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Linda J Lowenstine

Title(s)Professor Emeritus, SCHOOL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
Phone530-752-1182
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Roman L, Lowenstine L, Parsley LM, Wilcox C, Hardesty BD, Gilardi K, Hindell M. Is plastic ingestion in birds as toxic as we think? Insights from a plastic feeding experiment. Sci Total Environ. 2019 May 15; 665:660-667. PMID: 30776638.
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    2. Hassell JM, Zimmerman D, Cranfield MR, Gilardi K, Mudakikwa A, Ramer J, Nyirakaragire E, Lowenstine LJ. Morbidity and mortality in infant mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei): A 46-year retrospective review. Am J Primatol. 2017 10; 79(10). PMID: 28749595.
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    3. Smiley Evans T, Lowenstine LJ, Gilardi KV, Barry PA, Ssebide BJ, Kinani JF, Nizeyimana F, Noheri JB, Cranfield MR, Mudakikwa A, Goldstein T, Mazet JAK, Johnson CK. Mountain gorilla lymphocryptovirus has Epstein-Barr virus-like epidemiology and pathology in infants. Sci Rep. 2017 07 13; 7(1):5352. PMID: 28706209.
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    4. Carnaccini S, Lowenstine LJ, Sentíes-Cué CG, Nyaoke A, Bland M, Bickford AA, Shivaprasad HL, Stoute ST. Trichodinosis associated with pathology of the reproductive tract in waterfowl. Avian Pathol. 2016 Aug; 45(4):418-25. PMID: 26926786.
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    5. Fravel VA, Lowenstine LJ, Koehne A. Ectopic pregnancy with associated gestational choriocarcinoma in a California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Dis Aquat Organ. 2016 Jul 07; 120(2):159-64. PMID: 27409239.
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    6. Lowenstine LJ, McManamon R, Terio KA. Comparative Pathology of Aging Great Apes: Bonobos, Chimpanzees, Gorillas, and Orangutans. Vet Pathol. 2016 Mar; 53(2):250-76. PMID: 26721908.
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    7. Roodgar M, Ross CT, Tarara R, Lowenstine L, Dandekar S, Smith DG. Gene expression and TB pathogenesis in rhesus macaques: TR4, CD40, CD40L, FAS (CD95), and TNF are host genetic markers in peripheral blood mononuclear cells that are associated with severity of TB lesions. Infect Genet Evol. 2015 Dec; 36:396-409. PMID: 26483316.
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    8. Traslavina RP, Reilly CM, Vasireddy R, Samitz EM, Stepnik CT, Outerbridge C, Affolter VK, Byrne BA, Lowenstine LJ, White SD, Murphy B. Laser Capture Microdissection of Feline Streptomyces spp Pyogranulomatous Dermatitis and Cellulitis. Vet Pathol. 2015 Nov; 52(6):1172-5. PMID: 25516065.
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    9. Gilardi KV, Oxford KL, Gardner-Roberts D, Kinani JF, Spelman L, Barry PA, Cranfield MR, Lowenstine LJ. Human herpes simplex virus type 1 in confiscated gorilla. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014 Nov; 20(11):1883-6. PMID: 25341185.
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    10. Grosset C, Guzman DS, Keating MK, Gaffney PM, Lowenstine L, Zwingenberger A, Young AC, Vernau KM, Sokoloff AM, Hawkins MG. Central vestibular disease in a blue and gold macaw (Ara ararauna) with cerebral infarction and hemorrhage. J Avian Med Surg. 2014 Jun; 28(2):132-42. PMID: 25115042.
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    11. Goodnight AL, Traslavina RP, Emanuelson K, Affolter VK, Gaffney PM, Vernau W, Williams C, Wu CI, Sturges BK, Lowenstine LJ. Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal sac in a spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2013 Dec; 44(4):1068-74. PMID: 24450071.
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    12. Spelman LH, Gilardi KV, Lukasik-Braum M, Kinani JF, Nyirakaragire E, Lowenstine LJ, Cranfield MR. Respiratory disease in mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Rwanda, 1990-2010: outbreaks, clinical course, and medical management. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2013 Dec; 44(4):1027-35. PMID: 24450064.
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    13. Laing ST, Weber ES, Yabsley MJ, Shock BC, Grosset C, Petritz OA, Barr B, Reilly CM, Lowenstine LJ. Fatal hepatic tetratrichomoniasis in a juvenile Waldrapp ibis (Geronticus eremita). J Vet Diagn Invest. 2013 Mar; 25(2):277-81. PMID: 23404476.
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    14. Ryan ME, Johnson JR, Fitzpatrick BM, Lowenstine LJ, Picco AM, Shaffer HB. Lethal effects of water quality on threatened California salamanders but not on co-occurring hybrid salamanders. Conserv Biol. 2013 Feb; 27(1):95-102. PMID: 23140535.
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    15. Sasseville VG, Mansfield KG, Mankowski JL, Tremblay C, Terio KA, Mätz-Rensing K, Gruber-Dujardin E, Delaney MA, Schmidt LD, Liu D, Markovits JE, Owston M, Harbison C, Shanmukhappa S, Miller AD, Kaliyaperumal S, Assaf BT, Kattenhorn L, Macri SC, Simmons HA, Baldessari A, Sharma P, Courtney C, Bradley A, Cline JM, Reindel JF, Hutto DL, Montali RJ, Lowenstine LJ. Meeting report: Spontaneous lesions and diseases in wild, captive-bred, and zoo-housed nonhuman primates and in nonhuman primate species used in drug safety studies. Vet Pathol. 2012 Nov; 49(6):1057-69. PMID: 23135296.
