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Paul Ashwood, PhD

Title(s)Professor, Medical Microbiology and Immunology
SchoolUniversity of California, Davis
AddressDavis Campus
CA 95616
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Maternal immune conditions are increased in males with autism spectrum disorders and are associated with behavioural and emotional but not cognitive co-morbidity. Transl Psychiatry. 2020 Aug 14; 10(1):286. Patel S, Dale RC, Rose D, Heath B, Nordahl CW, Rogers S, Guastella AJ, Ashwood P. PMID: 32796821.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Developmental-behavioral profiles in children with autism spectrum disorder and co-occurring gastrointestinal symptoms. Autism Res. 2020 Aug 06. Restrepo B, Angkustsiri K, Taylor SL, Rogers SJ, Cabral J, Heath B, Hechtman A, Solomon M, Ashwood P, Amaral DG, Nordahl CW. PMID: 32767543.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Genetic variants drive altered epigenetic regulation of endotoxin response in BTBR macrophages. Brain Behav Immun. 2020 May 23. Ciernia AV, Link VM, Careaga M, LaSalle JM, Ashwood P. PMID: 32454135.
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    4. Neonatal Thyroid Stimulating Hormone and Subsequent Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders and Intellectual Disability. Autism Res. 2020 03; 13(3):444-455. Ames JL, Windham GC, Lyall K, Pearl M, Kharrazi M, Yoshida CK, Van de Water J, Ashwood P, Croen LA. PMID: 31823519.
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    5. Infection and Fever in Pregnancy and Autism Spectrum Disorders: Findings from the Study to Explore Early Development. Autism Res. 2019 10; 12(10):1551-1561. Croen LA, Qian Y, Ashwood P, Zerbo O, Schendel D, Pinto-Martin J, Daniele Fallin M, Levy S, Schieve LA, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Sabourin KR, Ames JL. PMID: 31317667.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Rapid Communication: Plasma Interleukin-35 in Children with Autism. Brain Sci. 2019 Jun 27; 9(7). Rose D, Ashwood P. PMID: 31252635.
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    7. An Exploratory Examination of Neonatal Cytokines and Chemokines as Predictors of Autism Risk: The Early Markers for Autism Study. Biol Psychiatry. 2019 08 15; 86(4):255-264. Heuer LS, Croen LA, Jones KL, Yoshida CK, Hansen RL, Yolken R, Zerbo O, DeLorenze G, Kharrazi M, Ashwood P, Van de Water J. PMID: 31279535.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Pilot study of probiotic/colostrum supplementation on gut function in children with autism and gastrointestinal symptoms. PLoS One. 2019; 14(1):e0210064. Sanctuary MR, Kain JN, Chen SY, Kalanetra K, Lemay DG, Rose DR, Yang HT, Tancredi DJ, German JB, Slupsky CM, Ashwood P, Mills DA, Smilowitz JT, Angkustsiri K. PMID: 30625189.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    9. Anti-Candida albicans IgG Antibodies in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders. Front Psychiatry. 2018; 9:627. Hughes HK, Ashwood P. PMID: 30534090.
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    10. Differential T Cell Levels of Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor-II in Children With Autism. Front Psychiatry. 2018; 9:543. Ashwood P. PMID: 30524316.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    11. Immune Dysfunction and Autoimmunity as Pathological Mechanisms in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Front Cell Neurosci. 2018; 12:405. Hughes HK, Mills Ko E, Rose D, Ashwood P. PMID: 30483058.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    12. The Gut Microbiota and Dysbiosis in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2018 09 24; 18(11):81. Hughes HK, Rose D, Ashwood P. PMID: 30251184.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    13. Cross-genetic determination of maternal and neonatal immune mediators during pregnancy. Genome Med. 2018 08 22; 10(1):67. Traglia M, Croen LA, Jones KL, Heuer LS, Yolken R, Kharrazi M, DeLorenze GN, Ashwood P, Van de Water J, Weiss LA. PMID: 30134952.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Family history of immune conditions and autism spectrum and developmental disorders: Findings from the study to explore early development. Autism Res. 2019 01; 12(1):123-135. Croen LA, Qian Y, Ashwood P, Daniels JL, Fallin D, Schendel D, Schieve LA, Singer AB, Zerbo O. PMID: 30095240.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Cytokine alterations in first-episode schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: relationships to brain structure and symptoms. J Neuroinflammation. 2018 May 26; 15(1):165. Lesh TA, Careaga M, Rose DR, McAllister AK, Van de Water J, Carter CS, Ashwood P. PMID: 29803226.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Ambient particulate matter activates the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in dendritic cells and enhances Th17 polarization. Toxicol Lett. 2018 Aug; 292:85-96. Castañeda AR, Pinkerton KE, Bein KJ, Magaña-Méndez A, Yang HT, Ashwood P, Vogel CFA. PMID: 29689377.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    17. Differential immune responses and microbiota profiles in children with autism spectrum disorders and co-morbid gastrointestinal symptoms. Brain Behav Immun. 2018 05; 70:354-368. Rose DR, Yang H, Serena G, Sturgeon C, Ma B, Careaga M, Hughes HK, Angkustsiri K, Rose M, Hertz-Picciotto I, Van de Water J, Hansen RL, Ravel J, Fasano A, Ashwood P. PMID: 29571898.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    18. Identification of the antigenic epitopes of maternal autoantibodies in autism spectrum disorders. Brain Behav Immun. 2018 03; 69:399-407. Edmiston E, Jones KL, Vu T, Ashwood P, Van de Water J. PMID: 29289663.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Microglia from offspring of dams with allergic asthma exhibit epigenomic alterations in genes dysregulated in autism. Glia. 2018 03; 66(3):505-521. Vogel Ciernia A, Careaga M, LaSalle JM, Ashwood P. PMID: 29134693.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    20. Dynamic Akt/mTOR Signaling in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Front Pediatr. 2017; 5:43. Onore C, Yang H, Van de Water J, Ashwood P. PMID: 28361047.
