Nicole Baumgarth

Title(s)Professor, School of Veterinary Medicine
SchoolSchool of Veterinary Medicine
AddressCounty Rd 98 Hutchison Drive, CCM # 1004
CA 95616
Phone530-754-5813
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Antibody-mediated immunity to Borrelia burgdorferi
    NIH R01AI157007Mar 8, 2021 - Feb 28, 2026
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Quantifying the spectrum and dynamics of B-cell binding avidity in response to influenza
    NIH R21AI161041Feb 1, 2021 - Jan 31, 2023
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Regulation of antibody production by B-1 cells
    NIH R21AI151995Jun 1, 2020 - May 31, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    B-1 cells, IgM and Protective Humoral Immunity to Influenza
    NIH R01AI148652Sep 23, 2019 - Aug 31, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Protective humoral immunity to influenza infection
    NIH R01AI117890Jun 9, 2016 - May 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Long-lived B cell Immunity in the Respiratory Tract
    NIH R01AI085568Sep 1, 2010 - Aug 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Humoral responses to Lyme Borreliosis: A mouse model
    NIH R01AI073911Feb 1, 2008 - Jan 31, 2014
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Early Regulation of Immunity in the Respiratory Tract
    NIH R01AI055881Sep 15, 2003 - Feb 29, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Regulation of Humoral Immunity to Influenza Virus
    NIH R01AI051354Sep 30, 2002 - Nov 30, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Comparative Medical Science Training Program
    NIH T32OD011147Jul 1, 1988 - Jun 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Secreted IgM modulates IL-10 expression in B cells. Nat Commun. 2024 Jan 05; 15(1):324. McGettigan SE, Aira LE, Kumar G, Ballet R, Butcher EC, Baumgarth N, Debes GF. PMID: 38182585.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    2. To whom B cells toll extrafollicular responses. Genes Immun. 2023 Dec; 24(6):285-286. Lam JH, Baumgarth N. PMID: 38066339.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Cells
    3. Borrelia burgdorferi Infection-Induced Persistent IgM Secretion Controls Bacteremia, but Not Bacterial Dissemination or Tissue Burden. J Immunol. 2023 11 15; 211(10):1540-1549. Hastey CJ, Olsen KJ, Elsner RA, Mundigl S, Tran GVV, Barthold SW, Baumgarth N. PMID: 37782044; PMCID: PMC10843262.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    4. Antigen-Specific CD4 T Cell and B Cell Responses to Borrelia burgdorferi. J Immunol. 2023 09 15; 211(6):994-1005. Hammond EM, Olsen KJ, Ram S, Tran GVV, Hall LS, Bradley JE, Lund FE, Samuels DS, Baumgarth N. PMID: 37556156; PMCID: PMC10530202.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    5. A microfluidic strategy to capture antigen-specific high affinity B cells. bioRxiv. 2023 Jul 14. Alhassan AM, Shirure VS, Luo J, Nguyen BB, Rollins ZA, Shergill BS, Zhu X, Baumgarth N, George SC. PMID: 37503139; PMCID: PMC10369944.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    6. Toll-like receptor mediated inflammation directs B cells towards protective antiviral extrafollicular responses. Nat Commun. 2023 07 05; 14(1):3979. Lam JH, Baumgarth N. PMID: 37407556; PMCID: PMC10322839.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    7. Original antigenic sin: not so sinful after all. Trends Immunol. 2023 Jul; 44(7):487-489. Baumgarth N. PMID: 37296058.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    8. Enhanced Mott cell formation linked with IgM Fc receptor (FcμR) deficiency. Eur J Immunol. 2023 07; 53(7):e2250315. Mahmoudi Aliabadi P, Al-Qaisi K, Jani PK, Honjo K, Klemm U, Lee KH, Baumgarth N, Radbruch A, Melchers F, Kubagawa H. PMID: 37098762.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    9. An Igh distal enhancer modulates antigen receptor diversity by determining locus conformation. Nat Commun. 