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Gang-yu Liu, PhD

Title(s)Professor, Chemistry
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
Phone530-754-9678
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Sulkanen AR, Sung J, Robb MJ, Moore JS, Sottos NR, Liu GY. Spatially Selective and Density-Controlled Activation of Interfacial Mechanophores. J Am Chem Soc. 2019 Mar 06; 141(9):4080-4085. PMID: 30746939.
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    2. Tran V, Karsai A, Fong MC, Cai W, Yik JHN, Klineberg E, Haudenschild DR, Liu GY. Label-Free and Direct Visualization of Multivalent Binding of Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 with Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein. J Phys Chem B. 2019 Jan 10; 123(1):39-46. PMID: 30554512.
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    3. Zhang J, Whitehead J, Liu Y, Yang Q, Leach JK, Liu GY. Direct Observation of Tunneling Nanotubes within Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Spheroids. J Phys Chem B. 2018 11 01; 122(43):9920-9926. PMID: 30350968.
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    4. Zhang J, Piunova VA, Liu Y, Tek A, Yang Q, Frommer J, Liu GY, Sly J. Controlled Molecular Assembly via Dynamic Confinement of Solvent. J Phys Chem Lett. 2018 Nov 01; 9(21):6232-6237. PMID: 30336037.
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    5. Ted A. Laurence, Yang Liu, Ming Zhang, Matthew J. Owen, Jinkyu Han, Lingdong Sun, Chunhua Yan, Gang-yu Liu. Measuring Activation and Luminescence Time Scales of Upconverting NaYF 4 :Yb,Er Nanocrystals. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2018 Oct 18; 122(41):23780-23789.
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    6. Deng WN, Wang S, Ventrici de Souza J, Kuhl TL, Liu GY. New Algorithm to Enable Construction and Display of 3D Structures from Scanning Probe Microscopy Images Acquired Layer-by-Layer. J Phys Chem A. 2018 Jul 05; 122(26):5756-5763. PMID: 29889521.
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    7. Deep Jariwala, Andrey Krayev, Joeson Wong, A Edward Robinson, Michelle C Sherrott, Shuo Wang, Gang-Yu Liu, Mauricio Terrones, Harry A Atwater. Nanoscale doping heterogeneity in few-layer WSe2 exfoliated onto noble metals revealed by correlated SPM and TERS imaging. 2D Materials. 2018 Apr 10; 5(3):035003.
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    8. Yang Liu, Kang-Hsin Wang, Huan-Yuan Chen, Jie-Ren Li, Ted A. Laurence, Sonny Ly, Fu-Tong Liu, Gang-Yu Liu. Periodic Arrangement of Lipopolysaccharides Nanostructures Accelerates and Enhances the Maturation Processes of Dendritic Cells. ACS Applied Nano Materials. 2018 Feb 23; 1(2):839-850.
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    9. Ventrici de Souza J, Liu Y, Wang S, Dörig P, Kuhl TL, Frommer J, Liu GY. Three-Dimensional Nanoprinting via Direct Delivery. J Phys Chem B. 2018 01 18; 122(2):956-962. PMID: 29120185.
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    10. Bhattacharyya K, Liu GY, Zanni MT. "New Physical Chemistry Insight" in Experimental Bio-Physical Chemistry. J Phys Chem B. 2017 07 13; 121(27):6455. PMID: 28701044.
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    11. Lohrer MF, Hanna DM, Liu Y, Wang KH, Liu FT, Laurence TA, Liu GY. Applying Pattern Recognition to High-Resolution Images to Determine Cellular Signaling Status. IEEE Trans Nanobioscience. 2017 09; 16(6):438-446. PMID: 28644811.
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    12. Karsai A, Slack TJ, Malekan H, Khoury F, Lin WF, Tran V, Cox D, Toney M, Chen X, Liu GY. Local Mechanical Perturbation Provides an Effective Means to Regulate the Growth and Assembly of Functional Peptide Fibrils. Small. 2016 Dec; 12(46):6407-6415. PMID: 27689936.
