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Alexander D Borowsky, MD

Title(s)Professor, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
AddressCenter for Comparative Medicine
CA 95616
Phone530-754-8182
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Highly multiplexed ion-beam tissue RNA in situ imaging with sub-micron resolution
    NIH/NCI R21CA183660Sep 16, 2014 - Aug 31, 2016
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    UCD Mouse Biology Program: Pathology Resources Training and Cancer Modeling
    NIH/NCRR K26RR024037Sep 26, 2007 - Jul 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Folate Deficiency Inhibits Development of the Mammary Gland and its Associated Lymphatics in FVB Mice. J Nutr. 2020 Aug 01; 150(8):2120-2130. Miszewski SG, Trott JF, Berryhill GE, Tat L, Green R, Borowsky AD, Miller JW, Hovey RC. PMID: 32510141.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Previously undiagnosed neuroendocrine tumour mimicking breast cancer metastasis to the orbit. BMJ Case Rep. 2020 May 20; 13(5). Bacorn C, Kim E, Borowsky AD, Lin LK. PMID: 32439746.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. The p14ARF tumor suppressor restrains androgen receptor activity and prevents apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. Cancer Lett. 2020 Jul 28; 483:12-21. Siddiqui S, Libertini SJ, Lucas CA, Lombard AP, Baek HB, Nakagawa RM, Nishida KS, Steele TM, Melgoza FU, Borowsky AD, Durbin-Johnson BP, Qi L, Ghosh PM, Mudryj M. PMID: 32330514.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. New insights into the functions of Cox-2 in skin and esophageal malignancies. Exp Mol Med. 2020 Apr; 52(4):538-547. Moon H, White AC, Borowsky AD. PMID: 32235869.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    5. Digital Whole Slide Imaging Compared With Light Microscopy for Primary Diagnosis in Surgical Pathology: A Multicenter, Double-Blinded, Randomized Study of 2045 Cases. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2020 Feb 14. Borowsky AD, Glassy EF, Wallace WD, Kallichanda NS, Behling CA, Miller DV, Oswal HN, Feddersen RM, Bakhtar OR, Mendoza AE, Molden DP, Saffer HL, Wixom CR, Albro JE, Cessna MH, Hall BJ, Lloyd IE, Bishop JW, Darrow MA, Gui D, Jen KY, Walby JAS, Bauer SM, Cortez DA, Gandhi P, Rodgers MM, Rodriguez RA, Martin DR, McConnell TG, Reynolds SJ, Spigel JH, Stepenaskie SA, Viktorova E, Magari R, Wharton KA, Qiu J, Bauer TW. PMID: 32057275.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    6. Cancer Informatics for Cancer Centers (CI4CC): Building a Community Focused on Sharing Ideas and Best Practices to Improve Cancer Care and Patient Outcomes. JCO Clin Cancer Inform. 2020 02; 4:108-116. Barnholtz-Sloan JS, Rollison DE, Basu A, Borowsky AD, Bui A, DiGiovanna J, Garcia-Closas M, Genkinger JM, Gerke T, Induni M, Lacey JV, Mirel L, Permuth JB, Saltz J, Shenkman EA, Ulrich CM, Zheng WJ, Nadaf S, Kibbe WA. PMID: 32078367.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    7. New Technologies to Image Tumors. Cancer Treat Res. 2020; 180:51-94. McNamara G, Lucas J, Beeler JF, Basavanhally A, Lee G, Hedvat CV, Baxi VA, Locke D, Borowsky A, Levenson R. PMID: 32215866.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. A cancer rainbow mouse for visualizing the functional genomics of oncogenic clonal expansion. Nat Commun. 2019 12 02; 10(1):5490. Boone PG, Rochelle LK, Ginzel JD, Lubkov V, Roberts WL, Nicholls PJ, Bock C, Flowers ML, von Furstenberg RJ, Stripp BR, Agarwal P, Borowsky AD, Cardiff RD, Barak LS, Caron MG, Lyerly HK, Snyder JC. PMID: 31792216.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    9. Dual-mode emission and transmission microscopy for virtual histochemistry using hematoxylin- and eosin-stained tissue sections. Biomed Opt Express. 2019 Dec 01; 10(12):6516-6530. Fereidouni F, Todd A, Li Y, Chang CW, Luong K, Rosenberg A, Lee YJ, Chan JW, Borowsky A, Matsukuma K, Jen KY, Levenson R. PMID: 31853414.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    10. ROR? is a targetable master regulator of cholesterol biosynthesis in a cancer subtype. Nat Commun. 2019 10 11; 10(1):4621. Cai D, Wang J, Gao B, Li J, Wu F, Zou JX, Xu J, Jiang Y, Zou H, Huang Z, Borowsky AD, Bold RJ, Lara PN, Li JJ, Chen X, Lam KS, To KF, Kung HJ, Fiehn O, Zhao R, Evans RM, Chen HW. PMID: 31604910.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    11. Tumor-specific delivery of gemcitabine with activatable liposomes. J Control Release. 2019 09 10; 309:277-288. Tucci ST, Kheirolomoom A, Ingham ES, Mahakian LM, Tam SM, Foiret J, Hubbard NE, Borowsky AD, Baikoghli M, Cheng RH, Ferrara KW. PMID: 31301340.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    12. Cancer overdiagnosis: a biological challenge and clinical dilemma. Nat Rev Cancer. 2019 06; 19(6):349-358. Srivastava S, Koay EJ, Borowsky AD, De Marzo AM, Ghosh S, Wagner PD, Kramer BS. PMID: 31024081.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    13. Impact of pre-analytical variables on deep learning accuracy in histopathology. Histopathology. 2019 Jul; 75(1):39-53. Jones AD, Graff JP, Darrow M, Borowsky A, Olson KA, Gandour-Edwards R, Datta Mitra A, Wei D, Gao G, Durbin-Johnson B, Rashidi HH. PMID: 30801768.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Combining activatable nanodelivery with immunotherapy in a murine breast cancer model. J Control Release. 2019 06 10; 303:42-54. Kheirolomoom A, Silvestrini MT, Ingham ES, Mahakian LM, Tam SM, Tumbale SK, Foiret J, Hubbard NE, Borowsky AD, Ferrara KW. PMID: 30978432.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    15. A Syngeneic ErbB2 Mammary Cancer Model for Preclinical Immunotherapy Trials. J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia. 2019 06; 24(2):149-162. Pénzváltó Z, Chen JQ, Tepper CG, Davis RR, Silvestrini MT, Umeh-Garcia M, Sweeney C, Borowsky AD. PMID: 30810966.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    16. A response to "Personalised medicine and population health: breast and ovarian cancer". Hum Genet. 2019 Mar; 138(3):287-289. Antoniou A, Anton-Culver H, Borowsky A, Broeders M, Brooks J, Chiarelli A, Chiquette J, Cuzick J, Delaloge S, Devilee P, Dorval M, Easton D, Eisen A, Eklund M, Eloy L, Esserman L, Garcia-Closas M, Goldgar D, Hall P, Knoppers BM, Kraft P, La Croix A, Madalensky L, Mavaddat N, Mittman N, Nabi H, Olopade O, Pashayan N, Schmidt M, Shieh Y, Simard J, Stover-Fiscallini A, Tice JA, Van't Veer L, Wenger N, Wolfson M, Yau C, Ziv E. PMID: 30810870.