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Patricia A Conrad, PhD; DVM

Title(s)Associate Dean, School of Veterinary Medicine
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
Address5311 Vet Med 3A
CA 95616
Phone(530)219-4079
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Leica SP8 Confocal with Hyvolution2 Deconvolution
    NIH S10OD024996Apr 1, 2018 - Mar 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Hamamatsu Nanozoomer S60 Digital Whole Slide Scanner
    NIH S10OD024981Mar 6, 2018 - Mar 5, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Acquisition of a Leica TCS SP5 Confocal Microscope For A Multi-User Facility
    NIH S10OD016164Jul 15, 2013 - Jul 14, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Acquisition of a Leica SCN400 Slide Scanning System For Use In A Multi-User Facil
    NIH/NCRR S10RR031845Apr 1, 2011 - Mar 31, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Typhoon Trio Variable Mode Imager For Use In Multi-User Facility
    NIH/NCRR S10RR024536Feb 15, 2008 - Feb 14, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cyto Vision Workstation For Use In Multi-User Facility
    NIH/NCRR S10RR021228May 1, 2005 - Apr 30, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Leica AOBS confocal for Use in Multi-User Facility
    NIH/NCRR S10RR017980Apr 1, 2004 - Mar 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HUMAN BABESIA
    NIH/NIAID R29AI034427Jul 1, 1993 - Jun 30, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Developing a Global One Health Workforce: The "Rx One Health Summer Institute" Approach. Ecohealth. 2020 Jul 19. Berrian AM, Wilkes M, Gilardi K, Smith W, Conrad PA, Crook PZ, Cullor J, Nyatanyi T, Smith MH, Kazwala R, Mazet JAK. PMID: 32685999.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. INTESTINAL AND BLOOD PARASITES IN SCARLET (ARA MACAO) AND GREAT GREEN (ARA AMBIGUA) MACAWS IN WILDLIFE REHABILITATION CENTERS IN COSTA RICA. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2020 Jun; 51(2):385-390. Dieckmann H, Jiménez-Soto M, Jiménez-Rocha A, Rojas E, Conrad PA. PMID: 32549569.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    3. Spatial epidemiological patterns suggest mechanisms of land-sea transmission for Sarcocystis neurona in a coastal marine mammal. Sci Rep. 2020 02 28; 10(1):3683. Burgess TL, Tinker MT, Miller MA, Smith WA, Bodkin JL, Murray MJ, Nichol LM, Saarinen JA, Larson S, Tomoleoni JA, Conrad PA, Johnson CK. PMID: 32111856.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    4. Type X strains of Toxoplasma gondii are virulent for southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) and present in felids from nearby watersheds. Proc Biol Sci. 2019 08 28; 286(1909):20191334. Shapiro K, VanWormer E, Packham A, Dodd E, Conrad PA, Miller M. PMID: 31431162.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    5. Risk factors for bacterial zoonotic pathogens in acutely febrile patients in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. Zoonoses Public Health. 2019 08; 66(5):458-469. Berrian AM, Martínez-López B, Quan V, Conrad PA, van Rooyen J, Simpson GJG, Frean J, Weyer J, Rossouw J, Knobel D, Blumberg L. PMID: 30859717.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    6. One Health-One Education: Medical and Veterinary Inter-Professional Training. J Vet Med Educ. 2019 Spring; 46(1):14-20. Wilkes MS, Conrad PA, Winer JN. PMID: 30418808.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    7. Evidence for transmission of the zoonotic apicomplexan parasite Babesia duncani by the tick Dermacentor albipictus. Int J Parasitol. 2019 02; 49(2):95-103. Swei A, O'Connor KE, Couper LI, Thekkiniath J, Conrad PA, Padgett KA, Burns J, Yoshimizu MH, Gonzales B, Munk B, Shirkey N, Konde L, Ben Mamoun C, Lane RS, Kjemtrup A. PMID: 30367862.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    8. Defining the risk landscape in the context of pathogen pollution: Toxoplasma gondii in sea otters along the Pacific Rim. R Soc Open Sci. 2018 Jul; 5(7):171178. Burgess TL, Tim Tinker M, Miller MA, Bodkin JL, Murray MJ, Saarinen JA, Nichol LM, Larson S, Conrad PA, Johnson CK. PMID: 30109036.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    9. An Improved PCR Protocol For Detection of Babesia duncanI In Wildlife and Vector Samples. J Parasitol. 2018 08; 104(4):429-432. O'Connor KE, Kjemtrup AM, Conrad PA, Swei A. PMID: 29659338.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    10. A community-based One Health education program for disease risk mitigation at the human-animal interface. One Health. 2018 Jun; 5:9-20. Berrian AM, Smith MH, van Rooyen J, Martínez-López B, Plank MN, Smith WA, Conrad PA. PMID: 29270459.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    11. Seroprevalences of anti-Sarcocystis neurona and anti-Neospora hughesi antibodies among healthy equids in the United States. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2017 Jun 01; 250(11):1291-1301. James KE, Smith WA, Conrad PA, Packham AE, Guerrero L, Ng M, Pusterla N. PMID: 28509641.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    12. Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence and association with equine protozoal myeloencephalitis: A case-control study of Californian horses. Vet J. 2017 Jun; 224:38-43. James KE, Smith WA, Packham AE, Conrad PA, Pusterla N. PMID: 28697873.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    13. ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A NOVEL MARINE BRUCELLA FROM A SOUTHERN SEA OTTER (ENHYDRA LUTRIS NEREIS), CALIFORNIA, USA. J Wildl Dis. 2017 04; 53(2):215-227. Miller MA, Burgess TL, Dodd EM, Rhyan JC, Jang SS, Byrne BA, Gulland FM, Murray MJ, Toy-Choutka S, Conrad PA, Field CL, Sidor IF, Smith WA. PMID: 28151078.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    14. PREVALENCE AND POTENTIAL IMPACT OF TOXOPLASMA GONDII ON THE ENDANGERED AMARGOSA VOLE (MICROTUS CALIFORNICUS SCIRPENSIS), CALIFORNIA, USA. J Wildl Dis. 2017 01; 53(1):62-72. Poulsen A, Fritz H, Clifford DL, Conrad P, Roy A, Glueckert E, Foley J. PMID: 27690194.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    15. Concentration and retention of Toxoplasma gondii surrogates from seawater by red abalone (Haliotis rufescens). Parasitology. 2016 11; 143(13):1703-1712. Schott KC, Krusor C, Tinker MT, Moore J, Conrad PA, Shapiro K. PMID: 27573192.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    16. Habitat Management to Reduce Human Exposure to Trypanosoma cruzi and Western Conenose Bugs (Triatoma protracta). Ecohealth. 2016 09; 13(3):525-534. Shender L, Niemela M, Conrad P, Goldstein T, Mazet J. PMID: 27515118.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    17. Comparison of human and southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) health risks for infection with protozoa in nearshore waters. Water Res. 2016 Nov 01; 104:220-230. Adell AD, McBride G, Wuertz S, Conrad PA, Smith WA. PMID: 27525585.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    18. Coastal development and precipitation drive pathogen flow from land to sea: evidence from a Toxoplasma gondii and felid host system. Sci Rep. 2016 07 26; 6:29252. VanWormer E, Carpenter TE, Singh P, Shapiro K, Wallender WW, Conrad PA, Largier JL, Maneta MP, Mazet JA. PMID: 27456911.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsPHPublic Health