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    13. Shailise S. Ross, Matthew J. Owen, Brian P. Pedersen, Gang-yu Liu, William J. W. Miller. Using Mung Beans as a Simple, Informative Means To Evaluate the Phytotoxicity of Engineered Nanomaterials and Introduce the Concept of Nanophytotoxicity to Undergraduate Students. Journal of Chemical Education. 2016 Aug 9; 93(8):1428-1433.
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    14. Joao F. Ventrici de Souza, Tonya Kuhl, Gang-Yu Liu. Development of a New Methodology for Building Three-Dimensional Nanostructures. 2016 Aug 1; 806-808.
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    15. Zhao J, Swartz LA, Lin WF, Schlenoff PS, Frommer J, Schlenoff JB, Liu GY. Three-Dimensional Nanoprinting via Scanning Probe Lithography-Delivered Layer-by-Layer Deposition. ACS Nano. 2016 06 28; 10(6):5656-62. PMID: 27203853.
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    16. Chuan Wang, Jia-Kai Chou, Kwan-Liu Ma, Arpad Karsai, Ying X Liu, Evgeny Ogorodnik, Victoria Tran, Gang-Yu Liu. An Interactive Visual Analysis Tool for Cellular Behavior Studies Using Large Collections of Microscopy Videos. 2016 Apr 1; 1-8.
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    17. Zhao J, Sun S, Swartz L, Riechers S, Hu P, Chen S, Zheng J, Liu GY. "Size-Independent" Single-Electron Tunneling. J Phys Chem Lett. 2015 Dec 17; 6(24):4986-90. PMID: 26618859.
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    18. Liu YX, Karsai A, Anderson DS, Silva RM, Uyeminami DL, Van Winkle LS, Pinkerton KE, Liu GY. Single-Cell Mechanics Provides an Effective Means To Probe in Vivo Interactions between Alveolar Macrophages and Silver Nanoparticles. J Phys Chem B. 2015 Dec 10; 119(49):15118-29. PMID: 26562364.
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    19. Tartibi M, Liu YX, Liu GY, Komvopoulos K. Single-cell mechanics--An experimental-computational method for quantifying the membrane-cytoskeleton elasticity of cells. Acta Biomater. 2015 Nov; 27:224-235. PMID: 26300334.
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    20. Li JR, Ross SS, Liu Y, Liu YX, Wang KH, Chen HY, Liu FT, Laurence TA, Liu GY. Engineered Nanostructures of Haptens Lead to Unexpected Formation of Membrane Nanotubes Connecting Rat Basophilic Leukemia Cells. ACS Nano. 2015 Jul 28; 9(7):6738-46. PMID: 26057701.
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    21. Donglei Bu, Shawn Riechers, Jian Liang, Gang-yu Liu. Impact of nanografting on the local structure of ternary self-assembled monolayers. Nano Research. 2015 Jun 1; 8(6):2102-2114.
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    22. Peralta MD, Karsai A, Ngo A, Sierra C, Fong KT, Hayre NR, Mirzaee N, Ravikumar KM, Kluber AJ, Chen X, Liu GY, Toney MD, Singh RR, Cox DL. Engineering amyloid fibrils from ß-solenoid proteins for biomaterials applications. ACS Nano. 2015 Jan 27; 9(1):449-63. PMID: 25562726.
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    23. Chun Du, Ming Zhang, Ji-Wook Jang, Yang Liu, Gang-Yu Liu, Dunwei Wang. Observation and Alteration of Surface States of Hematite Photoelectrodes. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2014 Jul 31; 118(30):17054-17059.
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    24. Kurniawan J, Yin NN, Liu GY, Kuhl TL. Interaction forces between ternary lipid bilayers containing cholesterol. Langmuir. 2014 May 06; 30(17):4997-5004. PMID: 24716859.
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    25. Nai-Ning Yin, Alexander Buyanin, Shawn L. Riechers, Olivia P. Lee, Jean M. J. Fréchet, Miquel Salmeron, Gang-yu Liu. In Situ and Real-Time Atomic Force Microscopy Studies of the Stability of Oligothiophene Langmuir–Blodgett Monolayers in Liquid. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2014 Mar 20; 118(11):5789-5795.