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    16. Sinclair KM, Church ME, Farver TB, Lowenstine LJ, Owens SD, Paul-Murphy J. Effects of meloxicam on hematologic and plasma biochemical analysis variables and results of histologic examination of tissue specimens of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Am J Vet Res. 2012 Nov; 73(11):1720-7. PMID: 23106456.
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    17. Blake KR, Affolter VK, Lowenstine LJ, Vilches-Moure JG, le Jeune SS. Myenteric ganglionitis as a cause of recurrent colic in an adult horse. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2012 Jun 15; 240(12):1494-500. PMID: 22657934.
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    18. Morandi F, Galuppi R, Buitrago MJ, Delogu M, Lowenstine LJ, Panarese S, Benazzi C, Sarli G. Disseminated pulmonary adiaspiromycosis in a crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata Linnaeus, 1758). J Wildl Dis. 2012 Apr; 48(2):523-5. PMID: 22493137.
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    19. Tokarz D, Poppenga R, Kaae J, Filigenzi M, Lowenstine LJ, Pesavento P. Amanitin toxicosis in two cats with acute hepatic and renal failure. Vet Pathol. 2012 Nov; 49(6):1032-5. PMID: 22184185.
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    20. Osofsky A, Hawkins MG, Foreman O, Kent MS, Vernau W, Lowenstine LJ. T-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia in a double yellow-headed Amazon parrot (Amazona ochrocephala oratrix). J Avian Med Surg. 2011 Dec; 25(4):286-94. PMID: 22458185.
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    21. Palacios G, Lowenstine LJ, Cranfield MR, Gilardi KV, Spelman L, Lukasik-Braum M, Kinani JF, Mudakikwa A, Nyirakaragire E, Bussetti AV, Savji N, Hutchison S, Egholm M, Lipkin WI. Human metapneumovirus infection in wild mountain gorillas, Rwanda. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Apr; 17(4):711-3. PMID: 21470468.
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    22. Colegrove KM, Wellehan JF, Rivera R, Moore PF, Gulland FM, Lowenstine LJ, Nordhausen RW, Nollens HH. Polyomavirus infection in a free-ranging California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) with intestinal T-cell lymphoma. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2010 Jul; 22(4):628-32. PMID: 20622238.
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    23. Nollens HH, Wellehan JF, Archer L, Lowenstine LJ, Gulland FM. Detection of a respiratory coronavirus from tissues archived during a pneumonia epizootic in free-ranging Pacific harbor seals Phoca vitulina richardsii. Dis Aquat Organ. 2010 Jun 11; 90(2):113-20. PMID: 20662367.
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    24. Gericota B, Garner MM, Barr B, Nordhausen R, Larsen RS, Lowenstine LJ, Murphy BG. Morphologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular characterization of a novel Lankesterella protozoan in two White's tree frogs (Litoria caerulea). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2010 Jun; 41(2):242-8. PMID: 20597215.
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    25. Stockman J, Hawkins MG, Burns RE, Fang Y, Brault AC, Lowenstine LJ. West Nile virus infection in a green-winged macaw (Ara chloropterus). Avian Dis. 2010 Mar; 54(1):164-9. PMID: 20408419.
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    26. Colegrove KM, Gulland FM, Naydan DK, Lowenstine LJ. The normal genital tract of the female California sea lion (Zalophus californianus): cyclic changes in histomorphology and hormone receptor distribution. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2009 Nov; 292(11):1801-17. PMID: 19768749.
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    27. Colegrove KM, Gulland FM, Naydan DK, Lowenstine LJ. Normal morphology and hormone receptor expression in the male California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) genital tract. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2009 Nov; 292(11):1818-26. PMID: 19768750.
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    28. Colegrove KM, Gulland FM, Naydan DK, Lowenstine LJ. Tumor morphology and immunohistochemical expression of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, p53, and Ki67 in urogenital carcinomas of California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Vet Pathol. 2009 Jul; 46(4):642-55. PMID: 19276047.
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    29. Colegrove KM, Gulland FM, Harr K, Naydan DK, Lowenstine LJ. Pathological features of amyloidosis in stranded California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). J Comp Pathol. 2009 Feb-Apr; 140(2-3):105-12. PMID: 19114281.
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    30. Hardisty JF, Anderson DC, Brodie S, Cline JM, Hahn FF, Kolenda-Roberts H, Lele SM, Lowenstine LJ. Histopathology of the urinary bladders of cynomolgus monkeys treated with PPAR agonists. Toxicol Pathol. 2008 Oct; 36(6):769-76. PMID: 18776159.
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    31. Malka S, Crabbs T, Mitchell EB, Zehnder A, Kent MS, Lowenstine LJ, Hawkins MG. Disseminated lymphoma of presumptive T-cell origin in a great horned owl (Bubo virginianus). J Avian Med Surg. 2008 Sep; 22(3):226-33. PMID: 19014096.
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    32. Zehnder AM, Hawkins MG, Koski MA, Luff JA, Benak J, Lowenstine LJ, White SD. An unusual presentation of canine distemper virus infection in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo). Vet Dermatol. 2008 Aug; 19(4):232-8. PMID: 18547381.
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    33. Hall AJ, Gulland FM, Ylitalo GM, Greig DJ, Lowenstine L. Changes in blubber contaminant concentrations in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) associated with weight loss and gain during rehabilitation. Environ Sci Technol. 2008 Jun 01; 42(11):4181-7. PMID: 18589985.