    19. One Health profile of a community at the wildlife-domestic animal interface, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Prev Vet Med. 2016 Aug 01; 130:119-28. Berrian AM, van Rooyen J, Martínez-López B, Knobel D, Simpson GJ, Wilkes MS, Conrad PA. PMID: 27435655.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
    20. California mussels (Mytilus californianus) as sentinels for marine contamination with Sarcocystis neurona. Parasitology. 2016 05; 143(6):762-9. Michaels L, Rejmanek D, Aguilar B, Conrad P, Shapiro K. PMID: 27003262.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsPHPublic Health
    21. Diagnosis of Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis Using Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Testing and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Titer Ratios for Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora hughesi. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science. 2016 Jan 1; 36:49-51. Anna C. Renier, Jennifer K. Morrow, Amy J. Graves, Carrie J. Finno, Daniel K. Howe, Sean D. Owens, Eva Tamez-Trevino, Andrea E. Packham, Patricia A. Conrad, Nicola Pusterla. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    22. Detection and characterization of diverse coccidian protozoa shed by California sea lions. Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl. 2016 Apr; 5(1):5-16. Girard YA, Johnson CK, Fritz HM, Shapiro K, Packham AE, Melli AC, Carlson-Bremer D, Gulland FM, Rejmanek D, Conrad PA. PMID: 27141438.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    23. Dual congenital transmission of Toxoplasma gondii and Sarcocystis neurona in a late-term aborted pup from a chronically infected southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis). Parasitology. 2016 Mar; 143(3):276-88. Shapiro K, Miller MA, Packham AE, Aguilar B, Conrad PA, Vanwormer E, Murray MJ. PMID: 26494610.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    24. Sarcocystis fayeri in skeletal muscle of horses with neuromuscular disease. Neuromuscul Disord. 2016 Jan; 26(1):85-93. Aleman M, Shapiro K, Sisó S, Williams DC, Rejmanek D, Aguilar B, Conrad PA. PMID: 26522989.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    25. Daily feeding of diclazuril top dress pellets in foals reduces seroconversion to Sarcocystis neurona. Vet J. 2015 Nov; 206(2):236-8. Pusterla N, Packham A, Mackie S, Kass PH, Hunyadi L, Conrad PA. PMID: 26346260.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    26. Concentration and retention of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts by marine snails demonstrate a novel mechanism for transmission of terrestrial zoonotic pathogens in coastal ecosystems. Environ Microbiol. 2015 Nov; 17(11):4527-37. Krusor C, Smith WA, Tinker MT, Silver M, Conrad PA, Shapiro K. PMID: 26033089.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    27. Epidemiology and pathology of Toxoplasma gondii in free-ranging California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). J Wildl Dis. 2015 Apr; 51(2):362-73. Carlson-Bremer D, Colegrove KM, Gulland FM, Conrad PA, Mazet JA, Johnson CK. PMID: 25588007.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    28. Surveillance for Toxoplasma gondii in California mussels (Mytilus californianus) reveals transmission of atypical genotypes from land to sea. Environ Microbiol. 2015 Nov; 17(11):4177-88. Shapiro K, VanWormer E, Aguilar B, Conrad PA. PMID: 25367256.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
    29. Aquatic polymers can drive pathogen transmission in coastal ecosystems. Proc Biol Sci. 2014 11 22; 281(1795). Shapiro K, Krusor C, Mazzillo FF, Conrad PA, Largier JL, Mazet JA, Silver MW. PMID: 25297861.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    30. Molecular epidemiology of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia spp. in mussels (Mytilus californianus) and California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) from Central California. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2014 Dec; 80(24):7732-40. Adell AD, Smith WA, Shapiro K, Melli A, Conrad PA. PMID: 25281384.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    31. Surveillance for zoonotic and selected pathogens in harbor seals Phoca vitulina from central California. Dis Aquat Organ. 2014 Sep 30; 111(2):93-106. Greig DJ, Gulland FM, Smith WA, Conrad PA, Field CL, Fleetwood M, Harvey JT, Ip HS, Jang S, Packham A, Wheeler E, Hall AJ. PMID: 25266897.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsPHPublic Health
    32. Serological investigation of transplacental infection with Neospora hughesi and Sarcocystis neurona in broodmares. Vet J. 2014 Dec; 202(3):649-50. Pusterla N, Mackie S, Packham A, Conrad PA. PMID: 25438732.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    33. Native rodent species are unlikely sources of infection for Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis along the Transoceanic Highway in Madre de Dios, Peru. PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e103358. Shender LA, De Los Santos M, Montgomery JM, Conrad PA, Ghersi BM, Razuri H, Lescano AG, Mazet JA. PMID: 25062033.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    34. Evaluation of medical and veterinary students' attitudes toward a one health interprofessional curricular exercise. J Interprof Care. 2015 Jan; 29(1):49-54. Winer JN, Nakagawa K, Conrad PA, Brown L, Wilkes M. PMID: 25051087.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    35. Estimating environmental conditions affecting protozoal pathogen removal in surface water wetland systems using a multi-scale, model-based approach. Sci Total Environ. 2014 Sep 15; 493:1036-46. Daniels ME, Hogan J, Smith WA, Oates SC, Miller MA, Hardin D, Shapiro K, Los Huertos M, Conrad PA, Dominik C, Watson FG. PMID: 25016109.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsPHPublic Health
