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Keith Baar

TitleAsst Prof
InstitutionUniversity of California Davis
Address
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Hughes DC, Marcotte GR, Baehr LM, West DWD, Marshall AG, Ebert SM, Davidyan A, Adams CM, Bodine SC, Baar K. Alterations in the muscle force transfer apparatus in aged rats during unloading and reloading: Impact of microRNA-31. J Physiol. 2018 May 03. PMID: 29726007.
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    2. Roberts MN, Wallace MA, Tomilov AA, Zhou Z, Marcotte GR, Tran D, Perez G, Gutierrez-Casado E, Koike S, Knotts TA, Imai DM, Griffey SM, Kim K, Hagopian K, McMackin MZ, Haj FG, Baar K, Cortopassi GA, Ramsey JJ, Lopez-Dominguez JA. A Ketogenic Diet Extends Longevity and Healthspan in Adult Mice. Cell Metab. 2018 May 01; 27(5):1156. PMID: 29719228.
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    3. Hodson N, Brown T, Joanisse S, Aguirre N, West DWD, Moore DR, Baar K, Breen L, Philp A. Characterisation of L-Type Amino Acid Transporter 1 (LAT1) Expression in Human Skeletal Muscle by Immunofluorescent Microscopy. Nutrients. 2017 Dec 26; 10(1). PMID: 29278358.
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    4. Heaton LE, Davis JK, Rawson ES, Nuccio RP, Witard OC, Stein KW, Baar K, Carter JM, Baker LB. Selected In-Season Nutritional Strategies to Enhance Recovery for Team Sport Athletes: A Practical Overview. Sports Med. 2017 Nov; 47(11):2201-2218. PMID: 28702900.
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    5. Roberts MN, Wallace MA, Tomilov AA, Zhou Z, Marcotte GR, Tran D, Perez G, Gutierrez-Casado E, Koike S, Knotts TA, Imai DM, Griffey SM, Kim K, Hagopian K, McMackin MZ, Haj FG, Baar K, Cortopassi GA, Ramsey JJ, Lopez-Dominguez JA. A Ketogenic Diet Extends Longevity and Healthspan in Adult Mice. Cell Metab. 2017 Sep 05; 26(3):539-546.e5. PMID: 28877457.
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    6. Park SJ, Gavrilova O, Brown AL, Soto JE, Bremner S, Kim J, Xu X, Yang S, Um JH, Koch LG, Britton SL, Lieber RL, Philp A, Baar K, Kohama SG, Abel ED, Kim MK, Chung JH. DNA-PK Promotes the Mitochondrial, Metabolic, and Physical Decline that Occurs During Aging. Cell Metab. 2017 08 01; 26(2):447. PMID: 28768182.
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    7. Lee-Barthel A, Baar K, West DWD. Treatment of Ligament Constructs with Exercise-conditioned Serum: A Translational Tissue Engineering Model. J Vis Exp. 2017 06 11; (124). PMID: 28654031.
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    8. Jackman SR, Witard OC, Philp A, Wallis GA, Baar K, Tipton KD. Branched-Chain Amino Acid Ingestion Stimulates Muscle Myofibrillar Protein Synthesis following Resistance Exercise in Humans. Front Physiol. 2017; 8:390. PMID: 28638350.
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    9. Hughes DC, Ellefsen S, Baar K. Adaptations to Endurance and Strength Training. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2017 May 10. PMID: 28490537.
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    10. Park SJ, Gavrilova O, Brown AL, Soto JE, Bremner S, Kim J, Xu X, Yang S, Um JH, Koch LG, Britton SL, Lieber RL, Philp A, Baar K, Kohama SG, Abel ED, Kim MK, Chung JH. DNA-PK Promotes the Mitochondrial, Metabolic, and Physical Decline that Occurs During Aging. Cell Metab. 2017 May 02; 25(5):1135-1146.e7. PMID: 28467930.