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    34. Bartholomew JL, Atkinson SD, Hallett SL, Lowenstine LJ, Garner MM, Gardiner CH, Rideout BA, Keel MK, Brown JD. Myxozoan parasitism in waterfowl. Int J Parasitol. 2008 Aug; 38(10):1199-207. PMID: 18342316.
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    35. Puschner B, Poppenga RH, Lowenstine LJ, Filigenzi MS, Pesavento PA. Assessment of melamine and cyanuric acid toxicity in cats. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2007 Nov; 19(6):616-24. PMID: 17998549.
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    36. Buckles EL, Lowenstine LJ, DeLong RL, Melin SR, Vittore RK, Wong HN, Ross GL, St Leger JA, Greig DJ, Duerr RS, Gulland FM, Stott JL. Age-prevalence of Otarine Herpesvirus-1, a tumor-associated virus, and possibility of its sexual transmission in California sea lions. Vet Microbiol. 2007 Feb 25; 120(1-2):1-8. PMID: 17208394.
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    37. Buckles EL, Lowenstine LJ, Funke C, Vittore RK, Wong HN, St Leger JA, Greig DJ, Duerr RS, Gulland FM, Stott JL. Otarine Herpesvirus-1, not papillomavirus, is associated with endemic tumours in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). J Comp Pathol. 2006 Nov; 135(4):183-9. PMID: 17034810.
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    38. Goldstein T, Lowenstine LJ, Lipscomb TP, Mazet JA, Novak J, Stott JL, Gulland FM. Infection with a novel gammaherpesvirus in northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris). J Wildl Dis. 2006 Oct; 42(4):830-5. PMID: 17255451.
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    39. Zabka TS, Haulena M, Puschner B, Gulland FM, Conrad PA, Lowenstine LJ. Acute lead toxicosis in a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi) consequent to ingestion of a lead fishing sinker. J Wildl Dis. 2006 Jul; 42(3):651-7. PMID: 17092897.
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    40. Buckles EL, Gulland FM, Aldridge BM, Gelatt TS, Ross PS, Haulena M, Lowenstine LJ. Fetus in fetu in a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardi): histopathologic, genetic, and toxicologic analysis. Vet Pathol. 2006 Jul; 43(4):541-4. PMID: 16846996.
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    41. Bowen L, Aldridge BM, Delong R, Melin S, Godinez C, Zavala A, Gulland F, Lowenstine L, Stott JL, Johnson ML. MHC gene configuration variation in geographically disparate populations of California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Mol Ecol. 2006 Feb; 15(2):529-33. PMID: 16448418.
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    42. Lowenstine LJ, Montali RJ. Historical perspective and future directions in training of veterinary pathologists with an emphasis on zoo and wildlife species. J Vet Med Educ. 2006; 33(3):338-45. PMID: 17035204.
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    43. Bannasch D, Rinaldo C, Millon L, Latson K, Spangler T, Hubberty S, Galuppo L, Lowenstine L. SRY negative 64,XX intersex phenotype in an American saddlebred horse. Vet J. 2007 Mar; 173(2):437-9. PMID: 16386440.
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    44. Johnson S, Lowenstine L, Gulland F, Jang S, Imai D, Almy F, Delong R, Gardner I. Aerobic bacterial flora of the vagina and prepuce of California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) and investigation of associations with urogenital carcinoma. Vet Microbiol. 2006 Apr 16; 114(1-2):94-103. PMID: 16326045.
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    45. Goldstein T, Mazet JA, Lowenstine LJ, Gulland FM, Rowles TK, King DP, Aldridge BM, Stott JL. Tissue distribution of phocine herpesvirus-1 (PhHV-1) in infected harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) from the central Californian coast and a comparison of diagnostic methods. J Comp Pathol. 2005 Aug-Oct; 133(2-3):175-83. PMID: 16045920.
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    46. Kelly TR, Greig D, Colegrove KM, Lowenstine LJ, Dailey M, Gulland FM, Haulena M. Metastrongyloid nematode (Otostrongylus circumlitus) infection in a stranded California sea lion (Zalophus californianus)--a new host-parasite association. J Wildl Dis. 2005 Jul; 41(3):593-8. PMID: 16244070.
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    47. Colegrove KM, Lowenstine LJ, Gulland FM. Leptospirosis in northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) stranded along the California coast. J Wildl Dis. 2005 Apr; 41(2):426-30. PMID: 16107678.
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    48. Silvagni PA, Lowenstine LJ, Spraker T, Lipscomb TP, Gulland FM. Pathology of domoic acid toxicity in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Vet Pathol. 2005 Mar; 42(2):184-91. PMID: 15753472.
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    49. Kreuder C, Miller MA, Lowenstine LJ, Conrad PA, Carpenter TE, Jessup DA, Mazet JA. Evaluation of cardiac lesions and risk factors associated with myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis). Am J Vet Res. 2005 Feb; 66(2):289-99. PMID: 15757130.
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    50. Bowen L, Aldridge BM, Delong R, Melin S, Buckles EL, Gulland F, Lowenstine LJ, Stott JL, Johnson ML. An immunogenetic basis for the high prevalence of urogenital cancer in a free-ranging population of California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Immunogenetics. 2005 Feb; 56(11):846-8. PMID: 15650877.
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    51. Ylitalo GM, Stein JE, Hom T, Johnson LL, Tilbury KL, Hall AJ, Rowles T, Greig D, Lowenstine LJ, Gulland FM. The role of organochlorines in cancer-associated mortality in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Mar Pollut Bull. 2005 Jan; 50(1):30-9. PMID: 15664031.