    36. Using molecular epidemiology to track Toxoplasma gondii from terrestrial carnivores to marine hosts: implications for public health and conservation. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014; 8(5):e2852. VanWormer E, Miller MA, Conrad PA, Grigg ME, Rejmanek D, Carpenter TE, Mazet JA. PMID: 24874796.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    37. One Health: the importance of education and the impact of interprofessional interventions. Vet J. 2014 Sep; 201(3):241-2. Courtenay M, Wilkes M, Conrad PA, Ragione RL, Reeves S. PMID: 24881510.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    38. Comparison of prevalence factors in horses with and without seropositivity to Neospora hughesi and/or Sarcocystis neurona. Vet J. 2014 May; 200(2):332-4. Pusterla N, Tamez-Trevino E, White A, Vangeem J, Packham A, Conrad PA, Kass P. PMID: 24703324.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    39. Individual subject meta-analysis of parameters for Giardia duodenalis shedding in animal experimental models. Biomed Res Int. 2014; 2014:476142. Adell AD, Miller WA, Harvey DJ, Van Wormer E, Wuertz S, Conrad PA. PMID: 24800229.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    40. Interprofessional initiatives between the human health professions and veterinary medical students: a scoping review. J Interprof Care. 2014 Jul; 28(4):323-30. Courtenay M, Conrad P, Wilkes M, La Ragione R, Fitzpatrick N. PMID: 24621114.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Giardia in mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei), forest buffalo (Syncerus caffer), and domestic cattle in Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. J Wildl Dis. 2014 Jan; 50(1):21-30. Hogan JN, Miller WA, Cranfield MR, Ramer J, Hassell J, Noheri JB, Conrad PA, Gilardi KV. PMID: 24171566.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    42. Toxoplasma gondii, source to sea: higher contribution of domestic felids to terrestrial parasite loading despite lower infection prevalence. Ecohealth. 2013 Sep; 10(3):277-89. Vanwormer E, Conrad PA, Miller MA, Melli AC, Carpenter TE, Mazet JA. PMID: 24048652.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
    43. Serum antibodies from a subset of horses positive for Babesia caballi by competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay demonstrate a protein recognition pattern that is not consistent with infection. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2013 Nov; 20(11):1752-7. Awinda PO, Mealey RH, Williams LB, Conrad PA, Packham AE, Reif KE, Grause JF, Pelzel-McCluskey AM, Chung C, Bastos RG, Kappmeyer LS, Howe DK, Ness SL, Knowles DP, Ueti MW. PMID: 24049108.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    44. Knockdown of fbxl10/kdm2bb rescues chd7 morphant phenotype in a zebrafish model of CHARGE syndrome. Dev Biol. 2013 Oct 01; 382(1):57-69. Balow SA, Pierce LX, Zentner GE, Conrad PA, Davis S, Sabaawy HE, McDermott BM, Scacheri PC. PMID: 23920116.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    45. Short communication: evaluation of the kinetics of antibodies against Sarcocystis neurona in serum from seropositive healthy horses without neurological deficits treated with ponazuril paste. Vet Rec. 2013 Sep 14; 173(10):249. Pusterla N, Packham A, Wilson WD, White A, Bellamy P, Renier AC, Conrad PA. PMID: 23893215.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    46. Participants' perceptions of a multidisciplinary training program for graduate and postgraduate students in drug use management and policy. Am J Pharm Educ. 2013 Jun 12; 77(5):102. Conrad P, Sketris I, Langille-Ingram E. PMID: 23788813.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Operationalizing a One Health approach to global health challenges. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013 May; 36(3):211-6. Conrad PA, Meek LA, Dumit J. PMID: 23711930.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
    48. Hydrologic and vegetative removal of Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia, and Toxoplasma gondii Surrogate microspheres in coastal wetlands. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2013 Mar; 79(6):1859-65. Hogan JN, Daniels ME, Watson FG, Oates SC, Miller MA, Conrad PA, Shapiro K, Hardin D, Dominik C, Melli A, Jessup DA, Miller WA. PMID: 23315738.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
    49. Intersectoral collaboration between the medical and veterinary professions in low-resource societies: The role of research and training institutions. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013 May; 36(3):233-9. Marcotty T, Thys E, Conrad P, Godfroid J, Craig P, Zinsstag J, Meheus F, Boukary AR, Badé MA, Sahibi H, Filali H, Hendrickx S, Pissang C, Van Herp M, van der Roost D, Thys S, Hendrickx D, Claes M, Demeulenaere T, van Mierlo J, Dehoux JP, Boelaert M. PMID: 23260374.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
    50. Zoonotic fecal pathogens and antimicrobial resistance in county fair animals. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013 May; 36(3):303-8. Roug A, Byrne BA, Conrad PA, Miller WA. PMID: 23260373.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    51. Research commentary: Association of zoonotic pathogens with fresh, estuarine, and marine macroaggregates. Microb Ecol. 2013 May; 65(4):928-33. Shapiro K, Miller WA, Silver MW, Odagiri M, Largier JL, Conrad PA, Mazet JA. PMID: 23250114.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    52. Molecules to modeling: Toxoplasma gondii oocysts at the human-animal-environment interface. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2013 May; 36(3):217-31. VanWormer E, Fritz H, Shapiro K, Mazet JA, Conrad PA. PMID: 23218130.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    53. Individual subject meta-analysis of parameters for Cryptosporidium parvum shedding and diarrhoea in animal experimental models. Epidemiol Infect. 2013 Aug; 141(8):1662-78. Adell AD, Miller WA, Harvey DJ, Vanwormer E, Wuertz S, Conrad PA. PMID: 23068915.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    54. Prevalence, environmental loading, and molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium and Giardia isolates from domestic and wild animals along the Central California Coast. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012 Dec; 78(24):8762-72. Oates SC, Miller MA, Hardin D, Conrad PA, Melli A, Jessup DA, Dominik C, Roug A, Tinker MT, Miller WA. PMID: 23042185.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    55. Longitudinal Poisson regression to evaluate the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and fecal indicator bacteria in coastal California wetlands. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012 May; 78(10):3606-13. Hogan JN, Daniels ME, Watson FG, Conrad PA, Oates SC, Miller MA, Hardin D, Byrne BA, Dominik C, Melli A, Jessup DA, Miller WA. PMID: 22427504.