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Kiarash Shahlaie, MD; PhD

Title(s)Associate Professor, Neurological Surgery
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Girgis F, Zarabi H, Said M, Zhang L, Shahlaie K, Saez I. Comparison of Intraoperative Computed Tomography Scan with Postoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Determining Deep Brain Stimulation Electrode Coordinates. World Neurosurg. 2020 Feb 26. PMID: 32112943.
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    2. Garza N, Toussi A, Wilson M, Shahlaie K, Martin R. The Increasing Age of TBI Patients at a Single Level 1 Trauma Center and the Discordance Between GCS and CT Rotterdam Scores in the Elderly. Front Neurol. 2020; 11:112. PMID: 32153493.
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    3. Greenan K, Taylor SL, Fulkerson D, Shahlaie K, Gerndt C, Krueger EM, Zwienenberg M. Selection of children with ultra-severe traumatic brain injury for neurosurgical intervention. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2019 04 05; 1-10. PMID: 30952132.
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    4. Moxon KA, Shahlaie K, Girgis F, Saez I, Kennedy J, Gurkoff GG. From adagio to allegretto: The changing tempo of theta frequencies in epilepsy and its relation to interneuron function. Neurobiol Dis. 2019 09; 129:169-181. PMID: 30798003.
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    5. Izadi A, Pevzner A, Lee DJ, Ekstrom AD, Shahlaie K, Gurkoff GG. Medial septal stimulation increases seizure threshold and improves cognition in epileptic rats. Brain Stimul. 2019 May - Jun; 12(3):735-742. PMID: 30733144.
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    6. Izadi A, Ondek K, Schedlbauer A, Keselman I, Shahlaie K, Gurkoff G. Clinically indicated electrical stimulation strategies to treat patients with medically refractory epilepsy. Epilepsia Open. 2018 Dec; 3(Suppl Suppl 2):198-209. PMID: 30564779.
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    7. Noblett DA, Chang J, Toussi A, Dublin A, Shahlaie K. Hemangioma of the Cavernous Sinus: A Case Series. J Neurol Surg Rep. 2018 Apr; 79(2):e26-e30. PMID: 29707473.
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    8. Goodarzi A, Ahmadpour A, Toussi A, Shahlaie K. A Multilayered Technique for Repair of the Suboccipital Retrosigmoid Craniotomy. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2018 Oct; 79(5):508-514. PMID: 30210980.
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    9. Scangos KW, Carter CS, Gurkoff G, Zhang L, Shahlaie K. A pilot study of subthalamic theta frequency deep brain stimulation for cognitive dysfunction in Parkinson's disease. Brain Stimul. 2018 Mar - Apr; 11(2):456-458. PMID: 29203130.
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    10. Ament JD, Yang Z, Khatchadourian V, Strong EB, Shahlaie K. Cost-Effectiveness of Endoscopic Versus Microscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery for Pituitary Adenoma. World Neurosurg. 2018 Feb; 110:e496-e503. PMID: 29158096.
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    11. Nishijima DK, Gaona SD, Waechter T, Maloney R, Blitz A, Elms AR, Farrales RD, Montoya J, Bair T, Howard C, Gilbert M, Trajano R, Hatchel K, Faul M, Bell JM, Coronado V, Vinson DR, Ballard DW, Tancredi DJ, Garzon H, Mackey KE, Shahlaie K, Holmes JF. The incidence of traumatic intracranial hemorrhage in head-injured older adults transported by EMS with and without anticoagulant or antiplatelet use. J Neurotrauma. 2017 Nov 06. PMID: 29108469.
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    12. Kolarik BS, Baer T, Shahlaie K, Yonelinas AP, Ekstrom AD. Close but no cigar: Spatial precision deficits following medial temporal lobe lesions provide novel insight into theoretical models of navigation and memory. Hippocampus. 2018 01; 28(1):31-41. PMID: 28888032.
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    13. Goodarzi A, Toussi A, Lechpammer M, Lee D, Shahlaie K. Intradural Chordoma of Cerebellopontine Angle: Case Report and Review. World Neurosurg. 2017 Nov; 107:1052.e11-1052.e16. PMID: 28866065.