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    52. Bowen L, Aldridge BM, Gulland F, Van Bonn W, DeLong R, Melin S, Lowenstine LJ, Stott JL, Johnson ML. Class II multiformity generated by variable MHC- DRB region configurations in the California sea lion ( Zalophus californianus). Immunogenetics. 2004 Apr; 56(1):12-27. PMID: 14997355.
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    53. Zabka TS, Buckles EL, Gulland FM, Haulena M, Naydan DK, Lowenstine LJ. Pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma with pulmonary metastasis in a stranded Steller (northern) sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus). J Comp Pathol. 2004 Feb-Apr; 130(2-3):195-8. PMID: 15003477.
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    54. Kreuder C, Miller MA, Jessup DA, Lowenstine LJ, Harris MD, Ames JA, Carpenter TE, Conrad PA, Mazet JA. Patterns of mortality in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) from 1998-2001. J Wildl Dis. 2003 Jul; 39(3):495-509. PMID: 14567210.
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    55. Ferrell S, Werner J, Kyles A, Lowenstine L, Kass P, Tell L. Evaluation of a collagen patch as a method of enhancing ventriculotomy healing in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Vet Surg. 2003 Mar-Apr; 32(2):103-12. PMID: 12692754.
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    56. Lowenstine LJ. A primer of primate pathology: lesions and nonlesions. Toxicol Pathol. 2003 Jan-Feb; 31 Suppl:92-102. PMID: 12597436.
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    57. Valverde CR, Lowenstine LJ, Young CE, Tarara RP, Roberts JA. Spontaneous rat bite fever in non-human primates: a review of two cases. J Med Primatol. 2002 Dec; 31(6):345-9. PMID: 12519213.
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    58. Pusterla N, Pesavento PA, Leutenegger CM, Hay J, Lowenstine LJ, Durando MM, Magdesian KG. Disseminated pulmonary adiaspiromycosis caused by Emmonsia crescens in a horse. Equine Vet J. 2002 Nov; 34(7):749-52. PMID: 12462193.
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    59. Gibbons PM, Busch MD, Tell LA, Graham JE, Lowenstine LJ. Internal papillomatosis with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma in a peach-fronted conure (Aratinga aurea). Avian Dis. 2002 Oct-Dec; 46(4):1062-9. PMID: 12495076.
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    60. Lamberski N, Reader JR, Cook LF, Johnson EM, Baker DG, Lowenstine LJ. A retrospective study of 11 cases of lungworm (Didelphostrongylus hayesi) infection in opossums (Didelphis virginiana). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2002 Jun; 33(2):151-6. PMID: 12398306.
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    61. Haulena M, Buckles E, Gulland FM, Lawrence JA, Wong A, Jang S, Christopher MM, Lowenstine LJ. Systemic mycosis caused by Scedosporium apiospermum in a stranded northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris) undergoing rehabilitation. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2002 Jun; 33(2):166-71. PMID: 12398309.
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    62. Miller MA, Gardner IA, Packham A, Mazet JK, Hanni KD, Jessup D, Estes J, Jameson R, Dodd E, Barr BC, Lowenstine LJ, Gulland FM, Conrad PA. Evaluation of an indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) for demonstration of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in the sea otter (Enhydra lutris). J Parasitol. 2002 Jun; 88(3):594-9. PMID: 12099433.
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    63. King DP, Hure MC, Goldstein T, Aldridge BM, Gulland FM, Saliki JT, Buckles EL, Lowenstine LJ, Stott JL. Otarine herpesvirus-1: a novel gammaherpesvirus associated with urogenital carcinoma in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Vet Microbiol. 2002 Apr 22; 86(1-2):131-7. PMID: 11888696.
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    64. Kalema-Zikusoka G, Lowenstine L. Rectal prolapse in a free-ranging mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei): clinical presentation and surgical management. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2001 Dec; 32(4):509-13. PMID: 12785708.
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    65. Mazet JA, Gardner IA, Jessup DA, Lowenstine LJ. Effects of petroleum on mink applied as a model for reproductive success in sea otters. J Wildl Dis. 2001 Oct; 37(4):686-92. PMID: 11763732.
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    66. Miller MA, Sverlow K, Crosbie PR, Barr BC, Lowenstine LJ, Gulland FM, Packham A, Conrad PA. Isolation and characterization of two parasitic protozoa from a Pacific harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi) with meningoencephalomyelitis. J Parasitol. 2001 Aug; 87(4):816-22. PMID: 11534647.
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    67. King DP, Lie AR, Goldstein T, Aldridge BM, Gulland FM, Haulena M, Adkison MA, Lowenstine LJ, Stott JL. Humoral immune responses to phocine herpesvirus-1 in Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardsii) during an outbreak of clinical disease. Vet Microbiol. 2001 May 03; 80(1):1-8. PMID: 11278118.
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    68. Miller MA, Crosbie PR, Sverlow K, Hanni K, Barr BC, Kock N, Murray MJ, Lowenstine LJ, Conrad PA. Isolation and characterization of Sarcocystis from brain tissue of a free-living southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) with fatal meningoencephalitis. Parasitol Res. 2001 Mar; 87(3):252-7. PMID: 11293576.
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    69. Hawkins MG, Couto S, Tell LA, Joseph V, Lowenstine LJ. Atypical parasitic migration and necrotizing sacral myelitis due to Serratospiculoides amaculata in a prairie falcon (Falco mexicanus). Avian Dis. 2001 Jan-Mar; 45(1):276-83. PMID: 11332496.