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    56. Association of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts with fresh, estuarine, and marine macroaggregates. Limnology and Oceanography. 2012 Mar 1; 57(2):449-456. Karen Shapiro, Mary W. Silver, John L. Largier, Patricia A. Conrad, Jonna A. K. Mazet. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    57. Transcriptomic analysis of toxoplasma development reveals many novel functions and structures specific to sporozoites and oocysts. PLoS One. 2012; 7(2):e29998. Fritz HM, Buchholz KR, Chen X, Durbin-Johnson B, Rocke DM, Conrad PA, Boothroyd JC. PMID: 22347997.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 50     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    58. Neosporosis in dairy cattle. Jpn J Vet Res. 2012 Feb; 60 Suppl:S51-4. Anderson M, Barr B, Rowe J, Conrad P. PMID: 22458200.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    59. Proteomic analysis of fractionated Toxoplasma oocysts reveals clues to their environmental resistance. PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e29955. Fritz HM, Bowyer PW, Bogyo M, Conrad PA, Boothroyd JC. PMID: 22279555.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    60. Contact with domestic dogs increases pathogen exposure in endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e30099. Woodroffe R, Prager KC, Munson L, Conrad PA, Dubovi EJ, Mazet JA. PMID: 22238695.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    61. Identification of two novel coccidian species shed by California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). J Parasitol. 2012 Apr; 98(2):347-54. Carlson-Bremer D, Johnson CK, Miller RH, Gulland FM, Conrad PA, Wasmuth JD, Colegrove KM, Grigg ME. PMID: 22091999.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    62. Identification of tissue cyst wall components by transcriptome analysis of in vivo and in vitro Toxoplasma gondii bradyzoites. Eukaryot Cell. 2011 Dec; 10(12):1637-47. Buchholz KR, Fritz HM, Chen X, Durbin-Johnson B, Rocke DM, Ferguson DJ, Conrad PA, Boothroyd JC. PMID: 22021236.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    63. Methods to produce and safely work with large numbers of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts and bradyzoite cysts. J Microbiol Methods. 2012 Jan; 88(1):47-52. Fritz H, Barr B, Packham A, Melli A, Conrad PA. PMID: 22037023.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    64. Assessment of clinical pathology and pathogen exposure in sea otters (Enhydra lutris) bordering the threatened population in Alaska. J Wildl Dis. 2011 Jul; 47(3):579-92. Goldstein T, Gill VA, Tuomi P, Monson D, Burdin A, Conrad PA, Dunn JL, Field C, Johnson C, Jessup DA, Bodkin J, Doroff AM. PMID: 21719822.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    65. Discovery of three novel coccidian parasites infecting California sea lions (Zalophus californianus), with evidence of sexual replication and interspecies pathogenicity. J Parasitol. 2011 Oct; 97(5):868-77. Colegrove KM, Grigg ME, Carlson-Bremer D, Miller RH, Gulland FM, Ferguson DJ, Rejmanek D, Barr BC, Nordhausen R, Melli AC, Conrad PA. PMID: 21495828.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    66. Bartonella and Babesia infections in cattle and their ticks in Taiwan. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011 Mar; 34(2):179-87. Tsai YL, Chomel BB, Chang CC, Kass PH, Conrad PA, Chuang ST. PMID: 21194750.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    67. Endogenous transplacental transmission of Neospora hughesi in naturally infected horses. J Parasitol. 2011 Apr; 97(2):281-5. Pusterla N, Conrad PA, Packham AE, Mapes SM, Finno CJ, Gardner IA, Barr BC, Ferraro GL, Wilson WD. PMID: 21506870.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    68. Management of microbial contamination in storm runoff from California coastal dairy pastures. J Environ Qual. 2010 Sep-Oct; 39(5):1782-9. Lewis DJ, Atwill ER, Lennox MS, Pereira MD, Miller WA, Conrad PA, Tate KW. PMID: 21043283.
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    69. Effect of estuarine wetland degradation on transport of Toxoplasma gondii surrogates from land to sea. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010 Oct; 76(20):6821-8. Shapiro K, Conrad PA, Mazet JA, Wallender WW, Miller WA, Largier JL. PMID: 20802072.
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    70. Presence of Bacteroidales as a predictor of pathogens in surface waters of the central California coast. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010 Sep; 76(17):5802-14. Schriewer A, Miller WA, Byrne BA, Miller MA, Oates S, Conrad PA, Hardin D, Yang HH, Chouicha N, Melli A, Jessup D, Dominik C, Wuertz S. PMID: 20639358.
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    71. Congenital transmission of Toxoplasma gondii in deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) after oral oocyst infection. J Parasitol. 2010 Jun; 96(3):516-20. Rejmanek D, Vanwormer E, Mazet JA, Packham AE, Aguilar B, Conrad PA. PMID: 20557196.
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    72. A protozoal-associated epizootic impacting marine wildlife: mass-mortality of southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) due to Sarcocystis neurona infection. Vet Parasitol. 2010 Sep 20; 172(3-4):183-94. Miller MA, Conrad PA, Harris M, Hatfield B, Langlois G, Jessup DA, Magargal SL, Packham AE, Toy-Choutka S, Melli AC, Murray MA, Gulland FM, Grigg ME. PMID: 20615616.
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    73. Toxoplasma gondii: epidemiology, feline clinical aspects, and prevention. Trends Parasitol. 2010 Apr; 26(4):190-6. Elmore SA, Jones JL, Conrad PA, Patton S, Lindsay DS, Dubey JP. PMID: 20202907.
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    74. Natural fatal Sarcocystis falcatula infections in free-ranging eagles in North America. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2010 Mar; 22(2):282-9. Wünschmann A, Rejmanek D, Conrad PA, Hall N, Cruz-Martinez L, Vaughn SB, Barr BC. PMID: 20224094.
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    75. Molecular characterization of Sarcocystis neurona strains from opossums (Didelphis virginiana) and intermediate hosts from Central California. Vet Parasitol. 2010 May 28; 170(1-2):20-9. Rejmanek D, Miller MA, Grigg ME, Crosbie PR, Conrad PA. PMID: 20226596.
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    76. Limited genetic diversity among Sarcocystis neurona strains infecting southern sea otters precludes distinction between marine and terrestrial isolates. Vet Parasitol. 2010 Apr 19; 169(1-2):37-44. Wendte JM, Miller MA, Nandra AK, Peat SM, Crosbie PR, Conrad PA, Grigg ME. PMID: 20071081.
