. Interactive computerized learning program exposes veterinary students to challenging international animal-health problems. J Vet Med Educ. 2007; 34(4):497-501. PMID: 18287479.
      View in: PubMed
    74. French BC, Hird DW, Romano PS, Hayes RH, Nijhof AM, Jongejan F, Mellor DJ, Singer RS, Fine AE, Gay JM, Davis RG, Conrad P. Virtual international experiences in veterinary medicine: an evaluation of students' attitudes toward computer-based learning. J Vet Med Educ. 2007; 34(4):502-9. PMID: 18287480.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Pusterla N, Wilson WD, Conrad P, Mapes S, Leutenegger CM. Comparative analysis of cytokine gene expression in cerebrospinal fluid of horses without neurologic signs or with selected neurologic disorders. Am J Vet Res. 2006 Aug; 67(8):1433-7. PMID: 16881858.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Zabka TS, Haulena M, Puschner B, Gulland FM, Conrad P, Lowenstine LJ. Acute lead toxicosis in a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi) consequent to ingestion of a lead fishing sinker. J Wildl Dis. 2006 Jul; 42(3):651-7. PMID: 17092897.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Dabritz HA, Atwill ER, Gardner IA, Miller MA, Conrad P. Outdoor fecal deposition by free-roaming cats and attitudes of cat owners and nonowners toward stray pets, wildlife, and water pollution. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2006 Jul 01; 229(1):74-81. PMID: 16817717.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Holmberg TA, Vernau W, Melli AC, Conrad P. Neospora caninum associated with septic peritonitis in an adult dog. Vet Clin Pathol. 2006 Jun; 35(2):235-8. PMID: 16783720.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Conrad P, Kjemtrup AM, Carreno RA, Thomford J, Wainwright K, Eberhard M, Quick R, Telford SR, Herwaldt BL. Description of Babesia duncani n.sp. (Apicomplexa: Babesiidae) from humans and its differentiation from other piroplasms. Int J Parasitol. 2006 Jun; 36(7):779-89. PMID: 16725142.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Kjemtrup AM, Conrad P. A review of the small canine piroplasms from California: Babesia conradae in the literature. Vet Parasitol. 2006 May 31; 138(1-2):112-7. PMID: 16522352.
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    81. Stoddard RA, Gulland MD, Atwill ER, Lawrence J, Jang S, Conrad P. Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. in northern elephant seals, California. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Dec; 11(12):1967-9. PMID: 16485493; PMCID: PMC3367645.
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