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    70. Mazet JK, Gardner IA, Jessup DA, Lowenstine LJ, Boyce WM. Evaluation of changes in hematologic and clinical biochemical values after exposure to petroleum products in mink (Mustela vison) as a model for assessment of sea otters (Enhydra lutris). Am J Vet Res. 2000 Oct; 61(10):1197-203. PMID: 11039547.
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    71. Dailey MD, Gulland FM, Lowenstine LJ, Silvagni P, Howard D. Prey, parasites and pathology associated with the mortality of a juvenile gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus) stranded along the northern California coast. Dis Aquat Organ. 2000 Aug 31; 42(2):111-7. PMID: 11023250.
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    72. Scholin CA, Gulland F, Doucette GJ, Benson S, Busman M, Chavez FP, Cordaro J, DeLong R, De Vogelaere A, Harvey J, Haulena M, Lefebvre K, Lipscomb T, Loscutoff S, Lowenstine LJ, Marin R, Miller PE, McLellan WA, Moeller PD, Powell CL, Rowles T, Silvagni P, Silver M, Spraker T, Trainer V, Van Dolah FM. Mortality of sea lions along the central California coast linked to a toxic diatom bloom. Nature. 2000 Jan 06; 403(6765):80-4. PMID: 10638756.
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    73. Graczyk TK, Lowenstine LJ, Cranfield MR. Capillaria hepatica (Nematoda) infections in human-habituated mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) of the Parc National de Volcans, Rwanda. J Parasitol. 1999 Dec; 85(6):1168-70. PMID: 10647051.
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    74. Hemmer RM, Wozniak EJ, Lowenstine LJ, Plopper CG, Wong V, Conrad PA. Endothelial cell changes are associated with pulmonary edema and respiratory distress in mice infected with the WA1 human Babesia parasite. J Parasitol. 1999 Jun; 85(3):479-89. PMID: 10386441.
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    75. Lapointe JM, Duignan PJ, Marsh AE, Gulland FM, Barr BC, Naydan DK, King DP, Farman CA, Huntingdon KA, Lowenstine LJ. Meningoencephalitis due to a Sarcocystis neurona-like protozoan in Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardsi). J Parasitol. 1998 Dec; 84(6):1184-9. PMID: 9920311.
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    76. Yamamoto K, Chomel BB, Lowenstine LJ, Kikuchi Y, Phillips LG, Barr BC, Swift PK, Jones KR, Riley SP, Kasten RW, Foley JE, Pedersen NC. Bartonella henselae antibody prevalence in free-ranging and captive wild felids from California. J Wildl Dis. 1998 Jan; 34(1):56-63. PMID: 9476226.
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    77. King DP, Parselles R, Gulland FM, Lapointe JM, Lowenstine LJ, Ferrick DA, Stott JL. Antigenic and nucleotide characterization of a herpesvirus isolated from Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardsii). Arch Virol. 1998; 143(10):2021-7. PMID: 9856089.
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    78. Gulland FM, Lowenstine LJ, Lapointe JM, Spraker T, King DP. Herpesvirus infection in stranded Pacific harbor seals of coastal California. J Wildl Dis. 1997 Jul; 33(3):450-8. PMID: 9249689.
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    79. Beckmen KB, Lowenstine LJ, Newman J, Hill J, Hanni K, Gerber J. Clinical and pathological characterization of northern elephant seal skin disease. J Wildl Dis. 1997 Jul; 33(3):438-49. PMID: 9249688.
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    80. Trupkiewicz JG, Gulland FM, Lowenstine LJ. Congenital defects in northern elephant seals stranded along the central California coast. J Wildl Dis. 1997 Apr; 33(2):220-5. PMID: 9131551.
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    81. Morishita TY, Lowenstine LJ, Hirsh DC, Brooks DL. Lesions associated with Pasteurella multocida infection in raptors. Avian Dis. 1997 Jan-Mar; 41(1):203-13. PMID: 9087338.
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    82. Gulland FM, Koski M, Lowenstine LJ, Colagross A, Morgan L, Spraker T. Leptospirosis in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) stranded along the central California coast, 1981-1994. J Wildl Dis. 1996 Oct; 32(4):572-80. PMID: 9359054.
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    83. Fauquier DA, Gulland FM, Trupkiewicz JG, Spraker TR, Lowenstine LJ. Coccidioidomycosis in free-living California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) in central California. J Wildl Dis. 1996 Oct; 32(4):707-10. PMID: 9359077.
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    84. Morishita TY, Lowenstine LJ, Hirsh DC, Brooks DL. Pasteurella multocida in psittacines: prevalence, pathology, and characterization of isolates. Avian Dis. 1996 Oct-Dec; 40(4):900-7. PMID: 8980823.
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    85. Morishita TY, Lowenstine LJ, Hirsh DC, Brooks DL. Pasteurella multocida in raptors: prevalence and characterization. Avian Dis. 1996 Oct-Dec; 40(4):908-18. PMID: 8980824.
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    86. Wozniak EJ, Lowenstine LJ, Hemmer R, Robinson T, Conrad PA. Comparative pathogenesis of human WA1 and Babesia microti isolates in a Syrian hamster model. Lab Anim Sci. 1996 Oct; 46(5):507-15. PMID: 8905583.
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    87. Gulland FM, Werner L, O'Neill SO, Lowenstine LJ, Trupkiewitz J, Smith D, Royal B, Strubel I. Baseline coagulation assay values for northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris), and disseminated intravascular coagulation in this species. J Wildl Dis. 1996 Jul; 32(3):536-40. PMID: 8827684.