2023 03 03; 14(1):1225. Bhat KH, Priyadarshi S, Naiyer S, Qu X, Farooq H, Kleiman E, Xu J, Lei X, Cantillo JF, Wuerffel R, Baumgarth N, Liang J, Feeney AJ, Kenter AL. PMID: 36869028; PMCID: PMC9984487.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    10. B-1 plasma cells require non-cognate CD4 T cell help to generate a unique repertoire of natural IgM. J Exp Med. 2023 04 03; 220(4). Smith FL, Savage HP, Luo Z, Tipton CM, Lee FE, Apostol AC, Beaudin AE, Lopez DA, Jensen I, Keller S, Baumgarth N. PMID: 36811605; PMCID: PMC9960156.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    11. Breaking the Paradigm: Selection of Self-Reactive Natural Antibodies. J Immunol. 2022 11 01; 209(9):1621-1623. Baumgarth N. PMID: 36253068; PMCID: PMC9586457.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    12. CD4 T cell responses in persistent Borrelia burgdorferi infection. Curr Opin Immunol. 2022 08; 77:102187. Hammond EM, Baumgarth N. PMID: 35550259.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    13. Genetic mapping reveals Nfkbid as a central regulator of humoral immunity to Toxoplasma gondii. PLoS Pathog. 2021 12; 17(12):e1010081. Souza SP, Splitt SD, Sànchez-Arcila JC, Alvarez JA, Wilson JN, Wizzard S, Luo Z, Baumgarth N, Jensen KDC. PMID: 34871323; PMCID: PMC8675933.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    14. Recent Progress in Lyme Disease and Remaining Challenges. Front Med (Lausanne). 2021; 8:666554. Bobe JR, Jutras BL, Horn EJ, Embers ME, Bailey A, Moritz RL, Zhang Y, Soloski MJ, Ostfeld RS, Marconi RT, Aucott J, Ma'ayan A, Keesing F, Lewis K, Ben Mamoun C, Rebman AW, McClune ME, Breitschwerdt EB, Reddy PJ, Maggi R, Yang F, Nemser B, Ozcan A, Garner O, Di Carlo D, Ballard Z, Joung HA, Garcia-Romeu A, Griffiths RR, Baumgarth N, Fallon BA. PMID: 34485323; PMCID: PMC8416313.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36  
    15. Report of the Pathogenesis and Pathophysiology of Lyme Disease Subcommittee of the HHS Tick Borne Disease Working Group. Front Med (Lausanne). 2021; 8:643235. Donta ST, States LJ, Adams WA, Bankhead T, Baumgarth N, Embers ME, Lochhead RB, Stevenson B. PMID: 34164410; PMCID: PMC8215209.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    16. The Shaping of a B Cell Pool Maximally Responsive to Infections. Annu Rev Immunol. 2021 04 26; 39:103-129. Baumgarth N. PMID: 33472004.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    17. Purification and Immune Phenotyping of B-1 Cells from Body Cavities of Mice. Methods Mol Biol. 2021; 2270:27-45. Yenson V, Baumgarth N. PMID: 33479891.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    18. Immune Response to Borrelia: Lessons from Lyme Disease Spirochetes. Curr Issues Mol Biol. 2021; 42:145-190. Bockenstedt LK, Wooten RM, Baumgarth N. PMID: 33289684.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    19. Memory Lapses-Winning the Slow Race. Immunity. 2020 11 17; 53(5):902-904. Baumgarth N. PMID: 33207214.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    20. Antibody Responses to SARS-CoV-2: Let's Stick to Known Knowns. J Immunol. 2020 11 01; 205(9):2342-2350. Baumgarth N, Nikolich-Žugich J, Lee FE, Bhattacharya D. PMID: 32887754; PMCID: PMC7578055.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    21. B Cell Activation and Response Regulation During Viral Infections. Viral Immunol. 2020 05; 33(4):294-306. Lam JH, Smith FL, Baumgarth N. PMID: 32326852; PMCID: PMC7247032.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    22. Guidelines for the use of flow cytometry and cell sorting in immunological studies (second edition). Eur J Immunol. 