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    26. Zimmer CC, Liu YX, Morgan JT, Yang G, Wang KH, Kennedy IM, Barakat AI, Liu GY. New approach to investigate the cytotoxicity of nanomaterials using single cell mechanics. J Phys Chem B. 2014 Feb 06; 118(5):1246-55. PMID: 24417356.
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    27. Lin WF, Swartz LA, Li JR, Liu Y, Liu GY. Particle Lithography Enables Fabrication of Multicomponent Nanostructures. J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces. 2013 Nov 07; 117(44):23279-23285. PMID: 24707328.
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    28. Zhang M, Lin Y, Mullen TJ, Lin WF, Sun LD, Yan CH, Patten TE, Wang D, Liu GY. Improving Hematite's Solar Water Splitting Efficiency by Incorporating Rare-Earth Upconversion Nanomaterials. J Phys Chem Lett. 2012 Nov 01; 3(21):3188-92. PMID: 26296027.
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    29. Lin WF, Li JR, Liu GY. Near-field scanning optical microscopy enables direct observation of Moiré effects at the nanometer scale. ACS Nano. 2012 Oct 23; 6(10):9141-9. PMID: 22973942.
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    30. Lifang Shi, Jie-Ren Li, Yi-Ping Shih, Su Hao Lo, Gang-yu Liu. Nanogratings of fibronectin provide an effective biochemical cue for regulating focal adhesion and cellular structure. Nano Research. 2012 Aug 1; 5(8):565-575.
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    31. Li JR, Shi L, Deng Z, Lo SH, Liu GY. Nanostructures of designed geometry and functionality enable regulation of cellular signaling processes. Biochemistry. 2012 Jul 31; 51(30):5876-93. PMID: 22783801.
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    32. Lu W, Xiong C, Zhang R, Shi L, Huang M, Zhang G, Song S, Huang Q, Liu GY, Li C. Receptor-mediated transcytosis: a mechanism for active extravascular transport of nanoparticles in solid tumors. J Control Release. 2012 Aug 10; 161(3):959-66. PMID: 22617522.
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    33. Chen ZG, Xu ZP, Zhang M, Zhou Y, Liu M, Patten T, Liu GY, Li H, Zeng XC, Tan L. Two-dimensional crystallization of hexagonal bilayer with Moiré patterns. J Phys Chem B. 2012 Apr 12; 116(14):4363-9. PMID: 22356348.
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    34. Deng Z, Weng IC, Li JR, Chen HY, Liu FT, Liu GY. Engineered nanostructures of antigen provide an effective means for regulating mast cell activation. ACS Nano. 2011 Nov 22; 5(11):8672-83. PMID: 21999491.
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    35. Mullen TJ, Zhang M, Feng W, El-khouri RJ, Sun LD, Yan CH, Patten TE, Liu GY. Fabrication and characterization of rare-earth-doped nanostructures on surfaces. ACS Nano. 2011 Aug 23; 5(8):6539-45. PMID: 21780743.
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    36. Jie-Ren Li, Nai-Ning Yin, Gang-yu Liu. Hierarchical Micro- and Nanoscale Structures on Surfaces Produced Using a One-Step Pattern Transfer Process. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 2011 Feb 17; 2(4):289-294.
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    37. Fleming CJ, Yin NN, Riechers SL, Chu G, Liu GY. High-resolution imaging of the intramolecular structure of indomethacin-carrying dendrimers by scanning tunneling microscopy. ACS Nano. 2011 Mar 22; 5(3):1685-92. PMID: 21322534.
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    38. Koehne JE, Stevens RM, Zink T, Deng Z, Chen H, Weng IC, Liu FT, Liu GY. Using carbon nanotube probes for high-resolution three-dimensional imaging of cells. Ultramicroscopy. 2011 Jul; 111(8):1155-62. PMID: 21741916.