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    88. Pettan-Brewer KC, Drew ML, Ramsay E, Mohr FC, Lowenstine LJ. Herpesvirus particles associated with oral and respiratory lesions in a California desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii). J Wildl Dis. 1996 Jul; 32(3):521-6. PMID: 8827680.
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    89. Gulland FM, Trupkiewicz JG, Spraker TR, Lowenstine LJ. Metastatic carcinoma of probable transitional cell origin in 66 free-living California sea lions (Zalophus californianus), 1979 to 1994. J Wildl Dis. 1996 Apr; 32(2):250-8. PMID: 8722262.
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    90. Gilardi KV, Lowenstine LJ, Gilardi JD, Munn CA. A survey for selected viral, chlamydial, and parasitic diseases in wild dusky-headed parakeets (Aratinga weddellii) and tui parakeets (Brotogeris sanctithomae) in Peru. J Wildl Dis. 1995 Oct; 31(4):523-8. PMID: 8592384.
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    91. Peauroi JR, Lowenstine LJ, Munn RJ, Wilson DW. Multicentric skeletal sarcomas associated with probable retrovirus particles in two African hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris). Vet Pathol. 1994 Jul; 31(4):481-4. PMID: 7941242.
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    92. East NE, Anderson M, Lowenstine LJ. Apparent gossypol-induced toxicosis in adult dairy goats. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1994 Feb 15; 204(4):642-3. PMID: 8163423.
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    93. Vogel P, Miller CJ, Lowenstine LL, Lackner AA. Evidence of horizontal transmission of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in simian immunodeficiency virus-infected rhesus macaques. J Infect Dis. 1993 Oct; 168(4):836-43. PMID: 8376830.
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    94. Walzem RL, Simon C, Morishita T, Lowenstine L, Hansen RJ. Fatty liver hemorrhagic syndrome in hens overfed a purified diet. Selected enzyme activities and liver histology in relation to liver hemorrhage and reproductive performance. Poult Sci. 1993 Aug; 72(8):1479-91. PMID: 8378221.
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    95. Barr BC, Jessup DA, Docherty DE, Lowenstine LJ. Epithelial intracytoplasmic herpes viral inclusions associated with an outbreak of duck virus enteritis. Avian Dis. 1992 Jan-Mar; 36(1):164-8. PMID: 1314555.
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    96. Lowenstine LJ, Lerche NW, Yee JL, Uyeda A, Jennings MB, Munn RJ, McClure HM, Anderson DC, Fultz PN, Gardner MB. Evidence for a lentiviral etiology in an epizootic of immune deficiency and lymphoma in stump-tailed macaques (Macaca arctoides). J Med Primatol. 1992 Jan; 21(1):1-14. PMID: 1318381.
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    97. Khan AS, Galvin TA, Lowenstine LJ, Jennings MB, Gardner MB, Buckler CE. A highly divergent simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVstm) recovered from stored stump-tailed macaque tissues. J Virol. 1991 Dec; 65(12):7061-5. PMID: 1942258.
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    98. Khan AS, Galvin TA, Jennings MB, Gardner MB, Lowenstine LJ. SIV of stump-tailed macaque (SIVstm) is a divergent Asian isolate. J Med Primatol. 1991 Jun; 20(4):167-71. PMID: 1719204.
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    99. Banerjee M, Lowenstine LJ, Munn RJ. Gastric stromal tumors in two rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Vet Pathol. 1991 Jan; 28(1):30-6. PMID: 2017825.
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    100. Lackner AA, Lowenstine LJ, Marx PA. Retroviral infections of the CNS of nonhuman primates. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 1990; 160:77-96. PMID: 2162289.
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    101. Lackner AA, Moore PF, Marx PA, Munn RJ, Gardner MB, Lowenstine LJ. Immunohistochemical localization of type D retrovirus serotype 1 in the digestive tract of rhesus monkeys with simian AIDS. J Med Primatol. 1990; 19(3-4):339-49. PMID: 2172543.
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    102. Miller CJ, Alexander NJ, Sutjipto S, Lackner AA, Gettie A, Hendrickx AG, Lowenstine LJ, Jennings M, Marx PA. Genital mucosal transmission of simian immunodeficiency virus: animal model for heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus. J Virol. 1989 Oct; 63(10):4277-84. PMID: 2778875.
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    103. Lackner AA, Marx PA, Lerche NW, Gardner MB, Kluge JD, Spinner A, Kwang HS, Lowenstine LJ. Asymptomatic infection of the central nervous system by the macaque immunosuppressive type D retrovirus, SRV-1. J Gen Virol. 1989 Jul; 70 ( Pt 7):1641-51. PMID: 2544658.
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    104. Lackner AA, Schiødt M, Armitage GC, Moore PF, Munn RJ, Marx PA, Gardner MB, Lowenstine LJ. Mucosal epithelial cells and Langerhans cells are targets for infection by the immunosuppressive type D retrovirus simian AIDS retrovirus serotype 1. J Med Primatol. 1989; 18(3-4):195-207. PMID: 2547957.
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    105. Sparger EE, Luciw PA, Elder JH, Yamamoto JK, Lowenstine LJ, Pedersen NC. Feline immunodeficiency virus is a lentivirus associated with an AIDS-like disease in cats. AIDS. 1989; 3 Suppl 1:S43-9. PMID: 2558688.
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    106. Leach MW, Paul-Murphy J, Lowenstine LJ. Three cases of gastric neoplasia in psittacines. Avian Dis. 1989 Jan-Mar; 33(1):204-10. PMID: 2930404.