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. CD8+ T-Cell Density Imaging with 64Cu-Labeled Cys-Diabody Informs Immunotherapy Protocols. Clin Cancer Res. 2018 10 15; 24(20):4976-4987. Seo JW, Tavaré R, Mahakian LM, Silvestrini MT, Tam S, Ingham ES, Salazar FB, Borowsky AD, Wu AM, Ferrara KW. PMID: 29967252.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    18. Intratumor Heterogeneity of the Estrogen Receptor and the Long-term Risk of Fatal Breast Cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2018 07 01; 110(7):726-733. Lindström LS, Yau C, Czene K, Thompson CK, Hoadley KA, Van't Veer LJ, Balassanian R, Bishop JW, Carpenter PM, Chen YY, Datnow B, Hasteh F, Krings G, Lin F, Zhang Y, Nordenskjöld B, Stål O, Benz CC, Fornander T, Borowsky AD, Esserman LJ. PMID: 29361175.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Deep Learning Models Differentiate Tumor Grades from H&E Stained Histology Sections. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2018 07; 2018:620-623. Khoshdeli M, Borowsky A, Parvin B. PMID: 30440473.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Distinct immune signatures in directly treated and distant tumors result from TLR adjuvants and focal ablation. Theranostics. 2018; 8(13):3611-3628. Chavez M, Silvestrini MT, Ingham ES, Fite BZ, Mahakian LM, Tam SM, Ilovitsh A, Monjazeb AM, Murphy WJ, Hubbard NE, Davis RR, Tepper CG, Borowsky AD, Ferrara KW. PMID: 30026870.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    21. Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Signaling and Metabolism Gene Signature in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Matched-case Control Pilot Study. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 05 18; 24(6):1321-1334. Suh JH, Degagné É, Gleghorn EE, Setty M, Rodriguez A, Park KT, Verstraete SG, Heyman MB, Patel AS, Irek M, Gildengorin GL, Hubbard NE, Borowsky AD, Saba JD. PMID: 29788359.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    22. High-Dimensional Phenotyping Identifies Age-Emergent Cells in Human Mammary Epithelia. Cell Rep. 2018 04 24; 23(4):1205-1219. Pelissier Vatter FA, Schapiro D, Chang H, Borowsky AD, Lee JK, Parvin B, Stampfer MR, LaBarge MA, Bodenmiller B, Lorens JB. PMID: 29694896.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Aging Mouse Models Reveal Complex Tumor-Microenvironment Interactions in Cancer Progression. Front Cell Dev Biol. 2018; 6:35. Mori H, Cardiff RD, Borowsky AD. PMID: 29651417.
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    24. Commonly Occurring Cell Subsets in High-Grade Serous Ovarian Tumors Identified by Single-Cell Mass Cytometry. Cell Rep. 2018 02 13; 22(7):1875-1888. Gonzalez VD, Samusik N, Chen TJ, Savig ES, Aghaeepour N, Quigley DA, Huang YW, Giangarrà V, Borowsky AD, Hubbard NE, Chen SY, Han G, Ashworth A, Kipps TJ, Berek JS, Nolan GP, Fantl WJ. PMID: 29444438.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    25. Microscopy with ultraviolet surface excitation for rapid slide-free histology. Nat Biomed Eng. 2017; 1:957-966. Fereidouni F, Harmany ZT, Tian M, Todd A, Kintner JA, McPherson JD, Borowsky AD, Lechpammer M, Bishop J, Demos SG, Levenson R. PMID: 30416866.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    
    26. Microscopy with ultraviolet surface excitation for rapid slide-free histology. Nat Biomed Eng. 2017 12; 1(12):957-966. Fereidouni F, Harmany ZT, Tian M, Todd A, Kintner JA, McPherson JD, Borowsky AD, Bishop J, Lechpammer M, Demos SG, Levenson R. PMID: 31015706.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    27. Use of Molecular Tools to Identify Patients With Indolent Breast Cancers With Ultralow Risk Over 2 Decades. JAMA Oncol. 2017 Nov 01; 3(11):1503-1510. Esserman LJ, Yau C, Thompson CK, van 't Veer LJ, Borowsky AD, Hoadley KA, Tobin NP, Nordenskjöld B, Fornander T, Stål O, Benz CC, Lindström LS. PMID: 28662222.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    28. Membrane Mucin Muc4 promotes blood cell association with tumor cells and mediates efficient metastasis in a mouse model of breast cancer. Oncogene. 2018 01 11; 37(2):197-207. Rowson-Hodel AR, Wald JH, Hatakeyama J, O'Neal WK, Stonebraker JR, VanderVorst K, Saldana MJ, Borowsky AD, Sweeney C, Carraway KL. PMID: 28892049.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    29. Pathobiology of the 129:Stat1 -/- mouse model of human age-related ER-positive breast cancer with an immune infiltrate-excluded phenotype. Breast Cancer Res. 2017 Sep 02; 19(1):102. Mori H, Chen JQ, Cardiff RD, Pénzváltó Z, Hubbard NE, Schuetter L, Hovey RC, Trott JF, Borowsky AD. PMID: 28865492.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    30. Differential phenotypes of memory CD4 and CD8 T cells in the spleen and peripheral tissues following immunostimulatory therapy. J Immunother Cancer. 2017; 5:33. Sckisel GD, Mirsoian A, Minnar CM, Crittenden M, Curti B, Chen JQ, Blazar BR, Borowsky AD, Monjazeb AM, Murphy WJ. PMID: 28428882.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    31. Dynamic contrast enhanced MRI detects changes in vascular transport rate constants following treatment with thermally-sensitive liposomal doxorubicin. J Control Release. 2017 06 28; 256:203-213. Fite BZ, Kheirolomoom A, Foiret JL, Seo JW, Mahakian LM, Ingham ES, Tam SM, Borowsky AD, Curry FE, Ferrara KW. PMID: 28395970.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    32. Priming is key to effective incorporation of image-guided thermal ablation into immunotherapy protocols. JCI Insight. 2017 03 23; 2(6):e90521. Silvestrini MT, Ingham ES, Mahakian LM, Kheirolomoom A, Liu Y, Fite BZ, Tam SM, Tucci ST, Watson KD, Wong AW, Monjazeb AM, Hubbard NE, Murphy WJ, Borowsky AD, Ferrara KW. PMID: 28352658.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    33. Germline Mutations in PALB2, BRCA1, and RAD51C, Which Regulate DNA Recombination Repair, in Patients With Gastric Cancer. Gastroenterology. 