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    21. Long-term altered immune responses following fetal priming in a non-human primate model of maternal immune activation. Brain Behav Immun. 2017 Jul; 63:60-70. Rose DR, Careaga M, Van de Water J, McAllister K, Bauman MD, Ashwood P. PMID: 27876552.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    22. Behavioral impact of maternal allergic-asthma in two genetically distinct mouse strains. Brain Behav Immun. 2017 Jul; 63:99-107. Schwartzer JJ, Careaga M, Coburn MA, Rose DR, Hughes HK, Ashwood P. PMID: 27622677.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    23. Autoimmunity, Autoantibodies, and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2017 03 01; 81(5):383-390. Edmiston E, Ashwood P, Van de Water J. PMID: 28340985.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    24. C57BL/6J bone marrow transplant increases sociability in BTBR T+ Itpr3tf/J mice. Brain Behav Immun. 2017 Jan; 59:55-61. Schwartzer JJ, Onore CE, Rose D, Ashwood P. PMID: 27235929.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    25. Autism with intellectual disability is associated with increased levels of maternal cytokines and chemokines during gestation. Mol Psychiatry. 2017 02; 22(2):273-279. Jones KL, Croen LA, Yoshida CK, Heuer L, Hansen R, Zerbo O, DeLorenze GN, Kharrazi M, Yolken R, Ashwood P, Van de Water J. PMID: 27217154.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Prenatal and Newborn Immunoglobulin Levels from Mother-Child Pairs and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Front Neurosci. 2016; 10:218. Grether JK, Ashwood P, Van de Water J, Yolken RH, Anderson MC, Torres AR, Westover JB, Sweeten T, Hansen RL, Kharrazi M, Croen LA. PMID: 27242422.
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    27. Maternal mid-pregnancy C-reactive protein and risk of autism spectrum disorders: the early markers for autism study. Transl Psychiatry. 2016 Apr 19; 6:e783. Zerbo O, Traglia M, Yoshida C, Heuer LS, Ashwood P, Delorenze GN, Hansen RL, Kharrazi M, Van de Water J, Yolken RH, Weiss LA, Croen LA. PMID: 27093065.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Immune Endophenotypes in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2017 03 01; 81(5):434-441. Careaga M, Rogers S, Hansen RL, Amaral DG, Van de Water J, Ashwood P. PMID: 26493496.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    29. Neonatal Cytokine Profiles Associated With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2017 03 01; 81(5):442-451. Krakowiak P, Goines PE, Tancredi DJ, Ashwood P, Hansen RL, Hertz-Picciotto I, Van de Water J. PMID: 26392128.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Increased production of IL-17 in children with autism spectrum disorders and co-morbid asthma. J Neuroimmunol. 2015 Sep 15; 286:33-41. Akintunde ME, Rose M, Krakowiak P, Heuer L, Ashwood P, Hansen R, Hertz-Picciotto I, Van de Water J. PMID: 26298322.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    31. Preeclampsia, placental insufficiency, autism, and antiphospholipid antibodies-reply. JAMA Pediatr. 2015 Jun; 169(6):606-7. Walker CK, Ashwood P, Hertz-Picciotto I. PMID: 26030513.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Allergic fetal priming leads to developmental, behavioral and neurobiological changes in mice. Transl Psychiatry. 2015 Apr 07; 5:e543. Schwartzer JJ, Careaga M, Chang C, Onore CE, Ashwood P. PMID: 25849982.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    33. Asthma and Allergies in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders: Results From the CHARGE Study. Autism Res. 2015 Oct; 8(5):567-74. Lyall K, Van de Water J, Ashwood P, Hertz-Picciotto I. PMID: 25722050.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Immunology of Autism. . 2015 Jan 1; 93-115. Destanie R. Rose, Paul Ashwood. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    35. Therapeutic properties of mesenchymal stem cells for autism spectrum disorders. Med Hypotheses. 