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    11. Hughes DC, Marcotte GR, Marshall AG, West DWD, Baehr LM, Wallace MA, Saleh PM, Bodine SC, Baar K. Age-related Differences in Dystrophin: Impact on Force Transfer Proteins, Membrane Integrity, and Neuromuscular Junction Stability. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 May 01; 72(5):640-648. PMID: 27382038.
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    12. Baehr LM, West DWD, Marshall AG, Marcotte GR, Baar K, Bodine SC. Muscle-specific and age-related changes in protein synthesis and protein degradation in response to hindlimb unloading in rats. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2017 May 01; 122(5):1336-1350. PMID: 28336537.
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    13. Baar K. Minimizing Injury and Maximizing Return to Play: Lessons from Engineered Ligaments. Sports Med. 2017 Mar; 47(Suppl 1):5-11. PMID: 28332110.
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    14. Shaw G, Lee-Barthel A, Ross ML, Wang B, Baar K. Vitamin C-enriched gelatin supplementation before intermittent activity augments collagen synthesis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2017 Jan; 105(1):136-143. PMID: 27852613.
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    15. Khodabukus A, Baar K. Factors That Affect Tissue-Engineered Skeletal Muscle Function and Physiology. Cells Tissues Organs. 2016; 202(3-4):159-168. PMID: 27825147.
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    16. Gaur V, Connor T, Sanigorski A, Martin SD, Bruce CR, Henstridge DC, Bond ST, McEwen KA, Kerr-Bayles L, Ashton TD, Fleming C, Wu M, Pike Winer LS, Chen D, Hudson GM, Schwabe JWR, Baar K, Febbraio MA, Gregorevic P, Pfeffer FM, Walder KR, Hargreaves M, McGee SL. Disruption of the Class IIa HDAC Corepressor Complex Increases Energy Expenditure and Lipid Oxidation. Cell Rep. 2016 09 13; 16(11):2802-2810. PMID: 27626651.
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    17. Anderson MJ, Diko S, Baehr LM, Baar K, Bodine SC, Christiansen BA. Contribution of mechanical unloading to trabecular bone loss following non-invasive knee injury in mice. J Orthop Res. 2016 10; 34(10):1680-1687. PMID: 26826014.
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    18. Baehr LM, West DW, Marcotte G, Marshall AG, De Sousa LG, Baar K, Bodine SC. Age-related deficits in skeletal muscle recovery following disuse are associated with neuromuscular junction instability and ER stress, not impaired protein synthesis. Aging (Albany NY). 2016 Jan; 8(1):127-46. PMID: 26826670; PMCID: PMC4761718.
    19. West DW, Baehr LM, Marcotte GR, Chason CM, Tolento L, Gomes AV, Bodine SC, Baar K. Acute resistance exercise activates rapamycin-sensitive and -insensitive mechanisms that control translational activity and capacity in skeletal muscle. J Physiol. 2016 Jan 15; 594(2):453-68. PMID: 26548696; PMCID: PMC4713726 [Available on 01/15/17].
    20. Craig DM, Ashcroft SP, Belew MY, Stocks B, Currell K, Baar K, Philp A. Utilizing small nutrient compounds as enhancers of exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis. Front Physiol. 2015; 6:296. PMID: 26578969; PMCID: PMC4621424.
    21. Khodabukus A, Baehr LM, Bodine SC, Baar K. Role of contraction duration in inducing fast-to-slow contractile and metabolic protein and functional changes in engineered muscle. J Cell Physiol. 2015 Oct; 230(10):2489-97. PMID: 25857846.
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    22. Philp A, Schenk S, Perez-Schindler J, Hamilton DL, Breen L, Laverone E, Jeromson S, Phillips SM, Baar K. Rapamycin does not prevent increases in myofibrillar or mitochondrial protein synthesis following endurance exercise. J Physiol. 2015 Sep 15; 593(18):4275-84. PMID: 26227152; PMCID: PMC4594297.
    23. West DW, Lee-Barthel A, McIntyre T, Shamim B, Lee CA, Baar K. The exercise-induced biochemical milieu enhances collagen content and tensile strength of engineered ligaments. J Physiol. 2015 Oct 15; 593(20):4665-75. PMID: 26282066; PMCID: PMC4606526 [Available on 10/15/16].