2017 04; 152(5):983-986.e6. Sahasrabudhe R, Lott P, Bohorquez M, Toal T, Estrada AP, Suarez JJ, Brea-Fernández A, Cameselle-Teijeiro J, Pinto C, Ramos I, Mantilla A, Prieto R, Corvalan A, Norero E, Alvarez C, Tapia T, Carvallo P, Gonzalez LM, Cock-Rada A, Solano A, Neffa F, Della Valle A, Yau C, Soares G, Borowsky A, Hu N, He LJ, Han XY, Taylor PR, Goldstein AM, Torres J, Echeverry M, Ruiz-Ponte C, Teixeira MR, Carvajal-Carmona LG. PMID: 28024868.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    34. Integrative Analysis of Cellular Morphometric Context Reveals Clinically Relevant Signatures in Lower Grade Glioma. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2016 Oct; 9900:72-80. Han J, Wang Y, Cai W, Borowsky A, Parvin B, Chang H. PMID: 28018994.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    35. When machine vision meets histology: A comparative evaluation of model architecture for classification of histology sections. Med Image Anal. 2017 01; 35:530-543. Zhong C, Han J, Borowsky A, Parvin B, Wang Y, Chang H. PMID: 27644083.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Glucose Uptake and Intracellular pH in a Mouse Model of Ductal Carcinoma In situ (DCIS) Suggests Metabolic Heterogeneity. Front Cell Dev Biol. 2016; 4:93. Lobo RC, Hubbard NE, Damonte P, Mori H, Pénzváltó Z, Pham C, Koehne AL, Go AC, Anderson SE, Cala PM, Borowsky AD. PMID: 27630987.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    37. Decoding Intratumoral Heterogeneity of Breast Cancer by Multiparametric In Vivo Imaging: A Translational Study. Cancer Res. 2016 09 15; 76(18):5512-22. Schmitz J, Schwab J, Schwenck J, Chen Q, Quintanilla-Martinez L, Hahn M, Wietek B, Schwenzer N, Staebler A, Kohlhofer U, Aina OH, Hubbard NE, Reischl G, Borowsky AD, Brucker S, Nikolaou K, la Fougère C, Cardiff RD, Pichler BJ, Schmid AM. PMID: 27466286.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    38. New insight into the role of MMP14 in metabolic balance. PeerJ. 2016; 4:e2142. Mori H, Bhat R, Bruni-Cardoso A, Chen EI, Jorgens DM, Coutinho K, Louie K, Bowen BB, Inman JL, Tecca V, Lee SJ, Becker-Weimann S, Northen T, Seiki M, Borowsky AD, Auer M, Bissell MJ. PMID: 27478693.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    39. Corrigendum: ROR-? drives androgen receptor expression and represents a therapeutic target in castration-resistant prostate cancer. Nat Med. 2016 06 07; 22(6):692. Wang J, Zou JX, Xue X, Cai D, Zhang Y, Duan Z, Xiang Q, Yang JC, Louie MC, Borowsky AD, Gao AC, Evans CP, Lam KS, Xu J, Kung HJ, Evans RM, Xu Y, Chen HW. PMID: 27270780.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    40. Reprogramming metabolism by histone methyltransferase NSD2 drives endocrine resistance via coordinated activation of pentose phosphate pathway enzymes. Cancer Lett. 2016 08 10; 378(2):69-79. Wang J, Duan Z, Nugent Z, Zou JX, Borowsky AD, Zhang Y, Tepper CG, Li JJ, Fiehn O, Xu J, Kung HJ, Murphy LC, Chen HW. PMID: 27164560.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    41. ROR-? drives androgen receptor expression and represents a therapeutic target in castration-resistant prostate cancer. Nat Med. 2016 05; 22(5):488-96. Wang J, Zou JX, Xue X, Cai D, Zhang Y, Duan Z, Xiang Q, Yang JC, Louie MC, Borowsky AD, Gao AC, Evans CP, Lam KS, Xu J, Kung HJ, Evans RM, Xu Y, Chen HW. PMID: 27019329.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    42. When the Gold Standard Loses Its Luster, Perhaps It Is Time to Change Nomenclature. Ann Intern Med. 2016 05 17; 164(10):694-5. Borowsky A, Esserman L. PMID: 26999728.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    43. MAGI-2 in prostate cancer: an immunohistochemical study. Hum Pathol. 2016 06; 52:83-91. Goldstein J, Borowsky AD, Goyal R, Roland JT, Arnold SA, Gellert LL, Clark PE, Hameed O, Giannico GA. PMID: 26980016.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    44. 184AA3: a xenograft model of ER+ breast adenocarcinoma. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2016 Jan; 155(1):37-52. Hines WC, Kuhn I, Thi K, Chu B, Stanford-Moore G, Sampayo R, Garbe JC, Stampfer M, Borowsky AD, Bissell MJ. PMID: 26661596.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    45. Ultrasound ablation enhances drug accumulation and survival in mammary carcinoma models. J Clin Invest. 2016 Jan; 126(1):99-111. Wong AW, Fite BZ, Liu Y, Kheirolomoom A, Seo JW, Watson KD, Mahakian LM, Tam SM, Zhang H, Foiret J, Borowsky AD, Ferrara KW. PMID: 26595815.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    46. CpG expedites regression of local and systemic tumors when combined with activatable nanodelivery. J Control Release. 2015 Dec 28; 220(Pt A):253-264. Kheirolomoom A, Ingham ES, Mahakian LM, Tam SM, Silvestrini MT, Tumbale SK, Foiret J, Hubbard NE, Borowsky AD, Murphy WJ, Ferrara KW. PMID: 26471394.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    47. Neoplastic transformation of porcine mammary epithelial cells in vitro and tumor formation in vivo. BMC Cancer. 2015 Jul 31; 15:562. Rowson-Hodel AR, Manjarin R, Trott JF, Cardiff RD, Borowsky AD, Hovey RC. PMID: 26228788.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    48. "Score the Core" Web-based pathologist training tool improves the accuracy of breast cancer IHC4 scoring. Hum Pathol. 2015 Nov; 46(11):1694-704. Engelberg JA, Retallack H, Balassanian R, Dowsett M, Zabaglo L, Ram AA, Apple SK, Bishop JW, Borowsky AD, Carpenter PM, Chen YY, Datnow B, Elson S, Hasteh F, Lin F, Moatamed NA, Zhang Y, Cardiff RD. PMID: 26410019.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Introduction of Zinc-salt Fixation for Effective Detection of Immune Cell-related Markers by Immunohistochemistry. Toxicol Pathol. 2015 Aug; 43(6):883-9. Mori H, Soonsawad P, Schuetter L, Chen Q, Hubbard NE, Cardiff RD, Borowsky AD. PMID: 26157038.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    50. Abnormal Mammary Development in 129:STAT1-Null Mice is Stroma-Dependent. PLoS One. 2015; 10(6):e0129895. Chen JQ, Mori H, Cardiff RD, Trott JF, Hovey RC, Hubbard NE, Engelberg JA, Tepper CG, Willis BJ, Khan IH, Ravindran RK, Chan SR, Schreiber RD, Borowsky AD. PMID: 26075897.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    51. Ultrasound molecular imaging of tumor angiogenesis with a neuropilin-1-targeted microbubble. Biomaterials. 2015 Jul; 56:104-13. Zhang H, Tam S, Ingham ES, Mahakian LM, Lai CY, Tumbale SK, Teesalu T, Hubbard NE, Borowsky AD, Ferrara KW. PMID: 25934284.