2015 Mar; 84(3):169-77. Gesundheit B, Ashwood P, Keating A, Naor D, Melamed M, Rosenzweig JP. PMID: 25592283.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    36. Change in plasma cytokine levels during risperidone treatment in children with autism. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2014 Dec; 24(10):586-9. Choi JE, Widjaja F, Careaga M, Bent S, Ashwood P, Hendren RL. PMID: 24828014.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    37. Evidence supporting an altered immune response in ASD. Immunol Lett. 2015 Jan; 163(1):49-55. Mead J, Ashwood P. PMID: 25448709.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 41     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    38. Maternal immune-mediated conditions, autism spectrum disorders, and developmental delay. J Autism Dev Disord. 2014 Jul; 44(7):1546-55. Lyall K, Ashwood P, Van de Water J, Hertz-Picciotto I. PMID: 24337796.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Neonatal cytokines and chemokines and risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder: the Early Markers for Autism (EMA) study: a case-control study. J Neuroinflammation. 2014 Jun 20; 11:113. Zerbo O, Yoshida C, Grether JK, Van de Water J, Ashwood P, Delorenze GN, Hansen RL, Kharrazi M, Croen LA. PMID: 24951035.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Group I metabotropic glutamate receptor mediated dynamic immune dysfunction in children with fragile X syndrome. J Neuroinflammation. 2014 Jun 19; 11:110. Careaga M, Noyon T, Basuta K, Van de Water J, Tassone F, Hagerman RJ, Ashwood P. PMID: 24942544.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    41. Inflammatory profiles in the BTBR mouse: how relevant are they to autism spectrum disorders? Brain Behav Immun. 2015 Jan; 43:11-6. Careaga M, Schwartzer J, Ashwood P. PMID: 24937468.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    42. Immune dysregulation as a cause of autoinflammation in fragile X premutation carriers: link between FMRI CGG repeat number and decreased cytokine responses. PLoS One. 2014; 9(4):e94475. Careaga M, Rose D, Tassone F, Berman RF, Hagerman R, Ashwood P. PMID: 24718368.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    43. ASD: biochemical mechanisms behind behavioral disorders. Mediators Inflamm. 2014; 2014:758473. Valacchi G, Ashwood P. PMID: 24799768.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Maternal immune activation leads to activated inflammatory macrophages in offspring. Brain Behav Immun. 2014 May; 38:220-6. Onore CE, Schwartzer JJ, Careaga M, Berman RF, Ashwood P. PMID: 24566386.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    45. Potential cytokine biomarkers in autism spectrum disorders. Biomark Med. 2014; 8(9):1171-81. Rose D, Ashwood P. PMID: 25402586.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Autophagy in the brain of neonates following hypoxia-ischemia shows sex- and region-specific effects. Neuroscience. 2014 Jan 03; 256:201-9. Weis SN, Toniazzo AP, Ander BP, Zhan X, Careaga M, Ashwood P, Wyse AT, Netto CA, Sharp FR. PMID: 24184979.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    47. Increased anti-phospholipid antibodies in autism spectrum disorders. Mediators Inflamm. 2013; 2013:935608. Careaga M, Hansen RL, Hertz-Piccotto I, Van de Water J, Ashwood P. PMID: 24174712.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Gestational exposure to a viral mimetic poly(i:C) results in long-lasting changes in mitochondrial function by leucocytes in the adult offspring. Mediators Inflamm. 2013; 2013:609602. Giulivi C, Napoli E, Schwartzer J, Careaga M, Ashwood P. PMID: 24174710.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    49. Inflammatory macrophage phenotype in BTBR T+tf/J mice. Front Neurosci. 2013; 7:158. Onore CE, Careaga M, Babineau BA, Schwartzer JJ, Berman RF, Ashwood P. PMID: 24062633.