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    77. Evolution of a transdisciplinary "One Medicine-One Health" approach to global health education at the University of California, Davis. Prev Vet Med. 2009 Dec 01; 92(4):268-74. Conrad PA, Mazet JA, Clifford D, Scott C, Wilkes M. PMID: 19819575.
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    78. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts and surrogate microspheres in water using ultrafiltration and capsule filtration. Water Res. 2010 Feb; 44(3):893-903. Shapiro K, Mazet JA, Schriewer A, Wuertz S, Fritz H, Miller WA, Largier J, Conrad PA. PMID: 19836820.
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    79. Radiofrequency-induced thermal inactivation of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in water. Zoonoses Public Health. 2010 Feb; 57(1):74-81. Wainwright KE, Lagunas-Solar M, Miller MA, Barr BC, Melli AC, Packham AE, Zeng N, Truong T, Conrad PA. PMID: 19744299.
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    80. Cats and Toxoplasma: implications for public health. Zoonoses Public Health. 2010 Feb; 57(1):34-52. Dabritz HA, Conrad PA. PMID: 19744306.
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    81. Prevalence and risk factors associated with Sarcocystis neurona infections in opossums (Didelphis virginiana) from central California. Vet Parasitol. 2009 Dec 03; 166(1-2):8-14. Rejmanek D, Vanwormer E, Miller MA, Mazet JA, Nichelason AE, Melli AC, Packham AE, Jessup DA, Conrad PA. PMID: 19735983.
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    82. Ultrastructural and molecular confirmation of the development of Sarcocystis neurona tissue cysts in the central nervous system of southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis). Int J Parasitol. 2009 Oct; 39(12):1363-72. Miller MA, Barr BC, Nordhausen R, James ER, Magargal SL, Murray M, Conrad PA, Toy-Choutka S, Jessup DA, Grigg ME. PMID: 19527725.
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    83. Prey choice and habitat use drive sea otter pathogen exposure in a resource-limited coastal system. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Feb 17; 106(7):2242-7. Johnson CK, Tinker MT, Estes JA, Conrad PA, Staedler M, Miller MA, Jessup DA, Mazet JA. PMID: 19164513.
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    84. Reducing microbial contamination in storm runoff from high use areas on California coastal dairies. Water Sci Technol. 2009; 60(7):1731-43. Lewis DJ, Atwill ER, Lennox MS, Pereira MD, Miller WA, Conrad PA, Tate KW. PMID: 19809136.
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    85. Surface properties of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts and surrogate microspheres. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009 Feb; 75(4):1185-91. Shapiro K, Largier J, Mazet JA, Bernt W, Ell JR, Melli AC, Conrad PA. PMID: 19060174.
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    86. Novel and canine genotypes of Giardia duodenalis in harbor seals ( Phoca vitulina richardsi). J Parasitol. 2008 Dec; 94(6):1264-8. Gaydos JK, Miller WA, Johnson C, Zornetzer H, Melli A, Packham A, Jeffries SJ, Lance MM, Conrad PA. PMID: 18576720.
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    87. Characterization of beta-hemolytic streptococci isolated from southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) stranded along the California coast. Vet Microbiol. 2009 May 12; 136(3-4):378-81. Imai D, Jang S, Miller M, Conrad PA. PMID: 19117701.
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    88. Evaluation of Cruzia americana, Turgida turgida, and Didelphostrongylus hayesi infection in the Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana) and risk factors along the California coast. J Parasitol. 2008 Oct; 94(5):1166-8. Nichelason AE, Rejmanek D, Dabritz HA, Melli AC, Miller M, Conrad PA. PMID: 18973414.
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    89. Farm factors associated with reducing Cryptosporidium loading in storm runoff from dairies. J Environ Qual. 2008 Sep-Oct; 37(5):1875-82. Miller WA, Lewis DJ, Pereira MD, Lennox M, Conrad PA, Tate KW, Atwill ER. PMID: 18689749.
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    90. The effect of rehabilitation of northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) on antimicrobial resistance of commensal Escherichia coli. Vet Microbiol. 2009 Jan 13; 133(3):264-71. Stoddard RA, Atwill ER, Conrad PA, Byrne BA, Jang S, Lawrence J, McCowan B, Gulland FM. PMID: 18783898.
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    91. Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in wild rodents from central coastal California and a review of T. gondii prevalence in rodents. J Parasitol. 2008 Jun; 94(3):675-83. Dabritz HA, Miller MA, Gardner IA, Packham AE, Atwill ER, Conrad PA. PMID: 18605783.
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    92. Risk factors for infection with pathogenic and antimicrobial-resistant fecal bacteria in northern elephant seals in California. Public Health Rep. 2008 May-Jun; 123(3):360-70. Stoddard RA, Atwill ER, Gulland FM, Miller MA, Dabritz HA, Paradies DM, Worcester KR, Jang S, Lawrence J, Byrne BA, Conrad PA. PMID: 19006978.
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    93. Type X Toxoplasma gondii in a wild mussel and terrestrial carnivores from coastal California: new linkages between terrestrial mammals, runoff and toxoplasmosis of sea otters. Int J Parasitol. 2008 Sep; 38(11):1319-28. Miller MA, Miller WA, Conrad PA, James ER, Melli AC, Leutenegger CM, Dabritz HA, Packham AE, Paradies D, Harris M, Ames J, Jessup DA, Worcester K, Grigg ME. PMID: 18452923.
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    94. Novel symptomatology and changing epidemiology of domoic acid toxicosis in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus): an increasing risk to marine mammal health. Proc Biol Sci. 2008 Feb 07; 275(1632):267-76. Goldstein T, Mazet JA, Zabka TS, Langlois G, Colegrove KM, Silver M, Bargu S, Van Dolah F, Leighfield T, Conrad PA, Barakos J, Williams DC, Dennison S, Haulena M, Gulland FM. PMID: 18006409.
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    95. Transplacental toxoplasmosis in a wild southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis). Vet Parasitol. 2008 May 06; 153(1-2):12-8. Miller M, Conrad P, James ER, Packham A, Toy-Choutka S, Murray MJ, Jessup D, Grigg M. PMID: 18304737.