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    52. Magnetic resonance imaging assessment of effective ablated volume following high intensity focused ultrasound. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0120037. Fite BZ, Wong A, Liu Y, Mahakian LM, Tam SM, Aina O, Hubbard NE, Borowsky A, Cardiff RD, Dumont E, Ferrara KW. PMID: 25785992.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    53. Immunohistochemistry and mass spectrometry for highly multiplexed cellular molecular imaging. Lab Invest. 2015 Apr; 95(4):397-405. Levenson RM, Borowsky AD, Angelo M. PMID: 25730370.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    54. Stacked Predictive Sparse Decomposition for Classification of Histology Sections. Int J Comput Vis. 2015 May; 113(1):3-18. Chang H, Zhou Y, Borowsky A, Barner K, Spellman P, Parvin B. PMID: 27721567.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    55. Mitochondrial MKP1 is a target for therapy-resistant HER2-positive breast cancer cells. Cancer Res. 2014 Dec 15; 74(24):7498-509. Candas D, Lu CL, Fan M, Chuang FY, Sweeney C, Borowsky AD, Li JJ. PMID: 25377473.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    56. Mouse models of prostate cancer: picking the best model for the question. Cancer Metastasis Rev. 2014 Sep; 33(2-3):377-97. Grabowska MM, DeGraff DJ, Yu X, Jin RJ, Chen Z, Borowsky AD, Matusik RJ. PMID: 24452759.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    57. Cellular heterogeneity profiling by hyaluronan probes reveals an invasive but slow-growing breast tumor subset. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Apr 29; 111(17):E1731-9. Veiseh M, Kwon DH, Borowsky AD, Tolg C, Leong HS, Lewis JD, Turley EA, Bissell MJ. PMID: 24733940.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    58. Multiplexed ion beam imaging of human breast tumors. Nat Med. 2014 Apr; 20(4):436-42. Angelo M, Bendall SC, Finck R, Hale MB, Hitzman C, Borowsky AD, Levenson RM, Lowe JB, Liu SD, Zhao S, Natkunam Y, Nolan GP. PMID: 24584119.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 163     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. At last: classification of human mammary cells elucidates breast cancer origins. J Clin Invest. 2014 Feb; 124(2):478-80. Cardiff RD, Borowsky AD. PMID: 24463442.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. A novel intergenic ETnII-ß insertion mutation causes multiple malformations in polypodia mice. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(12):e1003967. Lehoczky JA, Thomas PE, Patrie KM, Owens KM, Villarreal LM, Galbraith K, Washburn J, Johnson CN, Gavino B, Borowsky AD, Millen KJ, Wakenight P, Law W, Van Keuren ML, Gavrilina G, Hughes ED, Saunders TL, Brihn L, Nadeau JH, Innis JW. PMID: 24339789.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    61. Androgen receptor splice variant AR3 promotes prostate cancer via modulating expression of autocrine/paracrine factors. J Biol Chem. 2014 Jan 17; 289(3):1529-39. Sun F, Chen HG, Li W, Yang X, Wang X, Jiang R, Guo Z, Chen H, Huang J, Borowsky AD, Qiu Y. PMID: 24297183.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    62. Classification of Tumor Histology via Morphometric Context. Proc IEEE Comput Soc Conf Comput Vis Pattern Recognit. 2013 Jun 23; 2013. Chang H, Borowsky A, Spellman P, Parvin B. PMID: 24319324.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    63. An integrin binding-defective mutant of insulin-like growth factor-1 (R36E/R37E IGF1) acts as a dominant-negative antagonist of the IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) and suppresses tumorigenesis but still binds to IGF1R. J Biol Chem. 2013 Jul 05; 288(27):19593-603. Fujita M, Ieguchi K, Cedano-Prieto DM, Fong A, Wilkerson C, Chen JQ, Wu M, Lo SH, Cheung AT, Wilson MD, Cardiff RD, Borowsky AD, Takada YK, Takada Y. PMID: 23696648.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    64. Transgenic mammary epithelial osteopontin (spp1) expression induces proliferation and alveologenesis. Genes Cancer. 2013 May; 4(5-6):201-12. Hubbard NE, Chen QJ, Sickafoose LK, Wood MB, Gregg JP, Abrahamsson NM, Engelberg JA, Walls JE, Borowsky AD. PMID: 24069507.
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    65. Animal models of human prostate cancer: the consensus report of the New York meeting of the Mouse Models of Human Cancers Consortium Prostate Pathology Committee. Cancer Res. 2013 May 01; 73(9):2718-36. Ittmann M, Huang J, Radaelli E, Martin P, Signoretti S, Sullivan R, Simons BW, Ward JM, Robinson BD, Chu GC, Loda M, Thomas G, Borowsky A, Cardiff RD. PMID: 23610450.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 89     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    66. CLASSIFICATION OF TUMOR HISTOPATHOLOGY VIA SPARSE FEATURE LEARNING. Proc IEEE Int Symp Biomed Imaging. 2013 Apr; 2013. Nayak N, Chang H, Borowsky A, Spellman P, Parvin B. PMID: 24319533.
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    67. Quantitation of fixative-induced morphologic and antigenic variation in mouse and human breast cancers. Lab Invest. 2013 Apr; 93(4):480-97. Cardiff RD, Hubbard NE, Engelberg JA, Munn RJ, Miller CH, Walls JE, Chen JQ, Velásquez-García HA, Galvez JJ, Bell KJ, Beckett LA, Li YJ, Borowsky AD. PMID: 23399853.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    68. Use of a single hybrid imaging agent for integration of target validation with in vivo and ex vivo imaging of mouse tumor lesions resembling human DCIS. PLoS One. 2013; 8(1):e48324. Buckle T, Kuil J, van den Berg NS, Bunschoten A, Lamb HJ, Yuan H, Josephson L, Jonkers J, Borowsky AD, van Leeuwen FW. PMID: 23326303.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    69. Invariant delineation of nuclear architecture in glioblastoma multiforme for clinical and molecular association. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2013 Apr; 32(4):670-82. Chang H, Han J, Borowsky A, Loss L, Gray JW, Spellman PT, Parvin B. PMID: 23221815.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    70. Developmental and androgenic regulation of chromatin regulators EZH2 and ANCCA/ATAD2 in the prostate Via MLL histone methylase complex. Prostate. 2013 Apr; 73(5):455-66. Duan Z, Zou JX, Yang P, Wang Y, Borowsky AD, Gao AC, Chen HW. PMID: 23038103.