2019 Oct; 49(10):1457-1973. Cossarizza A, Chang HD, Radbruch A, Acs A, Adam D, Adam-Klages S, Agace WW, Aghaeepour N, Akdis M, Allez M, Almeida LN, Alvisi G, Anderson G, Andrä I, Annunziato F, Anselmo A, Bacher P, Baldari CT, Bari S, Barnaba V, Barros-Martins J, Battistini L, Bauer W, Baumgart S, Baumgarth N, Baumjohann D, Baying B, Bebawy M, Becher B, Beisker W, Benes V, Beyaert R, Blanco A, Boardman DA, Bogdan C, Borger JG, Borsellino G, Boulais PE, Bradford JA, Brenner D, Brinkman RR, Brooks AES, Busch DH, Büscher M, Bushnell TP, Calzetti F, Cameron G, Cammarata I, Cao X, Cardell SL, Casola S, Cassatella MA, Cavani A, Celada A, Chatenoud L, Chattopadhyay PK, Chow S, Christakou E, Cicin-Šain L, Clerici M, Colombo FS, Cook L, Cooke A, Cooper AM, Corbett AJ, Cosma A, Cosmi L, Coulie PG, Cumano A, Cvetkovic L, Dang VD, Dang-Heine C, Davey MS, Davies D, De Biasi S, Del Zotto G, Dela Cruz GV, Delacher M, Della Bella S, Dellabona P, Deniz G, Dessing M, Di Santo JP, Diefenbach A, Dieli F, Dolf A, Dörner T, Dress RJ, Dudziak D, Dustin M, Dutertre CA, Ebner F, Eckle SBG, Edinger M, Eede P, Ehrhardt GRA, Eich M, Engel P, Engelhardt B, Erdei A, Esser C, Everts B, Evrard M, Falk CS, Fehniger TA, Felipo-Benavent M, Ferry H, Feuerer M, Filby A, Filkor K, Fillatreau S, Follo M, Förster I, Foster J, Foulds GA, Frehse B, Frenette PS, Frischbutter S, Fritzsche W, Galbraith DW, Gangaev A, Garbi N, Gaudilliere B, Gazzinelli RT, Geginat J, Gerner W, Gherardin NA, Ghoreschi K, Gibellini L, Ginhoux F, Goda K, Godfrey DI, Goettlinger C, González-Navajas JM, Goodyear CS, Gori A, Grogan JL, Grummitt D, Grützkau A, Haftmann C, Hahn J, Hammad H, Hämmerling G, Hansmann L, Hansson G, Harpur CM, Hartmann S, Hauser A, Hauser AE, Haviland DL, Hedley D, Hernández DC, Herrera G, Herrmann M, Hess C, Höfer T, Hoffmann P, Hogquist K, Holland T, Höllt T, Holmdahl R, Hombrink P, Houston JP, Hoyer BF, Huang B, Huang FP, Huber JE, Huehn J, Hundemer M, Hunter CA, Hwang WYK, Iannone A, Ingelfinger F, Ivison SM, Jäck HM, Jani PK, Jávega B, Jonjic S, Kaiser T, Kalina T, Kamradt T, Kaufmann SHE, Keller B, Ketelaars SLC, Khalilnezhad A, Khan S, Kisielow J, Klenerman P, Knopf J, Koay HF, Kobow K, Kolls JK, Kong WT, Kopf M, Korn T, Kriegsmann K, Kristyanto H, Kroneis T, Krueger A, Kühne J, Kukat C, Kunkel D, Kunze-Schumacher H, Kurosaki T, Kurts C, Kvistborg P, Kwok I, Landry J, Lantz O, Lanuti P, LaRosa F, Lehuen A, LeibundGut-Landmann S, Leipold MD, Leung LYT, Levings MK, Lino AC, Liotta F, Litwin V, Liu Y, Ljunggren HG, Lohoff M, Lombardi G, Lopez L, López-Botet M, Lovett-Racke AE, Lubberts E, Luche H, Ludewig B, Lugli E, Lunemann S, Maecker HT, Maggi L, Maguire O, Mair F, Mair KH, Mantovani A, Manz RA, Marshall AJ, Martínez-Romero A, Martrus G, Marventano I, Maslinski W, Matarese G, Mattioli AV, Maueröder C, Mazzoni A, McCluskey J, McGrath M, McGuire HM, McInnes IB, Mei HE, Melchers F, Melzer S, Mielenz D, Miller SD, Mills KHG, Minderman H, Mjösberg J, Moore J, Moran B, Moretta L, Mosmann TR, Müller S, Multhoff G, Muñoz LE, Münz C, Nakayama T, Nasi M, Neumann K, Ng LG, Niedobitek A, Nourshargh S, Núñez G, O'Connor JE, Ochel A, Oja A, Ordonez D, Orfao A, Orlowski-Oliver E, Ouyang W, Oxenius A, Palankar R, Panse I, Pattanapanyasat K, Paulsen M, Pavlinic D, Penter L, Peterson P, Peth C, Petriz J, Piancone F, Pickl WF, Piconese S, Pinti M, Pockley AG, Podolska MJ, Poon Z, Pracht K, Prinz I, Pucillo CEM, Quataert SA, Quatrini L, Quinn KM, Radbruch H, Radstake TRDJ, Rahmig S, Rahn HP, Rajwa B, Ravichandran G, Raz Y, Rebhahn JA, Recktenwald D, Reimer D, Reis e Sousa C, Remmerswaal EBM, Richter L, Rico LG, Riddell A, Rieger AM, Robinson JP, Romagnani C, Rubartelli A, Ruland J, Saalmüller A, Saeys Y, Saito T, Sakaguchi S, Sala-de-Oyanguren F, Samstag Y, Sanderson S, Sandrock I, Santoni A, Sanz RB, Saresella M, Sautes-Fridman C, Sawitzki B, Schadt L, Scheffold A, Scherer HU, Schiemann M, Schildberg FA, Schimisky E, Schlitzer A, et al. PMID: 31633216; PMCID: PMC7350392.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 351     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. B cell receptor and Toll-like receptor signaling coordinate to control distinct B-1 responses to both self and the microbiota. Elife. 2019 08 21; 8. Kreuk LS, Koch MA, Slayden LC, Lind NA, Chu S, Savage HP, Kantor AB, Baumgarth N, Barton GM. PMID: 31433298; PMCID: PMC6703855.