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    96. Sea otters in a dirty ocean. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007 Dec 01; 231(11):1648-52. Jessup DA, Miller MA, Kreuder-Johnson C, Conrad PA, Tinker MT, Estes J, Mazet JA. PMID: 18052796.
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    97. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-like oocysts in cat feces and estimates of the environmental oocyst burden. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007 Dec 01; 231(11):1676-84. Dabritz HA, Miller MA, Atwill ER, Gardner IA, Leutenegger CM, Melli AC, Conrad PA. PMID: 18052801.
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    98. Experimental infection of Peromyscus californicus with Toxoplasma gondii. J Parasitol. 2007 Dec; 93(6):1360-4. Dabritz HA, Miller MA, Packham AE, Rejmanek D, Leutenegger CM, Gardner IA, Atwill ER, Patricia A C. PMID: 18314680.
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    99. Climate and on-farm risk factors associated with Giardia duodenalis cysts in storm runoff from California coastal dairies. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007 Nov; 73(21):6972-9. Miller WA, Lewis DJ, Lennox M, Pereira MG, Tate KW, Conrad PA, Atwill ER. PMID: 17873066.
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    100. Chemical inactivation of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in water. J Parasitol. 2007 Aug; 93(4):925-31. Wainwright KE, Miller MA, Barr BC, Gardner IA, Melli AC, Essert T, Packham AE, Truong T, Lagunas-Solar M, Conrad PA. PMID: 17918377.
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    101. Evaluation of two Toxoplasma gondii serologic tests used in a serosurvey of domestic cats in California. J Parasitol. 2007 Aug; 93(4):806-16. Dabritz HA, Gardner IA, Miller MA, Lappin MR, Atwill ER, Packham AE, Melli AC, Conrad PA. PMID: 17918359.
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    102. Physical inactivation of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in water. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007 Sep; 73(17):5663-6. Wainwright KE, Lagunas-Solar M, Miller MA, Barr BC, Gardner IA, Pina C, Melli AC, Packham AE, Zeng N, Truong T, Conrad PA. PMID: 17616618.
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    103. Effects of blood contamination of cerebrospinal fluid on results of indirect fluorescent antibody tests for detection of antibodies against Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora hughesi. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2007 May; 19(3):286-9. Finno CJ, Packham AE, David Wilson W, Gardner IA, Conrad PA, Pusterla N. PMID: 17459859.
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    104. Ectoparasite diversity and exposure to vector-borne disease agents in wild rodents in central coastal California. J Med Entomol. 2007 Mar; 44(2):328-35. Nieto NC, Dabritz H, Foley P, Drazenovich N, Calder L, Adjemian J, Conrad PA, Foley JE. PMID: 17427705.
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    105. Cryptosporidium and Giardia in marine-foraging river otters (Lontra canadensis) from the Puget Sound Georgia Basin ecosystem. J Parasitol. 2007 Feb; 93(1):198-202. Gaydos JK, Miller WA, Gilardi KV, Melli A, Schwantje H, Engelstoft C, Fritz H, Conrad PA. PMID: 17436965.
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    106. Campylobacter insulaenigrae isolates from northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) in California. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007 Mar; 73(6):1729-35. Stoddard RA, Miller WG, Foley JE, Lawrence J, Gulland FM, Conrad PA, Byrne BA. PMID: 17259365.
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    107. Interactive computerized learning program exposes veterinary students to challenging international animal-health problems. J Vet Med Educ. 2007; 34(4):497-501. Conrad PA, Hird D, Arzt J, Hayes RH, Magliano D, Kasper J, Morfin S, Pinney S. PMID: 18287479.
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    108. Virtual international experiences in veterinary medicine: an evaluation of students' attitudes toward computer-based learning. J Vet Med Educ. 2007; 34(4):502-9. French BC, Hird DW, Romano PS, Hayes RH, Nijhof AM, Jongejan F, Mellor DJ, Singer RS, Fine AE, Gay JM, Davis RG, Conrad PA. PMID: 18287480.
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    109. Does human proximity affect antibody prevalence in marine-foraging river otters (Lontra canadensis)? J Wildl Dis. 2007 Jan; 43(1):116-23. Gaydos JK, Conrad PA, Gilardi KV, Blundell GM, Ben-David M. PMID: 17347401.
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    110. Cytokine gene signatures in neural tissue of horses with equine protozoal myeloencephalitis or equine herpes type 1 myeloencephalopathy. Vet Rec. 2006 Sep 09; 159(11):341-6. Pusterla N, Wilson WD, Conrad PA, Barr BC, Ferraro GL, Daft BM, Leutenegger CM. PMID: 16963713.
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    111. Salmonella spp., Vibrio spp., Clostridium perfringens, and Plesiomonas shigelloides in marine and freshwater invertebrates from coastal California ecosystems. Microb Ecol. 2006 Aug; 52(2):198-206. Miller WA, Miller MA, Gardner IA, Atwill ER, Byrne BA, Jang S, Harris M, Ames J, Jessup D, Paradies D, Worcester K, Melli A, Conrad PA. PMID: 16897302.
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    112. Comparative analysis of cytokine gene expression in cerebrospinal fluid of horses without neurologic signs or with selected neurologic disorders. Am J Vet Res. 2006 Aug; 67(8):1433-7. Pusterla N, Wilson WD, Conrad PA, Mapes S, Leutenegger CM. PMID: 16881858.
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    113. Pathogen exposure in endangered island fox (Urocyon littoralis) populations: Implications for conservation management. Biological Conservation. 2006 Aug 1; 131(2):230-243. Deana L. Clifford, Jonna A.K. Mazet, Edward J. Dubovi, David K. Garcelon, Timothy J. Coonan, Patricia A. Conrad, Linda Munson. .
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    115. Outdoor fecal deposition by free-roaming cats and attitudes of cat owners and nonowners toward stray pets, wildlife, and water pollution. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2006 Jul 01; 229(1):74-81. Dabritz HA, Atwill ER, Gardner IA, Miller MA, Conrad PA. PMID: 16817717.
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    116. Pathogen exposure in endangered island fox (Urocyon littoralis) populations: Implications for conservation management. Biol Conserv. 2006 Aug; 131(2):230-243. Clifford DL, Mazet JAK, Dubovi EJ, Garcelon DK, Coonan TJ, Conrad PA, Munson L. PMID: 32226080.