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    50. Transplantation of human cord blood mononuclear cells and umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells in autism. J Transl Med. 2013 Aug 27; 11:196. Lv YT, Zhang Y, Liu M, Qiuwaxi JN, Ashwood P, Cho SC, Huan Y, Ge RC, Chen XW, Wang ZJ, Kim BJ, Hu X. PMID: 23978163.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    51. Immunological and autoimmune considerations of Autism Spectrum Disorders. J Autoimmun. 2013 Aug; 44:1-7. Gesundheit B, Rosenzweig JP, Naor D, Lerer B, Zachor DA, Procházka V, Melamed M, Kristt DA, Steinberg A, Shulman C, Hwang P, Koren G, Walfisch A, Passweg JR, Snowden JA, Tamouza R, Leboyer M, Farge-Bancel D, Ashwood P. PMID: 23867105.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    52. Autism-specific maternal autoantibodies recognize critical proteins in developing brain. Transl Psychiatry. 2013 Jul 09; 3:e277. Braunschweig D, Krakowiak P, Duncanson P, Boyce R, Hansen RL, Ashwood P, Hertz-Picciotto I, Pessah IN, Van de Water J. PMID: 23838888.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 74     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Maternal antibodies from mothers of children with autism alter brain growth and social behavior development in the rhesus monkey. Transl Psychiatry. 2013 Jul 09; 3:e278. Bauman MD, Iosif AM, Ashwood P, Braunschweig D, Lee A, Schumann CM, Van de Water J, Amaral DG. PMID: 23838889.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 49     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    54. The human placenta methylome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Apr 09; 110(15):6037-42. Schroeder DI, Blair JD, Lott P, Yu HO, Hong D, Crary F, Ashwood P, Walker C, Korf I, Robinson WP, LaSalle JM. PMID: 23530188.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 100     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    55. Maternal immune activation and strain specific interactions in the development of autism-like behaviors in mice. Transl Psychiatry. 2013 Mar 12; 3:e240. Schwartzer JJ, Careaga M, Onore CE, Rushakoff JA, Berman RF, Ashwood P. PMID: 23481627.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    56. Maternal autoantibodies are associated with abnormal brain enlargement in a subgroup of children with autism spectrum disorder. Brain Behav Immun. 2013 May; 30:61-5. Nordahl CW, Braunschweig D, Iosif AM, Lee A, Rogers S, Ashwood P, Amaral DG, Van de Water J. PMID: 23395715.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Gastrointestinal conditions in children with autism spectrum disorder: developing a research agenda. Pediatrics. 2012 Nov; 130 Suppl 2:S160-8. Coury DL, Ashwood P, Fasano A, Fuchs G, Geraghty M, Kaul A, Mawe G, Patterson P, Jones NE. PMID: 23118247.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 49     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    58. Myeloid dendritic cells frequencies are increased in children with autism spectrum disorder and associated with amygdala volume and repetitive behaviors. Brain Behav Immun. 2013 Jul; 31:69-75. Breece E, Paciotti B, Nordahl CW, Ozonoff S, Van de Water JA, Rogers SJ, Amaral D, Ashwood P. PMID: 23063420.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    59. Consensus paper: pathological role of the cerebellum in autism. Cerebellum. 2012 Sep; 11(3):777-807. Fatemi SH, Aldinger KA, Ashwood P, Bauman ML, Blaha CD, Blatt GJ, Chauhan A, Chauhan V, Dager SR, Dickson PE, Estes AM, Goldowitz D, Heck DH, Kemper TL, King BH, Martin LA, Millen KJ, Mittleman G, Mosconi MW, Persico AM, Sweeney JA, Webb SJ, Welsh JP. PMID: 22370873.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 183     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    60. Immune-mediated disorders among women carriers of fragile X premutation alleles. . 2012 Oct; 158A(10):2473-81. Winarni TI, Chonchaiya W, Sumekar TA, Ashwood P, Morales GM, Tassone F, Nguyen DV, Faradz SM, Van de Water J, Cook K, Hamlin A, Mu Y, Hagerman PJ, Hagerman RJ. PMID: 22903889.
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    61. Cytokine dysregulation in autism spectrum disorders (ASD): possible role of the environment. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2013 Mar-Apr; 36:67-81. Goines PE, Ashwood P. PMID: 22918031.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 67     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    62. Decreased levels of total immunoglobulin in children with autism are not a result of B cell dysfunction. J Neuroimmunol. 2012 Oct 15; 251(1-2):94-102. Heuer LS, Rose M, Ashwood P, Van de Water J. PMID: 22854260.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    63. Behavioral correlates of maternal antibody status among children with autism. J Autism Dev Disord. 2012 Jul; 42(7):1435-45. Braunschweig D, Duncanson P, Boyce R, Hansen R, Ashwood P, Pessah IN, Hertz-Picciotto I, Van de Water J. PMID: 22012245.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    64. Levels of soluble platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 and P-selectin are decreased in children with autism spectrum disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Dec 15; 72(12):1020-5. Onore CE, Nordahl CW, Young GS, Van de Water JA, Rogers SJ, Ashwood P. PMID: 22717029.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Brief report: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in children with autism spectrum disorder: a clinical trial. J Autism Dev Disord. 2012 Jun; 42(6):1127-32. Bent S, Bertoglio K, Ashwood P, Nemeth E, Hendren RL. PMID: 21818676.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    66. Decreased levels of EGF in plasma of children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism Res Treat. 2012; 2012:205362. Onore C, Van de Water J, Ashwood P. PMID: 22937258.