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    24. TLR induces reorganization of the IgM-BCR complex regulating murine B-1 cell responses to infections. Elife. 2019 08 21; 8. Savage HP, Kläsener K, Smith FL, Luo Z, Reth M, Baumgarth N. PMID: 31433296; PMCID: PMC6703853.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    25. Secreted IgM: New tricks for an old molecule. J Leukoc Biol. 2019 11; 106(5):1021-1034. Blandino R, Baumgarth N. PMID: 31302940; PMCID: PMC6803036.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    26. B-1 cell responses to infections. Curr Opin Immunol. 2019 04; 57:23-31. Smith FL, Baumgarth N. PMID: 30685692; PMCID: PMC6521837.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    27. The Multifaceted B Cell Response to Influenza Virus. J Immunol. 2019 01 15; 202(2):351-359. Lam JH, Baumgarth N. PMID: 30617116; PMCID: PMC6327962.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 55     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    28. A natural killer T-cell subset that protects against airway hyperreactivity. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2019 02; 143(2):565-576.e7. Chuang YT, Leung K, Chang YJ, DeKruyff RH, Savage PB, Cruse R, Benoit C, Elewaut D, Baumgarth N, Umetsu DT. PMID: 29852257.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    29. Both B-1a and B-1b cells exposed to Mycobacterium tuberculosis lipids differentiate into IgM antibody-secreting cells. Immunology. 2018 Feb 18. Ordoñez C, Savage HP, Tarajia M, Rivera R, Weeks-Galindo C, Sambrano D, Riley L, Fernandez PL, Baumgarth N, Goodridge A. PMID: 29455451; PMCID: PMC6050208.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    
    30. A Hard(y) Look at B-1 Cell Development and Function. J Immunol. 2017 11 15; 199(10):3387-3394. Baumgarth N. PMID: 29109178; PMCID: PMC5726597.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 71     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    31. sIgM-FcμR Interactions Regulate Early B Cell Activation and Plasma Cell Development after Influenza Virus Infection. J Immunol. 2017 09 01; 199(5):1635-1646. Nguyen TTT, Graf BA, Randall TD, Baumgarth N. PMID: 28747342; PMCID: PMC5568459.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    32. Blimp-1-dependent and -independent natural antibody production by B-1 and B-1-derived plasma cells. J Exp Med. 2017 Sep 04; 214(9):2777-2794. Savage HP, Yenson VM, Sawhney SS, Mousseau BJ, Lund FE, Baumgarth N. PMID: 28698287; PMCID: PMC5584113.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 53     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    33. Licensing delineates helper and effector NK cell subsets during viral infection. JCI Insight. 2017 May 18; 2(10). Zamora AE, Aguilar EG, Sungur CM, Khuat LT, Dunai C, Lochhead GR, Du J, Pomeroy C, Blazar BR, Longo DL, Venstrom JM, Baumgarth N, Murphy WJ. PMID: 28515356; PMCID: PMC5436543.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    
    34. Borrelia burgdorferi Manipulates Innate and Adaptive Immunity to Establish Persistence in Rodent Reservoir Hosts. Front Immunol. 2017; 8:116. Tracy KE, Baumgarth N. PMID: 28265270; PMCID: PMC5316537.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    
    35. The IgM receptor FcμR limits tonic BCR signaling by regulating expression of the IgM BCR. Nat Immunol. 2017 03; 18(3):321-333. Nguyen TT, Kläsener K, Zürn C, Castillo PA, Brust-Mascher I, Imai DM, Bevins CL, Reardon C, Reth M, Baumgarth N. PMID: 28135254; PMCID: PMC5310993.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    36. Comprehensive Annotation of Mature Peptides and Genotypes for Zika Virus. PLoS One. 2017; 12(1):e0170462. Sun G, Larsen CN, Baumgarth N, Klem EB, Scheuermann RH. PMID: 28125631; PMCID: PMC5268401.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    37. B-1 Cell Heterogeneity and the Regulation of Natural and Antigen-Induced IgM Production. Front Immunol. 2016; 7:324. Baumgarth N. PMID: 27667991; PMCID: PMC5016532.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 88     Fields:    