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    71. Evidence for phenotypic plasticity in aggressive triple-negative breast cancer: human biology is recapitulated by a novel model system. PLoS One. 2012; 7(9):e45684. D'Amato NC, Ostrander JH, Bowie ML, Sistrunk C, Borowsky A, Cardiff RD, Bell K, Young LJ, Simin K, Bachelder RE, Delrow J, Dawson A, Yee LD, Mrózek K, Clay TM, Osada T, Seewaldt VL. PMID: 23049838.
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    72. Sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase expression in embryonic and adult murine tissues. J Lipid Res. 2012 Sep; 53(9):1920-31. Borowsky AD, Bandhuvula P, Kumar A, Yoshinaga Y, Nefedov M, Fong LG, Zhang M, Baridon B, Dillard L, de Jong P, Young SG, West DB, Saba JD. PMID: 22781001.
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    73. Establishment of clonal MIN-O transplant lines for molecular imaging via lentiviral transduction & in vitro culture. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e39350. Boucher DL, Chen JQ, Cherry SR, Borowsky AD. PMID: 22745739.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    74. Accumulation of multipotent progenitors with a basal differentiation bias during aging of human mammary epithelia. Cancer Res. 2012 Jul 15; 72(14):3687-701. Garbe JC, Pepin F, Pelissier FA, Sputova K, Fridriksdottir AJ, Guo DE, Villadsen R, Park M, Petersen OW, Borowsky AD, Stampfer MR, Labarge MA. PMID: 22552289.
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    75. Laser scanning-based tissue autofluorescence/fluorescence imaging (LS-TAFI), a new technique for analysis of microanatomy in whole-mount tissues. Am J Pathol. 2012 Jun; 180(6):2249-56. Mori H, Borowsky AD, Bhat R, Ghajar CM, Seiki M, Bissell MJ. PMID: 22542846.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    76. Deficiency of the p53/p63 target Perp alters mammary gland homeostasis and promotes cancer. Breast Cancer Res. 2012 Apr 20; 14(2):R65. Dusek RL, Bascom JL, Vogel H, Baron S, Borowsky AD, Bissell MJ, Attardi LD. PMID: 22515648.
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    77. Initiation of prostate cancer in mice by Tp53R270H: evidence for an alternative molecular progression. Dis Model Mech. 2012 Nov; 5(6):914-20. Vinall RL, Chen JQ, Hubbard NE, Sulaimon SS, Shen MM, Devere White RW, Borowsky AD. PMID: 22563073.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    78. Interleukin-17 Induces Expression of Chemokines and Cytokines in Prostatic Epithelial Cells but Does Not Stimulate Cell Growth In Vitro. Int J Med Biol Front. 2012; 18(8):629-644. You Z, Ge D, Liu S, Zhang Q, Borowsky AD, Melamed J. PMID: 25284972.
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    79. Non-invasive longitudinal imaging of tumor progression using an (111)indium labeled CXCR4 peptide antagonist. Am J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2012; 2(1):99-109. Buckle T, van Berg NS, Kuil J, Bunschoten A, Oldenburg J, Borowsky AD, Wesseling J, Masada R, Oishi S, Fujii N, van Leeuwen FW. PMID: 23133805.
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    80. Hybrid peptide dendrimers for imaging of chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) expression. Mol Pharm. 2011 Dec 05; 8(6):2444-53. Kuil J, Buckle T, Oldenburg J, Yuan H, Borowsky AD, Josephson L, van Leeuwen FW. PMID: 22085282.
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    81. Choosing a mouse model: experimental biology in context--the utility and limitations of mouse models of breast cancer. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2011 Sep 01; 3(9):a009670. Borowsky AD. PMID: 21646376.
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    82. Radiation acts on the microenvironment to affect breast carcinogenesis by distinct mechanisms that decrease cancer latency and affect tumor type. Cancer Cell. 2011 May 17; 19(5):640-51. Nguyen DH, Oketch-Rabah HA, Illa-Bochaca I, Geyer FC, Reis-Filho JS, Mao JH, Ravani SA, Zavadil J, Borowsky AD, Jerry DJ, Dunphy KA, Seo JH, Haslam S, Medina D, Barcellos-Hoff MH. PMID: 21575864.
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    83. S1P lyase: a novel therapeutic target for ischemia-reperfusion injury of the heart. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 May; 300(5):H1753-61. Bandhuvula P, Honbo N, Wang GY, Jin ZQ, Fyrst H, Zhang M, Borowsky AD, Dillard L, Karliner JS, Saba JD. PMID: 21335477.
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    84. Precancer in Animal Models: Sequentially Acquired or Predetermined?. . 2011 Jan 1; 131-150. Robert D. Cardiff, Alexander D. Borowsky. .
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    85. Copper-doxorubicin as a nanoparticle cargo retains efficacy with minimal toxicity. Mol Pharm. 2010 Dec 06; 7(6):1948-58. Kheirolomoom A, Mahakian LM, Lai CY, Lindfors HA, Seo JW, Paoli EE, Watson KD, Haynam EM, Ingham ES, Xing L, Cheng RH, Borowsky AD, Cardiff RD, Ferrara KW. PMID: 20925429.
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    86. Longitudinal investigation of permeability and distribution of macromolecules in mouse malignant transformation using PET. Clin Cancer Res. 2011 Feb 01; 17(3):550-9. Rygh CB, Qin S, Seo JW, Mahakian LM, Zhang H, Adamson R, Chen JQ, Borowsky AD, Cardiff RD, Reed RK, Curry FR, Ferrara KW. PMID: 21106723.
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    87. High-mannose glycans are elevated during breast cancer progression. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2011 Jan; 10(1):M110.002717. de Leoz ML, Young LJ, An HJ, Kronewitter SR, Kim J, Miyamoto S, Borowsky AD, Chew HK, Lebrilla CB. PMID: 21097542.
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    88. ANCCA/ATAD2 overexpression identifies breast cancer patients with poor prognosis, acting to drive proliferation and survival of triple-negative cells through control of B-Myb and EZH2. Cancer Res. 2010 Nov 15; 70(22):9402-12. Kalashnikova EV, Revenko AS, Gemo AT, Andrews NP, Tepper CG, Zou JX, Cardiff RD, Borowsky AD, Chen HW. PMID: 20864510.