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    67. Autism spectrum disorders: from immunity to behavior. Methods Mol Biol. 2012; 934:219-40. Careaga M, Ashwood P. PMID: 22933149.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    68. The potential role of probiotics in the management of childhood autism spectrum disorders. Gastroenterol Res Pract. 2011; 2011:161358. Critchfield JW, van Hemert S, Ash M, Mulder L, Ashwood P. PMID: 22114588.
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    69. Association of a MET genetic variant with autism-associated maternal autoantibodies to fetal brain proteins and cytokine expression. Transl Psychiatry. 2011 Oct 18; 1:e48. Heuer L, Braunschweig D, Ashwood P, Van de Water J, Campbell DB. PMID: 22833194.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    70. The role of immune dysfunction in the pathophysiology of autism. Brain Behav Immun. 2012 Mar; 26(3):383-92. Onore C, Careaga M, Ashwood P. PMID: 21906670.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 165     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    71. Increased midgestational IFN-?, IL-4 and IL-5 in women bearing a child with autism: A case-control study. Mol Autism. 2011 Aug 02; 2:13. Goines PE, Croen LA, Braunschweig D, Yoshida CK, Grether J, Hansen R, Kharrazi M, Ashwood P, Van de Water J. PMID: 21810230.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 91     Fields:    
    72. In search of cellular immunophenotypes in the blood of children with autism. PLoS One. 2011 May 04; 6(5):e19299. Ashwood P, Corbett BA, Kantor A, Schulman H, Van de Water J, Amaral DG. PMID: 21573236.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    73. A pilot randomized controlled trial of omega-3 fatty acids for autism spectrum disorder. J Autism Dev Disord. 2011 May; 41(5):545-54. Bent S, Bertoglio K, Ashwood P, Bostrom A, Hendren RL. PMID: 20683766.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    74. Further characterization of autoantibodies to GABAergic neurons in the central nervous system produced by a subset of children with autism. Mol Autism. 2011 Apr 26; 2:5. Wills S, Rossi CC, Bennett J, Martinez-Cerdeño V, Ashwood P, Amaral DG, Van de Water J. PMID: 21521495.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    
    75. Exposure to air pollution in critical prenatal time windows and IgE levels in newborns. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2011 Feb; 22(1 Pt 1):75-84. Herr CE, Ghosh R, Dostal M, Skokanova V, Ashwood P, Lipsett M, Joad JP, Pinkerton KE, Yap PS, Frost JD, Sram R, Hertz-Picciotto I. PMID: 20609135.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    76. Autism, Peripheral Immunity, and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers. . 2011 Jan 14; 521-542. Paula Goines, Paul Ashwood, Judy Van de Water. .
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    77. Autoantibodies to cerebellum in children with autism associate with behavior. Brain Behav Immun. 2011 Mar; 25(3):514-23. Goines P, Haapanen L, Boyce R, Duncanson P, Braunschweig D, Delwiche L, Hansen R, Hertz-Picciotto I, Ashwood P, Van de Water J. PMID: 21134442.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    78. Associations of impaired behaviors with elevated plasma chemokines in autism spectrum disorders. J Neuroimmunol. 2011 Mar; 232(1-2):196-9. Ashwood P, Krakowiak P, Hertz-Picciotto I, Hansen R, Pessah IN, Van de Water J. PMID: 21095018.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 85     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    79. Altered T cell responses in children with autism. Brain Behav Immun. 2011 Jul; 25(5):840-9. Ashwood P, Krakowiak P, Hertz-Picciotto I, Hansen R, Pessah IN, Van de Water J. PMID: 20833247.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 77     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    80. Autoimmune disease in mothers with the FMR1 premutation is associated with seizures in their children with fragile X syndrome. Hum Genet. 2010 Nov; 128(5):539-48. Chonchaiya W, Tassone F, Ashwood P, Hessl D, Schneider A, Campos L, Nguyen DV, Hagerman RJ. PMID: 20809278.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    81. Elevated plasma cytokines in autism spectrum disorders provide evidence of immune dysfunction and are associated with impaired behavioral outcome. Brain Behav Immun. 2011 Jan; 25(1):40-5. Ashwood P, Krakowiak P, Hertz-Picciotto I, Hansen R, Pessah I, Van de Water J. PMID: 20705131.
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    82. Air pollution exposure during critical time periods in gestation and alterations in cord blood lymphocyte distribution: a cohort of livebirths. Environ Health. 2010 Aug 02; 9:46. Herr CE, Dostal M, Ghosh R, Ashwood P, Lipsett M, Pinkerton KE, Sram R, Hertz-Picciotto I. PMID: 20678227.