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    118. Description of Babesia duncani n.sp. (Apicomplexa: Babesiidae) from humans and its differentiation from other piroplasms. Int J Parasitol. 2006 Jun; 36(7):779-89. Conrad PA, Kjemtrup AM, Carreno RA, Thomford J, Wainwright K, Eberhard M, Quick R, Telford SR, Herwaldt BL. PMID: 16725142.
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    119. Indirect fluorescent antibody testing of cerebrospinal fluid for diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis. Am J Vet Res. 2006 May; 67(5):869-76. Duarte PC, Ebel ED, Traub-Dargatz J, Wilson WD, Conrad PA, Gardner IA. PMID: 16649923.
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    120. A review of the small canine piroplasms from California: Babesia conradae in the literature. Vet Parasitol. 2006 May 31; 138(1-2):112-7. Kjemtrup AM, Conrad PA. PMID: 16522352.
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    121. Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. in northern elephant seals, California. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Dec; 11(12):1967-9. Stoddard RA, Gulland MD, Atwill ER, Lawrence J, Jang S, Conrad PA. PMID: 16485493.
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    122. Transmission of Toxoplasma: clues from the study of sea otters as sentinels of Toxoplasma gondii flow into the marine environment. Int J Parasitol. 2005 Oct; 35(11-12):1155-68. Conrad PA, Miller MA, Kreuder C, James ER, Mazet J, Dabritz H, Jessup DA, Gulland F, Grigg ME. PMID: 16157341.
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    123. Evaluation of methods for improved detection of Cryptosporidium spp. in mussels (Mytilus californianus). J Microbiol Methods. 2006 Jun; 65(3):367-79. Miller WA, Gardner IA, Atwill ER, Leutenegger CM, Miller MA, Hedrick RP, Melli AC, Barnes NM, Conrad PA. PMID: 16181691.
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    124. New genotypes and factors associated with Cryptosporidium detection in mussels (Mytilus spp.) along the California coast. Int J Parasitol. 2005 Sep; 35(10):1103-13. Miller WA, Miller MA, Gardner IA, Atwill ER, Harris M, Ames J, Jessup D, Melli A, Paradies D, Worcester K, Olin P, Barnes N, Conrad PA. PMID: 15993883.
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    125. Immunization with native surface protein NcSRS2 induces a Th2 immune response and reduces congenital Neospora caninum transmission in mice. Int J Parasitol. 2005 Nov; 35(13):1407-15. Haldorson GJ, Mathison BA, Wenberg K, Conrad PA, Dubey JP, Trees AJ, Yamane I, Baszler TV. PMID: 16051244.
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    126. Immune responses during pregnancy in heifers naturally infected with Neospora caninum with and without immunization. Parasitol Res. 2005 Apr; 96(1):24-31. Andrianarivo AG, Anderson ML, Rowe JD, Gardner IA, Reynolds JP, Choromanski L, Conrad PA. PMID: 15841416.
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    127. Clams (Corbicula fluminea) as bioindicators of fecal contamination with Cryptosporidium and Giardia spp. in freshwater ecosystems in California. Int J Parasitol. 2005 May; 35(6):673-84. Miller WA, Atwill ER, Gardner IA, Miller MA, Fritz HM, Hedrick RP, Melli AC, Barnes NM, Conrad PA. PMID: 15862580.
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    128. Evaluation of cardiac lesions and risk factors associated with myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis). Am J Vet Res. 2005 Feb; 66(2):289-99. Kreuder C, Miller MA, Lowenstine LJ, Conrad PA, Carpenter TE, Jessup DA, Mazet JA. PMID: 15757130.
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    129. Risk of transplacental transmission of Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora hughesi in California horses. J Parasitol. 2004 Dec; 90(6):1345-51. Duarte PC, Conrad PA, Barr BC, Wilson WD, Ferraro GL, Packham AE, Carpenter TE, Gardner IA. PMID: 15715226.
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    130. Risk of postnatal exposure to Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora hughesi in horses. Am J Vet Res. 2004 Aug; 65(8):1047-52. Duarte PC, Conrad PA, Wilson WD, Ferraro GL, Packham AE, Bowers-Lepore J, Carpenter TE, Gardner IA. PMID: 15334837.
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    131. Evaluation and comparison of an indirect fluorescent antibody test for detection of antibodies to Sarcocystis neurona, using serum and cerebrospinal fluid of naturally and experimentally infected, and vaccinated horses. J Parasitol. 2004 Apr; 90(2):379-86. Duarte PC, Daft BM, Conrad PA, Packham AE, Saville WJ, MacKay RJ, Barr BC, Wilson WD, Ng T, Reed SM, Gardner IA. PMID: 15165063.
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    132. An unusual genotype of Toxoplasma gondii is common in California sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) and is a cause of mortality. Int J Parasitol. 2004 Mar 09; 34(3):275-84. Miller MA, Grigg ME, Kreuder C, James ER, Melli AC, Crosbie PR, Jessup DA, Boothroyd JC, Brownstein D, Conrad PA. PMID: 15003489.
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    133. Molecular and bioassay-based detection of Toxoplasma gondii oocyst uptake by mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis). Int J Parasitol. 2003 Sep 15; 33(10):1087-97. Arkush KD, Miller MA, Leutenegger CM, Gardner IA, Packham AE, Heckeroth AR, Tenter AM, Barr BC, Conrad PA. PMID: 13129531.
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    134. Patterns of mortality in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) from 1998-2001. J Wildl Dis. 2003 Jul; 39(3):495-509. Kreuder C, Miller MA, Jessup DA, Lowenstine LJ, Harris MD, Ames JA, Carpenter TE, Conrad PA, Mazet JA. PMID: 14567210.
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    135. Comparison of a serum indirect fluorescent antibody test with two Western blot tests for the diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2003 Jan; 15(1):8-13. Duarte PC, Daft BM, Conrad PA, Packham AE, Gardner IA. PMID: 12580288.
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    136. Characterization of Neospora caninum protease, NcSUB1 (NC-P65), with rabbit anti-N54. J Parasitol. 2002 Dec; 88(6):1113-9. Louie K, Nordhausen R, Robinson TW, Barr BC, Conrad PA. PMID: 12537103.
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    137. Qualitative evaluation of selective tests for detection of Neospora hughesi antibodies in serum and cerebrospinal fluid of experimentally infected horses. J Parasitol. 2002 Dec; 88(6):1239-46. Packham AE, Conrad PA, Wilson WD, Jeanes LV, Sverlow KW, Gardner IA, Daft BM, Marsh AE, Blagburn BL, Ferraro GL, Barr BC. PMID: 12537119.