    24. Martin NR, Passey SL, Player DJ, Mudera V, Baar K, Greensmith L, Lewis MP. Neuromuscular Junction Formation in Tissue-Engineered Skeletal Muscle Augments Contractile Function and Improves Cytoskeletal Organization. Tissue Eng Part A. 2015 Oct; 21(19-20):2595-604. PMID: 26166548.
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    25. Khodabukus A, Baar K. Contractile and metabolic properties of engineered skeletal muscle derived from slow and fast phenotype mouse muscle. J Cell Physiol. 2015 Aug; 230(8):1750-7. PMID: 25335966.
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    26. Khodabukus A, Baar K. Glucose concentration and streptomycin alter in vitro muscle function and metabolism. J Cell Physiol. 2015 Jun; 230(6):1226-34. PMID: 25358470.
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    27. Hughes DC, Wallace MA, Baar K. Effects of aging, exercise, and disease on force transfer in skeletal muscle. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Jul 01; 309(1):E1-E10. PMID: 25968577; PMCID: PMC4490334.
    28. Lee CA, Lee-Barthel A, Marquino L, Sandoval N, Marcotte GR, Baar K. Estrogen inhibits lysyl oxidase and decreases mechanical function in engineered ligaments. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 May 15; 118(10):1250-7. PMID: 25979936.
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    29. Baar K. Bias is Stagnating Physiology. Physiologist. 2015 Mar; 58(2):63, 72-3. PMID: 26390773.
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    30. Sepulveda PV, Bush ED, Baar K. Pharmacology of manipulating lean body mass. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2015 Jan; 42(1):1-13. PMID: 25311629; PMCID: PMC4383600.
    31. Khodabukus A, Baar K. Streptomycin decreases the functional shift to a slow phenotype induced by electrical stimulation in engineered muscle. Tissue Eng Part A. 2015 Mar; 21(5-6):1003-12. PMID: 25333771.
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    32. Khodabukus A, Baar K. The effect of serum origin on tissue engineered skeletal muscle function. J Cell Biochem. 2014 Dec; 115(12):2198-207. PMID: 25146978.
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    33. Baar K. Using molecular biology to maximize concurrent training. Sports Med. 2014 Nov; 44 Suppl 2:S117-25. PMID: 25355186; PMCID: PMC4213370.
    34. Marcotte GR, West DW, Baar K. The molecular basis for load-induced skeletal muscle hypertrophy. Calcif Tissue Int. 2015 Mar; 96(3):196-210. PMID: 25359125; PMCID: PMC4809742.
    35. Watson K, Baar K. mTOR and the health benefits of exercise. Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2014 Dec; 36:130-9. PMID: 25218794.
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    36. Perez-Schindler J, Hamilton DL, Moore DR, Baar K, Philp A. Nutritional strategies to support concurrent training. Eur J Sport Sci. 2015; 15(1):41-52. PMID: 25159707.
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    37. Hamilton DL, Philp A, MacKenzie MG, Patton A, Towler MC, Gallagher IJ, Bodine SC, Baar K. Molecular brakes regulating mTORC1 activation in skeletal muscle following synergist ablation. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Aug 15; 307(4):E365-73. PMID: 24961241; PMCID: PMC4137116.
    38. Baar K. Nutrition and the adaptation to endurance training. Sports Med. 2014 May; 44 Suppl 1:S5-12. PMID: 24791912; PMCID: PMC4008803.
    39. McGee SL, Swinton C, Morrison S, Gaur V, Campbell DE, Jorgensen SB, Kemp BE, Baar K, Steinberg GR, Hargreaves M. Compensatory regulation of HDAC5 in muscle maintains metabolic adaptive responses and metabolism in response to energetic stress. FASEB J. 2014 Aug; 28(8):3384-95. PMID: 24732133.