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    14. Yuan M, Sperry L, Malhado-Chang N, Duffy A, Wheelock V, Farias S, O'Connor K, Olichney J, Shahlaie K, Zhang L. Atypical antipsychotic therapy in Parkinson's disease psychosis: A retrospective study. Brain Behav. 2017 06; 7(6):e00639. PMID: 28638698.
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    15. Schomer KJ, Sebat CM, Adams JY, Duby JJ, Shahlaie K, Louie EL. Dexmedetomidine for Refractory Intracranial Hypertension. J Intensive Care Med. 2019 Jan; 34(1):62-66. PMID: 28122469.
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    16. Lee DJ, Izadi A, Melnik M, Seidl S, Echeverri A, Shahlaie K, Gurkoff GG. Stimulation of the medial septum improves performance in spatial learning following pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus. Epilepsy Res. 2017 02; 130:53-63. PMID: 28152425.
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    17. Scangos KW, Shahlaie K. Acute Frequency-Dependent Hypomania Induced by Ventral Subthalamic Nucleus Deep Brain Stimulation in Parkinson's Disease: A Case Report. Biol Psychiatry. 2017 09 01; 82(5):e39-e41. PMID: 28017300.
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    18. Arzamendi AE, Shahlaie K, Latchaw RE, Lechpammer M, Arzumanyan H. Ectopic Acromegaly Arising from a Pituitary Adenoma within the Bony Intersphenoid Septum of a Patient with Empty Sella Syndrome. J Neurol Surg Rep. 2016 Jul; 77(3):e113-7. PMID: 27468406.
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    19. Lee DJ, Ahmadpour A, Binyamin T, Dahlin BC, Shahlaie K, Waldau B. Management and outcome of spontaneous cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in a 5-year consecutive single-institution cohort. J Neurointerv Surg. 2017 Jan; 9(1):34-38. PMID: 27095355.
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    20. Pevzner A, Izadi A, Lee DJ, Shahlaie K, Gurkoff GG. Making Waves in the Brain: What Are Oscillations, and Why Modulating Them Makes Sense for Brain Injury. Front Syst Neurosci. 2016; 10:30. PMID: 27092062.
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    21. Vass LK, Copara MS, Seyal M, Shahlaie K, Farias ST, Shen PY, Ekstrom AD. Oscillations Go the Distance: Low-Frequency Human Hippocampal Oscillations Code Spatial Distance in the Absence of Sensory Cues during Teleportation. Neuron. 2016 Mar 16; 89(6):1180-1186. PMID: 26924436.
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    22. Robert F. Berman, Bruce G. Lyeth, Kiarash Shahlaie, Gene G. Gurkoff. Memory Disruption Following Traumatic Brain Injury. 2016 Jan 1; 283-320.
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    23. Wang XH, Zhang L, Sperry L, Olichney J, Farias ST, Shahlaie K, Chang NM, Liu Y, Wang SP, Wang C. Target Selection Recommendations Based on Impact of Deep Brain Stimulation Surgeries on Nonmotor Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease. Chin Med J (Engl). 2015 Dec 20; 128(24):3371-80. PMID: 26668154.
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    24. Kolarik BS, Shahlaie K, Hassan A, Borders AA, Kaufman KC, Gurkoff G, Yonelinas AP, Ekstrom AD. Impairments in precision, rather than spatial strategy, characterize performance on the virtual Morris Water Maze: A case study. Neuropsychologia. 2016 Jan 08; 80:90-101. PMID: 26593960.
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    25. Liu J, Ahmadpour A, Bewley AF, Lechpammer M, Bobinski M, Shahlaie K. Chondroblastoma of the Clivus: Case Report and Review. J Neurol Surg Rep. 2015 Nov; 76(2):e258-64. PMID: 26623238.
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    26. Lee DJ, Gurkoff GG, Izadi A, Seidl SE, Echeverri A, Melnik M, Berman RF, Ekstrom AD, Muizelaar JP, Lyeth BG, Shahlaie K. Septohippocampal Neuromodulation Improves Cognition after Traumatic Brain Injury. J Neurotrauma. 2015 Nov 15; 32(22):1822-32. PMID: 26096267.
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    27. Kerr EE, Fragoso R, Schrot RJ, Shahlaie K. Intraoperative Extracorporeal Irradiation for the Treatment of the Meningioma-Infiltrated Calvarium. J Neurol Surg Rep. 2015 Jul; 76(1):e173-9. PMID: 26251799.