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    138. Immune responses to Neospora caninum and prospects for vaccination. Trends Parasitol. 2002 Nov; 18(11):497-504. Innes EA, Andrianarivo AG, Björkman C, Williams DJ, Conrad PA. PMID: 12473366.
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    218. Bovine fetal encephalitis and myocarditis associated with protozoa. Vet Rec. 1990 Feb 03; 126(5):120-1. Barr BC, Anderson ML, Blanchard PC, Daft BM, Kinde H, Conrad PA. PMID: 2309409.
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    219. Protein changes in bovine lymphoblastoid cells induced by infection with the intracellular parasite Theileria parva. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1989 Dec; 37(2):159-69. Sugimoto C, Mutharia LM, Conrad PA, Dolan TT, Brown WC, Goddeeris BM, Pearson TW. PMID: 2514355.
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    220. Differential response of bovine T-cell lines to membrane and soluble antigens of Theileria parva schizont-infected cells. Parasite Immunol. 1989 Nov; 11(6):567-83. Brown WC, Sugimoto C, Conrad PA, Grab DJ. PMID: 2533341.
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    221. Infection of bovine T cell clones with genotypically distinct Theileria parva parasites and analysis of their cell surface phenotype. Parasitology. 1989 Oct; 99 Pt 2:205-13. Conrad PA, Baldwin CL, Brown WC, Sohanpal B, Dolan TT, Goddeeris BM, Demartini JC, ole-MoiYoi OK. PMID: 2574438.
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    222. Isolation of bovine herpesvirus-3 from African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer). Res Vet Sci. 1989 May; 46(3):337-43. Rossiter PB, Gumm ID, Stagg DA, Conrad PA, Mukolwe S, Davies FG, White H. PMID: 2662288.
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    223. Characterization of buffalo-derived theilerial parasites with monoclonal antibodies and DNA probes. Parasitology. 1989 Apr; 98 Pt 2:179-88. Conrad PA, ole-MoiYoi OK, Baldwin CL, Dolan TT, O'Callaghan CJ, Njamunggeh RE, Grootenhuis JG, Stagg DA, Leitch BL, Young AS. PMID: 2569709.
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    224. Theileria parva: reappearance of schizonts in infected lymphoblastoid cells treated with parvaquone is dependent on interleukin 2-like growth factors. Exp Parasitol. 1989 Apr; 68(3):308-25. Brown WC, Shaw MK, Conrad PA, Dolan TT. PMID: 2495228.
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    225. Phenotypic characterization of Theileria parva schizonts by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Parasitol Res. 1989; 76(1):1-7. Sugimoto C, Conrad PA, Mutharia L, Dolan TT, Brown WC, Goddeeris BM, Pearson TW. PMID: 2516314.
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    226. Isolation of Theileria parva schizonts from infected lymphoblastoid cells. Acta Trop. 1988 Sep; 45(3):203-16. Sugimoto C, Conrad PA, Ito S, Brown WC, Grab DJ. PMID: 2903622.
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    227. Isolation and characterization of bovine Theileria parasites in Zimbabwe. Vet Parasitol. 1988 Apr; 28(1-2):19-32. Koch HT, Ocama JG, Munatswa FC, Byrom B, Norval RA, Spooner PR, Conrad PA, Irvin AD. PMID: 3133869.
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    228. Bovine T cells, B cells, and null cells are transformed by the protozoan parasite Theileria parva. Infect Immun. 1988 Feb; 56(2):462-7. Baldwin CL, Black SJ, Brown WC, Conrad PA, Goddeeris BM, Kinuthia SW, Lalor PA, MacHugh ND, Morrison WI, Morzaria SP. PMID: 3123392.
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    229. DNA probes detect genomic diversity in Theileria parva stocks. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1987 Oct; 25(3):213-26. Conrad PA, Iams K, Brown WC, Sohanpal B, ole-MoiYoi OK. PMID: 2892129.
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    230. Isolation of Theileria parva lawrencei-infected lymphoid cell lines from free-ranging African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer). Res Vet Sci. 1987 Jul; 43(1):124-6. Stagg DA, Conrad PA, Rossiter PB. PMID: 3114847.
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    231. Isolation of Theileria parasites from African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) and characterization with anti-schizont monoclonal antibodies. Parasitology. 1987 Jun; 94 ( Pt 3):413-23. Conrad PA, Stagg DA, Grootenhuis JG, Irvin AD, Newson J, Njamunggeh RE, Rossiter PB, Young AS. PMID: 3112700.
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    232. Infection of African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) and cattle with Theileria parva lawrencei after serial passage in cattle. Res Vet Sci. 1987 May; 42(3):326-30. Grootenhuis JG, Young AS, Stagg DA, Leitch BL, Dolan TT, Conrad PA. PMID: 3112876.
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    233. Ultrastructure of the intra-erythrocytic stage of Theileria species from cattle and waterbuck. Tissue Cell. 1987; 19(5):643-55. Fawcett DW, Conrad PA, Grootenhuis JG, Morzaria SP. PMID: 3122362.
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    234. Comparative analysis of infection and transformation of lymphocytes from African buffalo and Boran cattle with Theileria parva subsp. parva and T. parva subsp. lawrencei. Infect Immun. 1986 Jul; 53(1):186-91. Baldwin CL, Malu MN, Kinuthia SW, Conrad PA, Grootenhuis JG. PMID: 3087880.
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    235. Intraerythrocytic multiplication of Theileria parva in vitro: an ultrastructural study. Int J Parasitol. 1986 Jun; 16(3):223-9. Conrad PA, Denham D, Brown CG. PMID: 3091518.
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    236. Uptake of tritiated nucleic acid precursors by Babesia bovis in vitro. Int J Parasitol. 1986 Jun; 16(3):263-8. Conrad PA. PMID: 3744669.
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    237. Intraerythrocytic schizogony of Theileria annulata. Parasitology. 1985 Aug; 91 ( Pt 1):67-82. Conrad PA, Kelly BG, Brown CG. PMID: 3929214.
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    238. The use of Eriochrome Black A (diamond black) as a counterstain in fluorescent antibody staining techniques for the detection of antibodies to haemoprotozoa. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1983 Oct; 77(5):535-6. Jones TW, Conrad PA. PMID: 6197942.
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