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    40. Wecksler AT, Hwang SH, Wettersten HI, Gilda JE, Patton A, Leon LJ, Carraway KL, Gomes AV, Baar K, Weiss RH, Hammock BD. Novel sorafenib-based structural analogues: in-vitro anticancer evaluation of t-MTUCB and t-AUCMB. Anticancer Drugs. 2014 Apr; 25(4):433-46. PMID: 24525589; PMCID: PMC3947856.
    41. Philp A, MacKenzie MG, Belew MY, Towler MC, Corstorphine A, Papalamprou A, Hardie DG, Baar K. Glycogen content regulates peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-? (PPAR-?) activity in rat skeletal muscle. PLoS One. 2013; 8(10):e77200. PMID: 24146969.
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    42. West DW, Baar K. May the Force move you: TSC-ing the mechanical activation of mTOR. J Physiol. 2013 Sep 15; 591(18):4369-70. PMID: 24037132; PMCID: PMC3784182.
    43. Hwee DT, Baehr LM, Philp A, Baar K, Bodine SC. Maintenance of muscle mass and load-induced growth in Muscle RING Finger 1 null mice with age. Aging Cell. 2014 Feb; 13(1):92-101. PMID: 23941502; PMCID: PMC3947038.
    44. Aguirre N, van Loon LJ, Baar K. The role of amino acids in skeletal muscle adaptation to exercise. Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser. 2013; 76:85-102. PMID: 23899757.
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    45. MacKenzie MG, Hamilton DL, Pepin M, Patton A, Baar K. Inhibition of myostatin signaling through Notch activation following acute resistance exercise. PLoS One. 2013; 8(7):e68743. PMID: 23844238; PMCID: PMC3699505.
    46. Martin NR, Passey SL, Player DJ, Khodabukus A, Ferguson RA, Sharples AP, Mudera V, Baar K, Lewis MP. Factors affecting the structure and maturation of human tissue engineered skeletal muscle. Biomaterials. 2013 Jul; 34(23):5759-65. PMID: 23643182.
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    47. Timmons JA, Baar K, Davidsen PK, Atherton PJ. Is irisin a human exercise gene? Nature. 2012 Aug 30; 488(7413):E9-10; discussion E10-1. PMID: 22932392.
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    48. Deldicque L, Cani PD, Delzenne NM, Baar K, Francaux M. Endurance training in mice increases the unfolded protein response induced by a high-fat diet. J Physiol Biochem. 2013 Jun; 69(2):215-25. PMID: 23011781.
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    49. Hagerty P, Lee A, Calve S, Lee CA, Vidal M, Baar K. The effect of growth factors on both collagen synthesis and tensile strength of engineered human ligaments. Biomaterials. 2012 Sep; 33(27):6355-61. PMID: 22698725.
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    50. Churchward-Venne TA, Burd NA, Mitchell CJ, West DW, Philp A, Marcotte GR, Baker SK, Baar K, Phillips SM. Supplementation of a suboptimal protein dose with leucine or essential amino acids: effects on myofibrillar protein synthesis at rest and following resistance exercise in men. J Physiol. 2012 Jun 01; 590(11):2751-65. PMID: 22451437; PMCID: PMC3424729.
    51. Philp A, Baar K. Fine-tuning metabolism--how products of contraction regulate skeletal muscle adaptation. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Jun 01; 302(11):E1313-4. PMID: 22436694.
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    52. Philp A, Hargreaves M, Baar K. More than a store: regulatory roles for glycogen in skeletal muscle adaptation to exercise. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Jun 01; 302(11):E1343-51. PMID: 22395109.
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    53. Park SJ, Ahmad F, Philp A, Baar K, Williams T, Luo H, Ke H, Rehmann H, Taussig R, Brown AL, Kim MK, Beaven MA, Burgin AB, Manganiello V, Chung JH. Resveratrol ameliorates aging-related metabolic phenotypes by inhibiting cAMP phosphodiesterases. Cell. 2012 Feb 03; 148(3):421-33. PMID: 22304913; PMCID: PMC3431801.