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    39. Gang-yu Liu. Driving the “Structure-Property-Function” Paradigm of Protein and DNA via Physical Chemistry. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 2010 Nov 18; 1(22):3305-3305.
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    40. Bu D, Mullen TJ, Liu GY. Regulation of local structure and composition of binary disulfide and thiol self-assembled monolayers using nanografting. ACS Nano. 2010 Nov 23; 4(11):6863-73. PMID: 20931979.
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    41. Lulevich V, Yang HY, Isseroff RR, Liu GY. Single cell mechanics of keratinocyte cells. Ultramicroscopy. 2010 Nov; 110(12):1435-42. PMID: 20728993.
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    42. Luo J, Xiao K, Li Y, Lee JS, Shi L, Tan YH, Xing L, Holland Cheng R, Liu GY, Lam KS. Well-defined, size-tunable, multifunctional micelles for efficient paclitaxel delivery for cancer treatment. Bioconjug Chem. 2010 Jul 21; 21(7):1216-24. PMID: 20536174.
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    43. Lulevich V, Zimmer CC, Hong HS, Jin LW, Liu GY. Single-cell mechanics provides a sensitive and quantitative means for probing amyloid-beta peptide and neuronal cell interactions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Aug 03; 107(31):13872-7. PMID: 20643929.
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    44. Deng Z, Lulevich V, Liu FT, Liu GY. Applications of atomic force microscopy in biophysical chemistry of cells. J Phys Chem B. 2010 May 13; 114(18):5971-82. PMID: 20405961.
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    45. Ziguang Chen, Maozi Liu, Gang-yu Liu, Li Tan. Evaporation induced two-dimensional buckling within liquid droplet. Applied Physics Letters. 2009 Nov 30; 95(22):223104.
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    46. Ajay Virkar, Stefan Mannsfeld, Joon Hak Oh, Michael F. Toney, Yih Horng Tan, Gang-yu Liu, J. Campbell Scott, Robert Miller, Zhenan Bao. The Role of OTS Density on Pentacene and C60 Nucleation, Thin Film Growth, and Transistor Performance. Advanced Functional Materials. 2009 Jun 23; 19(12):1962-1970.
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    47. Lulevich V, Shih YP, Lo SH, Liu GY. Cell tracing dyes significantly change single cell mechanics. J Phys Chem B. 2009 May 07; 113(18):6511-9. PMID: 19366241.
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    48. Fleming CJ, Liu YX, Deng Z, Liu GY. Deformation and hyperfine structures of dendrimers investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy. J Phys Chem A. 2009 Apr 23; 113(16):4168-74. PMID: 19278254.
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    49. Staii C, Viesselmann C, Ballweg J, Shi L, Liu GY, Williams JC, Dent EW, Coppersmith SN, Eriksson MA. Positioning and guidance of neurons on gold surfaces by directed assembly of proteins using Atomic Force Microscopy. Biomaterials. 2009 Jul; 30(20):3397-404. PMID: 19342092.
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    50. Deng Z, Zink T, Chen HY, Walters D, Liu FT, Liu GY. Impact of actin rearrangement and degranulation on the membrane structure of primary mast cells: a combined atomic force and laser scanning confocal microscopy investigation. Biophys J. 2009 Feb 18; 96(4):1629-39. PMID: 19217878.
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    51. Koehne JE, Chen H, Cassell A, Liu GY, Li J, Meyyappan M. Arrays of carbon nanofibers as a platform for biosensing at the molecular level and for tissue engineering and implantation. Biomed Mater Eng. 2009; 19(1):35-43. PMID: 19458444.
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    52. Tan YH, Liu M, Nolting B, Go JG, Gervay-Hague J, Liu GY. A nanoengineering approach for investigation and regulation of protein immobilization. ACS Nano. 2008 Nov 25; 2(11):2374-84. PMID: 19206405.
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    53. Varotto A, Todaro L, Vinodu M, Koehne J, Liu GY, Drain CM. Self-organization of a new fluorous porphyrin and C60 films on indium-tin-oxide electrode. Chem Commun (Camb). 2008 Oct 28; (40):4921-3. PMID: 18931739.