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    107. Turrel JM, Lowenstine LJ, Cowgill LD. Response to radiation therapy of recurrent lymphangioma in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1988 Dec 01; 193(11):1432-4. PMID: 3209459.
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    108. Ormerod LD, Osborn KG, Lowenstine LJ, Meyer PR, Parker JW, Smith RE, Taylor CR. Lymphoid immunohistochemistry of macaque primates. Clin Exp Immunol. 1988 Dec; 74(3):435-42. PMID: 3233792.
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    109. Yamamoto JK, Sparger E, Ho EW, Andersen PR, O'Connor TP, Mandell CP, Lowenstine L, Munn R, Pedersen NC. Pathogenesis of experimentally induced feline immunodeficiency virus infection in cats. Am J Vet Res. 1988 Aug; 49(8):1246-58. PMID: 2459996.
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    110. Lackner AA, Rodriguez MH, Bush CE, Munn RJ, Kwang HS, Moore PF, Osborn KG, Marx PA, Gardner MB, Lowenstine LJ. Distribution of a macaque immunosuppressive type D retrovirus in neural, lymphoid, and salivary tissues. J Virol. 1988 Jun; 62(6):2134-42. PMID: 3285033.
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    111. Schiødt M, Lackner A, Armitage G, Lerche N, Greenspan JS, Lowenstine L. Oral lesions in rhesus monkeys associated with infection by simian AIDS retrovirus, serotype-I (SRV-1). Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1988 Jan; 65(1):50-5. PMID: 2829094.
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    112. Heidecker G, Lerche NW, Lowenstine LJ, Lackner AA, Osborn KG, Gardner MB, Marx PA. Induction of simian acquired immune deficiency syndrome (SAIDS) with a molecular clone of a type D SAIDS retrovirus. J Virol. 1987 Oct; 61(10):3066-71. PMID: 3041028.
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    113. Lerche NW, Marx PA, Osborn KG, Maul DH, Lowenstine LJ, Bleviss ML, Moody P, Henrickson RV, Gardner MB. Natural history of endemic type D retrovirus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome in group-housed rhesus monkeys. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1987 Oct; 79(4):847-54. PMID: 3477665.
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    114. Ling GV, Lowenstine LJ, Cullen JM, Ackerman N, Ruby AL. Chronic urinary tract infection in dogs: induction by inoculation with bacteria via percutaneous nephropyelostomy. Am J Vet Res. 1987 May; 48(5):794-8. PMID: 3296890.
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    115. Marx PA, Lowenstine LJ. Mesenchymal neoplasms associated with type D retroviruses in macaques. Cancer Surv. 1987; 6(1):101-15. PMID: 3319133.
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    116. Gillette DM, Corey RD, Lowenstine LJ, Shull LR. Comparative toxicology of tetrachlorobiphenyls in mink and rats. II. Pathology. Fundam Appl Toxicol. 1987 Jan; 8(1):15-22. PMID: 3030868.
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    117. Gillette DM, Corey RD, Helferich WG, McFarland JM, Lowenstine LJ, Moody DE, Hammock BD, Shull LR. Comparative toxicology of tetrachlorobiphenyls in mink and rats. I. Changes in hepatic enzyme activity and smooth endoplasmic reticulum volume. Fundam Appl Toxicol. 1987 Jan; 8(1):5-14. PMID: 3104118.
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    118. Pedersen NC, Lowenstine L, Marx P, Higgins J, Baulu J, McGuire M, Gardner MB. The causes of false-positives encountered during the screening of old-world primates for antibodies to human and simian retroviruses by ELISA. J Virol Methods. 1986 Nov; 14(3-4):213-28. PMID: 3025237.
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    119. Marx PA, Pedersen NC, Lerche NW, Osborn KG, Lowenstine LJ, Lackner AA, Maul DH, Kwang HS, Kluge JD, Zaiss CP. Prevention of simian acquired immune deficiency syndrome with a formalin-inactivated type D retrovirus vaccine. J Virol. 1986 Nov; 60(2):431-5. PMID: 3021978.
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    120. Dierauf LA, Dougherty SA, Lowenstine LJ. Survival versus nonsurvival determinants for neonatal harbor seals. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1986 Nov 01; 189(9):1024-8. PMID: 3505918.
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    121. Lowenstine LJ, Pedersen NC, Higgins J, Pallis KC, Uyeda A, Marx P, Lerche NW, Munn RJ, Gardner MB. Seroepidemiologic survey of captive Old-World primates for antibodies to human and simian retroviruses, and isolation of a lentivirus from sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys). Int J Cancer. 1986 Oct 15; 38(4):563-74. PMID: 2428760.
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    122. Bryant ML, Gardner MB, Marx PA, Maul DH, Lerche NW, Osborn KG, Lowenstine LJ, Bodgen A, Arthur LO, Hunter E. Immunodeficiency in rhesus monkeys associated with the original Mason-Pfizer monkey virus. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1986 Oct; 77(4):957-65. PMID: 3020302.
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    123. Lerche NW, Osborn KG, Marx PA, Prahalada S, Maul DH, Lowenstine LJ, Munn RJ, Bryant ML, Henrickson RV, Arthur LO. Inapparent carriers of simian acquired immune deficiency syndrome type D retrovirus and disease transmission with saliva. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1986 Aug; 77(2):489-96. PMID: 3461210.