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    89. Assessment of carprofen and buprenorphine on recovery of mice after surgical removal of the mammary fat pad. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2010 Sep; 49(5):610-6. Adamson TW, Kendall LV, Goss S, Grayson K, Touma C, Palme R, Chen JQ, Borowsky AD. PMID: 20858363.
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    90. Redefining the expression and function of the inhibitor of differentiation 1 in mammary gland development. PLoS One. 2010 Aug 03; 5(8):e11947. Nair R, Junankar S, O'Toole S, Shah J, Borowsky AD, Bishop JM, Swarbrick A. PMID: 20689821.
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    91. Post-transcriptional mechanisms contribute to the suppression of the ErbB3 negative regulator protein Nrdp1 in mammary tumors. J Biol Chem. 2010 Sep 10; 285(37):28691-7. Ingalla EQ, Miller JK, Wald JH, Workman HC, Kaur RP, Yen L, Fry WH, Borowsky AD, Young LJ, Sweeney C, Carraway KL. PMID: 20628057.
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    92. Siah2-dependent concerted activity of HIF and FoxA2 regulates formation of neuroendocrine phenotype and neuroendocrine prostate tumors. Cancer Cell. 2010 Jul 13; 18(1):23-38. Qi J, Nakayama K, Cardiff RD, Borowsky AD, Kaul K, Williams R, Krajewski S, Mercola D, Carpenter PM, Bowtell D, Ronai ZA. PMID: 20609350.
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    93. Pilot study on the effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid on tumorigenesis and gene expression in PyMT transgenic mice. Carcinogenesis. 2010 Sep; 31(9):1642-9. Flowers M, Schroeder JA, Borowsky AD, Besselsen DG, Thomson CA, Pandey R, Thompson PA. PMID: 20624750.
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    94. Deregulated E2F and the AAA+ coregulator ANCCA drive proto-oncogene ACTR/AIB1 overexpression in breast cancer. Mol Cancer Res. 2010 Feb; 8(2):183-93. Hsia EY, Kalashnikova EV, Revenko AS, Zou JX, Borowsky AD, Chen HW. PMID: 20124470.
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    95. Precancer: sequentially acquired or predetermined? Toxicol Pathol. 2010 Jan; 38(1):171-9. Cardiff RD, Borowsky AD. PMID: 20019354.
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    96. Initial characterization of a dedicated breast PET/CT scanner during human imaging. J Nucl Med. 2009 Sep; 50(9):1401-8. Bowen SL, Wu Y, Chaudhari AJ, Fu L, Packard NJ, Burkett GW, Yang K, Lindfors KK, Shelton DK, Hagge R, Borowsky AD, Martinez SR, Qi J, Boone JM, Cherry SR, Badawi RD. PMID: 19690029.
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    97. Grade-dependent proteomics characterization of kidney cancer. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2009 May; 8(5):971-85. Perroud B, Ishimaru T, Borowsky AD, Weiss RH. PMID: 19164279.
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    98. The membrane mucin MUC4 is elevated in breast tumor lymph node metastases relative to matched primary tumors and confers aggressive properties to breast cancer cells. Breast Cancer Res. 2009; 11(5):R70. Workman HC, Miller JK, Ingalla EQ, Kaur RP, Yamamoto DI, Beckett LA, Young LJ, Cardiff RD, Borowsky AD, Carraway KL, Sweeney C, Carraway KL. PMID: 19761616.
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    99. Aberrant activation of androgen receptor in a new neuropeptide-autocrine model of androgen-insensitive prostate cancer. Cancer Res. 2009 Jan 01; 69(1):151-60. Yang JC, Ok JH, Busby JE, Borowsky AD, Kung HJ, Evans CP. PMID: 19117998.
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    100. Suppression of the negative regulator LRIG1 contributes to ErbB2 overexpression in breast cancer. Cancer Res. 2008 Oct 15; 68(20):8286-94. Miller JK, Shattuck DL, Ingalla EQ, Yen L, Borowsky AD, Young LJ, Cardiff RD, Carraway KL, Sweeney C. PMID: 18922900.
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    101. Folate, DNA methylation, and mouse models of breast tumorigenesis. Nutr Rev. 2008 Aug; 66 Suppl 1:S59-64. Miller JW, Borowsky AD, Marple TC, McGoldrick ET, Dillard-Telm L, Young LJ, Green R. PMID: 18673493.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    102. Mammary carcinoma behavior is programmed in the precancer stem cell. Breast Cancer Res. 2008; 10(3):R50. Damonte P, Hodgson JG, Chen JQ, Young LJ, Cardiff RD, Borowsky AD. PMID: 18522749.
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    103. A cautionary note as to the use of pBi-L and related luciferase/transgenic vectors in the study of thyroid endocrinology. Thyroid. 2008 Jun; 18(6):665-6. Chan IH, Borowsky AD, Privalsky ML. PMID: 18578620.
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    104. A human breast cell model of preinvasive to invasive transition. Cancer Res. 2008 Mar 01; 68(5):1378-87. Rizki A, Weaver VM, Lee SY, Rozenberg GI, Chin K, Myers CA, Bascom JL, Mott JD, Semeiks JR, Grate LR, Mian IS, Borowsky AD, Jensen RA, Idowu MO, Chen F, Chen DJ, Petersen OW, Gray JW, Bissell MJ. PMID: 18316601.
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    105. Use of bioluminescent imaging to assay the transplantation of immortalized human fetal hepatocytes into mice. Cell Transplant. 2008; 17(8):899-909. Choi MS, Catana AM, Wu J, Kim YS, Yoon SJ, Borowsky AD, Gambhir SS, Gupta S, Zern MA. PMID: 19069633.
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    106. Over 60% of NIH extramural funding involves animal-related research. Vet Pathol. 2007 Nov; 44(6):962-3, author reply 963-4. Valli T, Barthold SW, Ward JE, Brayton C, Nikitin A, Borowsky AD, Bronson RT, Cardiff RD, Sundberg J, Ince T. PMID: 18039915.
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    107. EMT tumorigenesis in the mouse mammary gland. Lab Invest. 2007 Dec; 87(12):1218-26. Damonte P, Gregg JP, Borowsky AD, Keister BA, Cardiff RD. PMID: 17922020.
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    108. Disruption of the Flnb gene in mice phenocopies the human disease spondylocarpotarsal synostosis syndrome. Hum Mol Genet. 2008 Mar 01; 17(5):631-41. Farrington-Rock C, Kirilova V, Dillard-Telm L, Borowsky AD, Chalk S, Rock MJ, Cohn DH, Krakow D. PMID: 17635842.
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    109. From whence will they come? - A perspective on the acute shortage of pathologists in biomedical research. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2007 Jul; 19(4):455-6. Barthold SW, Borowsky AD, Brayton C, Bronson R, Cardiff RD, Griffey SM, Ince TA, Nikitin AY, Sundberg J, Valli VE, Ward JM. PMID: 17609364.