    38. Richard R. (Randy) Hardy 1952-2016. Nat Immunol. 2016 07 19; 17(8):889. Baumgarth N, Herzenberg LA. PMID: 27433999.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Cells
    39. Innate B Cells Tell ILC How It's Done. Immunity. 2016 07 19; 45(1):8-10. Nguyen TT, Baumgarth N. PMID: 27438761.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    40. Natural IgM and the Development of B Cell-Mediated Autoimmune Diseases. Crit Rev Immunol. 2016; 36(2):163-177. Nguyen TT, Baumgarth N. PMID: 27910766; PMCID: PMC5292326.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    41. Infection-induced type I interferons activate CD11b on B-1 cells for subsequent lymph node accumulation. Nat Commun. 2015 Nov 27; 6:8991. Waffarn EE, Hastey CJ, Dixit N, Soo Choi Y, Cherry S, Kalinke U, Simon SI, Baumgarth N. PMID: 26612263; PMCID: PMC4896500.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 43     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    42. Characterization of Receptor Binding Profiles of Influenza A Viruses Using An Ellipsometry-Based Label-Free Glycan Microarray Assay Platform. Biomolecules. 2015 Jul 16; 5(3):1480-98. Fei Y, Sun YS, Li Y, Yu H, Lau K, Landry JP, Luo Z, Baumgarth N, Chen X, Zhu X. PMID: 26193329; PMCID: PMC4598760.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    43. Suppression of Long-Lived Humoral Immunity Following Borrelia burgdorferi Infection. PLoS Pathog. 2015 Jul; 11(7):e1004976. Elsner RA, Hastey CJ, Olsen KJ, Baumgarth N. PMID: 26136236; PMCID: PMC4489802.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 60     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    44. Characteristics of natural antibody-secreting cells. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2015 Dec; 1362:132-42. Savage HP, Baumgarth N. PMID: 26104151; PMCID: PMC4679694.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    45. Natural and induced B-1 cell immunity to infections raises questions of nature versus nurture. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2015 Dec; 1362:188-99. Baumgarth N, Waffarn EE, Nguyen TT. PMID: 26060895; PMCID: PMC4881423.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    46. Cartilage immunoprivilege depends on donor source and lesion location. Acta Biomater. 2015 Sep; 23:72-81. Arzi B, DuRaine GD, Lee CA, Huey DJ, Borjesson DL, Murphy BG, Hu JCY, Baumgarth N, Athanasiou KA. PMID: 26028293; PMCID: PMC4522233.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    47. Natural IgM prevents autoimmunity by enforcing B cell central tolerance induction. J Immunol. 2015 Feb 15; 194(4):1489-502. Nguyen TT, Elsner RA, Baumgarth N. PMID: 25595791; PMCID: PMC4324358.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 59     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    48. Chapter 3 Biology and Diseases of Mice. . 2015 Jan 1; 43-149. Whary WM, Baumgarth BN, Fox FJ, Barthold BS. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    49. CD4+ T cells promote antibody production but not sustained affinity maturation during Borrelia burgdorferi infection. Infect Immun. 2015 Jan; 83(1):48-56. Elsner RA, Hastey CJ, Baumgarth N. PMID: 25312948; PMCID: PMC4288900.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    50. Synergistic up-regulation of CXCL10 by virus and IFN γ in human airway epithelial cells. PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e100978. Oslund KL, Zhou X, Lee B, Zhu L, Duong T, Shih R, Baumgarth N, Hung LY, Wu R, Chen Y. PMID: 25033426; PMCID: PMC4102466.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    51. MyD88- and TRIF-independent induction of type I interferon drives naive B cell accumulation but not loss of lymph node architecture in Lyme disease. Infect Immun. 2014 Apr; 82(4):1548-58. Hastey CJ, Ochoa J, Olsen KJ, Barthold SW, Baumgarth N. PMID: 24452685; PMCID: PMC3993384.