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    54. Zink T, Deng Z, Chen H, Yu L, Liu FT, Liu GY. High-resolution three-dimensional imaging of the rich membrane structures of bone marrow-derived mast cells. Ultramicroscopy. 2008 Dec; 109(1):22-31. PMID: 18790570.
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    55. Lee JY, Shah SS, Zimmer CC, Liu GY, Revzin A. Use of photolithography to encode cell adhesive domains into protein microarrays. Langmuir. 2008 Mar 04; 24(5):2232-9. PMID: 18198912.
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    56. Liu M, Amro NA, Liu GY. Nanografting for surface physical chemistry. Annu Rev Phys Chem. 2008; 59:367-86. PMID: 18031212.
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    57. Riposan A, Li Y, Tan YH, Galli G, Liu GY. Structural characterization of aldehyde-terminated self-assembled monolayers. J Phys Chem A. 2007 Dec 13; 111(49):12727-39. PMID: 18052310.
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    58. Riposan A, Liu GY. Significance of local density of states in the scanning tunneling microscopy imaging of alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers. J Phys Chem B. 2006 Nov 30; 110(47):23926-37. PMID: 17125360.
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    59. Tan L, Ouyang Z, Liu M, Ell J, Hu J, Patten TE, Liu GY. High-efficiency stepwise contraction and adsorption nanolithography. J Phys Chem B. 2006 Nov 23; 110(46):23315-20. PMID: 17107181.
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    60. Lulevich V, Zink T, Chen HY, Liu FT, Liu GY. Cell mechanics using atomic force microscopy-based single-cell compression. Langmuir. 2006 Sep 12; 22(19):8151-5. PMID: 16952255.
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    61. Yu JJ, Tan YH, Li X, Kuo PK, Liu GY. A nanoengineering approach to regulate the lateral heterogeneity of self-assembled monolayers. J Am Chem Soc. 2006 Sep 06; 128(35):11574-81. PMID: 16939281.
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    62. Ouyang Z, Tan L, Liu M, Judge OS, Zhang X, Li H, Hu J, Patten TE, Liu GY. A simple miniaturization protocol to produce multicomponent micro- and nanostructures. Small. 2006 Jul; 2(7):884-7. PMID: 17193139.
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    63. Price WJ, Leigh SA, Hsu SM, Patten TE, Liu GY. Measuring the size dependence of Young's modulus using force modulation atomic force microscopy. J Phys Chem A. 2006 Feb 02; 110(4):1382-8. PMID: 16435798.
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    64. Dosev D, Nichkova M, Liu M, Guo B, Liu GY, Hammock BD, Kennedy IM. Application of luminescent Eu:Gd2O3 nanoparticles to the visualization of protein micropatterns. J Biomed Opt. 2005 Nov-Dec; 10(6):064006. PMID: 16409071.
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    65. Guohua Yang, Li Tan, Yiyun Yang, Shaowei Chen, Gang-Yu Liu. Single electron tunneling and manipulation of nanoparticles on surfaces at room temperature. Surface Science. 2005 Sep 1; 589(1-3):129-138.
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    66. Price WJ, Kuo PK, Lee TR, Colorado R, Ying ZC, Liu GY. Probing the local structure and mechanical response of nanostructures using force modulation and nanofabrication. Langmuir. 2005 Aug 30; 21(18):8422-8. PMID: 16114952.
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    67. Dosi Dosev, Mikaela Nichkova, Maozi Liu, Bing Guo, Gang-yu Liu, Younan Xia, Bruce D. Hammock, Ian M. Kennedy. Application of fluorescent Eu:Gd2O3 nanoparticles to the visualization of protein micropatterns. Proceedings of SPIE. 2005 Mar 29; 5699:473-481.
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    68. Liu M, Liu GY. Hybridization with nanostructures of single-stranded DNA. Langmuir. 2005 Mar 01; 21(5):1972-8. PMID: 15723497.