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    110. Disruption of Rxra gene in thymocytes and T lymphocytes modestly alters lymphocyte frequencies, proliferation, survival and T helper type 1/type 2 balance. Immunology. 2007 Aug; 121(4):484-98. Stephensen CB, Borowsky AD, Lloyd KC. PMID: 17433077.
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    111. p21 is a prognostic marker for renal cell carcinoma: implications for novel therapeutic approaches. J Urol. 2007 Jan; 177(1):63-8; discussion 68-9. Weiss RH, Borowsky AD, Seligson D, Lin PY, Dillard-Telm L, Belldegrun AS, Figlin RA, Pantuck AD. PMID: 17162001.
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    112. Special considerations in mouse models of breast cancer. Breast Dis. 2007; 28:29-38. Borowsky A. PMID: 18057541.
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    113. Heterogeneity of mammary lesions represent molecular differences. BMC Cancer. 2006 Dec 05; 6:275. Namba R, Maglione JE, Davis RR, Baron CA, Liu S, Carmack CE, Young LJ, Borowsky AD, Cardiff RD, Gregg JP. PMID: 17147824.
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    114. Loss of Nrdp1 enhances ErbB2/ErbB3-dependent breast tumor cell growth. Cancer Res. 2006 Dec 01; 66(23):11279-86. Yen L, Cao Z, Wu X, Ingalla ER, Baron C, Young LJ, Gregg JP, Cardiff RD, Borowsky AD, Sweeney C, Carraway KL. PMID: 17145873.
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    115. Sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase potentiates apoptosis via p53- and p38-dependent pathways and is down-regulated in colon cancer. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Nov 14; 103(46):17384-9. Oskouian B, Sooriyakumaran P, Borowsky AD, Crans A, Dillard-Telm L, Tam YY, Bandhuvula P, Saba JD. PMID: 17090686.
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    116. Histopathology as a predictive biomarker: strengths and limitations. J Nutr. 2006 Oct; 136(10):2673S-5S. Cardiff RD, Gregg JP, Miller JW, Axelrod DE, Borowsky AD. PMID: 16988145.
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    117. Inflammation and atrophy precede prostatic neoplasia in a PhIP-induced rat model. Neoplasia. 2006 Sep; 8(9):708-15. Borowsky AD, Dingley KH, Ubick E, Turteltaub KW, Cardiff RD, Devere-White R. PMID: 16984728.
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    118. Tyrosine kinase Etk/BMX is up-regulated in human prostate cancer and its overexpression induces prostate intraepithelial neoplasia in mouse. Cancer Res. 2006 Aug 15; 66(16):8058-64. Dai B, Kim O, Xie Y, Guo Z, Xu K, Wang B, Kong X, Melamed J, Chen H, Bieberich CJ, Borowsky AD, Kung HJ, Wei G, Ostrowski MC, Brodie A, Qiu Y. PMID: 16912182.
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    119. A serum glycomics approach to breast cancer biomarkers. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2007 Jan; 6(1):43-55. Kirmiz C, Li B, An HJ, Clowers BH, Chew HK, Lam KS, Ferrige A, Alecio R, Borowsky AD, Sulaimon S, Lebrilla CB, Miyamoto S. PMID: 16847285.
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    120. Rapamycin inhibits growth of premalignant and malignant mammary lesions in a mouse model of ductal carcinoma in situ. Clin Cancer Res. 2006 Apr 15; 12(8):2613-21. Namba R, Young LJ, Abbey CK, Kim L, Damonte P, Borowsky AD, Qi J, Tepper CG, MacLeod CL, Cardiff RD, Gregg JP. PMID: 16638874.
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    121. Preclinical imaging of mammary intraepithelial neoplasia with positron emission tomography. J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia. 2006 Apr; 11(2):137-49. Abbey CK, Borowsky AD, Gregg JP, Cardiff RD, Cherry SR. PMID: 17091397.
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    122. Ablation of mouse phosphomannose isomerase (Mpi) causes mannose 6-phosphate accumulation, toxicity, and embryonic lethality. J Biol Chem. 2006 Mar 03; 281(9):5916-27. DeRossi C, Bode L, Eklund EA, Zhang F, Davis JA, Westphal V, Wang L, Borowsky AD, Freeze HH. PMID: 16339137.
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    123. Therapy-induced malignant neoplasms in Nf1 mutant mice. Cancer Cell. 2005 Oct; 8(4):337-48. Chao RC, Pyzel U, Fridlyand J, Kuo YM, Teel L, Haaga J, Borowsky A, Horvai A, Kogan SC, Bonifas J, Huey B, Jacks TE, Albertson DG, Shannon KM. PMID: 16226708.
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    124. Selective estrogen receptor modulators inhibit growth and progression of premalignant lesions in a mouse model of ductal carcinoma in situ. Breast Cancer Res. 2005; 7(6):R881-9. Namba R, Young LJ, Maglione JE, McGoldrick ET, Liu S, Wurz GT, DeGregorio MW, Borowsky AD, MacLeod CL, Cardiff RD, Gregg JP. PMID: 16280035.
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    125. PET Imaging of development and malignant transformation in a mouse model of mammary intraepithelial neoplasia. Proceedings of SPIE. 2005 Apr 14; 5746:1-8. Craig K. Abbey, Alexander D. Borowsky, Erik T. McGoldrick, Jeffery P. Gregg, Robert D. Cardiff, Simon R. Cherry. .
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    126. Syngeneic mouse mammary carcinoma cell lines: two closely related cell lines with divergent metastatic behavior. Clin Exp Metastasis. 2005; 22(1):47-59. Borowsky AD, Namba R, Young LJ, Hunter KW, Hodgson JG, Tepper CG, McGoldrick ET, Muller WJ, Cardiff RD, Gregg JP. PMID: 16132578.
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    127. A critical role for p27kip1 gene dosage in a mouse model of prostate carcinogenesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Dec 07; 101(49):17204-9. Gao H, Ouyang X, Banach-Petrosky W, Borowsky AD, Lin Y, Kim M, Lee H, Shih WJ, Cardiff RD, Shen MM, Abate-Shen C. PMID: 15569926.
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    128. MYC inactivation uncovers pluripotent differentiation and tumour dormancy in hepatocellular cancer. Nature. 2004 Oct 28; 431(7012):1112-7. Shachaf CM, Kopelman AM, Arvanitis C, Karlsson A, Beer S, Mandl S, Bachmann MH, Borowsky AD, Ruebner B, Cardiff RD, Yang Q, Bishop JM, Contag CH, Felsher DW. PMID: 15475948.
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    129. Mice expressing SV40 T antigen directed by the intestinal trefoil factor promoter develop tumors resembling human small cell carcinoma of the colon. Mol Cancer Res. 2004 Sep; 2(9):504-13. Gum JR, Hicks JW, Crawley SC, Yang SC, Borowsky AD, Dahl CM, Kakar S, Kim DH, Cardiff RD, Kim YS. PMID: 15383629.