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    52. Purification and immune phenotyping of B-1 cells from body cavities of mice. Methods Mol Biol. 2014; 1190:17-34. Yenson V, Baumgarth N. PMID: 25015270.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    53. Influenza infection results in local expansion of memory CD8(+) T cells with antigen non-specific phenotype and function. Clin Exp Immunol. 2014 Jan; 175(1):79-91. Sckisel GD, Tietze JK, Zamora AE, Hsiao HH, Priest SO, Wilkins DE, Lanier LL, Blazar BR, Baumgarth N, Murphy WJ. PMID: 23937663; PMCID: PMC3898557.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    54. How specific is too specific? B-cell responses to viral infections reveal the importance of breadth over depth. Immunol Rev. 2013 Sep; 255(1):82-94. Baumgarth N. PMID: 23947349; PMCID: PMC3748619.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    55. The role of innate signals in B cell immunity to influenza virus. Front Biosci (Schol Ed). 2013 01 01; 5(1):105-17. Priest SO, Baumgarth N. PMID: 23277039.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    56. Innate-like B cells and their rules of engagement. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2013; 785:57-66. Baumgarth N. PMID: 23456838.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
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    61. Influenza research database: an integrated bioinformatics resource for influenza research and surveillance. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2012 Nov; 6(6):404-16. Squires RB, Noronha J, Hunt V, García-Sastre A, Macken C, Baumgarth N, Suarez D, Pickett BE, Zhang Y, Larsen CN, Ramsey A, Zhou L, Zaremba S, Kumar S, Deitrich J, Klem E, Scheuermann RH. PMID: 22260278; PMCID: PMC3345175.
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    76. Human cytomegalovirus suppresses type I interferon secretion by plasmacytoid dendritic cells through its interleukin 10 homolog. Virology. 2009 Aug 01; 390(2):330-7. Chang WL, Barry PA, Szubin R, Wang D, Baumgarth N. PMID: 19524994; PMCID: PMC2747589.
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    83. B cell lineage contributions to antiviral host responses. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2008; 319:41-61. Baumgarth N, Choi YS, Rothaeusler K, Yang Y, Herzenberg LA. PMID: 18080414.
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    84. Autoimmune disease: skin deep but complex. Nature. 2007 Oct 04; 449(7162):551-3. Baumgarth N, Bevins CL. PMID: 17873861.
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    88. Influenza virus infection causes global respiratory tract B cell response modulation via innate immune signals. J Immunol. 2007 Feb 01; 178(3):1457-67. Chang WL, Coro ES, Rau FC, Xiao Y, Erle DJ, Baumgarth N. PMID: 17237394.
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    92. Inherent specificities in natural antibodies: a key to immune defense against pathogen invasion. Springer Semin Immunopathol. 2005 Mar; 26(4):347-62. Baumgarth N, Tung JW, Herzenberg LA. PMID: 15633017.
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    93. Highly tissue substructure-specific effects of human papilloma virus in mucosa of HIV-infected patients revealed by laser-dissection microscopy-assisted gene expression profiling. Am J Pathol. 2004 Sep; 165(3):707-18. Baumgarth N, Szubin R, Dolganov GM, Watnik MR, Greenspan D, Da Costa M, Palefsky JM, Jordan R, Roederer M, Greenspan JS. PMID: 15331396; PMCID: PMC1618607.
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    95. B-cell immunophenotyping. Methods Cell Biol. 2004; 75:643-62. Baumgarth N. PMID: 15603446.
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    99. Identification of a germ-line pro-B cell subset that distinguishes the fetal/neonatal from the adult B cell development pathway. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Mar 05; 99(5):3007-12. Lu LS, Tung J, Baumgarth N, Herman O, Gleimer M, Herzenberg LA, Herzenberg LA. PMID: 11867763; PMCID: PMC122463.
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