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    83. Immune dysfunction in autism: a pathway to treatment. Neurotherapeutics. 2010 Jul; 7(3):283-92. Careaga M, Van de Water J, Ashwood P. PMID: 20643381.
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    84. Plasma cytokine profiles in Fragile X subjects: is there a role for cytokines in the pathogenesis? Brain Behav Immun. 2010 Aug; 24(6):898-902. Ashwood P, Nguyen DV, Hessl D, Hagerman RJ, Tassone F. PMID: 20102735.
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    85. Correlations between gene expression and mercury levels in blood of boys with and without autism. Neurotox Res. 2011 Jan; 19(1):31-48. Stamova B, Green PG, Tian Y, Hertz-Picciotto I, Pessah IN, Hansen R, Yang X, Teng J, Gregg JP, Ashwood P, Van de Water J, Sharp FR. PMID: 19937285.
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    86. Correlations of gene expression with blood lead levels in children with autism compared to typically developing controls. Neurotox Res. 2011 Jan; 19(1):1-13. Tian Y, Green PG, Stamova B, Hertz-Picciotto I, Pessah IN, Hansen R, Yang X, Gregg JP, Ashwood P, Jickling G, Van de Water J, Sharp FR. PMID: 19921347.
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    87. Decreased cellular IL-23 but not IL-17 production in children with autism spectrum disorders. J Neuroimmunol. 2009 Nov 30; 216(1-2):126-9. Onore C, Enstrom A, Krakowiak P, Hertz-Picciotto I, Hansen R, Van de Water J, Ashwood P. PMID: 19800697.
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    88. Differential monocyte responses to TLR ligands in children with autism spectrum disorders. Brain Behav Immun. 2010 Jan; 24(1):64-71. Enstrom AM, Onore CE, Van de Water JA, Ashwood P. PMID: 19666104.
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    89. Mechanistic biomarkers for autism treatment. Med Hypotheses. 2009 Dec; 73(6):950-4. Hendren RL, Bertoglio K, Ashwood P, Sharp F. PMID: 19619951.
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    90. Autoimmunity in autism. Curr Opin Investig Drugs. 2009 May; 10(5):463-73. Enstrom AM, Van de Water JA, Ashwood P. PMID: 19431079.
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    91. Preliminary evidence of the in vitro effects of BDE-47 on innate immune responses in children with autism spectrum disorders. J Neuroimmunol. 2009 Mar 31; 208(1-2):130-5. Ashwood P, Schauer J, Pessah IN, Van de Water J. PMID: 19211157.
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    92. Increased IgG4 levels in children with autism disorder. Brain Behav Immun. 2009 Mar; 23(3):389-95. Enstrom A, Krakowiak P, Onore C, Pessah IN, Hertz-Picciotto I, Hansen RL, Van de Water JA, Ashwood P. PMID: 19136055.
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    93. Decreased transforming growth factor beta1 in autism: a potential link between immune dysregulation and impairment in clinical behavioral outcomes. J Neuroimmunol. 2008 Nov 15; 204(1-2):149-53. Ashwood P, Enstrom A, Krakowiak P, Hertz-Picciotto I, Hansen RL, Croen LA, Ozonoff S, Pessah IN, Van de Water J. PMID: 18762342.
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    94. Reduced levels of immunoglobulin in children with autism correlates with behavioral symptoms. Autism Res. 2008 Oct; 1(5):275-83. Heuer L, Ashwood P, Schauer J, Goines P, Krakowiak P, Hertz-Picciotto I, Hansen R, Croen LA, Pessah IN, Van de Water J. PMID: 19343198.
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    95. Altered gene expression and function of peripheral blood natural killer cells in children with autism. Brain Behav Immun. 2009 Jan; 23(1):124-33. Enstrom AM, Lit L, Onore CE, Gregg JP, Hansen RL, Pessah IN, Hertz-Picciotto I, Van de Water JA, Sharp FR, Ashwood P. PMID: 18762240.
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    96. Detection of autoantibodies to neural cells of the cerebellum in the plasma of subjects with autism spectrum disorders. Brain Behav Immun. 2009 Jan; 23(1):64-74. Wills S, Cabanlit M, Bennett J, Ashwood P, Amaral DG, Van de Water J. PMID: 18706993.
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    97. Maternal mid-pregnancy autoantibodies to fetal brain protein: the early markers for autism study. Biol Psychiatry. 2008 Oct 01; 64(7):583-8. Croen LA, Braunschweig D, Haapanen L, Yoshida CK, Fireman B, Grether JK, Kharrazi M, Hansen RL, Ashwood P, Van de Water J. PMID: 18571628.