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    69. Yang G, Amro NA, Starkewolfe ZB, Liu GY. Molecular-level approach to inhibit degradations of alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers in aqueous media. Langmuir. 2004 May 11; 20(10):3995-4003. PMID: 15969390.
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    70. Birte Nolting, Jing-Jiang Yu, Gang-yu Liu, Sung-Jin Cho, Susan Kauzlarich, Jacquelyn Gervay-Hague. Synthesis of Gold Glyconanoparticles and Biological Evaluation of Recombinant Gp120 Interactions †. Langmuir. 2003 Aug 1; 19(16):6465-6473.
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    71. Yile Qian, Guohua Yang, Jingjiang Yu, Thomas A. Jung, Gang-yu Liu. Structures of Annealed Decanethiol Self-Assembled Monolayers on Au(111):  an Ultrahigh Vacuum Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Study. Langmuir. 2003 Jul 1; 19(15):6056-6065.
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    72. Stamm KL, Garno JC, Liu GY, Brock SL. A general methodology for the synthesis of transition metal pnictide nanoparticles from pnictate precursors and its application to iron-phosphorus phases. J Am Chem Soc. 2003 Apr 09; 125(14):4038-9. PMID: 12670211.
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    73. Jayne C. Garno, Yiyun Yang, Nabil A. Amro, Sylvain Cruchon-Dupeyrat, Shaowei Chen, Gang-Yu Liu. Precise Positioning of Nanoparticles on Surfaces Using Scanning Probe Lithography. Nano Letters. 2003 Mar 1; 3(3):389-395.
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    74. Nabil A. Amro, Jayne C. Garno, Maozi Liu, Kapila Wadu-Mesthrige, Gang-yu Liu. Nanostructures of organic molecules and proteins on surfaces. Proceedings of SPIE. 2002 Nov 1; 4807:10-22.
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    75. Jayne C. Garno, Nabil A. Amro, Kapila Wadu-Mesthrige, Gang-Yu Liu. Production of Periodic Arrays of Protein Nanostructures Using Particle Lithography. Langmuir. 2002 Oct 1; 18(21):8186-8192.
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    76. Jun-Fu Liu, Sylvain Cruchon-Dupeyrat, Jayne C. Garno, Jane Frommer, Gang-Yu Liu. Three-Dimensional Nanostructure Construction via Nanografting:  Positive and Negative Pattern Transfer. Nano Letters. 2002 Sep 1; 2(9):937-940.
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    77. Tina Louise Brower, Jayne C. Garno, Abraham Ulman, Gang-yu Liu, Chun Yan, Armin Gölzhäuser, Michael Grunze. Self-Assembled Multilayers of 4,4‘-Dimercaptobiphenyl Formed by Cu(II)-Catalyzed Oxidation. Langmuir. 2002 Aug 1; 18(16):6207-6216.
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    78. Maozi Liu, Nabil A. Amro, Christine S. Chow, Gang-yu Liu. Production of Nanostructures of DNA on Surfaces. Nano Letters. 2002 Aug 1; 2(8):863-867.
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    79. Liu GY, Amro NA. Positioning protein molecules on surfaces: a nanoengineering approach to supramolecular chemistry. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Apr 16; 99(8):5165-70. PMID: 11959965.
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    80. Baldwin RK, Pettigrew KA, Garno JC, Power PP, Liu GY, Kauzlarich SM. Room temperature solution synthesis of alkyl-capped tetrahedral shaped silicon nanocrystals. J Am Chem Soc. 2002 Feb 20; 124(7):1150-1. PMID: 11841266.
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    81. Kapila Wadu-Mesthrige, Nabil A Amro, Jayne C Garno, Sylvain Cruchon-Dupeyrat, Gang-Yu Liu. Contact resonance imaging — a simple approach to improve the resolution of AFM for biological and polymeric materials. Applied Surface Science. 2001 May 1; 175:391-398.
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    82. Song Xu, Nabil A Amro, Gang-Yu Liu. Characterization of AFM tips using nanografting. Applied Surface Science. 2001 May 1; 175:649-655.