    54. Philp A, Burke LM, Baar K. Altering endogenous carbohydrate availability to support training adaptations. Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser. 2011; 69:19-31; discussion 31-7. PMID: 22301834.
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    55. Bodine SC, Baar K. Analysis of skeletal muscle hypertrophy in models of increased loading. Methods Mol Biol. 2012; 798:213-29. PMID: 22130839.
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    56. Khodabukus A, Baar K. Defined electrical stimulation emphasizing excitability for the development and testing of engineered skeletal muscle. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2012 May; 18(5):349-57. PMID: 22092374.
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    57. Paxton JZ, Hagerty P, Andrick JJ, Baar K. Optimizing an intermittent stretch paradigm using ERK1/2 phosphorylation results in increased collagen synthesis in engineered ligaments. Tissue Eng Part A. 2012 Feb; 18(3-4):277-84. PMID: 21902469; PMCID: PMC3267962.
    58. Schenk S, McCurdy CE, Philp A, Chen MZ, Holliday MJ, Bandyopadhyay GK, Osborn O, Baar K, Olefsky JM. Sirt1 enhances skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity in mice during caloric restriction. J Clin Invest. 2011 Nov; 121(11):4281-8. PMID: 21985785; PMCID: PMC3204844.
    59. Philp A, Belew MY, Evans A, Pham D, Sivia I, Chen A, Schenk S, Baar K. The PGC-1a-related coactivator promotes mitochondrial and myogenic adaptations in C2C12 myotubes. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2011 Oct; 301(4):R864-72. PMID: 21795630; PMCID: PMC3197342.
    60. Breen L, Philp A, Witard OC, Jackman SR, Selby A, Smith K, Baar K, Tipton KD. The influence of carbohydrate-protein co-ingestion following endurance exercise on myofibrillar and mitochondrial protein synthesis. J Physiol. 2011 Aug 15; 589(Pt 16):4011-25. PMID: 21746787; PMCID: PMC3179999.
    61. Philp A, Chen A, Lan D, Meyer GA, Murphy AN, Knapp AE, Olfert IM, McCurdy CE, Marcotte GR, Hogan MC, Baar K, Schenk S. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) deacetylase activity is not required for mitochondrial biogenesis or peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha) deacetylation following endurance exercise. J Biol Chem. 2011 Sep 02; 286(35):30561-70. PMID: 21757760; PMCID: PMC3162416.
    62. Breen L, Philp A, Shaw CS, Jeukendrup AE, Baar K, Tipton KD. Beneficial effects of resistance exercise on glycemic control are not further improved by protein ingestion. PLoS One. 2011; 6(6):e20613. PMID: 21701685; PMCID: PMC3119062.
    63. Deldicque L, Bertrand L, Patton A, Francaux M, Baar K. ER stress induces anabolic resistance in muscle cells through PKB-induced blockade of mTORC1. PLoS One. 2011; 6(6):e20993. PMID: 21698202; PMCID: PMC3116857.
    64. Pérez-Schindler J, Philp A, Baar K, Hernández-Cascales J. Regulation of contractility and metabolic signaling by the ß2-adrenergic receptor in rat ventricular muscle. Life Sci. 2011 May 09; 88(19-20):892-7. PMID: 21466811.
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    65. Baar K, Hargreaves M. Understanding the regulation of muscle plasticity. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2011 Jan; 110(1):256-7. PMID: 21088204.
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    66. Philp A, Hamilton DL, Baar K. Signals mediating skeletal muscle remodeling by resistance exercise: PI3-kinase independent activation of mTORC1. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2011 Feb; 110(2):561-8. PMID: 21071597.
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    67. Hulston CJ, Venables MC, Mann CH, Martin C, Philp A, Baar K, Jeukendrup AE. Training with low muscle glycogen enhances fat metabolism in well-trained cyclists. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010 Nov; 42(11):2046-55. PMID: 20351596.
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    68. Paxton JZ, Grover LM, Baar K. Engineering an in vitro model of a functional ligament from bone to bone. Tissue Eng Part A. 2010 Nov; 16(11):3515-25. PMID: 20593972.