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    28. Brown J, Li CS, Giordani M, Shahlaie K, Klineberg EO, Tripet-Diel JR, Ihara MS, Cohen SH. Swabbing Surgical Sites Does Not Improve the Detection of Staphylococcus aureus Carriage in High-Risk Surgical Patients. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2015 Oct; 16(5):523-5. PMID: 26114763.
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    29. Nishijima DK, Melnikow J, Tancredi DJ, Shahlaie K, Utter GH, Galante JM, Rudisill N, Holmes JF. Long-term neurological outcomes in adults with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage admitted to ICU versus floor. West J Emerg Med. 2015 Mar; 16(2):284-90. PMID: 25834671.
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    30. Lee DJ, Zwienenberg-Lee M, Seyal M, Shahlaie K. Intraoperative computed tomography for intracranial electrode implantation surgery in medically refractory epilepsy. J Neurosurg. 2015 Mar; 122(3):526-31. PMID: 25361483.
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    31. Lee DJ, Gurkoff GG, Goodarzi A, Muizelaar JP, Boggan JE, Shahlaie K. Intracerebroventricular opiate infusion for refractory head and facial pain. World J Clin Cases. 2014 Aug 16; 2(8):351-6. PMID: 25133146.
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    32. Lee DJ, Latchaw RE, Dahlin BC, Dong PR, Verro P, Muizelaar JP, Shahlaie K. Antegrade rheolytic thrombectomy and thrombolysis for superior sagittal sinus thrombosis using burr hole access. J Neurointerv Surg. 2015 Mar; 7(3):e11. PMID: 24699566.
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    33. Lee DJ, Latchaw RE, Dahlin BC, Dong PR, Verro P, Muizelaar JP, Shahlaie K. Antegrade rheolytic thrombectomy and thrombolysis for superior sagittal sinus thrombosis using burr hole access. BMJ Case Rep. 2014 Apr 01; 2014. PMID: 24692369.
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    34. Sarkar K, Keachie K, Nguyen U, Muizelaar JP, Zwienenberg-Lee M, Shahlaie K. Computed tomography characteristics in pediatric versus adult traumatic brain injury. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2014 Mar; 13(3):307-14. PMID: 24410128.
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    35. Nishijima DK, Sena M, Galante JM, Shahlaie K, London J, Melnikow J, Holmes JF. Derivation of a clinical decision instrument to identify adult patients with mild traumatic intracranial hemorrhage at low risk for requiring ICU admission. Ann Emerg Med. 2014 Apr; 63(4):448-56.e2. PMID: 24314900.
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    36. Oladunjoye A, Shahlaie K. Response. J Neurosurg. 2013 Dec; 119(6):1657-8. PMID: 24427818.
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    37. Panchal RR, Duong HT, Shahlaie K, Kim KD. Cervical spinous process reconstruction. J Neurosurg Spine. 2014 Jan; 20(1):18-21. PMID: 24206034.
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    38. Gurkoff G, Shahlaie K, Lyeth B, Berman R. Voltage-gated calcium channel antagonists and traumatic brain injury. Pharmaceuticals (Basel). 2013 Jun 26; 6(7):788-812. PMID: 24276315.
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    39. Nishijima DK, Shahlaie K, Sarkar K, Rudisill N, Holmes JF. Risk of unfavorable long-term outcome in older adults with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage and anticoagulant or antiplatelet use. Am J Emerg Med. 2013 Aug; 31(8):1244-7. PMID: 23759685.
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    40. Kerr EE, Shahlaie K, Schrot RJ. Use of the O-arm® for skull base resection in a sphenoorbital meningioma. J Clin Neurosci. 2013 Aug; 20(8):1149-51. PMID: 23664132.
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    41. Watrous AJ, Lee DJ, Izadi A, Gurkoff GG, Shahlaie K, Ekstrom AD. A comparative study of human and rat hippocampal low-frequency oscillations during spatial navigation. Hippocampus. 2013 Aug; 23(8):656-661. PMID: 23520039.
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    42. Gurkoff GG, Feng JF, Van KC, Izadi A, Ghiasvand R, Shahlaie K, Song M, Lowe DA, Zhou J, Lyeth BG. NAAG peptidase inhibitor improves motor function and reduces cognitive dysfunction in a model of TBI with secondary hypoxia. Brain Res. 2013 Jun 17; 1515:98-107. PMID: 23562458.