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    130. Molecular characterization of the transition to malignancy in a genetically engineered mouse-based model of ductal carcinoma in situ. Mol Cancer Res. 2004 Aug; 2(8):453-63. Namba R, Maglione JE, Young LJ, Borowsky AD, Cardiff RD, MacLeod CL, Gregg JP. PMID: 15328372.
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    131. Polyomavirus middle T-induced mammary intraepithelial neoplasia outgrowths: single origin, divergent evolution, and multiple outcomes. Mol Cancer Ther. 2004 Aug; 3(8):941-53. Maglione JE, McGoldrick ET, Young LJ, Namba R, Gregg JP, Liu L, Moghanaki D, Ellies LG, Borowsky AD, Cardiff RD, MacLeod CL. PMID: 15299077.
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    132. In vivo positron-emission tomography imaging of progression and transformation in a mouse model of mammary neoplasia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Aug 03; 101(31):11438-43. Abbey CK, Borowsky AD, McGoldrick ET, Gregg JP, Maglione JE, Cardiff RD, Cherry SR. PMID: 15277673.
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    133. Mouse models of human cancers (part 3). Comp Med. 2004 Jun; 54(3):258-70. Borowsky AD, Munn RJ, Galvez JJ, Cardiff RD, Ward JM, Morse HC, Kogan SC, Aldape KD, Louis DN, Bosenberg MW. PMID: 15253271.
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    134. Comparative pathology of nerve sheath tumors in mouse models and humans. Cancer Res. 2004 May 15; 64(10):3718-24. Stemmer-Rachamimov AO, Louis DN, Nielsen GP, Antonescu CR, Borowsky AD, Bronson RT, Burns DK, Cervera P, McLaughlin ME, Reifenberger G, Schmale MC, MacCollin M, Chao RC, Cichowski K, Kalamarides M, Messerli SM, McClatchey AI, Niwa-Kawakita M, Ratner N, Reilly KM, Zhu Y, Giovannini M. PMID: 15150133.
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    135. Validation: the new challenge for pathology. Toxicol Pathol. 2004 Mar-Apr; 32 Suppl 1:31-9. Cardiff RD, Rosner A, Hogarth MA, Galvez JJ, Borowsky AD, Gregg JP. PMID: 15209401.
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    136. Molecular analysis of metastasis in a polyomavirus middle T mouse model: the role of osteopontin. Breast Cancer Res. 2004; 6(3):R157-69. Jessen KA, Liu SY, Tepper CG, Karrim J, McGoldrick ET, Rosner A, Munn RJ, Young LJ, Borowsky AD, Cardiff RD, Gregg JP. PMID: 15084239.
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    137. Mouse models of human cancers (Part 2). Comp Med. 2004 Feb; 54(1):13-5. Galvez JJ, Cardiff RD, Munn RJ, Borowsky AD. PMID: 15027614.
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    138. Cytosolic p21Waf1/Cip1 increases cell cycle transit in vascular smooth muscle cells. Cell Signal. 2004 Feb; 16(2):263-9. Dong Y, Chi SL, Borowsky AD, Fan Y, Weiss RH. PMID: 14636896.
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    139. Chromosome instability and tumor predisposition inversely correlate with BLM protein levels. DNA Repair (Amst). 2003 Dec 09; 2(12):1387-404. McDaniel LD, Chester N, Watson M, Borowsky AD, Leder P, Schultz RA. PMID: 14642567.
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    140. An antisense oligodeoxynucleotide to p21(Waf1/Cip1) causes apoptosis in human breast cancer cells. Mol Cancer Ther. 2003 Aug; 2(8):773-82. Fan Y, Borowsky AD, Weiss RH. PMID: 12939467.
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    141. Nkx3.1; Pten mutant mice develop invasive prostate adenocarcinoma and lymph node metastases. Cancer Res. 2003 Jul 15; 63(14):3886-90. Abate-Shen C, Banach-Petrosky WA, Sun X, Economides KD, Desai N, Gregg JP, Borowsky AD, Cardiff RD, Shen MM. PMID: 12873978.
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    142. Genetically engineering a mouse. Comp Med. 2003 Jun; 53(3):249-50. Borowsky AD. PMID: 12868566.
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    143. Mouse models of prostate cancer. Comp Med. 2003 Jun; 53(3):253-6. Borowsky AD. PMID: 12868568.
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    144. A recombinant rhesus cytomegalovirus expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein retains the wild-type phenotype and pathogenicity in fetal macaques. J Virol. 2002 Sep; 76(18):9493-504. Chang WL, Tarantal AF, Zhou SS, Borowsky AD, Barry PA. PMID: 12186931.
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    145. Breakpoints of the t(11;18)(q21;q21) in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma lie within or near the previously undescribed gene MALT1 in chromosome 18. Cancer Res. 1999 Dec 15; 59(24):6205-13. Morgan JA, Yin Y, Borowsky AD, Kuo F, Nourmand N, Koontz JI, Reynolds C, Soreng L, Griffin CA, Graeme-Cook F, Harris NL, Weisenburger D, Pinkus GS, Fletcher JA, Sklar J. PMID: 10626814.
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    146. Metaplastic breast tumors with a dominant fibromatosis-like phenotype have a high risk of local recurrence. Cancer. 1999 May 15; 85(10):2170-82. Gobbi H, Simpson JF, Borowsky A, Jensen RA, Page DL. PMID: 10326695.
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    147. Development, progression, and androgen-dependence of prostate tumors in probasin-large T antigen transgenic mice: a model for prostate cancer. Lab Invest. 1998 Jun; 78(6):i-xv. Kasper S, Sheppard PC, Yan Y, Pettigrew N, Borowsky AD, Prins GS, Dodd JG, Duckworth ML, Matusik RJ. PMID: 9645768.
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    148. Development, progression, and androgen-dependence of prostate tumors in probasin-large T antigen transgenic mice: a model for prostate cancer. Lab Invest. 1998 Mar; 78(3):319-33. Kasper S, Sheppard PC, Yan Y, Pettigrew N, Borowsky AD, Prins GS, Dodd JG, Duckworth ML, Matusik RJ. PMID: 9520945.
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    149. Quantification of tumor vascularity and flow with amplitude color Doppler sonography in an experimental model: preliminary results. J Ultrasound Med. 1996 Dec; 15(12):827-33. Meyerowitz CB, Fleischer AC, Pickens DR, Thurman GB, Borowsky AD, Thirsk G, Hellerqvist CG. PMID: 8947858.
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    150. Meningitis caused by mixed anaerobic species complicating tethered cord syndrome. Clin Infect Dis. 1995 Sep; 21(3):706-7. Borowsky AD, Stein SM, Tulipan NB, Dermody TS. PMID: 8527587.
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