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    69. Donnelly K, Khodabukus A, Philp A, Deldicque L, Dennis RG, Baar K. A novel bioreactor for stimulating skeletal muscle in vitro. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2010 Aug; 16(4):711-8. PMID: 19807268.
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    70. Hamilton DL, Philp A, MacKenzie MG, Baar K. A limited role for PI(3,4,5)P3 regulation in controlling skeletal muscle mass in response to resistance exercise. PLoS One. 2010 Jul 16; 5(7):e11624. PMID: 20661274.
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    71. Baar K, Hamilton DL, Philp A. Comments on Point:Counterpoint: IGF is/is not the major physiological regulator of muscle mass. Irrelevant growth factor-I. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2010 Jun; 108(6):1827. PMID: 20527696.
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    72. Hamilton DL, Philp A, MacKenzie MG, Baar K. Prolonged activation of S6K1 does not suppress IRS or PI-3 kinase signaling during muscle cell differentiation. BMC Cell Biol. 2010 May 27; 11:37. PMID: 20507574; PMCID: PMC2890513.
    73. Deldicque L, Cani PD, Philp A, Raymackers JM, Meakin PJ, Ashford ML, Delzenne NM, Francaux M, Baar K. The unfolded protein response is activated in skeletal muscle by high-fat feeding: potential role in the downregulation of protein synthesis. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Nov; 299(5):E695-705. PMID: 20501874.
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    74. Paxton JZ, Donnelly K, Keatch RP, Baar K, Grover LM. Factors affecting the longevity and strength in an in vitro model of the bone-ligament interface. Ann Biomed Eng. 2010 Jun; 38(6):2155-66. PMID: 20431953; PMCID: PMC2871103.
    75. Philp A, Perez-Schindler J, Green C, Hamilton DL, Baar K. Pyruvate suppresses PGC1alpha expression and substrate utilization despite increased respiratory chain content in C2C12 myotubes. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2010 Aug; 299(2):C240-50. PMID: 20410436; PMCID: PMC2928631.
    76. Bayer ML, Yeung CY, Kadler KE, Qvortrup K, Baar K, Svensson RB, Magnusson SP, Krogsgaard M, Koch M, Kjaer M. The initiation of embryonic-like collagen fibrillogenesis by adult human tendon fibroblasts when cultured under tension. Biomaterials. 2010 Jun; 31(18):4889-97. PMID: 20356622; PMCID: PMC3485556.
    77. Khodabukus A, Baar K. Regulating fibrinolysis to engineer skeletal muscle from the C2C12 cell line. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2009 Sep; 15(3):501-11. PMID: 19191517.
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    78. Baar K. The signaling underlying FITness. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2009 Jun; 34(3):411-9. PMID: 19448707.
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    79. Paxton JZ, Donnelly K, Keatch RP, Baar K. Engineering the bone-ligament interface using polyethylene glycol diacrylate incorporated with hydroxyapatite. Tissue Eng Part A. 2009 Jun; 15(6):1201-9. PMID: 18991487.
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    80. McPhee JS, Williams AG, Stewart C, Baar K, Schindler JP, Aldred S, Maffulli N, Sargeant AJ, Jones DA. The training stimulus experienced by the leg muscles during cycling in humans. Exp Physiol. 2009 Jun; 94(6):684-94. PMID: 19218358.
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    81. MacKenzie MG, Hamilton DL, Murray JT, Taylor PM, Baar K. mVps34 is activated following high-resistance contractions. J Physiol. 2009 Jan 15; 587(1):253-60. PMID: 19015198; PMCID: PMC2670038.
    82. Baar K, Hardie DG. Small molecules can have big effects on endurance. Nat Chem Biol. 2008 Oct; 4(10):583-4. PMID: 18800044.
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    83. Kapacee Z, Richardson SH, Lu Y, Starborg T, Holmes DF, Baar K, Kadler KE. Tension is required for fibripositor formation. Matrix Biol. 2008 May; 27(4):371-5. PMID: 18262777.