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    43. Regan JM, Shahlaie K, Watson JC. Crucifixion and median neuropathy. Brain Behav. 2013 May; 3(3):243-8. PMID: 23785656.
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    44. Gurkoff GG, Gahan JD, Ghiasvand RT, Hunsaker MR, Van K, Feng JF, Shahlaie K, Berman RF, Lyeth BG, Folkerts MM. Evaluation of metric, topological, and temporal ordering memory tasks after lateral fluid percussion injury. J Neurotrauma. 2013 Feb 15; 30(4):292-300. PMID: 23140483.
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    45. Kerr EE, Borys E, Bobinski M, Shahlaie K. Posterior fossa calcifying pseudoneoplasm of the central nervous system. J Neurosurg. 2013 Apr; 118(4):896-902. PMID: 23394341.
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    46. Oladunjoye AO, Schrot RJ, Zwienenberg-Lee M, Muizelaar JP, Shahlaie K. Decompressive craniectomy using gelatin film and future bone flap replacement. J Neurosurg. 2013 Apr; 118(4):776-82. PMID: 23394343.
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    47. Lee DJ, Gurkoff GG, Izadi A, Berman RF, Ekstrom AD, Muizelaar JP, Lyeth BG, Shahlaie K. Medial septal nucleus theta frequency deep brain stimulation improves spatial working memory after traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2013 Jan 15; 30(2):131-9. PMID: 23016534.
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    48. Shahlaie K, Gurkoff GG, Lyeth BG, Muizelaar JP, Berman RF. Neuroprotective effects of SNX-185 in an in vitro model of TBI with a second insult. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2013; 31(2):141-53. PMID: 23247061.
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    49. McLaughlin N, Kelly DF, Prevedello DM, Shahlaie K, Carrau RL, Kassam AB. Endoscopic endonasal management of recurrent petrous apex cholesterol granuloma. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2012 Jun; 73(3):190-6. PMID: 23730548.
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    50. Gurkoff GG, Shahlaie K, Lyeth BG. In vitro mechanical strain trauma alters neuronal calcium responses: Implications for posttraumatic epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2012 Jun; 53 Suppl 1:53-60. PMID: 22612809.
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    51. Feng JF, Zhao X, Gurkoff GG, Van KC, Shahlaie K, Lyeth BG. Post-traumatic hypoxia exacerbates neuronal cell death in the hippocampus. J Neurotrauma. 2012 Apr 10; 29(6):1167-79. PMID: 22191636.
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    52. McLaughlin N, Vandergrift A, Ditzel Filho LF, Shahlaie K, Eisenberg AA, Carrau RL, Cohan P, Kelly DF. Endonasal management of sellar arachnoid cysts: simple cyst obliteration technique. J Neurosurg. 2012 Apr; 116(4):728-40. PMID: 22283187.
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    53. Nancy McLaughlin, Amin B. Kassam, Daniel M. Prevedello, Domenico Solari, Kiarash Shahlaie, Nasrin Fatemi, Ricardo L. Carrau, Daniel F. Kelly. Craniopharyngioma: Comparison Between Supra-orbital Versus Endonasal Keyhole Approaches. 2012 Jan 1; 197-210.
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    54. McLaughlin N, Ditzel Filho LF, Shahlaie K, Solari D, Kassam AB, Kelly DF. The supraorbital approach for recurrent or residual suprasellar tumors. Minim Invasive Neurosurg. 2011 Aug; 54(4):155-61. PMID: 21922443.
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    55. Nishijima DK, Shahlaie K, Echeverri A, Holmes JF. A clinical decision rule to predict adult patients with traumatic intracranial haemorrhage who do not require intensive care unit admission. Injury. 2012 Nov; 43(11):1827-32. PMID: 21839444.
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    56. Shahlaie K, Keachie K, Hutchins IM, Rudisill N, Madden LK, Smith KA, Ko KA, Latchaw RE, Muizelaar JP. Risk factors for posttraumatic vasospasm. J Neurosurg. 2011 Sep; 115(3):602-11. PMID: 21663415.