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    98. Stereotypies and hyperactivity in rhesus monkeys exposed to IgG from mothers of children with autism. Brain Behav Immun. 2008 Aug; 22(6):806-16. Martin LA, Ashwood P, Braunschweig D, Cabanlit M, Van de Water J, Amaral DG. PMID: 18262386.
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    99. Peripheral Blood Leukocyte Production of BDNF following Mitogen Stimulation in Early Onset and Regressive Autism. Am J Biochem Biotechnol. 2008; 4(2):121-129. Enstrom A, Onore C, Tarver A, Hertz-Picciotto I, Hansen R, Croen L, Van de Water J, Ashwood P. PMID: 27683277.
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    100. Detection of IL-17 and IL-23 in Plasma Samples of Children with Autism. Am J Biochem Biotechnol. 2008; 4(2):114-120. Enstrom A, Onore C, Hertz-Picciotto I, Hansen R, Croen L, Van de Water J, Ashwood P. PMID: 27688738.
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    101. Autism: maternally derived antibodies specific for fetal brain proteins. Neurotoxicology. 2008 Mar; 29(2):226-31. Braunschweig D, Ashwood P, Krakowiak P, Hertz-Picciotto I, Hansen R, Croen LA, Pessah IN, Van de Water J. PMID: 18078998.
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    102. Brain-specific autoantibodies in the plasma of subjects with autistic spectrum disorder. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Jun; 1107:92-103. Cabanlit M, Wills S, Goines P, Ashwood P, Van de Water J. PMID: 17804536.
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    103. Autoantibodies in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Jun; 1107:79-91. Wills S, Cabanlit M, Bennett J, Ashwood P, Amaral D, Van de Water J. PMID: 17804535.
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    104. Brief report: plasma leptin levels are elevated in autism: association with early onset phenotype? J Autism Dev Disord. 2008 Jan; 38(1):169-75. Ashwood P, Kwong C, Hansen R, Hertz-Picciotto I, Croen L, Krakowiak P, Walker W, Pessah IN, Van de Water J. PMID: 17347881.
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    105. Fine particles that adsorb lipopolysaccharide via bridging calcium cations may mimic bacterial pathogenicity towards cells. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2007 Jan; 232(1):107-17. Ashwood P, Thompson RP, Powell JJ. PMID: 17202591.
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    106. A proteomic study of serum from children with autism showing differential expression of apolipoproteins and complement proteins. Mol Psychiatry. 2007 Mar; 12(3):292-306. Corbett BA, Kantor AB, Schulman H, Walker WL, Lit L, Ashwood P, Rocke DM, Sharp FR. PMID: 17189958.
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    107. The immune response in autism: a new frontier for autism research. J Leukoc Biol. 2006 Jul; 80(1):1-15. Ashwood P, Wills S, Van de Water J. PMID: 16698940.
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    108. Fatty acid compositions of red blood cell phospholipids in children with autism. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2006 Apr; 74(4):215-21. Bu B, Ashwood P, Harvey D, King IB, Water JV, Jin LW. PMID: 16581239.
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    109. Genomic profiles for human peripheral blood T cells, B cells, natural killer cells, monocytes, and polymorphonuclear cells: comparisons to ischemic stroke, migraine, and Tourette syndrome. Genomics. 2006 Jun; 87(6):693-703. Du X, Tang Y, Xu H, Lit L, Walker W, Ashwood P, Gregg JP, Sharp FR. PMID: 16546348.
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    110. Immune activation of peripheral blood and mucosal CD3+ lymphocyte cytokine profiles in children with autism and gastrointestinal symptoms. J Neuroimmunol. 2006 Apr; 173(1-2):126-34. Ashwood P, Wakefield AJ. PMID: 16494951.
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    111. Air pollution and lymphocyte phenotype proportions in cord blood. Environ Health Perspect. 2005 Oct; 113(10):1391-8. Hertz-Picciotto I, Herr CE, Yap PS, Dostál M, Shumway RH, Ashwood P, Lipsett M, Joad JP, Pinkerton KE, Srám RJ. PMID: 16203253.
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    112. Altered monocyte responses to defined TLR ligands in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. Hepatology. 2005 Oct; 42(4):802-8. Mao TK, Lian ZX, Selmi C, Ichiki Y, Ashwood P, Ansari AA, Coppel RL, Shimoda S, Ishibashi H, Gershwin ME. PMID: 16175622.
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    113. The significance of ileo-colonic lymphoid nodular hyperplasia in children with autistic spectrum disorder. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2005 08; 17(8):827-36. Wakefield AJ, Ashwood P, Limb K, Anthony A. PMID: 16003132.