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    84. McGee SL, Mustard KJ, Hardie DG, Baar K. Normal hypertrophy accompanied by phosphoryation and activation of AMP-activated protein kinase alpha1 following overload in LKB1 knockout mice. J Physiol. 2008 Mar 15; 586(6):1731-41. PMID: 18202101; PMCID: PMC2327866.
    85. Hamilton DL, Baar K. Muscle growth: no IGFs, ands, or buts. J Physiol. 2008 Jan 01; 586(1):5-6. PMID: 18167368; PMCID: PMC2375563.
    86. Khodabukus A, Paxton JZ, Donnelly K, Baar K. Engineered muscle: a tool for studying muscle physiology and function. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2007 Oct; 35(4):186-91. PMID: 17921787.
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    87. Cuthbertson DJ, Babraj JA, Mustard KJ, Towler MC, Green KA, Wackerhage H, Leese GP, Baar K, Thomason-Hughes M, Sutherland C, Hardie DG, Rennie MJ. 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide 1-beta-D-ribofuranoside acutely stimulates skeletal muscle 2-deoxyglucose uptake in healthy men. Diabetes. 2007 Aug; 56(8):2078-84. PMID: 17513706.
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    88. Paxton JZ, Baar K. Tendon mechanics: the argument heats up. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2007 Aug; 103(2):423-4. PMID: 17446408.
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    89. Timmons JA, Wennmalm K, Larsson O, Walden TB, Lassmann T, Petrovic N, Hamilton DL, Gimeno RE, Wahlestedt C, Baar K, Nedergaard J, Cannon B. Myogenic gene expression signature establishes that brown and white adipocytes originate from distinct cell lineages. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Mar 13; 104(11):4401-6. PMID: 17360536; PMCID: PMC1810328.
    90. Baar K. Training for endurance and strength: lessons from cell signaling. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Nov; 38(11):1939-44. PMID: 17095927.
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    91. Arruda EM, Mundy K, Calve S, Baar K. Denervation does not change the ratio of collagen I and collagen III mRNA in the extracellular matrix of muscle. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2007 Feb; 292(2):R983-7. PMID: 17008458.
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    92. Baar K. To perform your best: work hard not long. J Physiol. 2006 Sep 15; 575(Pt 3):690. PMID: 16873398; PMCID: PMC1995683.
    93. Lockhart NC, Baar K, Mazzeo RS, Brooks SV. Activation of Akt as a potential mediator of adaptations that reduce muscle injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Jun; 38(6):1058-64. PMID: 16775545.
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    94. Arruda EM, Calve S, Dennis RG, Mundy K, Baar K. Regional variation of tibialis anterior tendon mechanics is lost following denervation. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2006 Oct; 101(4):1113-7. PMID: 16728516.
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    95. Huang YC, Dennis RG, Baar K. Cultured slow vs. fast skeletal muscle cells differ in physiology and responsiveness to stimulation. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2006 Jul; 291(1):C11-7. PMID: 16436474.
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    96. Baar K, Nader G, Bodine S. Resistance exercise, muscle loading/unloading and the control of muscle mass. Essays Biochem. 2006; 42:61-74. PMID: 17144880.
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    97. Baar K. New dimensions in tissue engineering: possible models for human physiology. Exp Physiol. 2005 Nov; 90(6):799-806. PMID: 16091402.
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    98. Hecker L, Baar K, Dennis RG, Bitar KN. Development of a three-dimensional physiological model of the internal anal sphincter bioengineered in vitro from isolated smooth muscle cells. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2005 Aug; 289(2):G188-96. PMID: 15774939.
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    99. Baar K, Birla R, Boluyt MO, Borschel GH, Arruda EM, Dennis RG. Self-organization of rat cardiac cells into contractile 3-D cardiac tissue. FASEB J. 2005 Feb; 19(2):275-7. PMID: 15574489.
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    100. Huang YC, Dennis RG, Larkin L, Baar K. Rapid formation of functional muscle in vitro using fibrin gels. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005 Feb; 98(2):706-13. PMID: 15475606.
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