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    57. McLaughlin N, Kelly DF, Prevedello DM, Shahlaie K, Carrau RL, Kassam AB. Endoscopic endonasal management of recurrent petrous apex cholesterol granuloma. Skull Base Rep. 2011 May; 1(1):27-32. PMID: 23984199.
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    58. Shahlaie K, Larson PS, Starr PA. Intraoperative computed tomography for deep brain stimulation surgery: technique and accuracy assessment. Neurosurgery. 2011 Mar; 68(1 Suppl Operative):114-24; discussion 124. PMID: 21206322.
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    59. Utter GH, Shahlaie K, Zwienenberg-Lee M, Muizelaar JP. Anemia in the setting of traumatic brain injury: the arguments for and against liberal transfusion. J Neurotrauma. 2011 Jan; 28(1):155-65. PMID: 20954887.
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    60. Shahlaie K, McLaughlin N, Kassam AB, Kelly DF. The role of outcomes data for assessing the expertise of a pituitary surgeon. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2010 Aug; 17(4):369-76. PMID: 20453648.
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    61. Keachie K, Shahlaie K, Muizelaar JP. Upper thoracic spine arthroplasty via the anterior approach. J Neurosurg Spine. 2010 Aug; 13(2):240-5. PMID: 20672961.
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    62. Shahlaie K, Lyeth BG, Gurkoff GG, Muizelaar JP, Berman RF. Neuroprotective effects of selective N-type VGCC blockade on stretch-injury-induced calcium dynamics in cortical neurons. J Neurotrauma. 2010 Jan; 27(1):175-87. PMID: 19772476.
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    63. Muizelaar JP, Shahlaie K. Hypertonic saline in neurocritical care: Is continuous infusion appropriate? Crit Care Med. 2009 Apr; 37(4):1521-3. PMID: 19318850.
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    64. Shahlaie K, Kim KD. Occipitocervical fusion using recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2: adverse effects due to tissue swelling and seroma. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Oct 01; 33(21):2361-6. PMID: 18827703.
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    65. Shahlaie K, Boggan JE, Latchaw RE, Ji C, Muizelaar JP. Posttraumatic vasospasm detected by continuous brain tissue oxygen monitoring: treatment with intraarterial verapamil and balloon angioplasty. Neurocrit Care. 2009; 10(1):61-9. PMID: 18807219.
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    66. Shahlaie K, Hartman J, Utter GH, Schrot RJ. Acute deterioration in occult Chiari malformation following missile spinal trauma. Case report. J Neurosurg Spine. 2008 Apr; 8(4):385-9. PMID: 18377325.
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    67. Shahlaie K, Olaya JE, Hartman J, Watson JC. Pituitary apoplexy associated with anterior communicating artery aneurysm and aberrant blood supply. J Clin Neurosci. 2006 Dec; 13(10):1057-62. PMID: 17071092.
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    68. Shahlaie K, Chang DJ, Anderson JT. Nonmissile penetrating spinal injury. Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg Spine. 2006 May; 4(5):400-8. PMID: 16703908.
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    69. Hawk MW, Shahlaie K, Kim KD, Theis JH. Neurocysticercosis: a review. Surg Neurol. 2005 Feb; 63(2):123-32; discussion 132. PMID: 15680651.
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    70. Shahlaie K, Hawk MW, Hu BR, Theis JH, Kim KD. Parasitic central nervous system infections: echinococcus and schistosoma. Rev Neurol Dis. 2005; 2(4):176-85. PMID: 16622395.
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    71. Krishnan KG. Pavlov and Cushing. J Neurosurg. 2004 Nov; 101(5):889-90; author reply 890. PMID: 15540936.
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    72. Shahlaie K, Fox A, Butani L, Boggan JE. Spontaneous epidural hemorrhage in chronic renal failure. A case report and review. Pediatr Nephrol. 2004 Oct; 19(10):1168-72. PMID: 15300475.
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    73. Shahlaie K, Watson JC, Benson DR. The intriguing encounters of Pavlov and Cushing. J Neurosurg. 2004 Mar; 100(3):568-71. PMID: 15035298.
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    74. Shahlaie K, Kargozaran H, Horowitz JM. Age-related changes in potentiation of evoked responses in CA1 pyramidal cells from the hamster hippocampus. Neurosci Lett. 2001 Jan 12; 297(2):85-8. PMID: 11121876.
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