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    83. Wadu-Mesthrige K, Amro NA, Garno JC, Xu S, Liu G. Fabrication of nanometer-sized protein patterns using atomic force microscopy and selective immobilization. Biophys J. 2001 Apr; 80(4):1891-9. PMID: 11259301.
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    84. Toy PH, Reger TS, Garibay P, Garno JC, Malikayil JA, Liu G, Janda KD. Polytetrahydrofuran cross-linked polystyrene resins for solid-phase organic synthesis. J Comb Chem. 2001 Jan-Feb; 3(1):117-24. PMID: 11148072.
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    85. Jung F. Kang, Abraham Ulman, Sheng Liao, Rainer Jordan, Guohua Yang, Gang-yu Liu. Self-Assembled Rigid Monolayers of 4‘-Substituted-4-mercaptobiphenyls on Gold and Silver Surfaces. Langmuir. 2001 Jan 1; 17(1):95-106.
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    86. Wadu-Mesthrige K, Amro NA, Liu GY. Immobilization of proteins on self-assembled monolayers. Scanning. 2000 Nov-Dec; 22(6):380-8. PMID: 11145264.
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    87. Frank Auer, Michael Scotti, Abraham Ulman, Rainer Jordan, Börje Sellergren, Jayne Garno, Gang-Yu Liu. Nanocomposites by Electrostatic Interactions:  1. Impact of Sublayer Quality on the Organization of Functionalized Nanoparticles on Charged Self-Assembled Layers. Langmuir. 2000 Oct 1; 16(20):7554-7557.
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    88. Guohua Yang, Yile Qian, Chaiwat Engtrakul, Lawrence R. Sita, Gang-yu Liu. Arenethiols Form Ordered and Incommensurate Self-Assembled Monolayers on Au(111) Surfaces. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 2000 Oct 1; 104(39):9059-9062.
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    89. Liu GY, Xu S, Qian Y. Nanofabrication of self-assembled monolayers using scanning probe lithography. Acc Chem Res. 2000 Jul; 33(7):457-66. PMID: 10913234.
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    90. Nabil A. Amro, Song Xu, Gang-yu Liu. Patterning Surfaces Using Tip-Directed Displacement and Self-Assembly. Langmuir. 2000 Apr 1; 16(7):3006-3009.
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    91. Nabil A. Amro, Lakshmi P. Kotra, Kapila Wadu-Mesthrige, Alexy Bulychev, Shahriar Mobashery, Gang-yu Liu. High-Resolution Atomic Force Microscopy Studies of the Escherichia coli Outer Membrane:  Structural Basis for Permeability. Langmuir. 2000 Mar 1; 16(6):2789-2796.
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    92. Lakshmi P. Kotra, Dasantila Golemi, Nabil A. Amro, Gang-Yu Liu, Shahriar Mobashery. Dynamics of the Lipopolysaccharide Assembly on the Surface of Escherichia c oli. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 1999 Sep 1; 121(38):8707-8711.
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    93. Song Xu, Paul E. Laibinis, Gang-yu Liu. Accelerating the Kinetics of Thiol Self-Assembly on GoldA Spatial Confinement Effect. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 1998 Sep 1; 120(36):9356-9361.
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    94. Li Nan, D Allan, Liu Gang-yu. In situ STM study of thermal annealing of Au thin films: An investigation on decay of nanometer Au clusters and 2D islands. Acta Physica Sinica (Overseas Edition). 1997 Jul 1; 6(7):531-549.
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    95. Liu Gang-Yu, Gary N. Robinson, Giacinto Scoles, Paul A. Heiney. Low-energy helium diffraction studies of CO2 overlayers physisorbed on NaCl(001). Surface Science. 1992 Feb 1; 262(3):409-421.
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    96. Liu GY, Grygon CA, Spiro TG. Ionic strength dependence of cytochrome c structure and Trp-59 H/D exchange from ultraviolet resonance Raman spectroscopy. Biochemistry. 1989 Jun 13; 28(12):5046-50. PMID: 2548599.
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