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    124. Maul DH, Lerche NW, Osborn KG, Marx PA, Zaiss C, Spinner A, Kluge JD, MacKenzie MR, Lowenstine LJ, Bryant ML. Pathogenesis of simian AIDS in rhesus macaques inoculated with the SRV-1 strain of type D retrovirus. Am J Vet Res. 1986 Apr; 47(4):863-8. PMID: 3963589.
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    125. MacKenzie M, Lowenstine L, Lalchandani R, Lerche N, Osborn K, Spinner A, Bleviss M, Hendrickson R, Gardner M. Hematologic abnormalities in simian acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Lab Anim Sci. 1986 Feb; 36(1):14-9. PMID: 3959529.
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    126. Paul-Murphy J, Lowenstine L, Turrel JM, Murphy CJ, Fowler ME. Malignant lymphoreticular neoplasm in an African gray parrot. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1985 Dec 01; 187(11):1216-7. PMID: 4077641.
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    127. Marx PA, Bryant ML, Osborn KG, Maul DH, Lerche NW, Lowenstine LJ, Kluge JD, Zaiss CP, Henrickson RV, Shiigi SM. Isolation of a new serotype of simian acquired immune deficiency syndrome type D retrovirus from Celebes black macaques (Macaca nigra) with immune deficiency and retroperitoneal fibromatosis. J Virol. 1985 Nov; 56(2):571-8. PMID: 2997477.
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    128. Meyer PR, Ormerod LD, Osborn KG, Lowenstine LJ, Hendrickson RV, Modlin RL, Smith RE, Gardner MB, Taylor CR. An immunopathologic evaluation of lymph nodes from monkey and man with acquired immune deficiency syndrome and related conditions. Hematol Oncol. 1985 Jul-Sep; 3(3):199-210. PMID: 4043931.
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    129. Lowenstine LJ, Fry DM. Adenovirus-like particles associated with intranuclear inclusion bodies in the kidney of a common murre (uria aalge). Avian Dis. 1985 Jan-Mar; 29(1):208-13. PMID: 2985038.
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    130. Cordy DR, East NE, Lowenstine LJ. Caprine encephalomyelomalacia. Vet Pathol. 1984 May; 21(3):269-73. PMID: 6730215.
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    131. Henrickson RV, Maul DH, Lerche NW, Osborn KG, Lowenstine LJ, Prahalada S, Sever JL, Madden DL, Gardner MB. Clinical features of simian acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (SAIDS) in rhesus monkeys. Lab Anim Sci. 1984 Apr; 34(2):140-5. PMID: 6328113.
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    132. Marx PA, Maul DH, Osborn KG, Lerche NW, Moody P, Lowenstine LJ, Henrickson RV, Arthur LO, Gilden RV, Gravell M. Simian AIDS: isolation of a type D retrovirus and transmission of the disease. Science. 1984 Mar 09; 223(4640):1083-6. PMID: 6695196.
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    133. Osborn KG, Prahalada S, Lowenstine LJ, Gardner MB, Maul DH, Henrickson RV. The pathology of an epizootic of acquired immunodeficiency in rhesus macaques. Am J Pathol. 1984 Jan; 114(1):94-103. PMID: 6691418.
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    134. Bunton TE, Lowenstine LJ, Leininger R. Invasive trichomoniasis in a Callicebus moloch. Vet Pathol. 1983 Jul; 20(4):491-4. PMID: 6623852.
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    135. Lowenstine LJ, Henrickson RV, Anderson JH. Diagnostic exercise. Lab Anim Sci. 1983 Jun; 33(3):245-6. PMID: 6876728.
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    136. Henrickson RV, Maul DH, Osborn KG, Sever JL, Madden DL, Ellingsworth LR, Anderson JH, Lowenstine LJ, Gardner MB. Epidemic of acquired immunodeficiency in rhesus monkeys. Lancet. 1983 Feb 19; 1(8321):388-90. PMID: 6130381.
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    137. Dierauf LA, Lowenstine LJ, Jerome C. Viral hepatitis (adenovirus) in a California sea lion. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1981 Dec 01; 179(11):1194-7. PMID: 6276345.
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    138. McDonald SE, Lowenstine LJ, Ardans AA. Avian pox in blue-fronted Amazon parrots. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1981 Dec 01; 179(11):1218-22. PMID: 6276348.
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    139. Rosenberg DP, Lowenstine LJ. Brain abscess in a rhesus monkey. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1981 Dec 01; 179(11):1299-303. PMID: 7328028.
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    140. Helfer DH, Schmitz JA, Seefeldt SL, Lowenstine L. A new viral respiratory infection in parakeets. Avian Dis. 1980 Jul-Sep; 24(3):781-3. PMID: 6255930.
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    141. Ling GV, Ackerman N, Lowenstine LJ, Cowgill LD. Percutaneous nephropyelocentesis and nephropyelostomy in the dog: a description of the technique. Am J Vet Res. 1979 Nov; 40(11):1605-12. PMID: 525880.
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    142. Lowenstine LJ, Carpenter JL, OConnor BM. Trombiculosis in a cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1979 Aug 01; 175(3):289-2. PMID: 500457.
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    143. Ling GV, Lowenstine LJ, Pulley LT, Kaneko JJ. Diabetes mellitus in dogs: a review of initial evaluation, immediate and long-term management, and outcome. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1977 Mar 01; 170(5):521-30. PMID: 557467.
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    144. Ling GV, Lowenstine LJ, Kaneko JJ. Serum thyroxine (T-4) and triiodothyronine (T-3) uptake values in normal adult cats. Am J Vet Res. 1974 Sep; 35(9):1247-9. PMID: 4214085.
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