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    114. A distinct subset of chemokines dominates the mucosal chemokine response in inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2005 Jan 15; 21(2):109-20. Puleston J, Cooper M, Murch S, Bid K, Makh S, Ashwood P, Bingham AH, Green H, Moss P, Dhillon A, Morris R, Strobel S, Gelinas R, Pounder RE, Platt A. PMID: 15679760.
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    115. Endoluminal gastroplication in children with significant gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Gut. 2004 Dec; 53(12):1745-50. Thomson M, Fritscher-Ravens A, Hall S, Afzal N, Ashwood P, Swain CP. PMID: 15542508.
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    116. Is autism an autoimmune disease? Autoimmun Rev. 2004 Nov; 3(7-8):557-62. Ashwood P, Van de Water J. PMID: 15546805.
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    117. Spontaneous mucosal lymphocyte cytokine profiles in children with autism and gastrointestinal symptoms: mucosal immune activation and reduced counter regulatory interleukin-10. J Clin Immunol. 2004 Nov; 24(6):664-73. Ashwood P, Anthony A, Torrente F, Wakefield AJ. PMID: 15622451.
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    118. A review of autism and the immune response. Clin Dev Immunol. 2004 Jun; 11(2):165-74. Ashwood P, Van de Water J. PMID: 15330453.
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    119. Focal-enhanced gastritis in regressive autism with features distinct from Crohn's and Helicobacter pylori gastritis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2004 Apr; 99(4):598-605. Torrente F, Anthony A, Heuschkel RB, Thomson MA, Ashwood P, Murch SH. PMID: 15089888.
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    120. Spontaneous T(H)1 cytokine production by intraepithelial but not circulating T cells in infants with or without food allergies. Allergy. 2004 Mar; 59(3):346-53. Pérez-Machado MA, Ashwood P, Torrente F, Salvestrini C, Sim R, Thomson MA, Walker-Smith JA, Murch SH. PMID: 14982519.
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    121. Functional interactions between mucosal IL-1, IL-ra and TGF-beta 1 in ulcerative colitis. Inflamm Res. 2004 Feb; 53(2):53-9. Ashwood P, Harvey R, Verjee T, Wolstencroft R, Thompson RP, Powell JJ. PMID: 15021969.
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    122. Competition between IL-1, IL-1ra and TGF-beta 1 modulates the response of the ELA4.NOB-1/CTLL bioassay: implications for clinical investigations. Inflamm Res. 2004 Feb; 53(2):60-5. Ashwood P, Harvey R, Verjee T, Wolstencroft R, Thompson RP, Powell JJ. PMID: 15021970.
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    123. Intestinal lymphocyte populations in children with regressive autism: evidence for extensive mucosal immunopathology. J Clin Immunol. 2003 Nov; 23(6):504-17. Ashwood P, Anthony A, Pellicer AA, Torrente F, Walker-Smith JA, Wakefield AJ. PMID: 15031638.
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    124. Reduced transforming growth factor-beta1-producing T cells in the duodenal mucosa of children with food allergy. Eur J Immunol. 2003 Aug; 33(8):2307-15. Pérez-Machado MA, Ashwood P, Thomson MA, Latcham F, Sim R, Walker-Smith JA, Murch SH. PMID: 12884306.
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    125. The role of dietary microparticles and calcium in apoptosis and interleukin-1beta release of intestinal macrophages. Gastroenterology. 2002 Nov; 123(5):1543-53. Evans SM, Ashwood P, Warley A, Berisha F, Thompson RP, Powell JJ. PMID: 12404229.
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    126. Selective binding of nucleotide probes by eosinophilic cationic protein during in situ hybridisation. Histochem J. 2002 Mar-Apr; 34(3-4):153-60. Ellis RD, Ashwood P, Powell JJ, Taylor PD, Poulsom R, Thompson RP, Punchard NA. PMID: 12495221.
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    127. Small intestinal enteropathy with epithelial IgG and complement deposition in children with regressive autism. Mol Psychiatry. 2002; 7(4):375-82, 334. Torrente F, Ashwood P, Day R, Machado N, Furlano RI, Anthony A, Davies SE, Wakefield AJ, Thomson MA, Walker-Smith JA, Murch SH. PMID: 11986981.
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    128. Immune potentiation of ultrafine dietary particles in normal subjects and patients with inflammatory bowel disease. J Autoimmun. 2000 Feb; 14(1):99-105. Powell JJ, Harvey RS, Ashwood P, Wolstencroft R, Gershwin ME, Thompson RP. PMID: 10648120.
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    129. Experimental ulceration leads to sequential expression of spasmolytic polypeptide, intestinal trefoil factor, epidermal growth factor and transforming growth factor alpha mRNAs in rat stomach. J Pathol. 1995 Apr; 175(4):405-14. Alison MR, Chinery R, Poulsom R, Ashwood P, Longcroft JM, Wright NA. PMID: 7790995.
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